Confederate Magazine 1898 Volume 6

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Posted : November 15, 2019

Confederate Magazine 1898 Volume 6



Confederate Veteran.




Asm VII. I. K, TkNN.

1 898.


Accurate Expressions 4TI

Afloat, Afield, Afloat ‘

Anderson, Kellar 866

Anthropological Discuss: on U3

Antic tarn


Army Heroes in Lost Charge 31

Ashby’s Tennessee Cavalrj Brigade 176

Ashby Monument

\ikin on, II. A



Ballad “i Emma Sansom

Banks, Miss Lula A

Btotholdt, Mr

Bate, William

Battlt of Hen ton villc

Battle of Chtcloa

Battle of Falling Waters

Battli ii Mountain 34, HO,

i i Qtlznenl in, Realized 52

Battle of Sharpsburg, Concerning

Battle-stained Banni i . Restore Our H7

Battlefield, Stones Rivei 58

Baylor, Col., i leoi ge W., ol l Nol d ] unllj

Bell, Tyree H

B i Flag

Hldgood, J. V 52>

Black, Robert J

i: la/ knall, C. C 527 kade Running 210

Blue Uniforms ‘■■• 361

boy who Baved Richmond, H. R. Wood 213

Urame, James T 131

Brlen, William Q 803

Brlggs, .1. B 337

Briggs, Mrs, Minnie Louise Hill 322

Bright sid.\ Looking on the 37

Brown, John Lucien 12>

Bronze Medals for Veterans 498

Buck Island. Tragedy of 528

Bullet in a Testament 151

Buried on .Johnson’s Island his

burled With Confederate Dead 30

burroughs, Dr. R. B 133

Cabinet’s Retreal from Richmond 293

Camp at Durham, N. C

Camp Chase s. 121, 16’J. 3tW

Camp Morton, Treatment ol Prisoners at 571

Camp Sam Davis in Texas 327

Captured I ‘.in noil 12 i

Capture of ihe Indinnola 573

Capture of the Maple Deaf 529

< ‘a ring for < ‘on federate Craves N’ort h .”,71

Carrington. J. M 149

Celebrating Lee’s Ruth. lay Si

Charming Nellie 14, 150, 422

Chew, Robert, Patriotic Deed of 25

Chickasaw Bayou 519

Chill Cure. Heroic 19

Chivalry of Southern People 66

Christening by a Confederate 326

Civil War. Notable Events of 20

Coffin. Charles ;.M

■ ‘ommomor.ition l>ay for the Country 463

irate Army Humor 521

Confederate Bazaar at Baltimore 131

Confederate Cemetery at Covington, tla 9

Confederates Commanding United States Regiments 365

Confederate Dead 310

Confederate Dead, by W. R. Brown 389


e Dead at Athet

D id at Lexington. Ky

Conf ad Buried North

Honot Roll ol

Confederate Employment B

e Flags

Confederate G merals, Neci

‘ !onfi i ‘i i h. . . .

uited in k i

Memorial Institute


Work, History ol



a UJ??

Confederal Buried in Hollyw


Confederate Veterans in New fork

rial Library, in the New ••<#■’•

Dark Chapter In Prison Life ……

Daughters In Summerville, S C

Daughters of Confederacy . .

Daughters of Confedei

Daughters of Confederacy, Arkansas Division .*,’..’..

Daughter of the South. Mrs. M. Davis Hayes .’.’…

Davis, Jefferson .’..

Davis. Jefferson, Reply to Criticism of ••/’•••

Mrs.. …v?

I’elh i n .’.’.’!

Sam 90, Hi’, I


Day During the War

Decline of Spain ‘

[let iMed Articles

DeRosset, W. L .’.’

Detroit when Lincoln Was Assassinated ..’.’

Devotion to Comrades P.

Dinsmore, Mrs. Stella ‘■

Dixie « • • “JJ

Dorchester. H. S .-”

Dudley. G. W £tgi

Duval’s Miss., Queen of the South ‘..HO,

Earl} Experiences in Camp

Editorials 16. 64, 112, 160, 200, 256. 304. 36S, 416. 464, 512,

Ellsworth, G. A., Morgan’s Telegraph Operator

Emerson, Elise, An Interesting and Historic Costume

Emmet t, Dan .IK

Employment Bureau for Confederates ,. L .

Engagements in North Carolina . ..1S8V

Episode at a Kentucky Conference

Errors Corrected

Escape from Prison, Thirty-Second Tennessee

Escape from Camp Chase

Estopinol, Albert

Events of the Civil War 20.

Expressions from Veterans




Fain, Ernest

Famous Durham,

Fine Watch to Edward Owen.



First Confederate Killed 320

First Virginia in the War 387

Fisher’s Hill Reunion 429

Fite, John A 52S

Flag Bearer for the Fifth Georgia 55

Flag of the Thirty-Second Tennessee, Escape from Prison… 537

Flemming, Robert I., Work of a Veteran 165

Florence Nightingale of the South 4S0

Fordyce, S. W 324

Forrest’s Cavalry Veterans 157

Fort Pillow, Our Evacuation of 32

Forty-Fifth Mississippi 175

Forty-First Mississippi Regt 152

Forty-Second Georgia, Jealous of Weil-Earned Victory 441

Fourth Tennessee, Last Roll Call of 409

Fox, William F 410

Fraudulent Pensions 3S

Freak of a Bullet 26

Gaines’ Mill 472. 565, 5S0

Getting Even, General Rousseau 309

Gettysburg. A Private’s Account 15, 14S

Gettysburg, Pickett’s Division at 567

Gifted Southern Writer 513

Goodner, J. F 528

Gordon, James B 216

Gore, R. C 271

Grady, Henry W 9S

Grady Hospital 150

Grant and ord 51

of Confederates North 147

Grubb, Sam 303

Gvrinette Cavaliers, Who Were They? 17

ila.ll, Thomas O., Christens the Kentucky 326

. I to’bert 528

Hampton Roads Conference – 328

llampu.ii. Wade, and Fitzhugh Lee 156

Dr. J. P «4

C. C 251

Hardeman, Gen. W. P 296

Harris, Gov. I. G., Correction Explained 525

N. 1 535

Hatcher, Faithful Uncle Dave 520

Hawkins, William, Inquiry About 36

Mrs. Maggie Davis, Daughter of the South 465

Hepburn, Mrs. Susan Preston 105

Heroes in Last Charge of Lee’s Army 31

Heroic Chill Cure 19

Hewen, Mrs. Fannie Schey 291

Highly Prized Jewelry 518

Historical Coin, U. C. V 15S

Historic Data, Freak of a Bullet 26

Hislorio Expressions 474

Historic Mule 297

History of Missouri 29

Ml, Pelham, Davis 362

m, Son of a Confederate Soldier 415

Hockman, Dr. John W 175

Hood and Pickett at Gaines’ Mill 504

Home. Lucinda, In Honor of 183

1 lorner, John J 334

Howard, J. K 52S

Hudson, J. M “6

Hudson Port, Passing the Batteries at 250

Humor in the Confederate Army 521

Indianola, Capture of the 573

In Hot Pursuit, an Incident of the War IS

Inquiry By and About Confederates 155, 272, 436

In the New Congressional Library 121

Interesting and Historic Costumes 19’J


Jackson, Stonewall 63

Jackson’s Valley Campaign 418

Jasper, William, Monument to 370

John Marshall’s Statue 317

Johnston, A. S., at Shiloh 66. 311

Johnston’s, A. S., Cane Head 68

Johnson’s Island 16S, 415

Johnson, Polk K J2£

Journey to and from Appomattox u

Jouvenat, Mrs. M. M 430

Keller, Mrs. J. M 49a

Kelley, D. C 337

Kentucky Cavalry, Service by 114

Kentucky Confederate Home Wanted 38

Knox, J. M 161

Lake, Richard P 532

I-ast Charge at Appomattox, Concerning 524

Last Charge of Lee’s Heroes 31

Last Days of the War in North Carolina 211

Last Roll Call of Fourth Tennessee 409

Lee’s Birthday, Celebrating 31

Lee, C. H. Jr 163

Lee, Fitzhugh, and Wade Hampton 156

Lee, Fitzhugh, in Army of Virginia 420

Lee Monument, Lee Circle, New Orleans 549

Lee, Mrs. Sidney Smith, Mother of Fitzhugh Lee 501

Leesburg or Balls’ Bluff 430

Dee’s War Horse 292

Lee With the Boys in Richmond 160

Lexington Convention 503

Little, Mrs. Medora Marchant 358

Looking on the Bright Side 37

Lookout Mountain 34, 110, 153

Losses of Life in War 153

Dost Sword of Forty-First Mississippi 152

Douisianians in Virginia Army 177

Douisville Wants Reunion Next Year 15S

Ludicrous War Incidents 297

Magruder, Captain, and Wife 507

Maple Deaf, Capture of 529

Maryland Cavalry, Company A. First 78

Maull, J. F 309

MeGowan, Miss Anna Maud 522

McLellan, Charles W 506

Mecklenberg Celebrations 194

Medals for Veterans 49S

Meeting of the Pickets 319

Memorial Hall, New Orleans 547

Memorial Hall, Charleston, W. Va 387

Memories of Virginia 74

Memories Against General Miles 161

Miller, Will 371

Minor, Launcelot 52S

Mississippians, Brown’s, at Leesburg 511

Mississippi Regiment, Nineteenth 70

Mississippi Regiment, Forty-First, A Lost Sword 152

Mississippi Regiment, Forty-Fifth 175

Mississippi Regiment, Pathetic Times in 463

Missouri, Correct History of 30

Montgomery County, Patriotism in 125

Montgomery, William A 365

Monument at Bowling Green, Ky 373

Monument at Concord 26S

Monument at Raleigh 229

Monument, Tennessee, Confederate 55

Monument, Tennessee, at Chickamauga 17S, 369

Monument to our Women 50

Monument to Winnie Davis *°3

Monroe, Frank 575

Moore, John Trotwood • 513

Morgan’s Raid, Federal’s Account of 56

Morgan’s Telegraph Operator 17*

Most Valuable of All Histories 89

Moving Story of Privation !35

Xlurfreesboro, Reminiscences of 255

Name of Our War 585

Nash, R. M 161

National Dignity and Confederate Honor 546

Necrology of Confederate Generals 360′ 1

Newsom. Mrs. E K I*” 2

New York Confederate Veterans 550

Nineteenth Mississippi Regiment 70

North Carolina 257

Qoofederate tfeterai).

North Carolina.. Division V. C. V 481

North Carolina in the Revolution 215

North Carolina List of Engagements

North Carolina Quota of Soldiers 584

North Carolina Reunion Proceedings US

North Carolina, Roster of 228, 4 14

North Carolina, Unite’ i Veteran n 217

North Carolina., Women of 217

N.i Family, Col. George \V. Baylor 165

October Veteran for the Da tl 33S

Ode to Johnson’s Island 415

iVTionnell. John 3i”l

OfflciaJ Statistics. Confederate 17

Ohio Veterans in West Virginia 16

Old Confederates Who Morgan Led 90

Old North State 20

One Day During the War 47!’

One Hundred Dollars in Prizes 130

Ord a.nd Grant 51

Organization of U. D. C 578

Orphan Brigade, Hlstor: 317

Our Be – 147

Our Southern Girls 53S

Owen, Eidwa rd I n R i …. 326

I’m k\\ 1, ‘I. o i ii 577

Parker, n 1 163

Pathetic Times In I ppl 463

Pa I and Sin man Combined 30

Patriota’ Deed of Roger Chen 25

Patriotic Kerftucky Mother 77

Patriotic Mississippi

itlc Mother and H i – – 511

Pat! lotlc T’ urn ssei

i’at riot ism in a Tenm

Patriotism in bhe South

Patriotism >: I j Ill

Pegram, WHUam J

Pelham Da Is, Hoi on 362

Pelham, John, R iJ if 436

Pendleton, J. P 149

Pensions for the Soldiers 47i;

Pensions, Fraudulent 3S

Penzel, Miss Iledwlg 334

Pdckett’s B Mill

I ‘ I ‘ 128

Pickett’s Division at G 569

Pickett and Hood art Gaines’ Mill 565

Pluck] Palmetto Girl 7”,

Passing the Batterl at 251

Powell’s, Miss Ella, Patriotic Worn 397

Presentiments in Battle 52

Prison Life, Dark Chapter in 71

Providence or Legs Saved Him 176

Pardon, s. H I7i;

“1 i ho Smith

Ha i ooon Roughs 376

Raihn, Rev. Dr 200

H Gabriel J 199

I ihannock Cavalry 4U

Religion in Confedi rate Arm; r.7:’

Reply to criticism of Jefferson Davis 33

Retreat of Cabinet from Richmond 2M

Returning- Confederate Flags 252

Reunion Arrangements 86

Reunion Association Convention S6

Reunion at C m 48S

Reunion at Fisher’s Hill 5u

Reunion at Atlanta 50

Reunion of Tenne Pulaski 4s2

Reunion Suggestions for 1 :omradi a 25

Reynolds, A. J 169

Richmond, Boy Who Saved 213

Roberts, Thomas P., Wounded Confederate Prisoner 410

Roche, Frank T., Virginian and Texan 132

Rockj Face Ridge, \n tncldem of :ns

Hosot-rans, Gen. William S 161

Rousseau, Gen., c-ttinc. Even With 309


Sad Story of the War 116

Sam Davis Camp In Texas 327

Sandridgo. John M 573

Sanson). Emma (Johnson) 4v7

B. H

J. J

id Louisiana at Gettysburg 417

Sentiment Ia’ a ‘ 526

Serious Words With Veterans 116

Service by Kentucky Cavalry 114

11 Tenness

-1 ine 308


Shepherd, S. G r.L’s

Shiloh, A. S. Johns! >n at

Ships That Passed In the Night <

a Faithful 1 1

Skelton, L. 11

Sketches of Confederates

Sketches of v. C. V. Officials

Sketches of 1 s C. V

Smith, A. J

Snowden, Mrs. Mary A 3m

1 21s

Special! Department 39

Soldier Who Literally Obeyed Ord 122

Southern Memorial A 167

Southern Side at Ohlckmauga 407.514,556

Southern Sentiment. 370

.chad’s Church. I n 310

Stonewall In the Shenandoah Valley 149

■ I Privation 135

of the Six 1 11s

Suggestion ms 25

Stimmerlin, John S 574

Sword 367


-giving Day

‘rii. 1. 1 T\v on andri d Dollar r

9 Life in the Old Land Y. 1 .,:

They’ve Named ai 414

Third Tennessee. Well Barn d Honoi

Thlrty-Sixl 1 I

Thompson, Oapt E,i Porter

Thompson, Jeff

To An Old Saber 31s

Tompkins, s Nightlngal

M is. Ella K. ..

Tragedy of Buck 1 523

ler, Lee’s War II 1-

Tribute to Heroism, I. H 441

te to the Merit of the Publication

Tribute to Winnii Da>

Trulock, J. H

Truth ■ n

Tw entieth Tennessee

Twentj S

U ” V

1 . c. v., Atlanta, Ga

1 . ”. V., Augusl jfl

I’. C. V. Camps and h 49*

U. C. V. tit Charleston 40:,

I’. C. V. in Atlanta

1′ C. V., List Of Officials of

r. c. v., Arkansas D ampment M

r. C. V., Trans Missl 3l Department ‘. . 63

in I Veterans in North Carolina . 217

1 ates 47)

U. S. C. V 89, 37, 134

Vance, Zebulon Baird 190,415

Vaughan, A. J j%, 3»;

Visit With Mrs Davis lhi

Walker, C. 1 ‘. 33.*

Walshe, B. T 57i

Walthall. !•: C 305, 762

War ot Conquest 510

Weir, A. T 4J?



(^federate Ueterai)

Wheeler and His Family 361, MM

Where the U. D. C. Will Meet 190

Why Atlanta Reunion Should Be Held 242

Williamson. W. H 528

Willard, Miss., and the South 112

Wilmington Boll Call of Honor 22″, ■

Wilmington, Sketches of 224

Wolf. John B 386

Women of North Carolina 227

Wood, Halifax Richard 213

Work of a Veteran. RobertT. Fleming 16.i

Wounded Confederate Prisoner, T. J. Roberts 410

3 iree, J. R 2T


“Alabama.” The 173

Arlington Hotel 192

Armory of Wilmington 200

Atlanta Baptist i ‘lunch 374

Atlanta Reunion Hall, Front -I s

“Arkansas.” Confederate Ship 61

Armory of FayetteviHe 206

Asheville, N. C, in 1891 – ,; ‘ ;

Atlanta in the Sixties 239

Atlanta Reunion Committee 2S7

Baptist Church, Atlanta 374

Battle Flag of Ninth Texas 253

Bennett House 213

Bombardment of Fort Fisher 211

Bragg’s Headquarters at Missionary Ridge 564

Camp at Calhoun, Ga 31”

Camp Ohase Prison, Front •■ ]

Camp Chase Decorations 3li3 . 364

Oarap Seen- of First Kentucky 355

Cojpit .1 Avenue in Atlanta 307

Confederate Artillery Monument at Chiekamauga. . . .-. 178

Confederate Cemetery at Covington, Ga 9

Confederate Flags 252

Confederate Generals Headquarters at Wilmington. N. C… 201

Confederate Memorial Hall. New Orleans. Front 543, 545

Confederate Monument, Bowling Green 373

Confederate Monument, Charlotte, Va 194

Confederate Monument, Clarksville, Tenn 12o

derate Monument, FayetteviHe, Ark 167

Confederate Monument, Frederick, Md 19

derate Monument, Lexington, Ky 10

Confederate Monument, Louisville, Ky I* 6

Confederate Monument, Raliegh 22 9

Confederate Monument, Wilmington 888

Confederate Soldiers’ Home in Georgia 14d

derate States Cruiser “Alabama.” 1T3

Confederate Steamer “Gaines.” 393

Confederate Steamer “St. Mary.” 393

Court House at Decatur, Ga., Front 95

Crawfish Springs .- 515

Dallas. Tex., Monument Dedicated 2 ”

Dan Emmett’s Cabin Home S3

Davis, Sam, Arch at Pulaski 4S3

Davis, Sam, Home 9 ^

Davis, Sam. Monument Erected by His Father 501

Decatur, Ga., Court House : 95

ii 1 nation of Monument at Dallas, Tex 299

Design in Representing the First “Stars and Bars.” 424

nixie 84

Dudley Mansion in North Carolina 20;>

Durham, N. C – i –

Kastman Hotel at Hot Springs 49 1

Emmett’s. Dan. Cabin Home 49J

First Kentucky at Corinth 355

First Presbyterian Church at Charlotte, N. C 202

Flags of the Confederacy 263

Flag of Thirty-Second Tennessee 289

Florida Girls With Stars and Bars 175

French Broad River 6

Georgia Capitol 306

Georgia Confederate Soldiers’ Home 145

Grady Hospital in Atlanta 151

Gulpha near Hot Springs 190

Happy Hollow 19S

Hilton Park on Cape Fear River 211

Historic Mule 296

Honoring Sam Davis’s Memory 413

Jasper, William N., Monument to 370

Lee, James M., Residence 226

Lee, Monument at New Orleans 543

Lodge at Entrance to Oakdale Cem terj 826

Lookout Mountain .’ 1

Madonna and Child 467







Mecklenburg’ Camp, Charlotte, Va

Memorial Hall, G. A. R., Wakefield. R. I..

Memorial Hall. University of Virginia

Monument to Unknown i ‘onfederate Dead.

Morgan’s Cavalry

Mountain Team in Ashville

Ninth Texas Battle Flay


Omaha Exposition and Grounds 92

Ouachita River near Hot Springs 183

Orchard Knob Grant’s Field Headquarters 563

Orton Residence on Cape Fear River 814

Pegram, Picture Of Place Where He Fell 271

Peach Lri e Sti :et in Atlanta 97

Perilous Way to Escape 428, 429

Place Where Pegram Fell 871

Places of Capture and Burial ‘if Jefferson Davis 163

Port Hudson, La

Raccoon Roughs 376

Kaleigh Resident ■ 80S

Reunion Hall at Atlanta 4S

Running the Blockade 210

Saint Michael’s Church 310

Shiloh Church 314

Snodgrass Hill 497

Snodgrass Hill, Looking Southwest 37

Snodgrass Home 553

State Capitol, Raleigh, N. C 201

Street Scene in Atlanta 312

Tennessee’s Confederate Artillery Monument, Chiekamauga.. 17S

Thirty-Second Tennessee Flag 289

Terminal Station at Tennessee Centennial 137

Texas Rangers at Austin 372

Trj in’a Palace at Wilmington. N. C 215

U. D. C. at Hot Springs, Front 495

U. D. C. at Nashville 552

University of Virginia 388

United States Post Office at Atlanta 316

Vance Monument at Asheville 198

Vance’s, Zebulon. Home and Company, Front 191

Veteran Office in Atlanta 241


Webb, R. C, Camp at Durham, N. C.
V. M. C. A. Building in Atlanta



Anderson, Jno. K

Arlington. W. R

Bach. W. B

Bagby. Robt. W

Balbridge, R. J ISO,

Bargainer, J. F

Bell, John Henry

Brown, J. P. W

Brumbelow, Leon

Buell, Don Carlos

Cantrell. F. M

Carey. John B

Carpenter. R. W

Carter. Wm

Dickson. Mike

Downey, Mai k

Duncan. Mrs. Jas

Ellis. Wm. Turner 43S

Filer. \V. W 277

Fincbum, John 180

Gardner, Mrs. J. Coleman.. 485

Gulley, E. S 322

Halliburton, Turner Ill

Hamm, J. T 534

Harris, Albert W 485

Harris, W. T 534

Herbat, Charley 583

Holt, T. B 41

Hudson. Andrew 276

Jackson, Jas. 1 438

Jones, A. B 438

Jones, Richard E 274

Kelley, Jas 182

Langhorne. Maurice M 322

^oi?federat^ l/eterar;

Li onard, i ‘. W !2i

LInsey, Dr. Livingston 276

LM,k,,u. s. h i8i

1. -I. .si an, Michael 109

Macon, Geo. S 822

Martin, Wm. H 276

Ma; . -Miss White

McDonald, Wm. N 42

McLemore, Root. W 273

m. Re . w . B 322

Mi Hit, prances. ios

Moore, i. T ’12

Neeley, .las. it in?

Nesbett, J”s S3-)

Peajr, Austin 109

I’enissoii, \i.tor 182

Phelps, it. 11 119

Powell, Fielding T 1-2

Qulntard, Bishop 27c

Reddi n. i li 277

Robertson, W. S

RugleQ .in” D 276

Runph, i ‘lnaslian W *37

Russell, .1. A 13S

Georgi s >34

to, tuggs, W. H. M 180

Sharp, Thos 138

Slaughter, W. it m .34

Smith, B. F 182

Snowden, Mrs. M. a


Spence, Dr. O. 11..
Spencer, L. R

Sl. i nnard. John B.

Smart, R. II

Sykes, \\”. J

Tate, w. x

Tin. mas. B. F . …



| SI I


… 5

Til. .mas. David

Thomas, E I.

Troll. .1 .1

Trousdale, Felix

Ti i ■ in. i ii. :’ i. !
Vaughan, v\ m A


Wh te, .las li i:a

Wilkins, 1 1. \
w o ids, R C

Wright. W. A.



AltMlghit, Job w

Alexander, Jno. K

Allien, J. \V

Allen, T. F 56

Anderson, G. w

A nil. rson, w m. E

Asbury, A. E

Baker, A. .1

Banks. Miss Lule

battle, R, n

Baylor, G. W

li. ai h. Edwin C

Beale, Mrs. C. Phelan

Binforil. James R

Black, George 11

Blakemore, M. N

Blount, J T

Boggs, Wm. M

Bond, frank A 7s,

Honor. John 11

Brooks, .1, N

Brown. It. I)

Broun, Thos. L.

I trow n, w El

Briininr. J. II 77.

Bryan, John M

Bulger, M. J

Cabell, Gen. W. L

Cade, Mrs. E. M

OaJl, Mrs, Maggie Arthur..
Cappjeman, Josle Fra.zee…

i J. S

( arraway, I >. T

i ‘l.ail.i.nn ‘. John M

Clark. M. II

Clark. Wm. J

Coi ‘it in, .1. A

< diliiis. John L

i •niiiior, \v. O

book, ll. H

< iooper, J

■ ‘ra Ige, Kerr

Grain, Dr. J. N

I Ullllll :. :s C. C 431,

Camming, Kate

Cunnyngham, w. G. E

Dabney, T. C

1 le Lee, Van Huron

1 ia\ is, Mrs

DeRosset, w. I

i>o\v. R, l:

Duncan, .lames F

Blast, Mrs. Virginia C


Ellsworth, Oearge A

Evans, Clemenl \ 50, 27s,

Flldes, Mrs Chas

Filmore, /. T

Ford} ‘ e, s, w

i ‘.o . John I’

Fox, Norman

John W

French, Re\ Geoi ge W

i iabbel i. Mrs

i i&rdner, ion

Garnett, .las. M

Cast oi. William

Hill. Mollii 5

Gilmi r. Mrs. ill M…
GoOlsbj .1 C

‘ Km ‘la. John B

I iraii.lnii .1 \l

i li een, P. A

Guild, I’attie

Hall. Tom

Hall, W. It

Hampton. Wade

Harding, It. J

Harris. Mrs. S. R

ii irrds, N. ll

Harvey, C. C

Hawthorn -. J. B

ii tyes Mrs M D

llaynos, .1. 1 155.

Heard, C I’

HIbbett, A. .1

Hobs on, John M

I lol.son, Mary

Hodgson, Mrs. Daisy

Hogan, N. B

Holman, .1. A 153,

Hope, H. B. Hi I.

i [oughton, W. R

Houston, Mrs. A. W

Howell, l’\ A

iiuii. a. l

1 lutehison, K. H

Johnston, David E

Johnston, .1 • toddard

Jones, “‘has. E

Jones, Chats, i’

Kalgler, Wm

Keilly, W. S

Kent, c. w

Nhilz. Theo. F

Knauss, W. H 121, I6S,

Lake Richard r



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52 1


Lastinger, w. H . .

‘ ll. Jr

Lee. Fitzhugh

Lee, R. E

la . . Stephen D. ..
Leigh, Hulda

lal tie. Mrs. Ml il’ i a M

Lloyd, W. G


London, H. A

I OVi II. Mrs. R. S

I.\ ie, John N

U li key, Franklin H

Maney, 1>. D

Mai mad uk… \ lor ni

Martin, R M

Masseniburg, T s

Maury. Dabney….

M.-i ‘liosiu > , Walla–. 11.

M. ‘ ‘I. II , , Ml


McLemore, Jeff

MciMui raj . I »r. W, .1

Mi Noilly. Jas H

Mi I’h is oi .1 i;

Merchant, Mrs. \V. C. N

M.1I-. Jas 1 It, T

Moore, Daviu H 2fi,

Moon. John i”

m.i u. John Trot b

Moon . John W

Moore, M V

Moori , l:. T

Moon . w. T

m oi i son, w I

Nash. R. M

\ i hols, R I.

Nix ii. W. C

■ . T. W

‘ Ula . r. It. W

‘ ‘ loo n, J B

Orr, ”. i:

‘ » erall, John w

Parker, Dr. Daniel

I’ii keshiii, i ‘has

r all h. Chas. A

Pendleton, J F

I’llso-ali. Wm. K

Pol’lard, Mrs. i.izzi.-

Polley, J. B 14 169,

i, John W. 11

I ‘”Vl.T, M I,

Potts, .1 M »….

Preston, J .Earl 15, 19,

I la iii.s. Mrs

Randall, Jas. l;

Ransom, Mr 19″

Randolph, [nnis

Alberimthy. 1.. E…

Albright, W. B

Allison, Mrs. Jno. P.

Allison, Mrs. R. A

Anderson, E. J







Anderson. Keller 3W

A io I its. .ri, T. J 344

Arnett, Mrs. (‘. T 166

i:.. I. li. L. S

Ballentine, Sadie -“.n

Barker, Cioero R 222

Barney, Mrs Nannie s …. 162

Ham, h. Miss Sadie 2as

B a\ lor Geo. W 1H4. 326

ii. all. Louise 11 307

Brail. Mrs. T. B 4s’.t

la ar.l. ii. Walter S 17s

Bay. J.,- M 261

R ai. W. D 670

Richards, J. Fraise 162 W. 11 121

i: dl< ! li I 407, 514, 556

‘ ‘I .lu.i, . ; 511

Robert R G 520

It. W 120

Rock™ i ;. K 91

. Rob ii I. 51

II, Wm, 1 15

Sanders, D. w ill

Sanders Mm i” 225

Sayas.” . ‘ ii’ 77

Savery, P M 551

Si l, \i ii.w M 3is

Shell. ■’ \ 58

‘ I’ li loan 531

Sherrell. M. M 159

Sli|.|i, Mrs M. 1 227

Smith A I’ ,… 307

Smith. Cap:. F. H 297

.-initio II II 55

Snowden, R B 24S

Spark ‘ 58

Daniel 210

Stovall, F, M 174

Sykes E T 525

‘I ‘inn. r. .las 338

Taylor, Mrs N. in,- ;

I . ue B H 520, 671

‘I’m. h. John W 661

Thomas, D C 71

S i 19

rhompi in Mrs, Frank 319

Thruston, Jas 573


T. II. s Wm. I 32S

Trulock, Jas II 433

•fil.r. e’. W IK

\ am . . /., B 211

i I >\ ke, H< in > 66

Van Pelt, B B 504

Van is ii. Main oi Bennett.. 184

n. Miss so I. 463

\\ -I It li . 1 1 . E C

W at , i, .: – L70, 39il

Watts, V ‘I’ 67

w • Her, John H 315

Wiekhams M.I I 314

Wileox. Ella Who, … … . )s4

\\ ill. ml. Miss 112

Williams. Mrs Nannie 538

\\ iis.ui i leorge 413

\\ “Ola. k ,i ■ ‘.

Wood K C 30

WoodUff, Mi in G 4S7

W Irnff, Miss J. <; 499

W Is. F. J 157

Woods, W, H 124


li.aur. gard P ‘1 T 329

B llamy, Eliza M 22S

Bell, Tyree 11

Bidgood, Jos. \’ 528

Black, K. J 435

i.iaoknall, C. C 627

Blair. Florence 35o

I: 10I io Pearl 510

Bragg, Braxton 407, 56!

Hi am. , Jas. T 134

lil-ies’s. J. B 337

BriRRs. Mr- Minnie Hill…. 322

I’.roadfoni. Kate 269

Brown, John Badger 219

Brown, 1 .a. a a 12s

1 ii- iw 11 m is John c 451

Brown, J. l’. w m-

Qopfederate .

Buckner, Airs. H. B 631

Burns, J. G 508

Bui-well, Miss Fannie 198

Burroughs, R. B 433

Byrum, Jos., Turner, Nat,

and Mark 309

Cabaniss, Mrs. H. H 423

Cabell, W. L 302

Cage, Miss Annie Grant 249

Cal houn, W. L 384

Cappleman, Mis. Josie.


Capps, Chas. R 314

Carey, Col. Jno. B 41

Carnes, W. W 3S4, 516

Carpenter, R. W 274

Carter, Capt. Jno. H 379

Case, Jno P 308

Casler, Miss Lucille 359

Cathey, B. – 220

Ohadwick, W. D 325

Chestney, Mrs. T. 45S

Childs, Mrs. Wm. and

daughter 5:

Clark, Mrs. B. A 500

Clark, M. H 293

Clark, Mrs. L. W 127

Claybrooke, Frederick 123

Clayton, Henry D 515

Cochet, Miss Nesrteld 204

Coleman, R. B 302

Connor. W. O f05

Cook, V. Y 365

Cox. Mrs. A. H 423

Craige, Miss Josie 208

Cravens, Mrs. J. L 456

Crawford, Kate T 336,419

Cummings, C. C 432

Cunnyngham, Rev. W. G.

E 65

Currie, Mrs. Kate C….301, 452

Daniel, Wilberforce 323

Dashiel, Geo 379

Davidson, Miss Mary 523

Davies, W. W 342

Davis, Jefferson 329, 403. 2S5

Davis, Jefferson…frontis, Sept.

Davis, Jefferson Hayes 466

Davis, Junius 217

Davis, Miss Winnie 401

Davis, Mrs. efferson 401

Davis, Sam 450

DeLa Houssaye, Miss S 579

DeRosset. Annie 224

DeRosset, W. L 217

Dillard. H. H 136

Dinsmore, Mrs. S. P 199

Duncan. Mrs. Jas. M. Jr 42

Duval, Miss Mary 510

Dyce, S. W 324

Dyer, S. B 515

Elder. Mrs. Dr 53S

Ellrr, Sam 216

Ellis, Gov 206

Ellis. W. D 383

Emerson, Eloise 199

Epperson. Mrs. Lula B 89

Estopinal, Col. Albert 573

Etter, W. W 277

Evans, Clement A 342

Evans, Sarah Lee 339

Fain, Earnest 532

Ferguson, J. B 504

Flnley, Luke W 444

Fleming. Robt. L 165

Fore. J. E 24

Fore, J. F 24

Folk, Mrs. Carey A 459

Forney, Mrs. C. A 455

‘Foute. A. M 326

Fry, Jas 203

culler, Mrs. Sadie Hord ?61

Gaines, Jno. H 3S2

Galloway, J. S j. . 5,2

Gilmer, Mrs. Elizabeth 4S4

Gilmore, Miss Mary 574

Gloster, A. W 380

Goodlett, Mrs. M. C 451

Gordon, Col. Augustus 376

Gordon, Jas. B 217

Gordon, Jno. B 213

Gordon, Mrs. Loulie I_l

Gracey, F. P “26

Grady, Henry W 98

Grant, Mrs. W. D 411

Greene. S. P 431

Green, Will S 581

Grier, Miss Feriba 207

Guild, La-yafette and wife… 31

Hale, Solomon 508

Hall, J. G 220

Hall, Thos. 326

38 1 Planner, Jas. P 434

Hardeman. W. P 296

Harrall, Richard A 508

Harris, Albert W 485

Harris, Gen. N. H 70

Hasell, M. J 435

Hatcher, Uncle Dave 51

Hawthorne, Rev. J. B 75

Hayes, Mrs. Margaret D.403, 4i”5

Head, Thos. A 136

Helm, Mrs. Ben. H 554

Hemphill, W. A 99

Hepburn, Mrs. Susan 105

rierbst, Charley. 5S3

Hickman, Jno. P 383,450

Hill, A. P 331

Hindale, Ellen 203

Hcndsdale, Eliza’b-eth C 262

Hobson, Richard P 363

Hoke, Francis 203

-■xoke, Lily 202

Holt, Thos 41

Hood, J. B 330

Horner, Jno. J 334

Horner, Miss Mimi 385

Howell, Clark 101

Howell, Mrs. Clark 424

Howell, Evan P 100

Hunter, Mrs 249

Jackson, Stonewall. . .53, 329, 41S
James, Miss Emmie S…333, 375

Jewell, Wm. H 383

Johnson, Anna B 354

Johnson, Polk G 120

Johnston, A. S 311

Johnston, Jos. E 329

Johnston, Sue 471

Jones, Mary A 203

Jones, Miss Converse 207

Jones, Miss Sallie 453

Keenan, Sarah 225

Kelley, D. C 337

Key, Idene 469

King, Miss Porter 425

Knox, R. M 324

Lake, Richard L 532

Lamb, Wilson G 219

Lee, Jas. M 514

Lee, Mrs. Fitzhugh 452

Lee. Mrs. Jas. M 514

Lee, Robt. E front is, Sept.

Lee, Robt. E 8, 329

Lee, Robt. E. and others… 293

Lee, Stephen D 333

Lewis, Annie D 343

Lockett, R. R 403

Lockett, S. H 181

London, H. A 221

London, W. L 221

Long, Miss Emily 53>

Loosean, Michael 109

Maffltt, J. L 20i

Mathes, J. Harvey 582

Mathes, Mrs. J. Harvey 479

Matthews, W. D 3>6

Maxey, Miss Ora 35i

May, Miss White 334

McCall, Jno. T 406

McCutChen, Jas. T 38C

McDowell, E. C 250

MoGowan, Miss Anna M 522

McClellan, C. W 506

Merritt, Leonidas 266

Miller, Capt. Will A. and

wife 371

Miller, Maj. Francis 108

Miller, Georgia and Jessie.. 518

Miller, Mrs. Jas. Russell 350

Mims, Livingston 476

Monroe, Frank a 575

Montogmery, Wm. A 365

Moore, David H 20

Moore, Ethel 4n2

Moore, Martin 267

Moorman, Geo 243

Morehead, Mrs. Jno. L 424

Morgan, Wm. H 5S1

Motes, C. W 329

Motes, Eva 46S

Myers, Henry C 411

Myers, Penelope 303

Murphy, Mrs. Jeannette 314

Neal. T. B 177

Newsom, Mrs. E. K 102

Norris, Mrs. Oliver 502

Osborne, A. E 259

Ottley, Mrs. J. K 310,457

Ottley, Miss Passie May ?41

Overman, Margie 212

Owen, Dr. Edward 550

Owen, Frank A 88

Owen, Ruth 88

Oxford, Josie 46S

Packwood, Geo. H 576

Parker, F. M 221

Peay, Caroline 325

Pelham, Maj. John T02

Pender, W. D 330

Pendleton, Mrs. E.C 355

Penney, Mrs. Kate Speake. 585

Penzel, Miss Hedwig 334

Peters, Mrs. E. C 434

Phelps, R. H 179

Philips, Miss Martha 197

Pickett, Geo. E 330, 472

Plane, Mrs. Helen 339

Powell, Dr. F. F 1S2

Powell, Ella 377

Raine, Mrs. L. H 453

Raines, Gabriel Jr 199

Rankin, Jennie M 204

Rankin. Grace 223

Ray, Jas. M 223

Ray, Miss Willie Emily 262

Reagan, Jno. H 296

Reeves, Miss Lillian 410

Reilly, Thos. L 508

Richardson, Jas. D 557

Roche, Frank T 132

Roden, Lillian 358

Rodgers, Robt. L 51

Rounsaville, Mrs. H 340,450

Rouss, Chas. B 278

Kyan. Father 291

Sandidge, Jno. M 572

Saunders. Miss Olivia 414

Sawyer, Daisy M 22 1

Scales, A. W 2o0

Scott, Miss Birdie 5i9

Scott, John Jos …578

Siotl. Ma.iy E 454

Sea, Andrew 417

Semple, Miss Mary 357

Sharp, Thos 438

Short, E. W 379 Miss Daisy 2”> v

SkeiUn, L. H 444

Sloan, Miss Margue-rit 357

Smith. B. F 1S2

Smith, Henry H 381

Smith. Martin 53U

Smith. Mrs. Huke i:’4

Smith, Pinckney 380

Smith, S. H 218

Smithlee. J. N’ 385

Smythe, Robt. A 342

Snowden, Mrs. Mary A 183

Snowden, R. B 218

Snow, Adelaide 203

Stanley, T. E 381

Stephens. Alexander 329

Stewart, A. P 408

Stuart, J. E. B ….330

Stubbs, Annie 573

Sum’inerlin, Jno. S 574

Sykes, E. T 116, 525

Tate, W. N 275

Tench, Mrs. J. W 501

Terry. Col 373

Thedford, Mrs 409

Thedford, Mrs. Caroline…. 516

Thompson. Ed. Porter 315

Thompson, Miss Stella 197

Tolley, W. P 3i’2

Torrance, Miss Kate 212

Trader, Mrs. Ella 163

Trousdale, Felix 107

Truelock, Jos 433

Turley, Thos. B 37

Tyler, Emmie 127

Underwood, Ellen 264

Vance, Zebulon B 196

Van Hoose, Jennie 363

Vittetoe, Hiram 556

Vaughan, A. J 33b

Vaughan, Wm. A 336

Walker, Irwin 335

Walshe, B. T 275

Walshe, Elizabeth 576

Walthall, E. C 305

Waterman, Geo 20, 59,170

Waterman. Mrs. Alice 43

Wheeler, Jos 200, 563

Wheeler and family, .frontls.

Wheeler, Old Jim and Mule. 571

Whitaker, Miss Bessie 538

White, Jas. H 179

White, Robt 474

Wilkins, D. A 133

Williams, A. B :…. 219

Wilson, R. E 222

Woods, Halifax Richards.. 215

Woodward, Chas 291

Woodward, Emmie and

Elizabeth 223

Woodward. Eugene 291

Woodward, Marion 291

Woodward, W. J 218, 291

Wrenne, Mrs. B. W 122

Wright, Miss Agatha 470

Wyatt, Henry 261

Wylle, David G 479




O 9P8*



t_ *



^P^HE above scenes will be familiar to those who were in the Camp Chase prison. The street at bottom of picture is Broadway, and
CI. the “four mile house,” illustrated in December Veteran, is near the center of this area. The main prison is at’Juppcr left’hand
corner and about halfway from Broadway to the Confederate Cemetery. The group of buildings, six in the row to the right of
the main prison, is the Confederate Hospital, while the two-story building at lower tight-hand corner of picture is the Federal Hospital.
Camp Chase was a regular camp of instruction, and the long rows of buildings at right of campus, comprising two squares, indicate the
Federal soldiers’ quarters. It is evident that in a few years the city will extend fully out to the cemetery. £• *• ft f f

»»3»»»d3a»»; Sjj


Joseph Thompson, Proprietor; George W. Scoville, Manager.




Opposite the Union Depot. Elcc
trie Railway at the Door to a’l
parts of Atlanta. No charge for
Delivery of Baggage. ■


American Plan, S2.50 to S5 per day.
European Plan, SI to $3,50 per day.
European Plan (double rooms), S2
to S6 per day,

In announcing to the touring and
traveling public the advantages ol
the Kimball House I especially in*
vite their patronage, assuring them
that their interests and accommo-
dations shall always be our object.

Lately renovated and command’
ing an advantageous location to all l^SgH M>* Res(aura “< Op<=n .from 6 a.m. to

travelers, we solicit your patronage. ^3B Midnight,

Yours very truly, iV-H

GEO. W. SCOVILLE, Mgr. jH$k ° ne Hundred Rooms.IPrivate Bath.

Two Passenger Elevators.
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Hold Your Checks for Our Porter.
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Offices in the Hotel.











The Leading School and Teachers* Bureau of
the South and Southwest is the

National Bureau of Education.

J. W. BLA.ER. Proprietor, Successor to MT88
Crostetwait and J. W. Blair.

WiUeox Building. Nashville, Term.
Send stamp for information.

^Positions. • •

>■ reaso7iable
conditions ….

Free tuition. We give one or more free schol-
arships in every county in the U. S. Write us.
Will accept notes for tuition
or can deposit money in bank
until position is secured. Car
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ter at any time. Open for both

sexes. Cheap board. Send for

free illustrated catalogue.
Address J. F. Draughon, Pres’t, at either place.


Practical….. T*st£/2P j S7/>

Business …. x&Cj&t£€%/v


Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Typew ritlng, etc.

The most thorough, practical and /^
schools of the kind in the world, and tl
patronized ones in the South. Indorsed by
ers, merchants, ministers and others. Four
weeks in bookkeeping with us are equal to
twelve weeks by the old plan. J. F. Draughon
President, is author of Draughon’s New Systec
of Bookkeeping, “Double Entry Made Easy.”

Home study. We have prepared, for home
study, books on bookkeeping, penmanship ami
shorthand. Write for price list “Home Study.’

Extract. “Prof. Draughon— I learned book
keeping at home from your books, while)]
a position as night telegraph operator.”— C I
Leffingwell, Bookkeeper for Gerber& Ficks
Wholesale Grocers, South Chicago, 111.

(Mention thts paper when writing.”)


Bowling Green Business College.

Easiness, Shori hand, Typ iwril La?, T’>U*?ra-
phy.aud Penmanship tan^iu. Graduates seem e
positions. Beautiful catalogue free. Ajidress
CHERRY BROS., Bowling Green, Ky.


VICTOR Incubator

Hatche* CI

srlf regulating. The -imp!

reliaole, and i hi

market. Clrenian FREE.

iui;. lfl i BUSINESS

2d 8oor Cumberland Presbyterian Pub. House
A practical schO”l of established reputation
No catchpenny methods. Business men recom-
mend this College. Write for circulars. Men
tion this paper, address

K. W. JENNINGS. Principal.

Veteran Subscri
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200 First Premi
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incubators and
brooders in 1898
catalogue. Send
for one.

Homer City, Pa,



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Copyrights &c.

Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
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Mm Free. Oldest agency for securing patents.

Patents taken thrmi<_’h Mumi & Co. receive

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Scientific American.

[somely illustrated weekly. Largest cir-
culation of any scientific journal. Terms. $3 ;
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MUNN & Co. 36,8roadway New York

Branch Office. !V2.i F Ft.. Washington. D. f

“One Country,
. . . One fflag.”

The … .
to Purchase . .

Flags, Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps,

and all kinds of Military Equipment it at

J. A. JOEL & CO.,

88 Nassau Street, NEW YORK.


linois Central R. R.


Double Daily Service












making direct connections with through tralat
tor all points

North, East, anil West,

including BuM’alo. Pittsburg, Cleveland, Boston.
New York. Philadelphia. Baltimore, Richmond,
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with Central Mississippi Valley Route Solid
Fast Vestibule Daily Train for

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and the West. Particulars of a/ents of the I. C

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Chicago. Louisville.


Qapfederat^ .


Entered at (he poetoffice, \’a-h\ llle, Tenn., as Becond-clasB matter.

Advertising Rates: $1.50 per inch one lime, or (15 s .war, except last
page. One page, one time, special, (85. Discount: Half year. one
one year, two issues. This is below the former rate.

Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. Tie- -pare is too
important tor anything that lias not Bpecial merit.

The ‘late to a subscription is always given to the month before it ends.
For Instance, if the Veteran be ordered to begin with January, the date on
mail list w ill be Deoember, and the subscriber is entitled to that number.

The “civil war” was too long ago to be called the “late” war, and when
correspondents use that term the word “great” .war will be substituted.

Circttlation: ’93, 79,430; “94, 121,644; ’95, 154,992; ’96, 161,332.


United Confederate Veterans,

f’nited Daughters of the Confederacy,

Sons .d’ Veterans and other < irganizatione.

The Veteran is approved and endorsed by a larger and
more elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication

in existence.

Though men desen e, they may not win success,

The brave will honor theorave, vanquished none the LesB.

PRIOI. J1.00 T-KK \ EAR. I v y i

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ier n , IB. A. CUNNINGHAM.

u- • i Proprietor.

Scene from the Receni Governaieni Purchase on Lookoi i Mountain.

Cieii. II. V. Bovnton, President of t lie National Park Commission, and his assoi iates are to be congratulated upon this addition.



. ^.-”

“■” ‘-At

s, r \ i on French Broad River below Asheville, n. c”.

Qopfederate l/eterar>


Older readers of the Veteran will readily recall the
story of “Uncle Dan” Emmett in the Veteran for
September, 1895, and the reproduction of the original
“Dixie.” These plates are the more valuable now,
since he has lost the original, and may be republished
in the Veteran next month.

Not having heard from the genial, appreciative old
gentleman in many months, inquiry was made, to which
he replied, November 5, 1897:

I am in good health for a young man now in his
eighty-third year, and I sincerely hope that God has
bestowed on you his mercies and blessings, and may
this short letter find you chock-full of roast beef and
corn bread! I must now inform you of my misfor-


tune. You are aware that the “Actors Fund” of New
York has regularly contributed $5 each week for my
support, but for some unexplained cause this contribu-
tion was discontinued about six weeks since. This has
caused me to get in debt for my board and other neces-
saries. Now, my good friend, if it is not too much
trouble to you to help me in my distress, could you, in
conjunction with some of your particular friends, get
me up a “benefit? ”

Being in New York soon after this, a visit was made
to the office of the “Actors’ Fund,” when a promise was
made to restore “Uncle Dan” to the list, and it was
hoped permanently ; but in a letter of December 30 he

They very kindly donated for my relief for ten weeks.
I ‘have two more payments to receive, and then God

only knows what I shall do. I live in hopes of my
Southern brethren doing something for me.

Two years ago the Veteran announced its opposi-
tion to a miscellaneous appeal for aid, and has peremp-
torily declined to do so since until now; but this case is
exceptional. That the author of “Dixie,” whose parents
were Southern-born, an upright, kindly old gentleman,
should be in want for the necessaries of life is a direct
appeal to every man and woman whose memory thrills
at the mention of ” Dixie”— the most inspiring tune ever
conceived, at least by the Southern people — justifies ex-
ception to the rule, and request is made of every friend
to consider the conditions at once. Let camps of Vet-
erans, chapters of Daughters, and the Children of the
Confederacy everywhere consider what they can do to
supply this “benefit.” Send to Daniel Decatur Em-
mett, Mt. Vernon. O., or to this office, and the amount
will be forwarded to him promptly. If sent direct,
please give notice to the Veteran.


The Washington (D. C.) Friend at Court:

This dear old song, which has given its author, Dan-
iel Decatur Emmett, imperishable fame, has become
so thoroughly identified with one section of our coun-
try that it may be doubted whether or not it is en-
titled to be classed among our national songs; but it is
confidently asserted that, had it not been for the divi-
sions created by the great war, it would have been as
popular in the North to-day as it is in the South, since
it first came out North and achieved almost instanta-
neous popularity there — the boys taking it up on the
streets — and there would have been no occasion for its
diminished favor in that section but for its adoption in
the South. It must be generally conceded, whether
it is sectional or not, that there are but few songs which
have more power to move a popular audience in any
• geographical section of our country than has this soul-
stirring melody. . . .

“Dixie” was taken up and adopted by the South, and
Dixie’s land and the South have become synonymous
terms the world over. That is as Mr. Emmett intend-
ed it should be; he meant by “Dixie” the land of the
South, according to his own testimony. He says that
negro minstrelsy in the days in which “Dixie” was
written, the spring of 1859, always carried with it an
idea of the South, and that he meant the South when
writing the word “Dixie,” which he clearly indicated
by the words “the land of cotton” and other expres-
sions of similar geographical coloring.

Mr. Emmett also wrote another song which became
exceedingly popular throughout the country: “Old
Dan Tucker;” but “Dixie,” which has power to raise
a Southern audience to its feet anywhere and to cause
a stir of enthusiasm among any people, is perhaps the
most lively and inspiring air that the musical world has
ever known.

Dr. J. W. Cocke, of Waco, Tex., died January S,
1898. He went to Waco from near Hockley, Tex.,
and was very popular. In the war he was a noted sur-
geon in Stuart’s Cavalry, and was a well-known con-
tributor to medical publications.

(Confederate 1/eterap.


The casual reader will pass over this long list of
names without being interested, but to others it will be
read with breathless concern, Many, many Confed-
erates were captured whose families have never known
their fate, although prayerful diligence was exercised
as long as there was a ray of hope. May this list of
thousands of names give consolation to mourning
hearts, as it will when found that husband, brothvr, or
son, having stood by his colors until overwhelming
numbers compelled capitulation, and that whatever op-
portunities for freedom may have come to him, all
were rejected, and he went down to death a faithful
Confederate soldier! The paragraphs are alphabetical.

These honored names have been preserved by the
authorities, and the arduous work of copying has been
done by a soldier of the Union army, or at his personal
expense. This man is YV. 11. KnaUSS, He and his
comrades, who realize with him the high claim to
praise as “Americans,” will see to it that these graves
are kept green the rest of their lives.

The occasion of an entertainment by these men to
the editor of the Veteran, reported last month, will be
a record directly connected with results of the great
war in honor to the gentlemen giving it. Not a man
among them gave utterance to anything hut what
would be received with gratitude by the Southern peo
pie, and they will ever hereafter take the greater pleas-
ure in .helping to preserve in honor the graves of those
thousands of American patriots reared and educated in
the South, and for whose peculiar institutions they
cheerfully suffered until released by death.

Col. Knauss will furnish for the VETERAN names of
the other Confederate dead in the state of Ohio.

William Adkins. Va. ; William Austin. 10th Kv. Caw; 11. A. Ad-
kins, nth Va. Cav.; .1. C. Allen, nth Tenn Cav.; .1. Alford, w.
A a.; O. IV Amhnster, state ami command unknown: D. C. At-
kins, ilth Va. Cav.; T. B. Alexander. Ala.: B. I,. Allen. 60th Tenn.
Inf.; E. Anloniff. 8th Tenn. Cav.: William R, Ashtacks. 8th Tenn.
Cav.: Creel Arnett. I8th Va. Inf.; William 11. Allen. 6th Ala.
Cav.; W. A. Arnold. 2d Ky. Cav.: William B. Atkins. 24th Ala.
Inf.; laike Arthur. 86th Va. Cav.; William Adkins, Witcher’s Va.
Cav.; Kobert Anderson, 5th Tenn. Cav.; Benjamin Anderson. Cth
Oa. Cav.; U II. Archil, aid. 36th Ala Inf.: It. F. Arthurs. 19th Va.
Cav.; H. U. Asbury, 10th Ky. Cav.; William Adams, 6th Ky. Inf.;
J. R. Adams. 67th Va. Inf.; William .1. Atchison. 6th Tex. Inf.; L.
W. Anderson. 171 h Va. Cav.; Basham Arnold. 60th Va. Inf.; W”.
Aml.rson, 29th C,a. Inf.: J. Anderson. 2d Kv. Cav., W. B. Aiken.
Mil Oa. Inf.: Al.i.iah Anderson. I’.ith S. C. Inf.; 0. D. Adams, 8th
Ga. Inf.; J. Anders, Quartermaster Department; J. M. Arramps,
Johnson’s conscripts: James Adamson, 30th Oa. Inf.; J. Arm-
stead, 22d Va. Inf.; D. Anderson. 67th Ala. Inf.; Frank Albert.
20th Ala. Inf.: 1!. F. Avers. 86th Va. Cav.; 11. Atkins, Mnreland’s
Cav.; Benton Adnv. Sth Ala. Cav.; C. A. Allen, citizen of Ga. ;
Sol O. Andrews. 63d Oa. Inf.; Eliiah Agnew, 16th Ga. Inf.: Jo-
seph Abbott, 26th Va. Sharpshooters; A. J. Askins, Sth S. C. Inf.;
Simeon Able. 66th Ga. Inf.

II. Blackwell, 8d Kv. Inf.; G. 11. Brook, 2d Ky. Inf.: Russell
Brown, 11th Tenn. Cav.: Benjamin Bridget. Co. C. 4th Ky.; An-
drew Burns, 86th Va. Cav.: Ellis Brazier, 64th Tenn. Inf.; John
Barber. 4th Ala. Inf.; Frank Blgsby. 4th Ky. Cav.: F. 11. Barron,

4th S. C. Inf.: U. Brooks, 2d Ark. Inf.; Brown; E. K. Boone.

1st La. Cav.; Q, W, Bolton. 44th Ala. Inf.; J. F. Bass. 22d Miss.
Inf.; J. L. Barrett. 6th Miss. Inf.; J. D. Burton. 16th Tenn. Cav ;
John Black. 19th Va. Cav.: Alexander Boyd. 54th N. C. Inf.; J. H.
Bennett, 86th Va. Inf.; M. P. Brasswell, 89th Ga. Inf.; William
M. Blackburn. 4th Ga. Cav.; F. Bird. 36th Ga. Inf.: Richard
Blackwood. 20lh Va. Cav.; H. Rrangenly, 55th Tex. Cav.; John
Barrett. 4th Tenn. Cav.; George H. Burgess, citizen of Ohio:
Noah BIckerstaft, 54th N. C. Inf.; w. R. Bartlett. 46th Ga. Inf.;
John M. Black. 6th Ala. Cav.; Nathan I’.umpers. 4th Ala. Inf.:

M. P. Brantley, Tullis Artillery; Burnett, citizen of La.:

David Basham. Storr’s Cav.; Leonard Bass. 12d Ga. Inf.; Jesse
Bryant. 66th Ga. Inf.; John Disherer, 57th N. C. Inf.; William

Brown, 33d Ala. Inf.; A. L. Brown, 30th Ga. Inf.; Jacob Baxter,
54th N. C; G. K. Bullock, 6th Fla. Inf.; Robert Brown, 30th Ga.
Inf.; William S. Barrett, 42d Ga. Inf.; N. F. Brookhire, 1st Ga.
Inf.; John 1 6th Ala. Inf.; Hiram Black, 34th Va. Cav.;

Thomas M. Beatty. Stewart’s Cav.; R. D. Berrell. 4th La. Inf.;
T. R. Bullington. Sth Tenn. Cav.: T. C. Barrett. 15th Tex. Cav.;
Ezra Bell, ISth Ala. Inf.; James M. Baker. 7th Tenn. Cav.; John
M. Brown. 15th S. C. Inf.; Charles Boyles, 55th Ala. Inf.; Crock-
ett Brown. ISth Tenn. Cav.; David A. Bruge, 30th Va. Cav.; D. E.
Brown, government emplovee. Ala.; Thomas R. Bailes. 22d Va.
Cav.; William D. Barrett. Sth Tenn. Inf.; D. D. Bumpers, 24th
Ala. Inf.; J. D. Brock. 24th Ala. Inf.; James B. Bickley, 22d Va.
Cav.; J. W. Blank. 54th Ala. Inf.; E. B. Brooks. 1st Ga. Inf.; J.
M. Baker. 46th Ala. Inf.; C. A. H. Brock, 50th Ga. Inf.: B. C. Bush,
6th Fla. Inf.; Evan Butcher. 46th Battery, Va. Cav.; John Benni-
field, Beauregard’s Battery; James Balkum, 80th N. C. Inf.; E.
W. Baswell. 4th Tenn. Cav.; Louis Barker. 5th Ky. Inf.; S. A.
Barnett. 6th K\. Cav.; W. Bustle, sth Tenn. Cav.: Charles Bow-
ers, 2ith 5. C. Inf.; John M. Brash. 10th Tenn. Cav,; James C.
Banton, I9th La. Inf.; James A Becket Bth Con Ca.\ : J. F.
Barnes. 1st Va 1 ‘a \ , John G. Bell, 3d Fla. Inf.; J. B. Brigans,
2d Tenn. Inf.: John H. Bell, 4th Fla. Inf.; John F. Berry. 4th Ky.
Cav.; Abijah for Booth) Banth, 36th Va. Inf.; W. O. Barbie.
2d Ark. Cav.: II. P. Blair, 1st Ga. Inf.; W r . E. Boyd, 7th Ala. Cav.;
C. E. Brooks, 2d S C. inf.: 3. W. Bagwell, 15th Miss. Inf.;
Thomas Bacon, 25th Ga Inf.; si. phen Browning, 45th Ga. Inf.;
Jacob Beck, N. C. conscripts; W. R. Butts, 11th Tenn. Inf.; R. B.
Brown, 5Sd Ga. Inf.: David W. Barnes. 7th Fla, Inf.; B. F. Beas-
th Ala. Cav.: R. S. Brown. Uth Va. Cav. .1 Is, 21th

S 1 Inf.: B. Bridges. 7th Ala. Cav.; John Built. 19th S. C. Inf.;
W. J. Bettess. 13th La. Cav.; John Bott er’s Scouts;

. w Brooklin, 57th Ga. Inf.; Matthew B. Bushy, 4th Ky.
J. r.aliin. 4th I. a, inf.: 1 >. Bird, 16th S, c. Inf.; Ely M.
Brasham, 8th 8. C tnl . Robert W. Boyd, 1st Ga, Inf.; Pleasant
Bertram. 22d Va. Cav.: Calvin Brock. Sth S. C. Inf.: F. W.
Barnes, 2d Tenn. Cav.; Thomas Bedworth, 13th Ky. Cav.; James
H. Bailey, 15th Miss. Inf.; James Bowman. 3d Engineers: J. Bur-
ton. 4th Kv. Cav.; B. Browning, 29th Ky. Inf.; John B. Bumgar-
Cav.; Henry Briggs, 89th N. C. inf.; H. P. Bethea,
sth S, C Infantry; J. F. Bowers. Hampton’s Legion; w. S.
Brown, Madison’s Artillery; J C Bradford, 10th Miss inf.;W. J
80th Tenn. Inf.; W. H. ith Ala. Cav : w. w.

Bagwell. 7th S, C. Inf.: Samuel 1 a. Bat.; J. T. Brooks.

at.; W. B, Booth, 21si Va. Cav.; John Brown, Tenn.

rlpti W. W. Blair. 28th Miss, Cav.; J. W”. Benlley. 37th
Miss. Inf.; N, O. Barker, 40th Ala. Inf.: H. E. Benton. 21th S, C.
Inf.: W. Bassentine, 10th Ga. Inf.; J. s. Bush, 33d Ala. Inf.; T. H.
ett, 6th Miss, Inf.; 11 C I barren’s l’.egiment: J.

Baker, 12th Ky. Cav.; J. W, Barton, 6th Fla. Inf.: George Burk-
hart. Hill’s Cav.; S. Boyd, 3d Miss. Inf.; M. Brown. Wo

Butler, 5th Bat. Va. Inf.; A. G. Brool a. Inf.;

J. .1. Brown, 22d Ala, Inf.; W. Bond, 3d Miss. Inf.; F. J. Burt. 22d
Miss. Inf.; ):. 11. Bryans, 17th Va. Cav.; W. Baker. Ith Tenn.
Cav,: E. F. Bowlin. tlith Vn. Inf.: W. Black. 51st Va. Inf.: W. A.
Beck. 2.1UI1 Ga. Inf.: It. Briant. 21st Va. Cav.: J. A. Beaucamp,
6th Fla. Inf.; E. Batson, 16th S, C. Inf : J. Burnett. 1st Tenn.
Cav.; W. Bachelor, loth Ala. Inf.; John Beasley, 4th Tenn. Cav.;
.1. W. Black. 17th Ala. Inf.: R. I.. Blackman, 1st Fla. Inf.: I. A.
Beaslcv. loth Ala, Cav.: B. .T. T’.alev. 7th Miss. Inf.; George Burk-
hart. 7th Fla. Inf.; Andie Burt. 22d Miss. Inf.: W. B. Bagerly,
41st Tenn. Inf.; John E. Barton, nth Ga. Inf.; s. W. Bryan, 25th
Ga. inf.; Salathiel Berry, 4th Ala. Cav.; Wiley B. Brown, nth
Tenn. Inf.; W. S. Benslev, 4th Tenn. Inf.: George W. B
1st Ala. Cav.; II. Barnes. 57th N. C. Inf.; M. I. 1 Ith Va.

Cav.; Daniel Bush, 39th Miss. Inf.; Andrew Bertrand, 3d La.
Inf.: G. W r . Bonds. 20th Ga. Inf.; I. G. Berry. 31th Ala. Inf.; I. A.
. 31st Ala. Inf.: P. A. Bryant, 46th Miss. Inf.; John G.
Blount, 17th N. C. Inf.: w. W. Brantley, 42d N, «’. int.; F. A.
Blanton, 4th N. C. Reserves; John A. Burkett, Sth Fla. Inf.; I.
i’. Burgess. 8th Ga. Inf.; Martin Barger, N. C. Reserves; J. D.
Brvan. 39th Ala. Inf.: S, F. Bunch, 20th Tenn. Inf.; August R.
Bolton, Freeman’s Bat.: J. Byn, 9th Ark. Inf.: R. Brtnkley, Free-
man’s Bat.; E. A. Brown. 7th Va. Cav.; J. Bailey. 7th Ala. Cav.

J. F. Cherry, of Tenn.; J. I orr ell, Ith Ala. Inf.; H. Carroll,
Walker’s Bat.: J. D. Cain. 10th Kv. Cav.: Thompson Cooper, cit-
izen of Va.; J. D. Cochran. Sth Kv. Inf.; J. Cox. 3d S. C
W. R. Crum. Stodgalis’s Cav.; George R. Carter. 9th Tenn. Cav.;
Peter Combs, Sth Kv. Inf.; S. Collins. 1st Kv. Cav.; Robert Con-
ran, citizen of Va.; J. B. Caper. 23d Va. Cav.; James Cook, 86th
Y.i Inf.; B. christian, sth Oa. Inf.; Jacob Christian, 24th Bat.
Va, cav.: S. H. Crow. 3d Ala. Cav.: Thomas F. Canada. Fornett’s
1 : Bat.; Joseph M. Camp. 64th Oa. Inf.; John Coydell. Bat. N.
C. Inf.; II. Cliptnn. : William F. Carroll, 40th Ga. Inf.; Will-
iam Carpenter, Sth S. C. Cav.: William Carr. 24th Ga. Inf.; John
Cook, citizen of Va.; Christopher Cogee, citizen of Va. : Tuck
1 1 ter, 13d Tenn. Tnf.: Lieut. John II, Cathoart, 43d Tenn. Inf.:
James II. Cress. 21st Va. Cav.: E. W. Carnett. 1st Ga. Cav.; J. T.
Cunningham, 64th Ala. Inf.: J. s. Cochran, 41st Miss. Inf.; Rob-
ert Carson, 37th Va. Cav.: M M Clerpuns, 31st Miss. Inf.; R. M.
Chamberlain, 36th Tenn. Cav.: J, W. Carney. 4th Ky. Inf.; E. J.
Clark, 4th Ala. Inf.: Thomas B Clayborn, 56th Ga. Inf.: R. F.
Clements. 36th Ala. Inf.: J. T. Chambers. 37th Va. Cav.: William
T. Carmlchael, Sth Tenn. Cav.; Thomas Creed. 35th Miss. Inf.;
A. W. Cowart. 40th Ala. Inf.; J. J. Campbell. 40th Oa. Inf.; John
Crawford. 36th Vn. Inf.: J. A. Campbell. 20th Tenn. Inf.; J. M.
Craig, 48th Tenn. Inf.: W. M. Chllders. 43d Ga. Irif. : B. Cornelius,
18th Ala. Inf.: S. Cunningham, 27th Miss. Inf.: William Cooper,
10th S. C. Cav.: W. C, Cragle, 61st Tenn. inf.: Isaac N. Canter-
bury, S2d Ala. Inf.; B. Carroll, 57th Ala. Inf.; P. C. Chana, 3d
Fla.’ Inf.: James Collins. 63d Ga. Inf.: N. W r . Crane. 88th Ga. Inf.:
John Coatney, 6th Fla. Inf.; John Cochran. 39th Miss. Inf.; A. J.
Currier. 22d Ala. Inf.: John W. Calvin, 14th Ky. Cav.: J. B. Cap-
devllle, 80th La. Inf.; J. L. Canseg. 3d Bat. Miss. Inf.: J. w.
Clemens, 62d Va. Inf.: H. Y. Clark. 54th Ala. Inf.: T. E. Can-
non. r,th Kv. Cav.: J. C. Cunningham. 3d Confederate Cav.: J. J.
Cazby, 58th Ala. Tnf.: Thomas Cone, 21si Tenn. Cav. : Henry P.
Colle’dge, 21st Tenn. Cav.; W r . C. Cantrell, 21st Tenn. Cav.; J. E.

Qor?federate .

G° clfsteV 1 4’n’ £^^””1, T – CIark ‘ Moreland’s Bat. Cav.; W.
G. Custer, 29th N. C. Inf.; W. “W. Corrall 57th N C ■ I H Cnl-

Inf” Ro^erf rSKP’Mfe Miss – I”£ : Ri’cha?d Crabb J 2Uh Aia
Inf. .Robert Carter is . Md Cav.: William Camp. 4th Ala. Inf.;

CanJrVhSi £ \ v 5 ‘4 h Ala / Int ‘ : W – B – Cassell. 7th Fla. Inf.; A
Campbell. 2d Ky. Bat. Cav.; W. R. D Crane 7th Ala Cav •

Crulchflelri^O^ 15 ‘, Tenn – , In . f – ; JF Clanahan. r m e ri Ala. fit ; R £
Crutchne Id, Quartermaster’s Department; I. M. Cullin 22d Ala

ArV- J SPtESSi ^J\, T s en S.- ? a 7’ ; Steph « n L – Cox 4th La Bat
clrr B7thA?» T% ^ S ‘ , C ~ Inf – : S – Campbell. 1st Ga. Inf.; R.
Marshair,^ a ‘t a rV ^”r? 1 Cowan – 50th Ala. Inf. ; Albert Clark,
4th Ala Inf Aii^nV nA C f US ,?’ ? 3 £ N ‘ C ‘ Int – : W – L – Chambers
I w riilv ^i en A R – < ? h ! ek ^ 41 ?, t Ga – Inf -: R – Clayton, 14th N. C.
CuHair Pmh% c tit ^KiV*’ ^- Carlisle, 18th A ia. Inf.; W
land “.iith cf ‘ Tnf • ^’,- M – C g x ‘ ^ 2d Ala ” Inf -i George A. Cope-
lana, 5bth Ga. Inf.; William S. Cooper, 33d Miss. Inf • J M
Cooksey 1st Ga Sta.; J G Cole, 37th Ga. Inf.; M Cla?k.’ 2d Kyi

J W r™, ?i 5 ? M a V^ th AIa -‘ l nf A : Moses Carter . 3d Miss. Inf.
»P.Wi ™ C A Ca Y : J ‘ S – Crow ‘ nth M ‘ss. Inf.; J. Craft
Jn!h of ?„ a 7- ; T J -^ W – Crowley. 32d Tex. Bat. Art.; J. M Coggins
50th Ga. Inf. ; J. Coonts, 27th Va. Cav. ; R. O Ch twood rS’
escort; J Cass, Young’s Bat. Art.; t’w. Channel 2a Ga Cav
Griffin Clement, 30th Ala. Inf. ; James Crawford Conscript
Guards; F Campbell, 8th Tenn. Cav.; J. J. Cook 30th Ala Inf
William Cavender, 8th Miss. Inf.; H CarroO 7th Miss Inf J
Campbell 4th La. Inf.; J. J. Clark, 7th Fla Inf ECronk 54th
Va. Inf.; J W. Chillaett, 13th Tenn. Inf. ; Jackson CutHp 19 h
Va. Cay.; J. Crenshaw, 7th Fla. Inf.; P. B. Cheek 16th Ga Cav •
H. Crabtree 27th Miss. Inf.; Thomas Gammons ^ 12th Tenn itrf =
W. J. Callahan, 63d Va. Inf.; Eli Canipy, 5Sth N C Inf ST
Consert. 47th Tenn. Inf.; H. Crosswhite, 10th Ala. Cav •’ S H

hell% h t’h 3 v!j o iSS – w- ; /?’- Cr «nshaw, 52d Ga. Inf.; R. B. Camp-
* i J’ t r r?” Cav V ; W L Carroll, 4th Ala. Cav. ; N. H. Caigle, 17th
Ala. Inf.; G. B. Campbell, 17th Ala. Inf.- J D Cease 15th SC
“■: E. T. Chapman, 63d Ga. Inf.; J. N ‘ Co whine ^ 30th Ga Inf
John Coleman 17th Ala. Inf.; James W. Crowder, 5th Tenn. Inf
Clark Ca^All°r A ‘a Cav ;- H. Cowinan. citizen’ of Va; Robert
SL» k i| Co, i^ rk ‘, : Charles W. Coy, 8th S. C. Inf.; Jeff
,V d £?I’^ th Va – Inf – ; Joel Carter, 63d Va. Cav.; Stephen Car-
roll 22d Miss. Inf. ; R. B. Childs, 30th Ga. Inf. ; C HCarrigan
lH T, enn r I”*! Willia m Carter, 1st Tenn. Cav.; T. J CampbeU
6th Mo. Inf ; Ellas Ccwell, 20th Va. Cav.; R. C. Cochran it h

Ca S fT,f n – f -W J w Se r.? aSey ‘ D % n i’^ Bat – Art ‘ : Alexander ■ Cupp. 7 h
?nf’ ■ £ ‘tJV^ Clearn 3 a n- 3d Miss. Inf.; John Crawley, 60th Ga
Inf.; G. W. Conoway, 46th Ala. Inf.; G. P. H. Cree 29th Ala Inf
James Carral, 94th Va. Inf.; John Clark, 4th ITa Cav • M T
Clark 29th NC. Inf ; E. P. Colton, 56th Ga Inf ; T T.’ Carle.’
4th La. Inf.; James Claiman, 1st Va. Bat Inf ■ R P C Calri

lSO? , fS St r M ^.V nt: A a’ ?. arter ‘ 24th S – C Inf. f James Chambers
16th Ga. Cav ; James A. Caine, 55th Ala. Inf.; G. W. Coble 1st N

N. C°cfv nP ; V ‘ d T ‘ C ° le ‘ 56th Ga ‘ Inf ‘ ; Hen^y clay? 5th
P. F. Davis, 5th N. C. Cav.; Lieut. J. A. Daniel 17th Tenn Cav ■
C. II. Dudley, 10th Tenn. Cav.; J. J. Duncan Forres\”sTemV
Cav.; I. Duncan, Sth Tenn. Cav.; J. D. Derryber?y 11th Ten”n
g^i^ L?^, 10th Confederate Cav.; M. Dethridge, 2d Ky.’
Cav: Martin Doxey, 1st Ky. Cav.; Milton Dagley, 2d Tenn Cav ■
W. II. Dean 1st Ga. Inf. ; John Daniels, 2d Va Inf John w’
Duncan, 56th Ga. Inf.: David Dunaway 34th Ala inf T R
Dougherty, 4th La. Inf.; T. H. Date. 22d Ala. Inf.; W P Doig
40th Ga. Inf.; B. F. Darby. 57th Ala. Inf.: D. Demain 7th S C
Inf.: George W. Duncan, 3d S. C. Inf.; W. Dougherty 1st Ga’

Davidlo^imh’va’ 2 r Va ‘ f. av ii J ^ W – Daniels ‘ 54t « Ala. Inf.; J.

iels 57 th Ala S’nf nf -/. James S. Douglas, 34th Ala. Inf. ; K. D£n-
S^^f W\ f^^ Colis^t TinS’G?!^:

S mhKvCav Rwr, n5 f rs ‘,!? A , la ‘ Cav – J – A – Dillin^-
gers 7th 7t?\Z’ tA’J’ Y- Dirden, 45th Ala. Inf.; Simpson Dril-
fsth Ala fnf ‘■ T r ^ \ Dorlas, 32d Miss. Inf. S. W. Dickev


Dougherty 22d Va. Cav.; Stephen Duke, Marshall’s Bat’
_J?seph Ellis, Marshall’s Bat.; Joseph Ellis 5th Kv • FC r

fst’K?’ Ca7 a N n F ; ai’i S ‘ E t Iliot t,62d P N. C. C’a”; Owen^dw^rdl;
r?= S S Y.” Jf. Eagle, nitre mining bureau: B O Estes 1th
Ga. Inf.; John Estes, 5th Miss. Inf.; H. K. Edd n? 3d Tenn Cav
Henry S Edson, citizen of Va. ; E. W Ellis 6th Fla Inf- w’

i^vf’ fnf ■ l\ C ^- R – S ‘ England, 2d Mo. Inf.; W. M Eve

n d f.7p N f Eng?a n nf ‘sdV’s f^ C ?V’ ^ J ! llam E ™ ns ‘ 4 «h Ga!

M. Efste’r; ll^t cly ‘; ^^^’^^f^g ?.

lafntlarffsf 8°’ C Va i’nf H ‘T M k E ^ r ?, tt J 2d Tenn^CayTjam^s b!
28th Xa Inf F’ w irnh N -b. Ese Ji’ 5 ?; h Ala – Inf ‘ : L – Bnbanks,
28thVa.Ca” Eubanks, 3d Ala. Cav.; Hiram Elorge.

Fi S «’h A ; ^f” 38 ‘ 3 i& S ‘ Cav ‘ : Jef£ Fennell, 17th Tenn • W H

Fisher, citizen of Va. ; J. D. Ford • F A Si™ «h t„ ‘ t i 1 ‘

J. J. Fox 11th Tex. Cav^E. Foust, ‘sfh Tenn Inf 3 A Van’

ii\ 1 t ne M- 12th T V f a – S av ‘ : W ‘ E – Fenton, 20th vl Inf M k Fuller”
41st Miss. Inf.; S. Faris, 25th Tenn. Inf.; S. L Flake” 15th Tenn
Inf. Jacob H Farmier, 42d Ga. Inf.; Thomas G Flurry 42 dA “a’

gwfrns’ ^s h s Te iL n ‘; c A av P w Fefr 4 1;^ 1 “^

?om 5th t er , S n°?’ S wn : ^ Farreir^th’Tl’a^fnf.TMmt?’ F^
F? m, Tnf .^ y -Tj n t ; W ” Fra ncum. 58th N. C. Inf.; Falsom 6th

Miss Inf • j^’^Fe’r^f^n 12 ^? 6 ^- Ca , v – : AIb ^ rt PranW°”‘«th
v» p.,, .’ ‘t a i Fe rsuspn, 37th Miss. Inf.; James P. Fox 17th
Y£. C ? v 4- J ^, S n Erasier, 2d Miss. Inf.; Theodore Fannin — Va
T w W-i ” P1| PP°. «th Ai a . Inf . B B Freeman 28th T g j f a :

FarTell 56t!f a c n a 5 t th f V w In J’ •J’ A ‘ Floyd ‘ 49th Ala Inf” Gw.’
™il «’h i £ a – In £ ; T^-x, C – Ff ncher, 66th Ga. Inf.; A. H. Far-
ri SI 1 ? ^ Cav -: F – B – Fishbrom. 37th Va. Cav.; S. Fuller Sth

V a V^’ fe- . J – Fircley, 31st Miss. Inf.; M. S. Frisbie 29th M C Tnf
J. F. Faircloth, 57th Ala. Inf.; B. F. Fry 7th Miss Inf -‘=?R –
Firney, 54th Ga. Inf.; Thomas Frazrell lith jf’w.T •
Fleming, 22d Va Cav.;’ W h tt PoS Hth’kla’ Int fj R f ‘ F reScn S
S a f c r °r SC T r ‘ Dt: d- W ‘ Fr ?cman, Sth Ala. Cav.; W. P Freeman
^fn Ga ‘f In T ; r H ?, nry Frler son, 9th Tenn. Cav.; J. Fields ‘1st
Tenn. Inf.; J. L. Fowler. 13th Va. Inf.; P Folv 3d La Tnf -I M

FreeSaS’ TOth^ ‘/nV ^ & F » z ^r a id F & Va^Ca^’M.’ M.’
FrfdW % v, t f xt’ : Finne , y . Reeling. 4th Ala. Cav.; John
Fridley, 22d I Va. tot; Newton Frier, 4th Fla. Inf.: J. G. Forrest
111″ 9V Inf \W^ auI , Farthlnff ‘ nth N. C. Inf.; H. B. Folkner ciH-
flffiV F^o’wilr^th^Ky 84 Ca^;’ gft WS^SSS
fiE ! A^JSSSft&i«: I V n a f. fcaV ‘ : ^er C F6rI h ^h aS M Ps e s.

. E ; H -. Gardner, 4th Ga. ; Benjamin Griffith citizen of Vi •

Andy Gibson 3d Confederate Sharpshooters; David Growm citil

an”? ?0 f th K : v S Tnf G A ld ^’ 2 ° f th “XT Cav ‘ ; Ed ^ in G^gsbTiTeuten-
t. ^ y ‘Jn : ^ Ga ” nt ‘ citizen of Va.; James L. Greer. 2d
Tenn. Cav.; H. Gordon, 51st Ga. Inf.; R. R. Goldburv 13th kv

SS^&EFfl ^ Gerr °o’^ Ci i i , zen of Va – Joseph Godwin, 29th Ga!
Inh’nt rJffi Gr , ee ( n p 28t ^ ,a n Inf ‘ ; X Gantlin. 4Sth T4nn. Inf.
R Piln’i, M,V 1St r G J’ B , a i’ : F A A G-ilsland, 1st Ga. troop; W
R. Gilpin, 13th Va. Inf.; Adam Gob e, 10th Ky. Cav • I P Guid-

Wh Ala h w In A t; J ameS Gold smjth, 14th N. C. Int; L. Garriol
ral- m \? n,h N ‘ G o?i ne ?; lst T Ga ‘ Inf ‘ : A. A. Glover, 6th Ga
Cav M. V Giddons, 29th Ga. Inf.; Stephen Gibbs. government
S /™;,^ H- Cost, 27th Va. Cav.; J. Gill. 1st Ga. Inf. : H . S

Graddish, 4th Ala. Cav. ; L. Green, Va. Cav. ; W Garner 1st

Ky. Cav.; Clement Griffin 30th Ala. Inf.; M S.’ GilfoiU 4th iX
Inf.; Adam Gissmer, 3d Va. Inf.; I. Griffith, 46th Miss. Inf.-
Morgan Gilmore ,16th Va Cav.; W. F. Gregory, 66th Ga. Inf.; J
w a( ? Ick T ‘ ?;?, berts „ M ‘SS- Cav.; John M. Gooldsby. 28th Ala. Inf.;
W. J. N. Gilmer, 2d S. C. Inf. ; J. C. Goodhead, 14th Tenn Inf –

Confederate l/eterar/.

D. Garrett, citizen of Va.; T. G. Gothard, 30th Ala. ; S. C.

Gill, 13th Ky. Cav.; M. Galliway, 18th Ga. Int.; S. Griffith, 50th
Ga. Inf.; James Griffith, 24th S. C. Inf.; J. W. Gulleht, assistant
surgeon 16th Ky. Cav.; William M. Gray, Tenn. Conscripts; Alex
Grey, 1st Fla. Inf.; A. I. Goldon, 17th Va. Cav.; D. W. Gunter,
34th Ala. Inf.; C. C. Gowman, 41st Miss. Inf.; Bradford Gober,

Va. Art.; S. B. Goar, 41st Mo. Inf.; John Green, 36th Ala. Inf.;

John W. Gregg, Sth S. C. Inf.; J. W. Granger, 15th Ky. Cav.;
James Gable. Moreland’s Ky. Cav.; R. H. Gaston, 4th N. C. Inf.;

D. J. Geldie, Freeman’s N. C. Bat.; John H. Giger, ; J. N.

Gladstone (or Glasson), 1st N. C. detail; W. W. Gellam, 33d Ala.
Inf.; J. M. Gloss, 34th Ala. Inf.; James P. Gee, 16th Tenn. Cav.;
Charles Green, 49th Ga. Inf.; Thomas Green, 64th N. C. Inf.;
William Garrett, 46th Ga. Inf.; W. A. Green, ISth Tenn., Inf.;
James H. Godby, 17th Va. Cav.; S. M. Gardner, Albany niter-
workers; W. M. Gossett, 22d Ala. Inf.; H.H.Griffith. 51st Va. Inf.;

H. C. Germany, 8th Confederate ; W. A. Gladden, 15th S. C.

Inf.; W. R. Graham, 2d Ala. Cav.; J. B. Grogg, 63d Va. Inf.; G.
W. Goldsby, 28th Tenn. Inf.; Joshua Garrett. Intli Ga. Inf.

S. Horton, 4th Ala. ; W. H. Harper, 30th Miss. Inf.; J. II. -n-

drick, 13th Tenn. ; W. A. Hendrick, 2d Tenn. ; J. T. Har-
ris. 39th Ala. ; J. W. Hamby, 16th Ky. Cav.; Alton Hill, 1st

Tenn. Cav.; Henry Huffman, 20th Va. Bat.; Cole Hurlbert, citi-
zen of Va.; J. Holbrooks, 7th Ala. Cav.; H. E. Harmon, 3d S. C.
Inf.; S. Z. Hendon, Owentown, Ky.; J. C. Hagan, 27th Va. Cav.;
A. S. Hoover, 19th Va. Inf.; P. Hackett. 57th Va. Inf.; D. Hollis.
38th Ala. Cav.; S. R. Harris. 1st Ga. Inf.; M. Holmes, 1st Ga.
state troops; R. C. Hobbs, 38th Ala. Inf.; Albertus Harlow. Cth
Ga. Cav.; A. D. Hamilton, 60th Va. Inf.; George R. Hartman,
36th Va. Inf.; Rush T. Harmon. Sth Va. Cav.; J. D. Huffaker,
36th La. Inf.; Franklin Hellon, 91st Tenn. Inf.; W. H. Hawkins.
1st Ga. Inf.; Martin S. Harris. 17th Ga. Cav.; A. Hunter. 28th
Miss. Cav.; A. R. Hendricks, 22d Ala. Inf.; C. Hughes. 16th Va.
Inf.; Gus Hathawav, 6th Fla. Inf.; W. J. Howery, 41st Va. Cav.;
F. Hill, 30th Ga. Bat.; H. F. Hatcher, 17th Va. Cav.; Thomas
Hill, 6th Fla. Inf.; S. Humphreys, 66th Ga. Inf.; R. H. Howell,
18th Ala. Inf.; W. H. Hines. 41st Ga. Inf.; A. S. Huesley, 45th Va.
Cav.; Curtis Hook, 59th Ga. Inf.; A. J. Hicks, 34th Va. Cav.; J.
Hamilton, 13th Va. Inf.; J. O. Hamilton, 4th Ala. Cav.; P. E.
Hides, 5th Ga. Cav.; E. Harrison. 31st Ala. Inf.; T. W. Hays. 18th
Miss. Inf.; D. A. Hughes, Thomas’ N. C. Legion; Amos Huff, 4th
Ala. Cav.; B. H. Hill, 36th Ala. Inf.; John W. Hardy, 40th Ga.
Inf.; John Hamilton. 60th Va. Inf.; William Hamlet. 35th Miss.
Inf.; I. F. Hundley, 36th Va. Cav.; Thomas Hand, 5Sth Ala. inf.;
William H. Hearn, 2d Ga. Inf.; F. B. Harris, 2d Va. Cav.; James
Head, 19th Ala. Inf.; J. H. Hill. 1st Tenn. Inf.; John Hammock,
citizen of Va.; Louis Hoffmaster, 36th Va. Inf.; E. R. Hall. 4th
Ala. Inf.; John L. Hall, 9th Tenn. Cav.; J. P. Hoyle. 54th N. C.
Inf.; Jacob Hoffman, 30th Va. Cav.; A. R. Hughes. 1st Miss. Inf.;
J. B. Harrison, 36th Ala. Inf.; H. L. Hudson, ISth Tenn. Inf.;
Henlnmin Helman. 64th Ga. Inf.; W. M. Hamilton, 19th S. C. Inf.;
H. \\ , llelvev, Mli Va. Cav.; Ewing Hopkins, 12th Tenn. Inf.;
David Hudieson, 7th Ala. Cav.: Joel Hughes, 2d Tenn. Cav.; Will-
iam D. Hughes, 31st Ala. Inf.; William House, 4th Tenn. Inf.;
William Hodge, 29th Ga. Inf.; Stephen Herring, 10th S. C. Inf.;
H. F. Hunt, 22d Va. Inf.; B. Hanley. 39th Ga. Inf.; H. C. Hanley,
Sth Ga. Cav.; Thomas J. Hall. 2d Ky. Mounted Inf.: Thomas M.
Hill, 10th Ky. Inf.: E. W. Harper, 20th Ala. Inf.; Wiley Hall. 23d
Ala. Inf.; Samuel S. Hicks, 43d Rat. Va. Cav.; Davis Holmes,
33d Miss. Inf.; J. Herrlngton, 29th Ala. Inf.; A. Hall, 32d Miss.
Inf.; J. H. Hancock. 2d Miss. Cav.: C. J. Hughs. Sth Miss. Cav.;
James Hagerty, 10th Tenn. Inf.; J. C. Hill, 1st Ga. Cav.; J. D.
Hutchlns, 17th Ala. Inf.; L. C. Hall. 42d Tenn. Inf.: J. W. Huff.
42d Ga. Inf.: J. C. Holman, 7th Ky. Cav.: E. W. Hamilton. 16th
S. C. Inf.; P. H. Harris. 1st Ala. Inf.; E. Hysch, Woodward’s
Battery; S. G. Himbra. 1st Ga. state troops: W. D. Hudson, 27th
Miss. Inf.; G. S. Hicks. 1st Ga. state troops; Wesley Hendrick,
33d Ala. Inf.: Thomas Hale, citizen of Tenn.; J. C. Hurt. 19th Ga.
Inf.; W. S. Hanks. 39th Miss. Inf.; G. Honeberger, 13th Ky. Cav.;
J. O. Hally, 35th Ala. Cav.; T. S. Horton. 15th Miss. Inf.; W. S.
Harrington. 4th Ky. Cav.: W. S. Houston, 1st Ga. Inf.; Robert
B. Hopkins. 5th Tenn. Cav.: W. A. Hughes, 22d Va. Cav.; R. H.
Halley, 1st Fla. Inf.; J. N. Heason. 46th Ala. Inf.: James Holden,
S2d Ga. Inf.; E. Hull. 15th Miss. Inf.; B. T.. Huston, 12th La. Cav.;
J. W. Hall. 29th Ga. Inf.; W. I. Henninger. 13th Bat. Va. Cav.;
Valentine Harding. 6th Ky. Cav.: W. H. Hunt. 30th Miss. Inf.:
W. S. Hamilton. 1st Ga. Inf.: J. W. Haines. 46th Ala. Inf.; Davis
Hunt. 4th Fla. Inf.: H. F. Harris, 19th Tenn. Cav.: J. W. Hill,
36th Ala. Inf.; Levi Hamilton, 6th Fla. Inf.: James Hutchcolrt.
4th Miss. Inf.: John S. Hampton. Sth Ala. Cav.: R. M. Hankins,
16th Va, Cav.; P. W. Hlgden, 13th Ky. Cav.; .1. C. Harris, 31st
Miss. Inf.: D. H. Hicks. 12th Ky, Cav.; w. A. Hemphill. 30th
Bat. Va. Cav.; D. W. Heidlelberg, 6th Fla. Inf.: Asher Heron,
10th Ky. Cav.; L. Holton, 7th Miss. Inf.: .1. 11. am. F.>uts’s Bat.:
J. Harrold. 19th Tenn. Inf.: J. Homberger, 2d Ark. Cav.; E.
Hall. 29th Ga. Inf.: I. D. Hall. 3d Ky. Cav.: T. B. Horton. con-
script: J. M. Hancock. 7th Ala. Cav.: D. P. Haleman. 15th S. C.
Inf.; II. Horton. citizen of Ala.: M. I. Haleman, llth Miss. Inf.;
A. A. Utile, 30th Ga. Tnf.: Thomas Hatch, 3.1 Fla. Inf.; S. J.
Hester, 66th Ga. Inf.; E. M. Hodges, 1st C. S. Inf.; Benlamln F.
Hlncly. 13th Ga.. Inf.; Bcniamin Hicks, .I.] Miss. Cav.; J. Hamp-
ton. 53.1 Ala. Inf. ; J. G. Huff, 36th Va. Cav.; .7. M. Hill, 19th— Inf.:
William Hughes. 29th Ala. Inf.: Joel Hoffman, 37th Miss. Inf.;
Benlamln Hocter, 49th Ala. Inf.; W. F. Henderson, 15th Miss.
Inf.; J. B. Herring, 13th < ‘, s Cav.; James H. Horton, 51th Tenn.
Inf.; Lewis L. Howard, 26th Va, Cav.; William M Hall. 21th Ala.
Inf.: William B. Hicks, laborer; Thomas Hatcher. 80th Ala. Inf.:
A. W. Holcomb, llth Va. Inf.; .lames M. Holden. Moreland’s
Cav.: W. H. Herron. 13th Ky. Cav.: J. Honker. 19th Va. Cav.;
Thomas Harrison. 7th Va. Cav.: Ellsha Hobbs, 10th Kv. Cav.;
M. Harris. 32d Ala. Inf.: George W. Hughes. 8th Kv. Cav.;
Thomas C. Hart, 2Sth Ala. Cav.; K. W, Hudson. 36th Ga. Inf.;
G. W. Hensted. 26th Va. Cav.: James Harding. 4th Fla. Inf.: A.
J. Haley. 36th Miss. Tnf.: J. K. Harris, N. conscript: W. H. Ha-
alewad, 1st Ala. Cav.; Hiram Holston. 4th La. Inf.; J. B. Haider.
17th Ala. Inf.: G. W. Harper, 29th Ala. Inf.; John Hubbard, 33d
Miss. Inf.; Wesley Henendon, 67th Ga. Inf.: J. B. H. Huff, 18th

Ala. Inf. ; James K. Hughes, 1st Miss. Inf. ; J. A. Hughes, 23d Ala.
Inf.; William Hill. 14th Va. Cav.; D.J. Hoffman. ISth Ala. Inf.;
F. M. Hood. 54th Ala. Inf.; J. S. Hollowev, 37th Ga. Inf.; W. H.
Hicks, 23d Ala. Cav.; Samuel Hartszoge, 1st Ky. Inf.; John
Harmer, 13th Ky. Cav.

Charles Isen, 10th Tenn. Inf.; J. E. Ives. ISth Tenn. Inf.; Will-
iam Irwin, 9th Ark. Inf.; I. F. Ingram, 7th Ala. Cav.; B. In-
graham, 4th Ala. Cav.

William Jackson, 6th Reg.; J. C. Irwin, 3d Fla. Inf.; R. Jetton,
Ala. Cav.; J. Jackson, Sth S. C. Inf.; David Jones, 54th Va. Inf.;
Abraham Jarett, 22d Va. Inf.; J. Jones, 1st Miss. Inf.; Stephen
Jones, 1st Fla. Cav.; B. R. Johnson, 36th Ala. Inf.; W. F. Jones,
1st Ga Inf.; W. F. James, 1st Tenn. Cav.; S. W. Johnson. 8th
Va. Cav.; Eliga Johnson, Sth Tenn. Cav.; Thomas Johnson, 40th
Ala. Inf.; J. D. Jarold. 33d Tenn. Inf.; Franklin Johnson, citizen
of Va.; H. W. Jenkins, 65th Ga. Inf.; H. A. Johnson, 67th Ala.
Inf.; W. R. Jordon, 29th Tenn. Inf.; George Jarrett, citizen of
Ga. ; Edwin Jones, 62d Tenn. Inf.; A. J. Johnson, 32d Va. Cav.;
James Jacks, 51th Ala. Inf.; John M. Jones, 12th Va. Cav.; M. J.
Jones, 63d Ala. Inf.: G. Jones, ISth Ala. Inf.; John Jones, ISth
Ala. Inf.; G. M. Johnson. 40th Ga. Inf.; R. J. Jones, 10th Ala.
Cav.; William Jenkins, 65th Ala. Inf.; John T. Jackson, 66th Ga.
Inf.; S. E. Jett. 1st Miss. Art.; Sq. Jones, E. Tenn. reserve- L. I.
Johns, 1st Fla. Cav.; A. A. Jenkins. Sth Miss. Cav.; Joseph Jones,
23d Ala. Inf.; G. James. 19th La. Inf.; H. I. Jackson, 6th Ga. Inf.;
W. E. Jones, 20th Va. Cav.; A. Jackson, 4th Ky. Cav.; R. H.
Jones, 37th Miss. Inf.; W. A. Jones. 1st Ga. state troops; G. Jen-
kins, 65th Ala. Inf.; A. J. Johnson, 24th Ala. Inf.; W. B. Janney,
6th Va. Cav.; J. H. Jackson. 5th Miss. Inf.; J. E. Jackson. 38th
Ala. Inf.; S. C. Johnson, 4th Fla. Inf.; A. Jorda, 30th La. Inf.;
R. M. Johnson, 20th Va. Cav.; C. A. Johnson, 42d Ala. Inf.;
James L. Johnson. 42d Ga. Inf.; T. H. Johnson. 64th Ala. Inf.;
Henry Jackson, 4th Miss. Inf.; John Jenkins, 45th Ga. Inf.; Mo-
Bes Johnson, 46th Ala. Inf.; J. Jumverson, 21st Va. Cav.; W. M.
Jobe. 31st Miss. Inf.; W. F. Jacobs, E. J. Jarvis, 46th Va. Cav.

William Kelly. 4th Ala.; Benjamin Kettle, citizen of Va.; J.
Kenney, conscript of Va.; H. Keys. 40th Ga. Inf.; Newton
King, 37th Bat. Va. Cav.; William Keadon, 17th Va. Cav.; W. C.
Keith, 7th Ala. Cav.; John G. Knotts. 13th Ala. Inf.; D. G. Knoles,
36th Ala. Inf.; W. J. Keaton, 17th Va. Cav.; James M. Keenea,
14th N. C. Inf.; James Kirk, citizen of Ga.; J. A. C. Klutts, citi-
zen of Ga. ; John H. Koon, 32d Ala. Inf. ; Charles Kenedy, 32d Va.
Cav.: John Knox, 3d Ga. Inf.; William King, 34th Ga. Inf.; T. N.
Kennedy, 22d Va. Cav.; Samuel King, Sth Tenn. Cav.; John A.
Kuhn, 2d Md. Inf.: T. L. Kelly, 5th Ala. Inf.; J. C. Kennedy, 28th
Ala. Inf.; James M. Kelley, 57th Ala Inf.: James Kenney, 1st La.
Inf.; Jacob Kelly, 57th Ala. Inf.; Henry Kight, 58th Ala. Inf.; L.
M. Kincald, 55th Ala. Inf.; W. Kennedy. 37th Ga. Inf.; A. A.
Kiken, 40th Ga. Inf.; S. King, 13th Ky. Cav.; J. L. King, 1st Con-
federate Inf.; G. Kelly, 1st Fla. Cav.; F. Kent, 15th Miss. Inf.;
William Knole. 63d Va. Cav.; C. J. Kitchen, 23d Ala. Inf.; E. J.
Kesse, 20th Miss. Inf.; W. J. Kennedy, assistant enroller’s offi-
cer; J. G. Kersey, 23d Ala. Inf.; G. E. Koon, 15th S. C. Inf.; Col.
Keister, 34th Miss. Inf.; J. L. Kemp. 1st Ky. Cav.; B. S. Kelly.
46th Ala. Inf.; John N. Kirk. 38th Ala. Inf.; M. A. Kemp. 16th
Tenn. Inf.; H. H. Keleclofy. 56th Ga. Inf.; S. V. Knowls, 23d Ala.
Inf.; John Kay, Moreland’s Miss. Cav.

S. C. Logan, Ky. Cav.; R. N. Lee. citizen of Ky.; Samuel
Lemly, 19th Va. Cav.: T. J. Latimer. Merry’s Tenn. Bat.; W. P.
Lee, 3d S. C. Cav.; M. P. Lee, 2d Tenn. Cav.; Merida Lemaster.

6th Ky. Inf.; K. Lee. ; George Larimore, Co. G, ; Led-

better, ISth Tenn. Inf.: James Letterel, 27th Bat. Va. Cav.; I. F.
Lang, 30th Ga. Inf.; W. H. Leatlnger, 29th Ga. Inf.; I. J. Lamb.
1st Ga. Inf.; G. W. Lichty. 4th Ga. Cav.; Robert Lively, 16th La.
Inf.; Strethers Lawer. 34th Ga. Inf.; J. F. Lenebaugh, 22d Ala.
Inf.: G. W. Logan. 2d Ky. Cav.; E. S. Laprude, 1st Ga. Inf.; J.
M. Lightfoot. 22d Ga. Inf.; Lewis Lester, 16th Ga. Cav.; J. W.
Lester, 23d Tenn. Inf.; T. P. Lindley. 1st Confederate Inf.; James
R. Lark. 4th La. Inf.; J. Lester, 1st Ga. Cav.; P. W. Lee. 4th La.
Inf.; A. L. Lamper, 15th Tenn. Cav.; W. J. Ludlow, 16th La. Inf.;
E. Lackey. 21st Va. Cav.; W. M. Lamb. 35th Miss. Inf.; A. J.
Lynn. Stuart’s Cav.; Benjamin Lockhart, 16th Va. Cav.; Wllev

B. Lassiter, 1st Fla. Inf.; Randolph Lee. 24th Tex. Cav.; W. Las-
slter, SSth Ala. Inf.; Franklin Legg, 36th Bat. Va. Cav.; Jessee
Lee. 19th Ala. Inf.; Eliga Loop. 1st Tenn. Cav.; K. J. Lewis. 3d
Confederate Cav : R. W. Lagrove, 41st Miss. Inf.; G. N. Lane Sth
Ga. Inf.; George Lacroy, 46th Ga Inf.; J. G. Lester. 30th Ga. Inf.;
H. Lassiter, 1st Ga. state troops; Noah Long. 34th Ala. Inf.;
Thomas F. Llnder. Sth Ga. Cav.; J. M. Landers. 4th Ala. Cav.;
John Langhorn. 57th Ala. Cav.; Thomas J.. Leonard, 13th Bat.
Va. Inf.; T. E. Lewis. 6th Miss, Inf.; C. Leonard. Sth Va. (‘

J. Law. 22d Va, Cav.; Elisha Lake, 42d Ga. Inf.: W. T. Lockwood,
1st Md. Cav.: R. Lemax, 39th Ala. Inf.: M. W. Lester. 4th Ga. Inf.;
W. Lemaster. 5th Ky. Inf.; I. J. Loonev. 34th Ala. Inf.; W. J.
Lofton, 30th Ga. Inf.; A. W. I.asiter, 17th Miss. Inf.: T. Latimer,
2d Tenn. Cav.; W. I, Leavall, 1st Ga. Inf.: T. H. Lanson. 4th Kv.
Cav.: R. O. Lee. 54th N. C. Inf.: G. W Lease, llth Va. Cav.: D.
H. Lockett, 3d Ky. Cav.; Loren Lee. 29th Ala. Inf.; H. A. Lucas,
Roddy’s escort: A. G. Lancaster. 29th Ga. Inf.; W. H. LIndsey,
26th Ala. Inf.: Allen Luker, 32d Ala. Inf.; John R. Lake. 62d Ala.
Inf.; D. L. Lease. ISth S. C. Inf.; J. H. Lytham, 31st Miss. Inf.;
George Ledbeater. 31st Ala. Inf.: John Leonard. 10th Ala. Inf.:
J. N. P. Lynch. 21st Tenn. Inf.; John Leech. 43d Miss. Inf.; John
Lee. 41st Ala. Inf.; G. R. Lester, Blst Ala. Cav.; J. J. Long. 30th
Ga. Inf.: G. W. Lovitt. 53d Ga. Inf.: J. S. Lawson, 4th Tenn.
Cav.: Nicholas Lynn, Ith Ky. Cav.: John Leavall, 2Sth Miss. Cav.;
Michael Lltlker, N. C, troops: E. W. Lester, 67th Ala. Inf.; Alex
Lamb, 4th N. C. reserves; Thomas Lee, 45th Ala. Inf.

Pleasant Moore, 3d Ky. Cav.: J. C. McAllister, unknown: E.
Moore. Sth Tenn. Cav.; J. B. Mitchell, 29th Va. Cav.; J. C. Mar-
tin. 05th N. C. Cav.; George Moore. 16th Va. Cav.; S. R. Mlxton,
13th Miss. Inf.: W. D. MeCarvar, 69th Tenn. Tnf.; W. Marram
Smith’s Va. Rangers; T. D. Miller, citizen of La.; J. H. Mitchell,
1st La. Cav.; David Mester, 31th Bat. La. Cav.: W. C. Manlng.
1st Ky. Cav.: J. W. Moonev. 1st Ark. Cav.: S. B. Moore. 29th N.

C. Inf.: W. Meredith. 1st Ga. Inf.; R. D. Moss. 1st Ga. Inf.; G. W.
Mount. 16th Ala. Inf.; J. Munsey. unknown; Mcintosh, N. C.

Qopfederate l/eterai).

conscript; S. W. McWhorler, 1st Ga. Inf.; Joseph Mevers, 21st
Va. Cav. ; G. W. Morgan, sth Va. Cav. ; Thomas Menar, 11th Tenn.
Inf.; Thomas Martin, 37th Va. Inf.; J. E. Martin, 36th Va. Inf.;
J. C. McRoe, 3d Ark. Inf.; J. A. Martin, 2d Ga. Cav.; Albert Mells,
7th Fla. Inf.; W. H. McAllister, 34th Va. Cav.; John Morris, 24th
Ala. Inf.; John Medows, 21st N. C. Inf.; Henry Morris, 45th Ala.
Inf.; T. Mullens, 34th Va. Inf.; J. M. McCarter, 1st Ga. Inf.; D.
A. McArdy, 1st Ga. Inf.; J. T. F. Mash, 1st S. C. Inf.; A. T.
Meyers, 1st Confederate Inf.; S. C. Mullens, 44th Miss. Inf.;
James Molley, 36th Ala. Inf.; J. M. Mears, 5th Ga. Cav.; James
McKenney, 20th Va. Cav.; S. J. Miner, 3d Ala. Cav.; G. W. Mc-
Carty, 30th Ga. Inf.; O. C. Marlin, 4th Ala. Cav.; A. W. McDan-
iels, 5th Ala. Cav.; John T. Malone, 22d Ala. Cav.; E. L. McMa-
lon. 31st Miss. Inf.; J. B. McMurry, 1st Ga. state troops; Robert
Mooney, 43d Ga. Inf.; Joseph H. Merrill, 54th Ala. Inf.; W. S.
Marshall, Sth Miss. Inf.; William Maxwell, 1st Ga. Inf.; J. P.
Middlebrook, 53d Ala. Cav.; Isaac B. McGinnis, 34th Ga. Inf.;
James A. Miller, 42d Ga. Inf.; David McGilbury, 3Sth Ala. Inf.;
Davis McCcy, 57th Ala. Inf.; A. Morrison, 22d Ala. Inf.; James
Maberry, 22d Ala. Inf.; T. S. McQueen, 1st Ga. Inf.; J. W. Met-
calf. 54th N. C. Inf.; C. Moseley, 2d Ala. Cav.; Samuel Motteron,
3Sth Tenn. Inf.; J. L. McDaniel, 3Sth Tenn. Inf.; W. H. Moore,
3d Miss. Inf.; William Mobley, 39th Ala. Inf.; William Miers,
35th Ala. Inf.; James F. Miller, Sth Bat. Ga. Inf.; G. W. Mc-
Gowin, 54th Ala. Inf.; John McKenzie, 41st Miss. Inf.; R. Mc-
Donald, 5th Ala. Cav.; B. J. Moore, Sth S. C. Inf.; Zachariah
Martin. 45th Ala. Inf.; W. Moates, 62d Va. Inf.; W. McPherson,
39th Miss. Inf.; R. McKennie, 29th Ga. Inf.; D. C. Mitchell, Sth
Bat. Ga. Inf.; J. Mikael, 5Stii N. C. Inf.; T. J. McLaughlin, 51st
Va. Inf.; D. W. Moore, Francis Battery; H. I. Miles, 29th N. C.
Inf.; W r illiam Mitchell, 55th N. C. Inf.; J. P. McKie, 2Sth Tenn.
Inf.; J. J. McCurdy, 1st Confederate Inf.; William Mosely, 10th
Ky. Cav.; F. A. Myers. 24th S. C. Inf.; A. F. Matthews, ISth Ala.
Inf.; S. J. Marshall, 7th Miss. Inf.; J. W. Mosely, 2d Miss. Inf.;
J. McElrat, 54th N. C. Inf.; E. Matthews, 1st Inf.; C. O. Mar-
tin, 1st Ala. Inf.; James Morse, 20th Ala. Inf.; J. J. McWright,
44th Ala. Inf.; W. H. Miller, ISth Ala. Inf.; James Moore, 20th
Ala. Inf.; H. C. Meghar. ISth Ala. Inf.; C. R. Marlin, 13th La.
Inf.; G. W. Matthews. 4th Fla. Inf.; F. N. Myers, 19th Tenn. Inf.;
C. I. McCarter, 1st Ga. troops; T. B. McDaws, 3d Ky. Cav.; I.
Markham, 13th Ky. Cav.; W. B. McNeise, Sth Miss. Inf.; Henrv
Mann, 7th Ala. Cav.; E. McLaughlin, 36th Ala. Inf.; W. B. Ma-
dox, 30th Ga. Inf.; John Monroe, 2d S. C. Inf.; W. McCracken,
10th S. C. Inf.; Deacon Montgomery, 22d Tenn. Inf.; John Mead,
34th Ga. Inf.; G. Murphy, 13th Ky. Cav.; D. Mige, 25th Ala. Inf.;
Charles McCoy, Sth S. C. Inf.; Lynn McGhee, 3Sth Ala. Inf.- A
2-^S, Ghee ‘ 46th Ga – Inf – : J – Mald . 13th Ky. Cav.; J. W. McGowen,
£■ Ga – Inf – ; w – p – McCoy, Moreland’s Cav.; T. J. Morgan, 7th
Miss. Inf.; J. M. McCrary, 65th Ala. Inf.; A. I. McGaughey, 7th
Ala. Cav^; W. A. Mills, 12th La. Inf.; J. J. Morgan, citizen of
Ga.; J. P. McGlothen, 29th Ga. Inf.; H. McCov, 26th Va. Inf.;
Joseph Myers, Sth S. C. Inf.; A. L. McGuarity. 24th S. C. Inf
John McKean, 3d Miss. Inf.; J. Mitchell. 13th Ky. Cav.; W P
Morris 4th Ala. Cav.; J. M. Myers, 62d Va. Inf.; J. Mason, 37th
Tenn. Inf. ; J Messengale, 37th Va. Cav. ; R. S. May, 19th Va.
Cav.; Richard McDonald, 29th Miss. Inf.; W. C. Morreston, 20th
Va. Cav.; W. M. McElroy, 46th Miss. Inf.; J. W. McKowan, 30th
Ga. Inf.; G. W. Mobley, 44th Ala. Inf.; Joseph Meadow, 3d Ky.
Inf.; Isaac Martin, 13th Ky. Cav.; George W. Mafors, Thomas
T. Malberry, 9th Tenn. Cav. ; Joseph F. McCreary, 18th Tenn.
$ a ,Y,7 L -, Ma £, key – 31st Ala – Inf – ; James Morgan, 57th Ala. Inf.;
William G. Moore, 3d Miss. Inf.; William H. Myers, 1st Tenn
Ca /’ ; ^- . L – Masters, 10th Ala. Inf. ; W. N. Miller, 7th Miss. Bat.
t”? P’w , Mc , Key ‘ ,i 6 l n Miss – Inf ‘ ; Newton Murray, 57th Ala.
Inf., G.W. Ma one, 13th Tenn. Inf.; W. E. Mull. 39th N. C. Inf.;
James Mcintosh 43d Va. Inf.; Brien McCarty, 7th Miss. Inf.; H
P. Miller, 35th Miss. Inf.; H. C. McGuire. 46th Ala. Inf.; James
K. Marian, 44th Miss. Inf. ; W. A. Mixson. 44th Ky. Cav ; J B
Meadows, Derrick’s Bat. Inf.; David Moietv. 11th N C Inf’- j’
J Miller 39th Miss. Inf.; J. W. Mitchell, 5th Ala. Cav.; m” b’
M e°f r f?„ n, T 4t ? A Ti a -T Ca ,Y> : Zac Moss, 33d Ala. Inf.; E. B. Matthews.
41st Ga. Inf.; E. L. Moses, 27th S. C. Inf.; N. Mackev, B. Martin

54th N c r in? S ; B ‘ McCa11 ‘ 29th Ga – Inf -: J°hn Morris]

„ G , ranam N, eaI – citizen of Tenn.; Thomas Nash, 29th N. C. Inf.:
William Naboor, citizen of Va. ; A. S. Nichols, 25th Tex. Cav •
Alex Noble, 10th Ky. Cav.; Henry Norman. 11th N. C. Inf • J D
Newsom 29th Ala. Inf. : W. Nealey, 39th Miss. Inf.; David Nix,
M Ga i u’ : Joh T n W / Nelson, “th Va. Cav.; W. Neighbors, 25th
Ala. Inf ; Henry L Newson, 7th Ala. Cav. ; T. S. Norton, 1st Ala.
Cav.; Wesley A Nelson, 34th Ala. Inf.; G. B. Neff, Harrison’s

ntZ”. £• w ™ 1Ci lZ ls – A 6 th , Mi J 5s – Int – ; G – w – Nichols. 9th Tenn.
Cav G. W. Northcutt. 31st Ala. Inf.: J. W. Nash, 36th Ga. Inf.;
A Nidever 3d Tex Cav.; H. H. Northrop, 2d Ky. Cav.: J. P
S el l° n ‘,n»°, th , ^ la ‘ T \ nt – G H – Nettles, 30th Ala. Inf.; George
Nash. 30th Ala Inf.; Wash P. Nance. 10th Ala. Cav ; W. S
Nobley, 24th Ala. Inf.; R. S. Neely. 7th Ala. Cav.; James T
Northrop 39th Ala. Cav ; John W. Nelson, 29th Ala. Inf.; John
Nunn 13th Ky. Cav. ; Thomas J. Nash. 37th Ga. Cav. ; Robert
Nichols, 6th Tex. Cav.; P. R. Norman. 41st Ga. Inf.; J. B. New-
ton, N. C. detail; Isaac Norman. 37th Va Cav

William Odet 5th Ky. Inf.; J. Owen. 10th ‘Tenn. Cav.; J. M
2 t ? r ^ ant >, 5tn Ala – Cav – : John O’Clowd, 5th Reg.; J. H Onev
16th Va. Cav.; W. S. O’Brian, Sth Va. Cav.; John , Owen 3d S

federate — -; O Brient, 1st Ga. Inf.; W. H. Omens. 39th Miss.

Inf.; __ O’Donnell, 10th Tenn. Inf.: Wilson Omans. 7th Ala
Cay_: John Osborne 2d Bat. Ky. Cav.; W. Off eld. 65th Tenn. Inf
i- ?Y-„9 r , ve]l – 5th Ala – Cav -: L- Overstreet. 24th S. C. Inf • J Of-
fleld, 26th Tenn. Inf.: Thomas Orr. 43d Tenn Inf ■ WW ok
burn. 8th Miss. Inf.; D. D. Osteen. 1st Fla. Cav.; James’ O’Brian
4th Miss. Inf.; G. T. Oglesby. 36th Ga. Inf. nan ‘

W. L Pope. 9th Tenn. Cav.; P. R. Phillips, 10th Confederate
— -: J. S. Penny, 1st La. Cav.: J. H. Porter. Sth Va. Cav Rich-
ard Pendry. 10th Ky. Cav.: E. S. Pack, George E Pate 34th
Miss. Cav.: D. L. Pardeau. 7th Ala. Cav.; Joseph Parks 5th Kv
Cav.: Thomas J. Poe, 28th Ala. Inf.: John Parvett 60th v a Inf :
C. W. Penniston, 5th La. Cav.; A. Probpte, 1st Va Cav • Rich

ard Purdel. 36th Va. Inf.; Samuel Patten, 66th Ga. Inf.; Daniel
Pnnfl.H C1 £^,r-° f ?’« C; W – p – Perkison, 51st Ala. Inf.; John
Pollard, 5th Miss. Inf.; N. M. Petil, ISth Tex. Cav.; W. H. Pau-
– L ., X a % < – a ,y- : Jo hn Phillips, 37th Va. Cav.; Robert Phillips,
ojth Ala. Inf.; Henry Powell, Sth Va. Cav.; L. P. Pratt, 4th La.
Battery; John Pierce, 17th Ala. Inf.; AVilson Patrick, 16th Va.
lnt-;.T. J Pugh, 19th Miss. Inf.; Thomas B. Price, 4th Ga. Cav.;
Calvin Pledger, 23d Ark. Inf.; J. M. Paltatty, 19th S. C. Inf.; A.
§’ ? nc l’ ?/ l L ze ^ of Ky – ; Stephen R. Perry, 27th Miss. Inf.; E.
Packard, 40th Ga. Inf.; Archie Patterson, 4th Fla. Inf.- E J
Perry, 28th Miss. Cav.; A. Pitzenberger, 22d Ala. Inf.; Steve
Priger, 53d Ala. Cav.; James Patterson, 47th Tenn. Cav.; W
£?P% 2d 7 a ,’ In f-: James Parker, 19th S. C. Inf.; John D. Pitmar.
66th Ga. Inf.; Richard Pmkston, 27th Ala. Inf.; John Pace, 10th
Tenn. Cav.; J. W. Peacock, 63d Ga. Inf.; I. W. Pritchard, 1st
Confederate Cav.; Jacob Poling, citizen of Va. ; William Prid –
more, 27th Va. Cav.; Richard Parslev, 2Sth Tenn. Inf.- W L
Parsons, citizen of Jackson Co., Va.; T. P. Paschal, 53d Ala. Cav. :
W. D. Peacock, 3bth Ala. Inf.; W. G. Pierson, 34th Ala. Inf.; R.
M. Pierce ,55th lenn. Inf.; John M. Parker, 1st Ala. Inf.; John
Pullen, 25th Ala. Inf.; R. C. Price, 15th S. C. Inf.; Ira Pauley, Slh
Va Cav.; W. B. Peterson, 35th Miss. Inf.; W. H. Plant, 34th Ga.
Inf.; Preston Patrick, 6th Miss. Inf.; J. L. Paine, Sth Confeder-
ate Cav.; N. W. Pntchford, 10th Ala. Inf.; Thomas Pate, 4th
Ala Cav.; G W. Petty, Sth Tenn. Cav.; John Pruner, 1st Confed-
erate Ga. Inf.; I. L. Pratt, 36th Ala. Inf.; W. L. Paulk, 12th Ala.

Inf.; John E. Pitman, 6th Fla. Inf.; Puslunth, 11th Ky. Cav –

S. Patrath, 25th or 35th Ala. Inf.; W. R. Payton, 36th Ga. Inf :
R Province, 35th Ala. Inf.; W. T. Patterson, Thomas’ Legion I
W. P. Pruett, 2d Miss. Cav.; Samuel Peake. 24th S. C. Inf • W E
Preacher. 24th S. C. Inf.; T. E. Piles, Tenn. reserve; John Poe’
Tenn. conscript; R. P. Potts. 13th Ky. Cav.: W. E. Phillips, 13th
Ky. Cav. ; J. W. Pugh, 7th Va. Cav. ; W. H. Payne, 20th Ala. Cav. ;
Comodore Payne, 19th Va. Cav.; A. J. Philips, 5th Ga. Cav.; W
Pomdexter, 20th Tenn. Inf.; G. W. Pomphrey, 1st Md. Cav.- J R
Pope 23d Ala. Inf.; J. A. Pennell, 31st Ala. Inf.; Benjamin Pitts,
27th Miss. Inf.; J. W. Porter, 19th S. C. Inf.; George W Patter-
son, 37th Va. Cav.: William E. Porter, 39th Miss. Inf.; E. I. Pace
36th Ga. Inf. ; R. W. Powell, 56th Ga. Inf. ; John Phillips, Sth Ga.
i” 1 ^ 1 ^ – Park er, 46th Ga. Inf.; James W. Powell, 1st Ga. Inf ;
W. T. Posey, 5th Ala. Cav.

T °.- ^’ Q ueen , 20th Va. Cav.: G. W. Quinn, 34th Miss. Cav.;
John R. Quinn, citizen of Tenn.; R. Quisenby, 4th Ky. Cav ■ C
Quadelbum, 57th Ala. Inf.; A. A. Quickie, citizen of Va.; Patrick
Quinn, Miss. Bat.

Joel Rains, 5th Tenn.; Thomas Richards, 49th Tenn.; John
Rondme, 17th Va. Cav.; Daniel Roberts, 17th Va. Cav.; George
«r= n I^ 8 M i? y ri CaV \i A V Si Ru ssell, Hth Va. Cav.; John Rod-
fi^f’n? 6th N A C ” Ca ^- ; – A – M – R amsey, 14th Ky. Cav.; W. R. Reese,
11th Tenn. Cav.; Elijah Rudd, 2d Ky. Rifles; E. Roberts, Clay’s
Ky. Bat. ; R. T. Reed, 15th Tenn. Cav. ; W. Robertson, 15th Miss.
Cav.; S. J. Robertson, 41st Ga. Cav.; F. N. Ryan, 17th Va. Cav ;
Israel Robertson, Sth Va. Inf.; D. W. Reeves, 36th Tenn. Inf. •
Jackson Roberts, 36th Ala. Cav.; Joseph Roach. 7th Fla. Inf : J
M. Roper, 1st Ga. Inf.; Charles Reynolds, 53d Ala. Inf.; Thomas
Reynolds, citizen of Va.; James Read, Sth Va. Cav.; James Roe,
1st Tenn. Cav.; J. G. Rowland, 57th N. C. Inf.; Luke Rozar, 5th
Ga. Cav. ; David Roe, 2d Ky. Cav. ; Peter Rodgers, Sth Ky. Cav. ;
S. Reynolds, 29th Tenn. Inf.; John G. Reynolds, 16th Tenn Cav •
M. A. Roberts, 4th Ga. Inf.; F. H. Reville. 29th Ga. Inf.; John 6′
Rutledge, 19th Va. Cav.; F. Reed, 51st Va. Inf.; Isaac Russell
V 3 , 1 ^ a – Int; W – Rutherford, Ga.; M. W. D. Robertson, 4th
Ala. Cav.; David Rider, 43d Ga. Inf.; George Roddy, 33d Ga Inf ■
N. Robinson, 2Sth Tenn. Inf.; John Richards, 37th Bat. Cav.- John
H. Reese, 6th Va. Inf.; I,. D. Roberts, 3d Fla. Inf.; James A.
Rocketts, Sth Confederate Cav. ; John W. Ricks, 15th Miss. Inf ;
Berry Robinson, Co. H, Smith’s Va. Guards; R. R. Roberts, 15tb
Ky. Cav.; John Rabon, 24th S. C. Inf.; E. D. W. Rose, 51st Va
Inf.; J. A. B. Rodgers, 4th Ala. Cav.; Samuel Ratcliffe, 22d Miss
Inf.; O. H. P. Reese, 35th Miss. Inf.; William Ray, ISth Miss
Cav.; I. W. Rogers, citizen of Tenn.; J. W. W. Ross, 11th Kv
Cav; L. J. Rose, 1st Md. Cav.: W. H. P. Ruster, 17th Ala. Inf.;
F. M. Regester. 57th Ala. Inf. ; M. T. Rodgers, 20th Miss. Inf. ; R
P. Rose, 27th Miss. Inf.; P. A. Rathburn. 19th La. Inf.; J M
Roberts, 36th Ga. Inf.; J. H. Russell, 5th Miss. Cav.; John Rabon.
4th La. Inf.; W. Rutchford, 3d Ga. Cav.; M. Rutliff, ISth Tex.
Cav.; I. W. Radford, 56th Ala. Cav.; J. M. Rutledger, 42d Ga. Inf. –
Cyrus Raborn. 30th Miss. Inf.; Trusley Raborn, 19th Tenn. Inf ;
W. D. Richmond. 4th Ark. Inf.; R. Ramger, 46th Ala. Inf.- J H
Rutsel, 12th La. Inf.; J. D. Rawles, 13th Kv. Cav.; W M Rich-
ardson, Sth Ala. Inf.; J. S. Roundtree,’ 1st Ga. Inf • F W Rav
29th N. C Inf. ; M. Rodgers, 57th Ala. Inf. ; W. Rinchear. 1st Ala.
Inf.; L. M. Rodgers, 29th N. C. Inf.; W. C. Rainar, 26th Ala. Inf. –
James Ragham, 16th La. Inf.; W. M. Ross. Moreland’s Cav.;
Thomas Richards, 13th Tenn. Inf.; N. A. Roberts, 19th Bat. Va
Inf : G. W. Register. 1st Fla. Inf.; E. G. Reese. 20th Miss. Inf.;
J. Rodenberry, 7th Fla. Inf. ; Z. Rice, 30th Ala. Inf. ; B J Ralev
7th Miss. Inf.; Jeff Redden, citizen of Ala.; W. H Rolsey 61st
Tenn. Inf.; W. E. Roach, Armstrong’s Cav.; J. C. Ruth’ 41st
Tenn Inf.; T. J. Robertson. 3d Ga. Inf.; Warren Rogers, ISth
Ala. Inf ; H. C. Roberts, Rogers’ escort: James Rasberry, 31st
Miss Inf.: James W. Rogers. ISth Ala. Inf.; P. A. Rutledge, 25th
Ala. Inf.; Edmund Russell, 4th Ark. Inf.; J. W. Ranes. 55th Ala.
Inf.; A. I. Richards, 1st Tenn. Inf.; William Richardson, 36th Ga.
J” f – ‘• George Richards. 7th Fla. Inf.; R. R. Riddle. 10th Ky. Cav.;
W. S. Robertson, 36th Ala. Inf.; J. M. Rogers, 36th Ga Inf ■ P
Runnels, 7th Miss. Bat. Inf.; Miles Rusher, 4th N. C. Inf Jamei
B. Rader. 62d Va. Inf.: John Rav. 17th Ala. Inf

S. H. Sproul. 10th Confederate Cav.; G. B. Sharp, 10th Va Cav :
Robert, Jr., 2d Tenn. Cav.; E. L. Schriver. 5th Ky Cav’-

= °u er A S , t Jtu%l i ‘ J? th Va -£ av – : S – A – Stinnett, 2d Ky. ; Davi’a

Sellard, 16th Va. Cav.; J. D. Stead. White’s Va. Bat.; John Smith
citizen of W. Va. : J. B. Smith, 66th N. C. Cav.; J. Sherault. J.
St. Clair, G. Sizemore, 7th Ala.; W. S. Smith. 26th Va Cav ■
Virgil Smith. 2d Md. Cav.: W. N. Senles. 22d Ala. Inf • John m’
Sweeley, niter mining bureau; J. Stephens, 33d Ala Inf ■ n’
Saucier, 3d Miss. Inf. ; Moses Saunders, 39th Ala. Inf ■ Elijah

Confederate l/eterar?.

Shaver, conscript of Tenn.: J. Scriggs, 48th Tenn. Inf.; Howell S.
Smith, ISth Miss. Inf.; John A. bhawber, 22d Va. Cav.; D. P.
Sayer, 56th Ga. Inf.; Thomas Spain, 66th Ga. Inf.; Elf red Smith,
3d Miss. Inf.; G. C. Stewart, 35th Ala. Inf.; J. Strikland. 1st Ga.
Inf.; W. B. Sanders. 23d Ala. Inf.; A. C. b.-kes. 30th Miss. Inf.;
W. C. Simnes, Camper’s Bat.: E. H. Smith. 58th Ala. Inf.; B. F.
Stewart, 46th Ala. Inf.; J. W. Simmons, 5th Miss. Cav.; J. O.
Smith, 24th S. C. Inf.; J. W. Slaughter, 2d Miss. Cav.; W. W.
Stakes, 5Sth Ala. Inf.; H. B. Singleton. 34th Ala, Inf.; J. Stewart,
29th Tenn. Inf.; Isaac Shelton, 56th Ga. Inf.; James Sample, lmh
Kv. Cav.; A. J. Stovell, 5th Confederate Inf.; L. T. Smith, 21st
Ga. Inf.; I. L. Suddeth, 54th Ala. Inf.; I. S. Spicer. 2.1 Tenn. Cav.;
\V. A. Spencer, Moreland’s Cav.; E. Silas. 84th Ala, Inf.; C. N.
Smith, 86th Va. Inf.; I. H. Speers. 4th Ga. Cav.; J. Smith, 1st
Fla. Cav.; Pat Scandler, 5th Confederate Inf.; William Stephens,
3Sth Ala. Inf.; C. I. Sparkman. 4th La. Inf.; Hampton Shirly,
21th S. C. Inf.; G. M. Strother. 46th Ala. Inf.; 1. D. Schogan, 33d
Miss. Inf.; L. Sinkins, 23d Ark. Inf.; W. A. Sholer. 10th Ala
R. Ship, 39th Ala. Inf.; B. A. Smith, 67th Ala. Inf.; J. W.
Smotherman, 11th Tenn. Cav.; J. H. Shelton, Hays’s Cav.; J.
Steel, Tenn. reserve troops; J. E. Stickney, 19th S. C. Inf.; J. W,
Smith, 6th Fla. Inf.; J. B. Satterfield, Cth Ga. Cav.; T. Stiles. 13th
Ky. Cav.; D. Suppington, 14th Miss. Cav.; H. Shephnnl. Stew-
ard’s escort; I. H. Stephens, 1st Confederate Cav.; \V. At. Syl-
vester. 6th Fla. Inf.: V. A. Sanford, 1st Ala. Inf.; I’. Sellers, 2d
Ala. Cav.; F. E. Skinner, 13th Ky. Cav.: Mike Staub, 18th l.a.
Inf.; J. B. Snipe, 46th Ga. Inf.; W. A. Scrogan, 56th Ga. Inf.;
James A. Sharp. 2d Ky. Cav.; D. H. Scott. 23d Miss. Inf.; C.
Strickland. 89th Ga. Inf.; Simeon Smith, 20th Miss. Inf.; Sum-
merson Stenett, 40th Miss. Inf.; Alex Smith. 8th Va. Cav.; K. P.
W. Stalwker, 46th Ala. Inf.; Finney Staling. 4th Ala. Inf.; S. S.
Smith. 29th Ga. Inf.; Joseph B. Steel, 33,1 Miss. Inf.: R, W. Steal,
44th Miss. Inf.; C. T. Smith, 17th Miss. Cav.; C. S. Smallwood,
nh Ga. Cav.; Casal Stephens. 22d Miss. Inf.; W. H. Sorrulls, (2d
Miss. Cav.: James A. Sanders. 31st Miss. Cav.; William W,
Steward. 36th Miss. Cav.; Hazell Steward. 40th Miss. Cav.:
Thomas F. Sturdevant, 21st N. C. Inf.: E. B. Shane. 1st Fla. Inf.;
P. T. Stone, 9th Kv. Cav.; John Sellers, 6th Ky. Cav.; \Y. F.
Schafer, 17th Tenn. Cav.; W. II. Stanton. 35th Ala. Inf.; Joel
Stamper, 2d Kv. Cav.: A. M. Stickler. 26th Va. Inf.; George
Seimkins, J. Sparks, ISth Ala. Inf.; S. Stewart. 24th Va. Cav.; J.

B. Studer, 43d Ga. Inf.; E. A. Stlzer, Noah B. Smith. 42d Ga.
Cav.; J. H. Smith, 1st Ga. Cav.: John Simpson. 1st Ga. Cav.; W.
R. Salmon, 30th Ga. Inf.; J. P. Smith. 29th Miss. Inf.; George
Sampson, citizen of Va.; Abner St. John, ISth Tenn. Inf.; John
Shields. 19th La. Inf.; J. B. Spears, 1st Ga. Inf.; D. B. Seniker,
88th Va. Inf.; Douglas Stewart. 84th Ala. Inf.; L. P. Silver, 29th
N. C. Inf.; Thomas W. Stearns. 2d Ark. Inf.: S. .1. Stafford. Mh
Va. Cav.; William T. Stone. 12th Tenn. Inf.: W. P. Sandci
Miss. Inf.; David Sisenore, 37th Va. Cav.; T. .1. St phi [IS, 16th
La. Inf.: J. W. Shoop, 31st Va. Cav.; Jacob W. Shaniel. 8th N. C.
Inf.; J. L. Simmons. 54th Ala. Inf.; John S. Syree, 84th Miss, de-
tail; F. B. Smith, Dobbins’ Ark. Cav.; W. C. Smith, S3d Miss.
Inf.; B. H. Spencer, 5th Ga. Cav.: J. Alex Smith. 29th Ga. Inf.;
John Sanford, Ward’s Bat.; A. G. Sanscv. 1st Ga. Inf..
Schrader, citizen of Va.; W. F, E 16th S. C. Inf.: \V. B.
Stafford. Sth Va. Cav.; L. Shealcv. 16th S. C. Inf.: Ed Seoplne,
16th La. Inf.. Shemorick Smith, 2d Ala. Cav.; John Sermon

Ga. Inf.; James L. Sharp, 19th Va. Cav.; B. F. Stone. S6th M IS.
Inf.; Mnrshack Stephens, 4th Tenn. Cav.; Robert Summers. 46th
Ala. Inf.; Dennis Sullivan. 5th Confederate Cav.; George Sulli-
van, 4th Tenn. Cav.; J. W. Shearouse. S4th Ga. Inf.; John Sum-
in. rail. ;tii Bat. Miss. Inf.: Morgan Smith. 6th N. C. Inf.: An-
drew SpriggS, ]3th Hat. Va. Inf.: John Sherrew. 16th La. Inf.:
William Sinn. ISth Ala. Inf.: Cyrus Stephens. 39th N. C, Inf.:
William Snnott. 6th Confederate Inf.; Thomas Staggsdal. 65th
Ala. Inf.: Hillard Smith, 46th Ala. Inf.: .1. B. Strawl. 41st Tenn.
Inf.; J. P. B. Schrisopher. 7th Miss. Bat. Inf.: John Shepard 45th
Ala. Inf.: David Sanderson, 10th Ala. Cav.: S. J. Sills. 88th Miss.
Inf.; C. C. Smith. 84th Va. Rat. Cav.; Edgar Scarber, S8th Ala.
Inf.; Philip Sheppard. 3Sth Ala. Inf.; R. H. Secrese. 4th Mo. Cav.;
James C. Sutton, 12th Ark. Inf.: J. B. Sanderson. 10th Ala
A. H. Salter. 1st Ala. Inf.; D. W. Suggs, 6th Tenn. Inf.; F.
Sharp. 6th Tenn. Inf.; G. W. Sallev. 35th Miss. Inf.: J. D.
Stephens. 17th Va. Cav.; Charles W. Stewart 26th Ga. Inf.; J.
W. Staff. 7th Ala. Cav.; John S. Senasbaugh. 29th N. C. lit .
J. Shoemaker, 15th Tenn. Inf.; W. G. Stokev. 1st Fla. Cav.: Gas-
per Smith. 1st Ark. Inf.: A. H. Smith. : I. F. Shrouse. 52d Ga.

Inf.; James R. Stone. Wheeler’s Scouts; R. N. Smith. 21st Tenn.
Cav.; W. D. Smith. Sth N. C. Inf.; Louis Stafford. 1st K. C. detail:
John W. Summersett. ISth Ala. Inf.: .lame Small, 19th Va. Cav.:
Henry Swope. 30th Ga. Inf.; John Slngley, 80th Ga. Inf.: James
Spere, 17th Ala. Inf.; W. V7. Sti Ala. Inf.: X. S. Skin-

ner. 22d Miss. Inf.: A. R. Sutlors. 22d Miss. Int.: W. R. Scott. Sth
Ga. Bat. Inf.; A. M. Smith. 1st Ga. Bat. Inf.: M. D. Shanton. 24th
S. C. Inf.; — Stratton, Ark.; I. A. Senclair, 1st Confed-
erate ‘

II. Tanilin. 2d Cav.: Peter Tracv, citizen of Va.: John Taylor,
1st La. Cav.: T. E. Talton. 36th Ga. Inf.: 1\ W. Tevalt, lltli Va.
\V. Taylor, 31st Tenn. Inf.; W. Tunstill. 7th Ala. Cav.: W.
M Tolton, 16th Va. Cav.: K. Taylor. 33d Tenn. Inf.: W. I Tay-
lor, 22d Va. Inf.; H. F. Taliman. 45th Va. Inf.: N. S. Thompson,
7th Fla. Inf.: J. Thigpen. 20th Ala. Inf.: John C. Train’. 1st Ga.
Tnf.: J. W. Thornton, 1st Tenn. Cav.: Mi, ha, I E. Tricket, 30th
Va. Cav.: J. W. B. Trotten. Sth Va. Cav.; Jam is G. Thorn
Ala. Cav.; James ,T. Tavlor. 12th Tenn. Cav.; M. L. Turner, 14th
Tenn. Cav.: Daniel S. Tavlor. 17th Va. Cav.; Jonas Tally. N.

C. Inf.; George Tille. 24th Tex. Inf.: o. D. Thompson. Confeder-
ate Cav.; .1. D. Thompson. 88th Ala. Inf.; Albert Tlncher, 21st Va.

Cav.; W. N. Templeton, Sth N. C. Battery; J. F. Tralnum, 17th
Ala. Inf.; A. Thnmpkins. 37th Va. Cav.; W T, Terry, 84th S. C.
Inf.; E. H. Taggart, 29th fla. Inf.; S. M. Thomas. 29th Ga. Inf.;
I. D. Turner, 19th S. C. Inf.: James J. Thede. 34th Ala. Inf.;
Fleming Tice. 21st Va. Cav.; Charles B, Thompson. 1st Md. Cav. ;
lames A. Tavlor, S6th Miss Inf.: G. W. Thomson. 40th Ga. Inf. :
J. L. Tucker. 23d Ala. Inf.: T. Toualey, 3d Confederate Cav.: Sim-
eon Thompson. ISth Ala. Inf.: O. H. Talbot, 19th S. C. Inf ; W.

H. Tennison. Stuart’s escort; J. N. Thomas. Sth S. C. Inf.; J. J.
Triplet, 19th Tenn. Inf. ; 1. Tabor. 14th Va. Cav. ; J. Trusley. 19th
Tenn. Inf.; J. S. Tyler. 47th Tenn. Inf.; J. B. Taylor. 14th Va.
Cav., W. L. Tavlor. 36th Ala. Inf.; George W. Talbot. 34th Ga.
Inf.; William S. Thomas, enrolling officer; S. I. Tripp, 3d X. C.
Cav.; I. J. Thompson. 14th Tenn. Cav.; J. R. Townsend, 15th
Miss. Inf.; J. W. Tavlor, 2oth Ga. Inf.: William Thornhiil, 23d
A’a. Inf.; J. M. Tavlor, 1st Confederate Inf.; G. Thompson
Bat. Cav.; R. Tipton. 4th Ala. Cav.; W. J. Turnage. 16th La. Inf.;
Pleasant Tvlar. 4th Ala. Cav.: C. Tyson. 41st Ga. Inf.; P. Thomp-
son. Sth Va, Cav.; G. W. Tell. 46th Ala. Inf.: J. H. Thou
66th Ga, Inf.. I B I’horn. 25th Ga. Inf.; J. N. Templeton, 35th
Miss. Inf.; J. Tate. 11th Tenn Cav.; W. .1. Thompson. 3d Con
federate Cav.; i’. II. Thorn. 6th Miss. Inf.; Wesley Tomlin, loth
Ala. Car.. George Turner. 40th Miss. Inf.; W. B. Tomlinson. 17th
Ala. Inf.; Tie mas Terry, 17th Ala. Inf.; S. P. Turner. 13th Ky.
Cav.; Benjamin Thurner. 7th Fla. Inf.: F. D. Thornton, loth
Miss. Inf.; Martin J. Thackcr. 88th Tenn. Inf.; Robert R. Taylor,
4th Ala. Cav.; Robert M. Tarrb, 7th Ala. Cav.; James H. Tolan,
49th Tenn. Inf.; William Turner. 3sth Bat. N. C. H. G. ; J. I’.
Tappley. 39th Miss. Int.: B. R. Tobias, 37th Ala. Inf.; B. N.
Thompson, list X. c •

Calvin I pchurch, 5th N. C. Cav.; John Umphroy, 40th Ga. Inf.;
John Upchurch. S9th Miss. Inf.: W. J. Underwood, 10th Ala,
John Upright, x. C, state reserve.

A. G. Vetulol. 1st Tenn. Cav.: Osmon Vincent. Confederate
Cav.; 1′.. Vaughan, 1st Ga. Inf.; W. T. Venable, 55th Ala. Inf.;
Joseph C. Valentine. 46th Miss. Inf.; Joseph H. Vowell, 1st Ark.
Inf.; l: I ss, Inf.; David F. Vance, Sth

Cav.; J. C. Vining, 16th Ga. Cav.; 1. M. Vaughan. 25th Va. Cav..
Charles Vick. 27th Ala. Inf.: W. Vansant. 23d Va. Cav.; S. Vick-
ith Miss. Inf.; C. E. Vandlke, 2ist Tenn. Cav.; L. Victory,
12th Ga. Inf.: .1. A. Vaughn, 16th S. C. Inf.; R. Vaugh, loth Ky.
Cav.; L. Vanhoosar. ; Ambers Vaughn, 10th Ala. Cav.

I. Williamson. Mil Ky. Cay.: 11. Whetmore. 4th Ala. Cav.: J. A.

Watson, citizen of Va.; Thomas Woodward, lnth Ky. Cav.;

\\ Heard, : .1. A Watte, 10th Ky. Inf.: W. B. Wright, 6th

Cav.; George Wait, 24th Tenn. Inf.; S. Wilson. Sth Va. Cav.:
Capt. Walket, 4th Tenn. Cav.; J. Wells. A. Whettle, citizens of

Va.; R. \Y Iriin, 22d Va, Bat.; Ellis G. Winstud. 4th Ark. Inf.;

J. X. Wallkall, -Mh Ark, [l I Ga Cav I E. .1.
Williams. :t(iili Ga, Inf.; S. 1′.. Wilcox, 1st Ky. Cav.; J. P. Walls,
12th Tenn. Cav.; .1. X. Wolf, citizen of Va.: M. Wain. 19th Va.
Cav.; J. W. Warren, conscript of N. C. : J. H. Walker, 23d Tenn.
Inf.; A. P. Williams. 16th Tenn. Cav.; A. M. Watson. 29th N. C.
Inf.; J. B. W Ingond, 63d Ga. Inf.; A. Weese. citizen of Va. ; John
F. Wilbourn. 22d Va. Cav.: George Wheetley. 15th Miss. Inf.; W.
Wilder. 4th Fla. Inf.; W. Walker, 36th Va. Inf.; Samuel P. Wlls,
5th Confederate: W. I. Williams, 16th Tenn. Cav.; Henry Waru-
ble, 56th Ga. Inf.; W. F. Waul. 4th Ala. Inf.; John D. Williams,
12d Ala. Inf.; Levi Walker. 60th Va. Inf.; Isaac Weese, 1st Ga.
Inf.: Charles W’hitefield, ISth Tex. Cav.; J. S. Wheeler, con-
script from Tenn.; R. Woods. 36th Miss. Inf.: Friah Wright. Bal-
timore Art.; Henrv Wissing, Ga. Inf.; John Woodrum. 6th

Ga. Inf.: G. W. Ware. 12;:. 1 Va. Cav.; Samuel Williams, 23d Va.
Cav.; Thomas Watson. 1st Tenn. Cav.; W. O. West, 20th Va.
Cav.; James M. Windson. ISth Ga. Inf.; R. L. Wiggins, 36th Ala.
Inf.; Henrv Wirt. 34th Va. Inf.; W. A. Woods, 37th Va. Cav.;
James H. Warren. 18th Tenn. Inf.: W. H. Wisecarver, 11th Va.
.’av.. A. Wilson. 42d Ala. Inf.; Wilson Warden. 36th Va. Inf.:
William J. Warren, 47th Tenn. Tnf.: J. M. Watson. 1st Ga. Inf.:
George Wilson. Gilmore’s Bat.: John W. Wilkes, Sth S. C.
Inf.; David Weaver, 43d Inf.; Henrv Wagoner, 54th N. C. Inf.:
T. Woodson. 9th Tex. Inf.; B. F. Walker. 1st Ga. Inf.: Columbus
Wells. 42d Ala. Inf.; John A. Wilson. Lewis’ Ala. Bat.: J. W.

Weaver, ; J. P. Walker, nth Tenn. Cav.; w. Warfleld, 1st

Md. Cav.: Stanley Walker, Sth Kv. Cav.; Owens Wilson, 7th Ala.
Cav.; O. R. Watkins. 37th Tenn. Inf.; Joseph R. Wilson, 1st Fla.
Inf.; Andrew Willoughby, 64th Ala. Inf.; J. C. Woville, 43d Miss.
Inf.; J. C. Wilson. 24th S. C. Inf.; Jackson A. Wines, 19th Va.
.’av.; S. C. Wiseman. 29th Ga. Inf.; J. W. Wisdom. 11th Tex.
Cav.; P. P. Wilson. 66th Ga. Inf.; Owen Wilson, 7th Ala. Inf.: C.
S. West. ISth Miss. Inf.; G. W. Williams. 1st Mo. Cav.; W. Whit-
field. 44th Tenn. Inf.: Havton Wines. 19th Va. Cav.: W. W. Ward.
12th La. Inf.; J. B. Wilkinson. 57th Ala. Inf.: William Winfleld.
37th Bat. Va. Cav.: J. W. Wesley, 2.1 Mo. Inf.; B. W. White. ?d
Tex. Inf.; J. M. White, 7th Fla. Inf.: Jonathan Wood, 4th Ala.
Cav.: Greene Woodruff. 46th Miss. Inf.; L. L. Wesson. 35th Ala.
Inf.; J. H. Wvatt. 62d Tenn. Inf.: R. H. Woodruff, 6th Ga. state
troops; B. T. Williams, 15th Tenn. Cav.; AV. F. Wade. 1st Mo.
Cav.; W. H. Williams. 6th Mo. Inf.: J. A. Woodall, 4th Ala. Cav.;
S. Washhurn. nth Ky. Cav.; Luke B. Williams. 1st Bat. S. S.
troops; E. H. Wiggins. 11th Ala. Cav.; II. White. 1st Fla. Cav.;
W. M. Walker. 1st Miss. Inf.; G. W. Wilson. 33d Ala. Inf.; E. F.
Williams, Sth Ga. Cav.; R. J. Williams, 2d Ala. Cav.; J. Waldon,
13th Ky. Cav : J. R. Williams, Dardon’s Bat.; L. M. Wilson,
24th Tenn. Inf.; I. F. Wilson. 40th Ala. Inf.: J. Wald. 13th Ky.
Cav.; Leonidas White. 16th Ala. Inf.: B. F. Widham. 3Sth Ala.
Inf.; I. 11. Warrick, 46th Ala. Inf.: A. S. Williams. 59th Tenn.
Tnf.: William Willet 18th Ala. Inf.; T. J. Walker. 13th Miss. Inf.;
B. F. Williams, conscript of Kv.: J. P. Wilcox, 49th Tenn. Inf.;
J. H. West, 80th Tenn. Inf.; O. Williams. 20th Ala. Inf.; N. D.
Wood, 10th Ala. Cav.; B. E. Woodward, 13th Ky. Cav.: Elijah
Widner, 21st Va. Cav.; John Walker, citizen of Ala.: J. Williams.

19th Va. Cav.: A. Whaler. 17th Ala. Inf.: Solomon Wade,

Fat.; John w Mi. I’Hi Fla. Inf.; Jackson Wilson. 13th Kv. Cav.:
T. A. Woodrad, 10th a : D. C. Weldon, 20th Ala. Inf.; O.
V. Walker. 2d Kv. Cav. ; W. Wildman, 56th Ala. Inf.; J. S. M.
Whitfield, 18th Ky, Cav.! R. 11. Wallace, 32d Miss. Inf.: I . M.
Williams, 10th Ky. Inf.; L. N. White. 39th Ga. Inf.: A. I. Win-
net, 4th Tenn. Cav.; A. J. Wheeler, 10th Tex. Inf.: Nelson Will-
iams, 65th Ga. Inf.; D. O. Walker, 8th Tenn. : John B. Will-
iams. 56th Tenn. Inf.; B. I. Whitfield, 13th Kv. Cav.; William A.
Woodall, 29th Ala. Inf.: A. E. Ward, citizen of E. Tenn.; John J.
Webb. 13th Va. Inf.; Addison Waydell, 25th A’a. Cav.; G. A. Wil-
liams, 5th Miss. Cav.: John B. Weaver. 51th Ga. Cav.: Thomas P.
Walstonhome, 43d Miss. Inf.; George F. Williams, 63d Ala. Inf.:


Confederate .

G. Y. II. Wright, 4th Ala. Cav. ; John Willard, 23d Bat. Va.!n£.;
S. W. Wldham, 23d Miss. Int.: J. L. Willis, 31st Ala. Int.-; C. S.
Wilfong, 3d N. C. — ; E. F. Waters, 46th Ga. Int.; Bennett
Whidden, 6th Fla. Inf.; Rice Willis, 1st Ky. Cav.

J. E. Yeager, 7th Ala. Int.; William Yancey. 1st Ark. ; Pe-
ter Young, 37th Va. Inf. ; J. Yonan, 1st Fla. Inf. ; E. L. Yost, 22d
Va. Cav.; Haz. Yarborough, 16th Ga. Cav.; T. J. Yother, 65th Ga.
Inf.; W. Yerby, Woodward’s Ala. Cav.; J. Yete, 11th Tenn. Cav.;
E. A. York, 26th Tenn. Inf. ; W. F. Yargin. 34th Ga. Inf. ; Francis
Youst, 20th Va. Cav.; A. I. Yarbrough, 4th La. Inf.; William A.

Young, 46th Miss. Inf.; W. H. Young, 46th Inf.; W. H. Young,

5th Miss. Cav.; Green J. Yeates, 1st Ala. Inf.

One unknown Confederate soldier.


The Confederates’ good friend who has done so
much for us in Columbus, O., furnishes the following:
The first prisoner brought to Columbus for alleged
participation in the rebellion was a man detected in
firing a bridge. He arrived June 27, 1861, and was
lodged in the station-house. The first batch of South-
erners brought from the field was a party of twenty-
three, mostly “wealthy and influential citizens of Vir-
ginia,” who had been taken in the Kanawha Valley as
hostages for Union men seized by the Confederates.
They arrived under guard July 5, and were lodged at
Camp Chase, but were released a few days later. The
Ohio State Journal of July 6, 1861, states: “Lieut. J. E.
McGowan, of Company B, Twenty-First Regiment O.
V. M., arrived in this city yesterday morning with
twenty-three prisoners, who were taken in the valley of
the Kanawha River. The prisoners are: R. B. Hack-
ney, A. B. Dorst, A. Roseberry, H. J. Fisher, R.
Knupp, Jacob C. Kline, Frank Ronsom, J. N. McMul-
len, J. W. Echard, David Long, G. D. Slaughter, A. E.
Eastham, J. F. Diltz, Robert Mitchell, S. Hargiss, E.
J. Ronsom, T. B. Kline, Alexander McCauseland, O.
H. P. Sebrill, James Johnson, W. O. Roseberry, Ben-
jamin Franklin, and James Carr. The majority of
them are wealthy and influential citizens of Virginia.”
Other extracts from the Journal are copied:
“On July 16 four arrivals at the camp from Virginia;
and twenty-eight more, mostly officers, arrived from
Virginia August 17.”

“A number of them appear rather communicative,
and talk of their sentiments like men who are convinced
of the justice of their cause and the ultimate triumph
of the South. We heard one of them remark that if
they took Washington City they would not burn it;
that there were too many good buildings there, and
they wished to make it the capital of the Confederacy.”
“Sixteen Confederate soldiers, captured near Cheat
Mountain, were brought in August 30. A squad of
fifteen or twenty secessionists, taken in Louisa County,
Va., and fourteen more captured in battle near Suni-
merville, same state, were added to the Camp Chase
colony on September 16 and 18 respectively. Forty-
three from Kentucky and twelve taken near Cross
Lanes, Va., arrived by special train from Cincinnati
October 27. Eight were brought in from the Kana-
wha Valley November 6, and eleven from Cheat Moun-
tain November 13. The total number at the camp at
this time was two hundred and seventy-eight. On
December 9 eight more arrived from Romney.”

The Journal of February 24, 1861, reports that “a
large number of Rebel prisoners, taken at Bloomery
Gap, in Gen. Lander’s Division, were brought to ‘Camp
Chase Hotel’ Friday night. The squad included one
colonel (Robert J. Baldwin, who was captured by Gen.
Lander himself in the assault upon that place), six cap-
tains, nine lieutenants, five first sergeants, six other

sergeants, five corporals, and nineteen privates. They
were brought there in charge of Maj. Armstrong, oi
the Fifth Ohio. Nine prisoners captured near Fay-
etteville, Ky., by Col. Scammon, of the Twenty-Third
Ohio, also arrived on Saturday last.”

The Ohio Statesman of November 6, 1861, states:
“The following distinguished secesh prisoners have,
by order of Gen. O. M. Mitchell, been sent from Camp
Chase to Port Lafayette: Col. B. F. Stanton, Isaac Nel-
son, Thomas Caston, R. S. Thomas, and George For-
rester. The rumor is that they concocted well-laid
plans for an escape from Camp Chase.”

The first burial there was on August 4, 1863, S.
Horton, Fourteenth Alabama; the second, August 14,
1863, William Adkins, a citizen of Virginia; third, E.
H. Gardner, Fourth Georgia. Prior to August 4,
1863, they were buried in the city cemetery, southeast
of Columbus, when the one hundred and thirty-five
were removed to Camp Chase. The first buried in the
city cemetery was April 6, 1862, J. M. Childs, lieuten-
ant, Third Mississippi; second, April 9, 1862, R. B.
White, Fourteenth Mississippi; third, April 9, 1862,
Thomas J. Tipps, Forty-First Tennessee. At Camp
Dennison, O., there were buried one hundred and six-
teen — the first, May 17, 1862, Henry Martin, Company

F, Seventeenth Alabama; second, May 17, 1862,

Baldwin, further unknown; third, April 20, 1863, P. S.
Carter, lieutenant, Third Mississippi. At Johnson’s
Island two hundred and six were buried — the first, No-
vember 6, 1863, J. E. Scruggs, colonel, Eighty-Fifth
Virginia; second, C. M. Triggle, captain, Thirty-Fifth
Georgia; third, Confederate soldier unknown.

Gen. Basil Duke was supposed to be one of the
heirs of the property now the Confederate cemetery.
The ground was first held by a lease. The deed of the
property, dated April 23, 1879, to United States of
America, was signed by M. J. Marshall, E. S. Halla-
way, P. S. Hallaway, and W. S. Hallaway, as execu-
tors of John G. Hallaway, residents of Kentucky, and
conveyed the property known and described as the Con-
federate Cemetery at Camp Chase.

The cemetery was fenced in by lumber from the
barracks. The government had wooden head-boards
placed at the graves, with the name and number of the
company and state of each one inscribed on them. The
place was neglected, and soon became very wild.

When ex-President Hayes was Governor he ar-
ranged with Mr. H. Briggs, a farmer near the ceme-
tery, to take care of the ground for $25 a year, paid from
the contingent fund. This was continued till Mr.
Bishop was Governor, when he ordered it stopped.
Nothing more was done until Mr. J. B. Foraker was
Governor. He communicated to the United States
Government the condition and disgrace of the grounds,
and through his influence an appropriation of about
$6,000 was made to build a substantial stone wall and
new wooden head-boards and to fix the place up gen-
erally. A large stone weighing about sixteen tons
was found three miles from the cemetery. This was
taken to the grounds, and the inscription “2260 Con-
federate soldiers of the war 1861-65 buried in this en-
closure” was cut in it. The balance of the money was
used to build a fence at the Sandusky Confederate
burial-grounds, and in this condition it was left until
taken up by private citizens and prepared for the sa-
cred services.

QoQfederate l/eterar?.



G. D. Heard sends a complete list of the Confederate
dead buried at Covington, Ga., and writes:

Some time since you published a partial list of the
Confederate dead buried in the cemetery at this place.
I send you a complete list of the names and commands
of the seventy-three, also a photograph of the ceme-
tery, kindly furnished by L. W. Glass. Each grave is
marked by polished marble head and foot stones, and
the plat is surrounded by a hedge of evergreens.

Near the center of the picture stand Judge Capers
Dickson. Commander of our camp (Jefferson Lamar
Camp No. 305), and myself. Just beyond the Confed-
erate is the city cemetery and a part of the city.

The Ladies’ Memorial Association of this city, who
have the care of the cemetery, had the marble head and
foot stones erected.

On each Decoration Day all of the business houses
and schools arc closed, and the people generally join in
honoring these dead heroes by decorating their graves
with choice flowers and other appropriate services.

1 >. Southerland, fist li Ga.
.1. C. Edwards, 85th Ga.

.1 . II. Carter. G3d Ga.

1 ‘. Itosirr. lUth On.

•I. S. ITallan.l, sth On..

K. s. Godfrey, 84th Ga.

.1 Bi asle; , 63d < ta

W. r. Howard, 66th Ga.

1 \\ Parr, fiittli Ga.

W. B. Hannah, Mth Ga.

W. D. Pool, 87th 1 ta.

K. S. Lading:, 65th 1 :•

.1. S Alirams. Gfilh (5a.

ii. Knight, 6Sd Ga.

William Brown, Slh Ga. Bat.

J. W. MaegrlnKo, 4th Ga. Bat.

G. D. Hanson. 1st Ga. Cav.

J. V. Woodson, Cobb’s legion.

T.. S. Porter, 84th Miss.

S. H. Forrester, 4.t,l Miss.

R. .i. Pearce, Mth Miss.

\ Measle, 33,1 Ala.

.1. Willis. 88th Ala

T. Weaver, sith Ala.

N. Martin. 89th Ala.

.1. Hester, 88th Ala.

M. A. Munson, RStli Ala.

W. A. Alaarson, !>Sth Ala.

A. H. Whllly. 1st Ala.

M. Koney, fitli Ala.

R. Thomson. 3f,th Ala.

J. S. rirooks. 33d Ala.

J. A. Roherson, 12th Ala. Bat.

.7. 10. Mitchell, Ark.

T. Wright. Cfith Ga.

w. Kemp, 6th Ga.

T. J. Beall. 37th Ga.

O. J. Batchelor, 66th Ga.

E. Rainey, 4th Ga. Bat.

W. H. Hendrick, 89th Mtss.

J. Kohh. 35th Miss

J. A. Clark, Miss

S. Connelly. 7th Miss.
J. Doohv. 8th Miss.
T. ‘ >tterson, nth Miss.
E. Edson, .’:7th Miss.
J. Allen. 88th Miss Cav.
W. D. Darkham, 2<1 Fla.
W. C. Rasberrv, 42d Fla.
H. E. Fank. 5th Ky.
ll. S. Londar, list Tenn.
A. J. Whitson. 6th Tenn.

S. i tosset, Tenn.

.1. M. White, 91sl Tenn.
W. w. Coffee, 26th Tenn,
.1 M. White. 19th Tenn.
R. Richardson. 3Sth Tenn.
W. Bally, 1st Tenn.
J. H. Adeoek, 1st Tenn.

Skelton. 2flth Tenn.

J. D. McDowell. 19th S. C.
w, w. Bally. 84th N. C.
.7. W. Rape. 7th Tex.

.7. J. Gill. Company G..

W. .1. Burtery, Baxter Art.

There are eight marked “un-

R. D. Edwards, Grand Pass., Mo.:

I have read with considerable interest every number
of the Vetekan for a long time, and am interested in
a few boys from my old home in North Carolina. In
the October number Mrs. Louise Wigfall Wright, of
Maryland, states that all the Confederate dead buried
in that state have been taken to Baltimore and buried
in Loudon Park. There were a few boys from North
Carolina who died in ] rison at Point Lookout, and
were buried at that place. Now 1 want to ask any one
who may know if those buried at Point Lookout were
also taken to Baltimore. These men “bore the bur-
den and heat of the day,” and belonged to the Twen-
ty-Sixth North Carolina Regiment, organized at Ral-
eigh in 1861. < In March 14 they were at Newbern,
under Col. Zeb Vance. On that date Burnside’s fleet
captured Newbern, and I might add that the Confed-
erates never regained that point. The Twenty-Sixth,
being on the extreme left, avoided capture. They
could not cross Brice’s Creek on the bridge, and had
to ford it. In crossing Col. Vance’s horse floundered
in some way. .and he would probably have been
drowned if one of the boys had not swum to him and
assisted him to the shore, and thus saved North Caro-
lina’s greatest statesman.

From that time on these boys played important parts
in many hard-foflght battles, being at Richmond, Chan-
cellorsvillc, Manassas, and Gettysburg. On the first
day at the last-named place they were in lleth’s Di-
vision, and helped drive back Meade’s center. They
were also in Pickett’s celebrated charge. O11 the re-
treat from Gettysburg, near Falling Water, Gen. Petti-
grew was killed. I think his brigade covered the re-
treat, and the Federal cavalry rushed upon and cap-
tured these comrades. They were taken to Point
Lookout and held there seven or eight months, and
then paroled. They returned to service, and I last saw
them in the ditches at Petersburg. They were cap-
tured at that place and again taken to Point Lookout,
where many of them died.

Tf any one will kindly answer the questions in begin-
ning of this or supplement the data here given, it will
be appreciated.


Confederate l/eterao.

List of Confederates buried in the Confederate lot
in the cemetery at Lexington, Ky. :

T. W. Ward, E., 30th Ark.
T. H. Hunter, C. 2d Term.
M. T. Searles, B, 20th Ala.
John D. Ives, 4Sth Tenn.
R. D. Nichols, A, 56th Ga.
A. P. Smith, G, 54th Ga.
T. O. Putman, I, 12th Tenn.
G. W. Palmer, G, 4Sth Tenn.
A. R. Sergeon, P, 2d Ark.
George A. Boykin, E, 6th Fla.
G. W. Eavins, H, 59th Ga.
L. Ross, G, Buford’s Brigade.
J. H. Jones, F, 54th Ga.

R. H. Brown, , 7th Fla.

W. Hicks, C, 59th Ga.
G. R. Phillips, G, 59th Ga.
A. S. Alligood, C, 54th Ga.
Charles A. Gordon, I. 1st Ark.
Zac Johnson, B, 1st Ala. Leg.
J. R. Butler, A, 6th Fla.
Josiah Merritt, F, 7th Fla.
E. Varner, D, 6th Fla.
Chark s Mcjones, C, 7th Fla.
Sam Ingreen, Buford’s Brig.
D. Burchfield, F, 39th Ga.
James Ross. H, 54th Ga.
R. C. Tipton, A, 54th Ga.
James Wilson, , 2d Ark.

John Seals, , 12th Tenn.

J. E. D., C. S. soldier.
N. G. Winlield, D, 3d Ga.

J. S. Barker, , 6th Fla.

A. Fowler, A. 7th Fla.

Peter Helm, D, 54th Va.

G. Foley, F, 6th Fla.

J. C. Mercer, B, 6th Fla.

J. Nawls, F, 6th Fla.

J. R. Coopland, G, 4Sth Tenn.

R. C. Steed, B, 3d Ga.

D. J. Robinette, F, 3d Ga.

G. F. Landham, H, 14th Ark.

J. C. Randolph, E, 34th Ga.

M. Drvberrv, B, 39th Ga.

C, W. Massey, C, 29th Va.

J. Deas, G, 7th Fla.

T. M. Fore, F. 43d Ala.

Wiley Pope, C. S. soldier.

P. W. Pierce, , 6th Fla.

J. W. Brooks, F, 2d Ark.

T. C. Robinson, , 48th Tenn.

Thomas Hawkins, I, 43d Ala.
J. H. Harris, F. 54th Ga.
John Jenkins, G, 9th Miss.

Burke, C. S. soldier.

Daniel?, , 6th Fla.

L. F. Krout. H. 20th Ala.


John Williams, 1st Ark. Cav.
J. S. P. Wardrope, D. 20th N. C.
R. T. Chambers. H. 34th Ga.
J. W. Hartley, C, 54th Ga.
J. Williams, F, 42d Ga.
L. K. Frisbey, G, 15th Tex.
Thomas Coker, I, 47th Tenn.
R. S. Huff, H, 54th Ga.
S. J. Williams, H, 6th Fla.
Robert Rivenback, G, 1st Fla.
James Allen, H, 56th Ga.
H. L. Tucker, A, 43d Ala.
Elijah Maddox, F, 6th Fla.
S. L. Rowan, E, 6th Fla.
John Cowen, H, 6th Fla.

James L. Sweet, , 6th Fla.

E. Hays, C, 6th Fla.
Richard Stewart, C. 30th Ala.
John Martin, — , 10th Tex. Cav.
E. A. Standridge, A, 29th N. C.
George Newman. D, ISth Ala.

C. G. Knatzar, F, Kv.

R. Fletcher, C. S. soldier.

Rodes, C. S. soldier.

W. R. Grider, Morgan’s Cav.
P. Pickens, C. S. soldier.
N. B. Buchanan, 62d N. C.
W. Rose, C. S. soldier.
James S. Ray, D, 10th Kv. Cav.

J. B. McCarty, C. S. soldier.
J. Chambers, D, 1st Kv. Cav.
O. P. Hamilton, 14th Ky. Cav.
John Whit, A, 34th Va.
J. J. Columbia, citizen prisoner.
J. McComas, Jessee’s Cav. Bat.
David Cook, citizen prisoner.
C. W. Cook, citizen prisoner.
C. Howard, A. 12th Kv. Cav.
W. R. Gains, C. S. soldier.
Hiram Taylor, C. S. soldier.
Henry Eades. citizen prisoner.

Charles W. Jones, .

Bernard Johnson, ■ . K. Cav.

William Russell, — , Tenn. Inf.
W. D. McGee. F, 11th Kv. Cav.

C. W. Savage, , Ga.

S. W. Garrett, ■ , 2d Ky. Inf.

Charles Byrne, Quirk’s Scouts.
C. A. Sanduskv, F, 5th Ky. Inf.
W.A. L.Philips, E, 5th Ky. Cav.
T.E.Thomasson, B, 2d Ky. Inf.
J. C. Griffith. B, 2d Kv. Iiif.
M. W. Virden, B, 2d Ky. Inf.
R. P. Austin, D. 5th Ky. Cav.
W.W.Weatherred I, 2 Ky.Cav.
Frank Boyd, A, 2d Ky. Cav.
A. R. Atchison, — , 2d Ky. Cav.
Dennis Burns, A, Sth Ky. Cav.


The foregoing was furnished by Comrade John
Boyd, to whom the South is indebted for years of un-
remitting zeal to preserve the noble record made by
Confederates in our great war. In a personal note
Gen. Boyd states: “You can say that there is not a
cemetery anywhere that is better kept or tended, and
there is no more lovely spot on earth than where these
brave boys sleep.”


The “old boys” of the Tennessee Confederate Sol-
diers’ Home had a good Christmas. At a special
meeting of the inmates of the Home they passed pre-
amble and resolutions, in which they say:

The benevolent ladies of Nashville, Memphis, and
Franklin have in the warm generosity of their kind
hearts contributed most liberally toward supplying us
with our Christmas dinner, reminding us most forcibly
of “ye olden times,” when “boxes of goodies to the
front” was the order of the day; and such amiable gen-
erosity is to us an assurance “strong as proof of Holy
Writ” that the charming daughters of this day are the
worthy descendants of the noble mothers of other and
darker times.

Our warmest and most heartfelt thanks are tendered
to those kindly and loving spirits, whose thoughtful
charity prompted them to include us, “the wrecks
whose broken masts and rifted decks tell us of the
shipwreck that is o’er,” in the list of remembrances on
this the natal day of our Lord and Saviour. This gen-
erous charity is most highly appreciated, and the fair
donors will ever hold a warm place in our hearts.

Signed: Jesse Taylor, Jo A. Hill, E. W. Avene, G.
S. Cotton, Jo Brady, John Dagnon, Committee.

Comrade J. H. White, Superintendent, reports it.

In the notice of J. R. Matlock published in the De-
cember Veteran, page 625, the address of his mother
should have been given as Lewisburg, Ky., instead of
Tennessee. May some one give information of him to
his aged parent!

E. A. Robinson, of Kiowa, Ind. T., desires to hear
from any of the survivors of Lieut. Gravel’s Pioneer
Corps, of Cleburne’s Division, which was in winter
quarters at Tunnel Hill, Ga., in February, 1864.

Confederate l/eterao.




The dear old army had passed away from me for-
ever, and I had been through the Confederacy. It was
the last week of the war. Gen. Lee’s army was
camped near Petersburg, and I had been there all win-
ter,, at Mrs. Richard Kidder Meade’s, to be near my
husband, who was medical director of the Army of
Northern Virginia and on Gen. Lee’s staff. Agnes
Lee had been on a visit at Mrs. Meade’s, but left Sal
urday morning for Richmond. Sunday morning I
was dressing for church, when my ambulance drove
up to Mrs. Meade’s door, and old Wilson, my faithful
old soldier driver who had always driven my ambu
lance, gave me a note from my husband saying: “The
enemy are entering Richmond. 1 do not wish to leav
you within their lines. Wilson will know when
take you.” 1 immediately put some necessary articles
in a small trunk and had it put in the ambulance, got
in. and Wilson drove off. All that day and all th tt
night we drove and drove. I do not remembei
mi:/, hut 1 do know I slept. Once in the night T awoke
and heard sounds of sorrow, and was told that they
were from Mrs. A. P. Hill’s ambulance, and that Gen.
Hill had been killed just before our army left I’

Well, we went on and on. Occasionally 1 saw
husband, and other officers would ride up and
“Mrs. Guild, we have no command; we will rally
around your ambulance.” Our poor soldiers would
come to me and ask for food, and know I had none to
give; but each day my husband. T suppose, would man-
age to get mc something to eat, for I was never hungry .
Often on that march my husband or some other i
would ride up hurriedly and speak to old Wilson, and
he would whip up the mules, and we would rush across
fields in any direction. It would be because the eneim
had cut our lines. Finally Col. Baldwin, of < Jen
Lee’s start”, came to me and gav( me fifty dollars in
greenbacks — the first, I believe, I ever had. He said
he did not know what would happen, and I might nee!
it; but I was so young and thoughtless in those days
I did not dream of danger or surrender. I was
happy on that dreadful march; everything was so
strange. T was the only lady. My husband would
often ride up to my ambulance and cheer me in every
way he could. At last, one evening at sunset, my am-
bulance Stopped, Wilson saying he had orders to halt.
By ami by several officers came up, and soon the bag-
gage-wagons. My husband ordered his servant. Na-
than, whom he had brought from the old plantation,
and who had been with him through the war, to gel
out his best clothes. He and other officers dr
themselves in their best. I asked Dr. Guild why it
was, and he replied that they might be captured, and
wanted to make a good appearance. Then my hus-
band went with me to a house near by. where 1 re-
freshed myself. Returning to the ambulance. T found
all the officers lying around on the ground with their
military cloaks thrown over their faces, asleep in the
moonlight. It was a strange sight. I got in my am-
bulance, and was soon asleep myself. When T awoke
it was daylight, and we were moving. Soon my hus-
band came to mc and said there might be a fight there,
but that T was in no danger, and must not be fright-

ened. He took me out of the ambulance and put me
in a gully, barricaded it with wagons, and told old
Wilson to keep the ambulance ready, so he could put
me in it. and where to take me if certain things hap-
pened; but just then an officer rode up and said there
was a house a mile off, and my husband put me in
the ambulance and took me there. It was the home
of Gen. Morton, and he made me welcome, and took
me to a room on the first floor, where my husband
bade me good-by and returned to Gen. Lee. 1 [i
hardly left me. when a body ‘if our men and a pai


the enemy met in a skirmish right in front of my room.
When it was over 1 laid my hat. watch, and chain <>|Y.
and went to bathe my face, just as my door was burst
open and a Dutch soldier, with pistol in his hand,
came in, cursing the Rebels. I said not a word, but
quietly left the room. I found the whole house filled
with soldiers. I saw an officer, and told him what had
happened, and he instantly went with me. I found
my watch and chain gone, but was too glad to escape
with that to murmur. I heard that Gen. John Gib-
Kin, wlin used to be a dear old armv friend, was near.


Confederate Ueterap

and I asked if I could send him a note. Immediately
a man was sent with my little penciled note to Gen.
Gibbon, and quickly a reply came, saying he would
come to me; and he came even while I was reading
his note, the same kind old friend. He put a safe
guard around the house; but, notwithstanding that, the
next morning a negro soldier came to my room, but,
as they had always been my slaves, I did not feel afraid
of him. I ordered him out, and he went. Our little
Indian boy, Joe, whom we had since he was seven
years old (then twelve), was with me. Then my hus-
band came and told me of the surrender, and he broke
completely down when he spoke of Gen Lee.

Well, we left Appomattox Court-House. My am-
bulance followed Gen. Lee’s, which was empty, he
riding with his staff and those of the army who went
with him to Richmond. I shall never forget how, as
Gen. Lee rode away from Appomattox the Union sol-
diers cheered and cheered him. He was grander to
me on that sad march back to Richmond than he ever
was after one of his great victories. Often on that
march he would come to my ambulance early in the
morning with a cup of coffee, depriving himself for the
only woman who was on that sorrowful, hopeless
march. We would all, from the highest officer to the
humblest soldier, have given him our last drop of
water or food, we loved him so; and on that march,
when we would camp near a house, they would pre-
pare their best for Gen. Lee; but he would sleep in his
tent or on the ground with his staff, and say that I must
go and have what was prepared for him. How pro-
voked they must have felt to see a forlorn little woman,
instead of Gen. Lee! When we reached Richmond we
all separated. I never saw Gen. Lee again, but my
husband went back to Richmond to see him; and now
I feel sure they are not very far apart in heaven. And
for me,

Would those hours could come again, with their thorns and

I would give the hopes of years for those bygone hours.

Dr. Lafayette Guild was a native of Tuscaloosa, Ala.,
and a nephew of the late Judge Jo C. Guild, of Nash-
ville, Tenn. When the great war broke out he was a
surgeon in the U. S. Army and on .duty in California.
He resigned and went on to Richmond, Va., with Gen.
A. S. Johnston, and became a surgeon in the Army of
Northern Virginia. When Gen. Lee took command
of the army he telegraphed: “Send me Dr. Lafayette
Guild.” He appointed him on his staff, and made him
medical director of the Army of Northern Virginia.
Gen. Lee was very fond of and confidential with Dr.
Guild. His report to Gen. Lee of the battle of Gettys-
burg is a part of the commander’s official report in the
“War Records.” After the war Dr. Guild commenced
the practise of medicine in Mobile, Ala., in partnership
with a brother of Admiral Raphael Semmes. He died,
however, soon after going to Mobile.

In the list of chapters, U. D. C., reported in the De-
cember Veteran the officers of some were not given,
not having been reported to the Recording Secretary.
.Among them was the chapter at Rock Hill, S. C., of
which Mrs. R. T. Fewell is President and Miss Eliza-
beth Sherfesee, Secretary.



I notice in the Veteran for November the statement
of Col. George A. Ellsworth, who was Gen. John H.
Morgan’s telegraph-operator, regarding Gen. Mor-
gan’s capture of Gallatin, Tenn., in August, 1862. I
am the J. N. Brooks whom he mentions, one of the
men now living, and remember the occurrence as well
as though it were yesterday. Col. Ellsworth’s state-
ment is in the main correct, but he fails to go into the
particulars of my capture. I suppose he was in so
many raids it is but natural that he would overlook
some of the minor features of this one.

I was employed by the Louisville and Nashville Rail-
road Company as agent at Gallatin, and had charge of
the freight, express, and telegraph offices. About day-
break August 12, 1862, I heard some one coming up-
stairs to my room, and thinking it was my porter, who
usually went up about that time with fresh water,
thought nothing of it, and turned to go to sleep, but
was aroused by a voice saying: “Surrender! I demand
it in the name of Gen. John Morgan.” I instantly
found myself looking down the barrels of four navy
revolvers. Col. Ellsworth and his associate had one
in each hand. I was ordered by Col. Ellsworth to
get up and dress myself. After putting on my pants
and boots he allowed me to look down the barrel of his
revolver again, asking me if I had any money. I said.
“Yes,” and handed him my pocketbook, which he
took, and counted the contents, saying, “Forty dol-
lars,” and handed me back the empty pocketbook. He
then asked if that was all I had. I replied that it was,
but now confess that I told a falsehood, for I had $500
in a leather pocketbook between the blankets of the
bed. I was then ordered down-stairs to open up the
office and to find out where the trains were and wheth-
er on time or not. In doing this I worked as awk-
wardly as I dared, in order that the operators on the
line would detect something wrong. Shortly after-
ward Col. Ellsworth, keeping me under guard, took
charge of the instrument After working a short time,
Jimmy Morris, the operator at Northeast Nashville,
suspected that something was wrong at Gallatin, and
he called me up and asked if I got that bottle of nitric
acid he sent me a few days ago. Col. Ellsworth turned
to me and asked the same question, and I answered
no. He then allowed me to look down the barrel of
his revolver again, saying that if I told him a falsehood
he would blow the top of my head off. I still stuck to
my answer, and he went back to the instrument and
gave Morris some indefinite answer. Well, within five
minutes after I had denied receiving the bottle I re-
membered the circumstances. Jimmy had sent me a
bottle of whisky, and labeled it “nitric acid” so the
boys on the train would not drink it. Now, if the
question had been asked whether I got a bottle of whis-
ky or not, I would have answered yes; but, as I had
denied getting the nitric acid, it was too late to recall
my answer. Jimmy Morris then knew that there was
something wrong at Gallatin.

Col. Ellsworth asked me where I kept my express
money, and I told him in the desk. He then ordered
me to open it, and took out a package of money con-
taining fifty or sixty dollars that had come in the night

Confederate .


before for some lady, whose name I have forgotten, and
put that in his pocket.

About half-past seven Mr. Culp, who kept the hotel
just across from the depot, and with whom I boarded
(the father of Mr. Culp who was for a long time Gen-
eral Freight Agent of the L. and N. R. R.), came into
the depot and told me to come and get my breakfast. I
said: “How can I go? I am under guard here; but if
these guards will go with me, I will go.” They readily
agreed, and as we went out of the office we had to pass
the stairway to my room. I asked them to wait at the
foot of the stairs and allow me to run up and wash my
face, which they did. I did not care so much about
washing as I did to get my pocketbook nut of the bed.
I got it and put it in my boot-leg, we1 my face, and
came down, and we went to breakfast. Col. Ellsworth
with us. By the way, I have that same old leather
pocketbook yet.

About ten a.m. Washington Morgan, a cousin of
Gen. John H. Morgan and an officer in his command,
as I understood, came to the depot and ordered the
guards to turn me over to him. I must confess 1 be-
gan to feel quite uneasy, not knowing what he wa
with me, although I had looked down the barrels of
several revolvers during the morning. When we were
about half-way to die Public Square he broke the si-
lence by saying that he had been asked by some of the
oldest citizens (among them Col. Helms) not to harm
me, as I had treated everybody with civility, etc. After
crossing the creek he said he wanted a drink, and want-
ed it badly, and for me to take him where he could get
one. We went to a saloon, and found all the doors
closed and no one there. After reaching the next one,
and finding the front door closed, we went to the rear
and found the proprietor, who, after a little persuasion,
let us in and gave my friend what he wanted, and we
parted feeling happy, at least I did, although 1 had been
admonished not to attempt to leave the town under
any circumstances.

I returned to the depot, and about this time Con-
ductor Murphy came in with a freight from Louisville,
which was taken charge of by Maj. Dick McCann and
unloaded. After the war I became well acquainted
with Maj. McCann, and we often talked over the cap-
ture of Gallatin. I laughed at him undertaking to
break the spokes of the drivers of the engine with an ax.

About two o’clock that day you would have thought
there was a circus in town. People came in from far
and near, and hundreds of wagons came and loaded up
with the government stores taken from this train, and
before night they were all gone. Nearly every farmer
in the county got more or less. There were three car-
loads of artillery horses and about fifteen of govern-
ment supplies. I was a spectator, with my occupation
gone, having been superseded by Col. Ellsworth.

I still had my pocketbook in my boot-leg, and when
I went up to my room I found a new coat, for which T
had paid $25, and my shirts, etc., absent. I looked all
around for them, and at last found that Col. Ellsworth
had appropriated them. In fact, I hardly recognized
him. About four o’clock that afternoon Gen. Morgan
commenced concentrating his forces on the Public
Square. Tie was sitting on his horse when I went up
to him and introduced myself, telling him about the
money and clothing that had been taken from me and
by whom. The General replied that he had no right

to take those things from me, and said he would see
that I got them back again. I never saw the General
after that, but believe if he had lived he would have-
complied with my request. Gen. Morgan was an ex-
ceedingly fine-looking man, affable and pleasant, at
least to me.

I remained in Gallatin the following day, and about
nine o’clock the day after I took the telegraph instru-
ment out, put it under my arm, and started for Louis-
ville, getting into a large corn-field adjoining the depot,
by the side of which the railroad track extendc
about three-quarters of a mile. Nearing the end of this
field I heard the clattering of horses’ feet on the pike.
My heart was in my mouth, as I thought Gen. Mor-
gan’s cavalry was looking for me. I lay down in the
corn-field until the sound of feet had died away, and
nothing was heard but the rustling of corn-blades. when
I ventured to renew my journey. Arriving at the
fence on the pike, I could see no one. and I crossed the
road into another ce>rn-field. Having gone through
this. 1 went to the railroad track, and along it to South
Tunnel ; then got the section boss to take me to Frank-
lin. K v., 1 m his hand-car, taking the train for Louisville.

J. T. Blount, Water \ alley, Miss.:

The reference made by C. E. Merrill in the Decem-
ber VETERAN to the’ nerve exhibited by Capt. Roland
W. Jones, who was so desperately wounded at the bat-
tle of Franklin, awakens memories of the past. The
incident is well remembered by Col. M. D. L. Ste-
phens, of this place, who commanded the Thirty-First
Mississippi Regiment, and who was also badly wound-
ed, and was with Capt. Jones and others in the Mc-
Gavock House at the time. Capt. Jones was from this
county (Yalobusha), and commanded a company in
Rayburn’s Battalion. He not only saved enough of
himself “to make a cavalryman,” but he also lived to
serve his country in civil life with equal honors as those
won upon the bloody field at Franklin. He married
one of the ladies who waited on him while wounded,
and the children of that union are now of the first
people of this state. Capt. Jones never fully recovered
from his wounds, and died about four years ago, the
soul of honor and loved by all who knew him.

Col. Stephens had good cause to remember the con-
versation that occurred, for, after turning from Capt.
Jones, the surgeon said to him: “Well, Colonel, we will
certainly have to amputate your leg.”

Col. Stephens himself was too weak to refuse, but
there was a Dr. Wall present, who had promised the
Colonel not to allow his limb taken off, and he pro-
tested: and when the surgeon seemed determined he
said: “I promised Col. Stephens I would not allow his
leg taken off, and I will shoot the first man who puts
a knife on it.”

The surgeon remarked, “Well, there is no use being
a fool about it!” and walked off.

Col. Stephens recovered, and is to-day in full enjov-
ment of health and limbs. He is Commander of Feath-
erston Camp No. 517, United Confederate Veterans.

W. F. Brittingham, a Confederate naval veteran, who
for some seven years past has been engaged in busi-
ness in New York City, and was an officer of the Con-
federate Veteran Camp there,, has removed to Charles-
ton, W. Va., and is interested in the daily Gazette.


Confederate .



Botetourt County, Va., December 20, 1864.

Charming Nettie: Is it a dream, or have I really been
a soldier for the last four years? is a question I fre-
quently ask myself nowadays; for here in this old Vir-
ginia country home of genuine kindness and hospital-
ity — where I take my place three times a day at a
bountifully provided table; sleep on a feather bed, be-
tween clean, white sheets; hear the chatter and laugh-
ter of little children; and may, when I choose, listen
to the low, sweet voices of refined and cultured wom-
en or the music evoked by skilful fingers from a me-
lodious piano — there is little to remind me of the cruel
war except a pair of crutches, my missing limb, and the
empty sleeve of my genial host, Capt. John J. Allen
The crutches are “out of mind as soon as out of sight;”
my wound has healed nicely, and gives no pain; the
Captain is post-quartermaster at Buchanan, and always
there during the day — and so, whether talking with the
ladies in parlor or library or (he taking snuff and I
smoking a long-stemmed pipe) sitting with Judge Al-
len, of the Court of Appeals of the state, in his cozy lit-
tle law-office in the yard, and thinking lazily of a future
that is always to be happy, I can easily — too easily, per-
haps — forget my comrades of brigade, regiment, and
even company, who are struggling and suffering in the
cause of the South.

It is the most selfish of selfishness, but I can not
help it. This peace and plenty, rest and content, are
too pleasant and soothing to mind and body to be dis-
turbed by thoughts of either my own past or the hard-
ships of my dearest friends.

Trust no Future, howe’er pleasant!
^ 1 Let the dead Past bury its dead!
Act, act in the living present!
Heart within and God o’erhead!

may have been, when written, good advice to the civil-
ians of that day, but is not applicable in its entirety to
a fellow in my situation. “Let the dead past bury its
dead” is doctrine to which I willingly submit, but /
must trust the future, for in it lie all my hopes and am-
bitions. As for acting “in the living present,” that is
so diametrically opposed both to bodily condition and
to feelings that I absolutely refuse to obey the injunc-
tion. I want and I need repose, and nowhere can I
find it in such perfection as among these kind and
thoughtful friends here in the mountains of Virginia.
I speak of home so seldom that young Mrs. Allen ex-
pressed surprise the other day at my apparent apathy.

“Why, Miss Lizzie,” said I, addressing her by the
name I used to call her when, as a callow youth two
years her junior and she a young lady out in society,
I claimed her as a sweetheart, “I am so sure of going
home that I am just luxuriating in the first feeling
of certainty permitted me since June, 1861 ! ”

“That statement is not very complimentary to your
sweetheart,” said she. “Don’t you want to see her? *’

The question placed me fairly on the horns of a di-
lemma — the one, natural gallantry; the other, regard
for truth. To add to my embarrassment, Miss Eva,
the Captain’s sister, entered the room in time to hear
the question, but not the prelude to it, and she also
insisted on an answer. I hemmed and I hawed, tried

the efficacy of a joke I had never known to fail, and
went off at a tangent on half a dozen other subjects,
but all in vain; the ladies held me relentlessly to the
inquisitorial rack, and in self-defense and to escape a
lie I had to reply: “No; not a bit more than to see
my mother and sisters. She is as much a certainty
as they.”

“Maybe not,” mischievously remarked Miss Eva;
“ladies change their minds sometimes.”

“My sweetheart is not of that sort,” I proudly re-
plied. Don’t you think I am right?

Whether because of previous long fasting or the
keen, invigorating air of these mountains, my appe-
tite has become a veritable tyrant, so insatiate in its
demands as almost to ignore the law of physics that no
two bodies can occupy the same space at the same
time. In camp my grievance was not getting enough
to eat; here it is inability to eat enough of the plenty
I get either to satisfy the cravings of the corporeal
system or the hospitable solicitude of entertainers As
the last forkful of meat on my plate starts to reenforce
its predecessors the Judge lifts another slice of ham,
corned beef, or turkey from the dish, and, if not warned
to desist, lays it silently before me. The other folks at
the table are equally attentive.

Just before I left Richmond to come up here the
Veteran came to see me, and, as he had been consid-
erate enough to bring his rations along, I could afford
to ask him to dinner. Ravenous as was my appetite,
the provender furnished by the hospital was barely suf-
ficient for one grown man, let alone two. We had a
jolly day of it, for he brought both the latest news
and the latest jokes from camp. One of the jokes was
on Jim Cosgrove, who helped me off the field on the day
I was wounded. Cosgrove is fond of fun and excite-
ment, plays a practical joke on a comrade whenever
he can, and is always making himself heard. One day
when rations were slenderest and he hungriest he said
to his messmate: “I would eat anything in the world
— snails, frogs, grasshoppers, dogs, rats; anything but
cats. I draw the line at those cussed, sharp-clawed,
treacherous creatures.”

“I helped eat a cat once,” remarked Babe reminis-
cently and with a far-off look in his hungry eyes, “and
it was good too; and I shouldn’t object to the leg of
one right now.”

“But I would,” protested Cosgrove. “Just remem-
ber that, please ; and if you ever have cat for breakfast,
dinner, or supper, count me among the missing. Why,
I’d — I’d eat a buzzard sooner than a cat, any day.”

Babe made no reply, but a bright idea struck him:
Cosgrove would be on picket that night, and when he
came back next day was sure to be too famished to be
inquisitive, and he might be taught that cat was not bad
eating, after all his antipathy to it. Luckily for Babe’s
plans, an old bachelor citizen lived near camp, whose
most cherished pet was a half-grown, fat, and sleek
pussy, that was in the habit of taking a nightly stroll
through the camp. That night Babe lay in wait for
it, and next morning its remains swung from the rafters
of its captor’s little cabin, and later in the day became
the principal ingredient of a “rabbit” pie, so called in
deference to Cosgrove. The intended joke would be
too good for one man, besides Babe didn’t care to be
alone with Cosgrove when the truth was revealed to
him, and so he invited a friend to dine with them.

Qopfederate .


“What have you got in the skillet to-day, old man?”
asked Cosgrove when, released from duty, and standing
before the mess fire, he caught a whiff of savory odors.

“The fattest little cotton-tail rabbit you ever saw,”
responded Babe with a childlike smile.

“It smells good, anyhow,” remarked Cosgrove ap-
provingly. “Isn’t it most done? ”

“Yes,” answered his messmate; “get off your traps,
and take a fair start with us.”

Soon the three were seated around the skillet, busily
consuming its contents.

“Umph!” grunted Cosgrove as he closed his teeth
on a juicy morsel; “if this isn’t good enough eatin’ for
Gen. Lee! Where’d you get it, Babe? ”

“Out of a hollow stump.” answered his comrade,
with his mouth almost too full for utterance.

The skillet was soon sopped clean enough to bake
a cake in. Then, with his feet high up on the jamb of
the fireplace, Jim folded his hands across In- corpo
rosity and said in his mellowest tone: “Lord! Lord!
Lord! how good that mess was. and how peaceful J
feel! Why, Babe, a five-year-old child could play with
me now, and I could be amiable even to a Yankee.”

Babe looked at Jim a moment, took his stand in the
doorway, and. discovering that retreat was possible,
remarked: “I thought you didn’t like cat, Jim? ”

“Cat?” shouted that suddenly surprised gentleman;
“eat? Is it a cat I’ve been eatin” ”

“Of course it is.” said the guest; “and it’s powerful
good eatin’ too.”

Cosgrove turned pale as a ghost, and endeavored to
get rid of the portion of flu:- animal he had appropriated,
but in vain. His digestion had not been worked to ils
limit for a long time, and it clung’ successfully to its
prey. Then he gut mad. but Babe Metcalf was out
of sight and hearing, and the guest could not be held
responsible for any deception, and so poor Cosgrove
had to stomach both the cat and the joke.

“But,” said the Veteran, “you’d better not say ‘cat’

to him when you meet; he has already thrashed one fel-

. low within an inch of his life for just mewing like a eat.”


William L. Royall, in a letter to the Richmond Times:

When you start on your excursion over the battle-
field the first thing to arrest your attention is the num-
ber of monuments and memorial stones. You can
scarcely go twenty yards in any direction without run-
ning upon one of these, and all to commemorate the
performance of some Federal command. So far as I
saw, there is not one to speak of the heroic valor dis-
played upon that world-renowned held by Southern
men. They performed deeds there that will live for-
ever in the ballads of men, but the monuments to those
deeds rest in memory alone. All the world knows the
battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1-3, 1863. The
first day’s battle was an unexpected engagement be-
tween about twenty-two thousand of Ewell’s and Hill’s
Corps and the First and Eleventh Federal Corps of
about the same number. It resulted about 4 p.m. of
that day in the total rout and almost destruction of the
two Federal corps. They flew pell-mell through the
streets of I rettysburg to the “heights” immediately be-
hind the town.

The criticisms that have been made upon Gen. Long-

street’s part in the battle of the 2d and 3d of July relate
to two points. It is said that when Gen. Lee saw how
the enemy was routed and demoralized on July I he
wanted the attack pressed at once, and told Gen. Long-
street that evening to get his two divisions (Hood’s
and McLaw’s) up and attack Meade’s left at daylight
of the 2d. Gen. Longstreet was in the open field to the
Confederate right of Gettysburg with Gen. Lee at 5
P.M. of the 1st, and den. Lee then told him with em-
phasis, in reply to his suggestion that our army should
file around Meade’s right and threaten Washington,
that if Meade was there next me>rning he should at-
tack him. Both knew that the part of Meade’s army
which had arrived was utterly beaten, even routed, and
they knew a great part of his army was not up. 1 1
street knew the attack was to be made next day : he
could see there was no enemy that amounted to any-
thing between Gettysburg and Round Top. Hood’s
and .McLaw’s Divisions reached Marsh Creek, on the
Chambersburg road, at 12 p.m. of the night of July 1,
which is only three miles from the seminary. They
could have been given two hours rest and marched to
the seminary before it was light. . . .

I have said that I saw no Confederate monument
upon the battle-field of Gettysburg, and this is substan-
tially but not literally true. Where Pickett’s Virgin-
ians, led by the glorious Gen. Armistead, broke ovei
the stone wall a block of granite has been set up by the
Gettysburg Memorial Association, 1 believe. This
sti me marks the spot wh< re Gen. Armistead received his
mortal wound. It has on it these words only: ” Brig.
Gen. Lewis \. Armistead, C. S. A., fell here July 2,
1863.” This simple inscription will quicken the pulses
and move the hearts of men for many \ ears to come.
Just by the spot, to the left, stands a granite monument
to Cowan’s hirst New York Battery, which bears the
inscription Upon it. “Double canister at ten yards,”
and the inscription states that Confederates came with-
in ten yards of the guns. This monument is all of fifty
\ ards inside of the st> me wall.

J. Earl Preston, Esq., of Navasota. Tex.:
At the battle near Resaca. Ga., in the campaign from
Dalton to Atlanta, the Forty-Second Alabama, Baker’s
Brigade, was engaged. Lieut. -Col. Lanier, command-
ing regiment. Capt. McNeil (Company A”) acting as
major. First Lieut. T. P. Preston, commanding Com-
pany A 1 1 food’s Corps), made the celebrated, although
unsuccessful, charge on Sherman’s breastworks. My
brother was mortally wounded near those works. He
was taken prisoner, and sent to a Federal field hospi-
tal. The surgeon wdio dressed his wounds, at the re-
quest of my brother, wrote to another brother, lion.
S. S. Preston, of Wilson County, Tenn.. to send him
some money and clothing, which was promptly done,
in care of the Federal surgeon, whose name is not re-
membered. Nothing more has ever been heard of
Lieut. Preston, except that he died of his wounds.
His widow (now dead) soon after the war went to
Resaca and visited the battle-field, to see if she could
locate his grave. There were the usual trenches into
which the killed were tumbled and covered with Geor-
gia soil, but no mark or name showed who the patriots
were. This good wife could never find her husband’s
grave. If that surgeon is living, we would be grat-
ified to hear from him. I le amputated my brother’s leg.


Qorjfederate l/eterai}.

Confederate l/eterag.

S. A. ( rsNlM.iiAM. Editor and Proprietor.
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn.

This publication is the persona] property oi s. A, ‘ unningbam. All
one who approi »■ its principles, and realize its benefits as an organ for

Associations throughout the South, are req nested t” < imend its patron-

age and to oooperate in extending it.

Unusual difficulties have occurred in presenting just
what was desired in this issue of the Veteran. The
extensive space necessary to print the list of Camp
Chase prison dead — and it seemed best to have it com-
plete in one number — compels postponement of some
articles regarded with special concern. Of these, the
most important are reports of the Daughters of the
Confederacy in Texas, in Missouri, and in Maryland.
Let all who have reports for the Daughters to go in the
February number send them in as soon as practicable.

A serious complication arose in connection with the
award of the $200 or piano premium for the most suc-
cessful solicitor of new subscriptions. It is in the hands
of a committee, and may not be decided in time for the
closing pages of this number.

Profiting by that experience, it is sincerely hoped that
all will be perfectly clear in giving the rewards offered
for March 1. These rules will govern the distribution
of $100 due at that time:

New subscriptions only will be counted, the names
all to be reported and money paid. No information
will be given other than that printed in the Veteran
as to the progress of the competition. The person
sending the largest number of subscriptions by March
1 will be paid $50; the next largest, $30; the next, $15;
and the fourth will receive $10. This last prize has
been increased from $5, so the prizes for March 1 ag-
gregate $105.

In addition, those who fail to secure one o f the cash
prizes will be allowed to select some premium offered
for the number of subscriptions to their credit. In this
way every person may be compensated for all the work
done. There is no lottery in this. It is a means of-
fered to put the Veteran in the homes of more and
more people, in the hope that lasting good may be ac-
complished. Those desirous of competing for these
prizes will be furnished sample copies and report-blanks
on application. Letters mailed February 28 will be

“Peace and good will to men” is a beautiful senti-
ment. The Union and its preservation under the old
flag, the flag of our fathers, is the only hope of the
American people for the system of inherited govern-
ment. Appreciation for every kindness extended to
Confederate veterans by those who fought for the Un-
ion is universal, and tributes from them to the honor
of our dead comrades fill Southern hearts with grat-
itude. Even the antipathy for the term “blue and

gray” is subdued by this gratitude. But our former
enemies who are acting so nobly in these things must
bear with our less liberal people when the vandalism of
their war comrades is considered. The Veteran is
consistently diligent to go far in the line of reconcilia-
tion, much as it sympathizes with those who are irrec-
oncilable to the policy of pouring oil on the disturbed

In this connection the cruelties perpetrated by — let
us hope foreigners and hirelings — men in blue uniforms
are recalled from nearly all sections of our Southland,
and “spring up as the deadly upas.”

There is a painful illustration of these terrible things
in an old Natchez (Miss.) Courier of February 18, 1867,
that happens to be at hand, copied from the Holly
Springs Reporter, which tells of an army of twenty
thousand at that place, under Gen. Smith, in August,
1864. A non-combatant, a worthy gentleman, lived
there, whose wife was so dreadfully ill of an incurable
malady that a shroud had been made for her burial, and
it was kept under her pillow, to be ready at her deat’a.
Some Federal soldiers in search of plunder entered the
sick-room and rudely took her off the bed and laid her
on the floor, that they might search the bed for valua-
bles. They found the shroud, and it attracted their
special attention. They inspected it thoroughly, ma-
king most profane and jesting remarks, and one of the
fiends put it on over his uniform and yelled and danced
around the room in it. Afterward they tore it into
shreds and decorated themselves by putting the strips
on their hats and clothes, all the time yelling like de-
mons. The horrid shock was too much for the frail
constitution of this Southern lady, and the next day,
without her beautiful shroud, she was buried in her
mother earth, and her soul doubtless entered into a
“peace that passeth understanding.”

The Veteran would heal all wounds as effectively as
possible. For the good of the country in the coming
years it chooses to record the pleasant things, but jus-
tice demands that much consideration be had for those
who suffered as did the family of this poor woman, if
they refuse to exult in these comminglings.

Let us in this connection revert to the deportment of
the Confederate army under Gen. Lee when it invaded
Pennsylvania, and consider the contrast.

The fact that the Veteran has entered its sixth year
without a known unkind criticism creates intensest de-
sire to continue to the end in so upright and patriotic
a manner as to have mankind North and South say:
“Well done!” The cooperation of gallant men who’
fought throughout the war to perpetuate the Union and’
now honor Confederates as patriots and heroes argues
more for the future of oui great country than is us. ally
appreciated, and the Veteran ‘will do all in its power
to honor them and to strengthen the Union for which
they risked their lives ; but nothing under the sun can
induce it to ignore the consideration for noble people
of the South who were robbed and insulted without
ever having done aught to induce the villainy.

Confederate l/eterao



An officer who served in the Union army possesses
the flag from which this picture is engraved. He
would like to return it, and makes inquiry through the
Veteran. He writes that it was captured by the Sec-

ond Brigade. Second Division, Army of the Cumber-
land, at Rockwell. Ga., during the Atlanta campaign.
The words under “( iwinnette Cavaliers” are “I lur
State and Union,” and in the columns, •’Wisdom. Jus-
tice, Moderation.” Write the Veteran.


John W. II. Porter, a comrade of Stonewall Camp
Confederate Veterans, writes from Portsmouth. Ya.:

On page 561 of the November number of the Vet-
eran are published certain statistics purporting to give
the strength of the Confederate armies January I, 1864.
and the number of men paroled April 9, 1865, and
among them I find the following: “The largest mus-
ter-roll of the Confederacy for troops ready for duty
at any one time was on January 1, 1864 — 472,781.”

There is a difference of more than 250,000 between
this and the Confederate official reports. According
to those reports. Gen. Lee began the campaign in Vir-
ginia in 1864 with 64.000 men of all arms, and was re –
enforced before the army reached Petersburg by Pick-
ett’s Division, 5.000; Breckinridge’s command, 2,200;
Hoke’s Brigade of Early’s Division, 1,200; and by
Hoke’s Division, 5.500 — making a total of 77,900. In
addition to these there were in the valley a force of
3,000 men composed of regular troops, the Virginia
Military Institute cadets, and home guards, for the de-
fense of Lynchburg, thus making the total force in Vir-
ginia of all kinds and conditions 80,900. Breckinridge
joined after the battle of New Market, and the com-
mands of Pickett and Hoke took part in the defeat of
Butler at Drcwry’s Bluff, and their losses in that en-
gagement are included in this report.

Gen. Johnston had with him at Dalton at the begin-
ning of that campaign 45.000 men, and was rcenforced
bv Polk’s Corps of 14,200 men from near Vicksburg
and 4,000 cavalry, making a total of 63,200. He was
subsequently rcenforced by 3,000 Georgia militia under
Gen. G. W. Smith, thus swelling his army to 66.200.

Gen. Kirbv Smith’s official report gives the total
present for duty west of the Mississippi — in Arkansas,

Louisiana, and Texas — at 18.180 infantry, 10.000 cav-
alry, and 2,000 artillery — in all, 30,1?

These were all the troops the l onfederacy had in the
field in 1804. except tin detached cavalry commands
of Forrest and Morgan and the garrisons of .Mobile,
Savannah, Charleston, and Wilmington, with a few
scattered battalions here and there on outpost duty. I
am sure 30,000 would be an overestimate for them all.
Now ht us add tin si together:

Under ( ien. I .ee, in Virginia 80,900

Under 1 ien. Johnston, in » ieorgia 66,200

Under Gen. Smith, in Trans-Mississippi. 30,180

\l other posts 1 if duty 30,000

Total 207,280

As these figures are taken from the official reports ■ !
the Confederate commanders, and are -‘05.000 below
tin’ statistics compiled (or the Veteran, it is incum-
bent upon the compiler to state in what part of the I
federacy those men were doing duty.

The state -incut also that there were 174,223 Confed-
erate soldiers paroled April 9, 1865. is very misleading.
Below I give you the total number of Confederal” – in
the field who were surrendered then and subsequent to
that date, taken from tin most reliable souri

l’.\ Gen. 26,000

Bv Gen. Johnston 27,500

By Gen. Taylor 10,000

1 \y Gen. Jones 8,000

By Gen. Thompson 7-454

By ( ‘.en. Smith 20,000

Total 98.954

( >f course there were a number of civilians who :
1I1. oath after the surr “it they should not be

counted as soldiers.


The Sioux City (Iowa) Journal states:

The organization of the Confederate Veterans’ Em-
ployment Bureau in New < Means indicates the ear-
nestness of the Southern people in their efforts to care
For the broken and aged veterans who served in the
Southern arum s. In some states pensions are pro-
vided for the dependent ex-Confederates, but the mea-
ger revenues of the states makes this but a partial rem-
edy for the unfortunate situation. The veterans are
growing old and are being crowded out of the offices
and workshops b\ younger men. hence the organiza-
tion of this association or bureau in New Orleans to as-
sist them to bread-earning positions.

Hon. John M. Thompson, living in the vicinity of
where the battle of Nashville was fought, states that
last summer Mr. L. G. Puckett. of Winchester, Ind..
was at his home. When looking over the battle-field
of the second day’s fight around Nashville, in 1864,
Mr. Puekett said he was in the last charge made
against our lines on that day, and that he had in his
possession a dinner-bucket taken from a battery sta-
tioned about two hundred yards west of the Franklin
pike. He would like to return the bucket. It has the
name of the captain of the battery on it.


Confederate .


Mrs. Kate Lee Shaw Nichols, a daughter of one of
Forrest’s soldiers, gives the following as literally true:

A sultry August noon, with the sun’s piercing rays
beaming down upon two little figures trudging up a
long, dusty lane.

“Somehow it seems awful far to-day, Milly. May-
be, though, it’s because I have such a headache.”

“Hurry on, Mary; we’ll soon be there. Just think
how hungry sister must get waiting for her dinner!”

They quickened their footsteps, and soon reached a
stone stile leading into a cool, shady yard, in the cen-
ter of which stood a low, rambling log house, with here
and there a room added to suit the fancy of its owner.

When they entered the front room a scene of disor-
der and confusion confronted them. It was plain that
something had happened, for there on the lounge lay
Aunt Amelia, sobbing and muttering incoherently.
Between her disjointed sentences and outbursts a
vague fear seized the children, until they asked in one
breath: “Where is George, Aunt Amelia? ”

“Those vagabond Yankees took him off to Carthage
a little while ago. Oh, dear me! I know that Miss
Sallie will be heart-broken when she hears of it.”

Mary and Milly exchanged glances. A fixed deter-
mination suddenly filled the hearts of both little girls.

Seizing their pink sunbonnets and darting out of the
door, they called back to the dazed old woman: “Tell
sister we’ve gone for George.”

In vain she called after them as they sped out the
back gate and through the orchard. On through the
meadow into the stubble-field ran the panting children,
oblivious of briers or stubble. They knew that the
road wound around many a broad acre, and, if their
strength did not fail them, they could, by going
through, overtake the Federal cavalry before they
reached the main Carthage pike. Once they paused
when a vicious dog pursued them into a yard, where
they sought refuge upon an ash-hopper. The noise of
the clattering boards and the shrieking children
brought the owner to the door in time to witness a
ludicrous scene. Perched upon one corner of the di-
lapidated hopper was a brave little creature, with one
arm clasped tightly around the smaller and younger
sister, while with the disengaged hand she hurled clods
of hardened ashes at their pursuer, and at intervals
wailed: Oh, do come and take your dog away! for
we’re in a dreadful hurry.”

Released from their embarrassing position, they fled
without any intelligible explanation. They soon spied
blue uniforms mingled with the dust in the distance.
Nearer and nearer they drew, until Mary waved her
bonnet aloft. The captain drew rein, as did the entire

company, and awaited the approach of the flushed littU
girls. They clambered over the fence, and, walking
up to the foremost man, Milly asked timidly : “Are you
the captain, sir? ”

The surprised officer answered in the affirmative.

“Then, sir, do, oh, please do, give us back George!”

A magnificent bay, bearing a ruddy-faced Dutch-
man, nickered at the sound of his name and sight of
those children.

Not waiting for a reply, the quavering little voice
hurried on: “Oh, sir! he was the only horse we had,
and we would miss him like he was one of our family.”

Mary stole to the horse’s side, and, fastening her fin-
gers in his dark mane, she looked up with eyes full of
pitiful entreaty. “Oh, Mr. Captain, do let us take him
back home, for we do love him ever so good.”

In a few polite phrases the young officer tried to ex-
plain that all such captures became Gen. Payne’s.

“But, oh, sir, just think how your own little girls at
home would feel if some big, strange men were to take
away their own dear horse! ”

The man’s face softened as he turned to the glower-
ing Dutchman and said in a low, imperative tone:
“Dismount, and give that horse to these children!”
Then, alighting himself, he took a blanket from under-
neath his own saddle, and. placing it on George, prof-
fered to assist the happy children in getting up.

What a glad pair they were returning home!

Dr. S. H. Stout, Cisco, Tex.:

After Sherman’s march from Memphis to the relief
of Chattanooga, in the fertile valley of Elk River, his
column having subsisted upon the country through
which it passed, many families were destitute of pro-
visions. The guards left to protect the bridge over
Elk River, on the line of the Nashville and Decatur rail-
road, depended upon foraging parties to procure their
subsistence. These parties had so repeatedly called
at Mrs. Dr. Upshaw’s, a mile or two south of the
bridge, that her supplies were reduced so low as to
threaten starvation. She saddled her pony and rode
alone to the headquarters of the colonel commanding
at the bridge, and told him in a polite and bland man-
ner that it was her wish that he would send a couple of
wagons to her house and get the rest of her provisions,
as she was tired of the daily visits of his foragers;
her husband being away from home, she always felt
alarmed when they came there.

The colonel expressed his pleasure at so frank an
offer, pronouncing the policy she was pursuing the
best that could be adopted by all the Rebel families in
the neighborhood. The next day he sent a commis-
sioned officer in charge of a detail of men with two
wagons to Mrs. Upshaw’s. The lady politely con-
ducted the officer to her smoke-house and corn-crib
and through every apartment in her dwelling. No-
where did he find a pound of meat or a dust of meal
or flour. Going to the kitchen, she directed the men
to put a single shoulder of bacon and a bushel of corn
stored there — all the provisions she had in the world —
in their wagons. Turning to the officer, she said:
“Now, Captain, you have seen all that is left, and have
it in your wagons ; please notify the fact to your colonel,
and tell him I hold him to his promise not to permit his
foraging parties to come here again.”

Qoofederate l/eterai},


Instead of the colonel being offended, he chival-
. rously “took in” the lady’s condition, and ordered one
of the wagons full-laden with provisions to return to
Mrs. Upshaw’s with his compliments and the assur-
ance that should she at any future time be destitute of
provisions, upon notifying him of the fact, she should
be supplied. The colonel put a restraint upon indis-
criminate foraging, and afterward had little difficult)
in procuring supplies for his command from those in
the vicinity who had a surplus.

It was after this period that Sherman said that a
crow could not find sufficient food in that section.

S. F. Thomas, Commander of Alexander Young
Camp, U. C. V., Frederick. Md. :

In the October Veteran an article appears under
the caption of “Daughters of the Confederacy in Mary-
land,” in which the writer states that “in all the South-
ern States the Confederate dead lie in scattered graves
and villages” and that “in Maryland they have all been
brought to Baltimore by the Army and Navy Society,
C. S. A., and laid in the large Confederate burial-lot of
Loudon Park.”

Allow me to say that in Mount ( )Hve1 Cemetery,
Frederick, Md., repose the remains of about three hun-
dred Confederate soldiers who fell in the memorable
battle of Mono-
c a c y Junction,
about three miles
from our city,
each grave sur-
mounted by a
marble tomb-
stone, upon
which is in-
scribed, wher-
ever possible,
the deceased’s
name, address,
and regiment
under which he
served. There
are m a n y un-
known dead, of
whom no infor-
mation could be
secured. Facing
the long row < if
the soldier dead

in “God’s Acre,”
a noble monu-
ment rears its massive form to the sky, and stands as a
silent sentinel over the humble last resting-places of
those who gave their lives for the cause the} believed
to be jusl and right. This monument is in the form of a
private i onfederate soldii r standing at parade-rest, and
is a beautiful specimen of the sculptor’s art. It. to
gether with the front stones to the graves, was pur-
chased and erected by the loyal women of this city and
vicinity, and speaks volumes for the longevity of that
sympathj ami devotion for the South and its Lost cause
that is characteristic of its champions of both sexes in
every state of the Union. I enclose herewith a photo-
graph of the monument to go with the description.
I Miring the last few years we have organized and

maintained a camp known as Alexander Young Camp
No. 500, U. C. Y.. which numbers forty-five member-.
The graves and monument have been turned ovi
our charge, and we and our friends meet in Jun
each year and strew tin gi our comrades with

flowers and see that everything is in good condition.
The camp also meets on the 19th day of January annu-
ally, and celebrates with appropriate ceremonies the
birthday of our great general. Robert E. Lee.

J. E. Preston likes the words “heroic cure for chills.”

In the November number 1 1897) °f tne Veteran I
find two stories under the same heading in substance
as above. I believe my story (which is true) will cap
the two referred to. On the _• 1st and 22<i of Novem-
ber, 1861, the Seventeenth Alabama was encamped
near the navy-yard, about seven or eight miles below
Pensacola, Fla., and about one and one-half miles in
rear of Fort Barancas and other Confederate forts and
sand batteries, when the celebrated fight took place be-
tween Fort Pickens, on Santa Rosa Island, and two
navy ships (Federal). The ammunition of the Feder-
als was evidently faulty, because not one-half of the
shells thrown from Pickens and the two vessels ex-
ploded. Hundreds of the Yankee shells passed over
the forts and fell in and near our camp, and did no
damage, not exploding. A few days after the fight
the Eighth Mississippi (I think it was the Eighth), Col.
Chalmers (afterward general) commanding, was as-
signed to camps adjoining our regiment. Many of
them were suffering from chills. The surgeon made
the usual prescription in such cases, and suggested to
the messmate of one of the sufferers to heat a rock
and place it at the feet of the sufferer about the hour
the chill usually came on. The messmate could not
find a rock, but he found one of those unexploded, in-
nocent-looking, ten-inch Yankee shells, and rolled it
into the fire. After he thought it was hot enough he
rolled it into the sick man’s tent, raised the blankets,
and carefully placed it against his feet, and took his
seat near his friend. In a few minutes or seconds a
tremendous explosion took place. The whole camp
was aroused. Result: A demolished tent, the patient
lying about tin feel from where tin tent had stood, his
blankets on lire, .-md hi- friend, trying to stand up
claiming: “Have the Yankees opened fire again?”
Strange to say, neither of these good Mississippians
was much hurt, but it is certain that the sick man had
no more chills while the regiment remained in Florida.

\ month or so after this this regiment was ordered
to join the army either in Virginia or Tennessee, for
more active fields of usefulness in the cause we lo

The Howitzer Battery, of Richmond, Va., which has
long been the most prominent mriitarv organization in

the stale, will soon make a change in uniform from the
present blue and red to (“onfederate gray. The (
ernor has given his approval for this change. The
Howitzer Battery has a war record of which any mili-
tary 1 irganization might be proud, and it will be a pleas-
ant sight to the old members to see the company ap-
pear in the familiar gray. Capt. John A. Hutcheson
is now commander of the battery.


Qoofederate l/eterar;



The Veteran’s request for a naval reminiscence
conjures up the summer of 1861 and the pomp and
circumstance of its battles. Being too young, I was
refused membership in the Washington Artillery, so
the navy was the
only service for the
eldest of eight chil-
dren, born in New
Orleans. My father
invoked the kindly
aid of Gen. David
E. Twiggs, our
summer neighbor
at Pascagoula and
friend for many
winters in the Cres-
cent City. It was
not a trivial thing
for the General to
interview brave
Hollins in my be-
half. Gen. Twiggs
had served in tin-
war of 1812 and
under Jackson in
Florida. He was in
his seventy – first
year, and he had to
climb the Custom-
House stairs many
times for me. Al-
though second to
Gen. Scott in com-
mand of the nation-
al army, he cast his fortunes with his native Georgia.
He served under Gen. Taylor, winning distinction at
Point Isabel, and commanding the right wing at Palo
Alto and Resaca de la Palma. A sword from Con-
gress and a major-generalcy interpret Twiggs at Mon-
terey. He was then ordered to Gen. Scott’s line at
Vera Cruz in 1847. Fighting at Cerro Gordo, Gen.
David E. Twiggs planned the attack, and, storming
with his divisions the enemy’s position, carried the
main height. It is but little known that during the fa-
mous times of nullification in Charleston, S. C. (1832),
President Jackson ordered to that city, in support of
the Federal authority, Gen. Twiggs, Joseph E. John-
ston, with others, and that the war-ship “Natchez,”
sent to that harbor, was “executed” by the future ad-
miral, Lieut. David G. Farragut. It was no ordinary
sacrifice my father asked of him to climb those Cus-
tom-House stairs, and I can now appreciate that serv-
ice by one who had served in Florida in Jackson’s day.

The General sent over the gunboat “Oregon,” Capt.
A. L. Myers, the first armed vessel’s deck I had walked.
It was a bright day to run by Ship Island, where 1
saw at the foot of that spot of history the reconstruc-
tion of the uncompleted fort, Massachusetts (now
wearing the name of Twiggs). The run through the
Rigolets was a swift one, and Fort Pike made a deep
impression on my young mind. The General passed
away during the next year, at the Georgia homestead,
where he was born seventy-two years before.

“^^►.Wl^lW p *)A

Readers of the Veteran can picture me in my teens
learning from my father that the General called by
the store in his barouche, saying: “Tell George he can
pack his valise.”

The Commodore said: “I’ll send you over to the
station in Berwick’s Bay and have Lieut. Shepperd put
you under Lieut. Cenas to work you into shipshape
aboard the ‘St. Mary.’ Give my regards to the Gen-

I hopped down-stairs and made my way to his res-
idence to thank the stout old warrior for his aid, when
he bade me keep a journal and to have something in
it tip-top for his perusal. ” God bless you, George, and
keep you steadfast to the end! ”

I reported at Berwick’s Bay, some eighty miles west
by rail from New Orleans. Lieut. Francis E. Shep-
perd commanded the station, aboard the “Mobile;”
and, reporting to him, I was sent for duty to the “St.
Mary,” Lieut. Hilary Cenas. There was so much
business and scholarship and simple manners in Lieut.
Shepperd that I remember him to this day with fond
admiration. He was the first captain of the “Virgin-
ius” steamer, and it was a bold and graceful act when
he took leave of her in Caribbean waters. Lieut. Hila-
ry Cenas, of New Orleans, was a graduate of the naval
academy in 1859, serving two years before he joined
his fortunes with his native state. Lieut. Shepperd
was a North Carolinian, and was an instructor in the
academy when Lieut. Cenas graduated.

The “Mobile and the “St. Alary” were given the
duty of patrolling the waters of the Atchafalaya to the
gulf, and our cruising-ground stretched from Caillou
Bay at Last Island, on the east, to Sabine Pass, on the
west. As the “St. Mary’s” draft was two feet less than
the “Mobile’s,” we had the most of the run. There
was the blockading fleet, barred by their enormous
weight, from running close into shore. We saw one
to three or four of these vessels keeping watch of the
coast night and day.

The “Mobile” was a propeller, with crew of sixty
men. She had four guns, a bow and a stern, and two
broadside guns; while the “St. Mary” had but two
“pivots,” a breech-loading rifle forward, and a thirty-
two pounder rifle aft, with a crew of forty men. The
military importance of this station consisted chiefly
in being the channel of the supply of Texas beef cattle,
and there was a supply of fuel for the steamers, over
sixty thousand barrels of coal, lying in the yards. The
swampy shores around this station of ours afforded
fine “stomping-ground” for wild cattle, and among my
earliest forays in the service was the chasing and shoot-
ing a wild steer through the caney thickets. The steer
came at me active voice, imperative mode, present
tense; but the end of all was peace — excellent piece of
beef for our vessel. Lady Brashear, owner of much
of this region, had, with great public spirit, given us
permission to shoot all that were needed to supply the
“Mobile” and the “St. Mary,” but enjoined us to re-
port the number thus disposed of.

The authorities had located Forts Berwick and
Chene in commanding position — Fort Berwick about
four miles from Brashear City. The former was quad-
rangular-shaped, with earth parapets five feet high,
with the rear protected by palisades seven feet in
height. This fort had a moat six feet wide in front

(^opfederate Veterai)


and three feet in rear, and was loop-holed for musketry.
The garrison contained a company of infantry and one
of sappers and miners. Four twenty-four pounders
and one thirty-two pounder rifle gun were mounted in
front. Fort Chene was much like Fort Berwick, but it
had only one company of infantry and four twenty-four
pounder pivots. Lieut.-Col. Edward Fry commanded
these forts.

We had a favorite anchorage at Shell Island, fifteen
miles from Brashear City, at the junction of the main
Atchafalaya channel and Shell Island Bayou. We had
at high water nine feet on the Atchafalaya bar and
never less than four feet on the bayou. As yet no fort
had been placed on Shell Island.

After counting the hazard of hunting those wild
bayou cattle in the thickets— tierce as the famous
white cattle of Scotland — we next estimated the dan-
ger of being tired on by the guns of the blockading
fleet. The length of our patrolling was great for one
vessel to bear the chief burden; but the “St. Mary”
rejoiced in a commander perfectly at home in these
waters and vers, d in the coast-line of Caribbean waters
and always in the heartiest humor, wdiatever the obsta-
cle, lie protected with his guns the erection of two

r r

thirty-two pounders at Grand Caillou, and made a
speech to the two rom panics in their new quarters.

( In the third week’s run we lay the “St. Man ‘•’ one
night along the north shore of Last Island, deep in the
shadow eif oaks, while anticipating a party of boat
raiders from the blockade fleet. The enemy didn’t
come. I suppose because we wanted him to wade in.

Among the charts and sketch-maps of my profu-
sion, packed up in 1863 to follow me to the Confederate
States naval school on James River, was my first
drafting — a little survey of Last Island, where two
nights wire spent awaiting attack of boats from the
blockade fleet. 1 had letters from Lieut. Shepperd to
the able chief of astronomv. navigation, and surveying.
a noble ( ieorgian. My folks at home gave me a tragic
account of the devastation of Last Island in August,
1856, over two hundred lives stated to have been lost.

\t this day, three dozen years after. I recall the
pleasure of my first furlough, though one day only was
accorded me. I reached New Orleans in the night,
and the cathedral loomed grandly in the moonlight,
and sonic of the brilliance tipped the bronze horseman,
throwing expression, a- it were, into his stern vis

This replica of the grand equestrian statue in Lafayette
Park, fronting the White House, of Washington City,
attracted me as 1 speeded, light of heart and light-foot-
ed, homeward bound. 1 spent that memorable day in
the Crescent City. To a lad fresh from grammar-school
the hero of New * Irleans was a living image, and his
defense of my native city in 181 5 a reality based on
boyish enthusiasm. It was not long before the bronze
of rearing charger and horseman saluting with his
chapeau vanished, and the charm of gentle smiles and
loving words and tendercst embraces fell to the lot of
(lie sailor lad, and my sleep was long and sweet.

I started out next morning to make the most of the
day. The “McRae” was lying in the river off Canal
Street, and 1 went aboard to see my schoolmate, Mid-
shipman Sam Blanc. 1 te introduced me to the versa-
tile Mississippian, Lieut, (.’hades W. Read, the 1
utive officer of the “McRae.” The “McRae” was a
propeller of about six hundred tons, bark-rigged, and
mounted six thirty-two pounders, one nine-inch Dahl-
green gun on pivot, ami one twenty-four pounder
brass rule, also on pivot, making in all eight guns.
After examining this armament I was present
Commander Thomas B, linger. This representative
of the old navy had just returned from the Mediterra-
nean, where he had served on the first cruise of the
“Iroquois.” A quarter of a century had been spent by
him in the United States Navy.

There w sk surprise party that night at the

residence of Mrs. Alfred k n 1’rytania Si

We “dressed to kill,” wearing masks, but in full uni-
forms, not knowing “who was who.” My sister Sa-
rah paid me marked attention. Fortune favored auda-
cious Sam. and, strange to say, Delphine Blanc felt it
to be her bounden duty to render to my brother offi-
cer lur regards for the uniform. “Tin Way We Have
111 the Navy” was sung sweet ami low to him, all

of the strictly sisterly sentiment. Until the hour of
unmasking we two brethren had the rare felicity of
In ins; entertained by our respective siMcrs, and the
charm abides forever in the song:

‘Tis midnight hour, the moon shines bright,
The dewdrope blaze beneath her ray;

The twinkling stars their trembling light
Like beauty’s eyes display.

Then sleep no more, though round thv heart

Some tender dream may idlv play,
For midnight song, with magic art,

Shall chase that dream away.

I saw that my native city had derived an immense
wealth through the active cooperation of her best mer-
cantile leaders. The Mississippi Valley was consid-
ered the prize for which the war might well be w;
for its possession would decide the conflict; but who
could forsee the outcome of the civil war?

In the cabins of the “Mobile” and the “St. Mary”
I found, shortly after my return, that the comma
had studied the situation on strictly military principles.
They set down on a chart the lines of the defer
Xew Orleans, the greatest city of the I on)
Each had followed out the lines devised by them joint-
lv. using needles with colored wax heads. Tt was well
understood that Vicksburg would be the great center,
should New 1 irleans fall into Federal hands.
Moore, of Louisiana, was advised by telegram from


Confederate l/eterar?

Hon. John Slidell, January 10, 1861: “The danger is
not from St. Louis, but from sea.” The warning of
Commodore Hollins extended to the authorities at
Richmond: that the enemy would approach through
the 1 ‘asses, rather than from above the city. This had
occurred to Lieuts. Shepperd and Cenas. It is the in-
evitable that happens to Anglo-Americans; the unex-
pected in the world of Frenchmen. Four days now
had rolled by with their watch and routine work when
news came that Farragut had “slided” over the bar,
and the prophecy of the brave Hollins had come to
pass : that Farragut had come to the Passes. Prepara-
tions for “business” began from the hour the enemy
opened fire upon the lower forts, Friday, April 18.
Farragut had years before touched at one of these
forts, coming as a voyager on a vessel laden with
bricks to be laid in its walls. Shepperd and Cenas
were ordered to take both steamers “as fast as engines
can paddle” into the Mississippi, and ascend the Yazoo
before Foote could get down or Farragut get up and
make a junction against us.

We set about reaching Plaquemine, on the right
bank of the Mississippi, one hundred and eleven miles
above New Orleans, a point which made the great sea-
port midway to the Passes, the same distance below.
The Atchafalaya and Plaquemine Bayous must be trav-
ersed. Said the two commanders: “Here is Farra-
gut to come up and Foote to come down the Missis-
sippi.” Said the gentle Shepperd: “We shall get up
into the Yazoo ahead of them. Once in the Yazoo
we’ll blow our big bazoo.”

A voyage of one hundred and fifty miles through
this region must be pioneered by our steamers. With
settlements and dikes and causeways of railroads, it
would be hardly’ possible for us to-day to reperform
this navigation. We sailed in at sundown, and now 1
can see the pine-knots blaze from the sheet-iron roofs
of both pilot-houses. Lieut. Shepperd set the “St.
Mary,” with her wheel-houses and lighter build and
draft, to lead. The Atchafalaya was so narrow that
cypresses and live-oaks in many places bent their
branches over the water till they interlocked hand-
somely. But the trained commanders shut their eyes
to mere picturesqueness the better to observe the time
for action. Now, in this threading the bayous, like
Porter and Sherman up the Yazoo, who encountered
resistance and who made military engineering reports,
we had the rare fortune to fight no enemy. During
all our traverses we never knew — that is, up to May 4
— that New Orleans passed on May 1 under command
of Gen. Benjamin F. Butler. Many times — so tortuous,
so doubled and twisted, snaking in and snaking out, was
our watery way — it was hard to know which boat was
leading. The “St. Mary” was a van-ner, that we
knew; but right over there, not two hundred yards off.
steers the “Mobile” away from us, with full three miles
intervening. We had to look keenly at the binnacle
lights to determine the true course we were running.
Hickory, sycamore, oak, magnolia, cypress, and Cot-
tonwood twine the drooping vines to the surface of the
stream, and to pass our side wheels we wielded the
keenest axes and the stoutest arms continuously. We
often skirted both banks with our wheel-houses, which
made it easy to step down and out of our boat to the
precarious foothold of the bayou. We had to stiffen

the spine of our smoke-slack, “substanehionate” our
hurricane deck, brace the pilot-hous,e, reset the paddles,
replank our wheel-houses now and then. On the third
day the “St. .Mary” had hove to to rig up new braces
for the prostrate smoke-stack, to keep it from going
overboard. Now and then we “dentisted” decaying
logs, snags from the mouth of the water. For some
miles we were making a road of corduroy, and the “St.
Alary” and her mate, “Mobile,” actually tried their
skating powers. For all this we expected that when
that flood of waters subsided and the cruel war was
over we would be remembered as heroes

In the days when we were pioneers, oh, fifty years ago!

With all the excitement and toil of day and night —
watch and watch — we had felt the isolation of this
gloomy region, shut off from the world and news.
Without news this world, you know, is all a fleeting
show. We hadn’t heard of our surrendered city just
at the time when our hearts were the sorest over her
fate. We were drawing nigh to the business of war.
As we drew nigh to the quaint, romantic village of
Plaquemine we gladly noted the first smoke spiraling

from her peaceful chimneys, getting ready for the
morning feast, and the clinkle, clankle, clinkle of the
bells of cattle in the thickets cropping the dew-
sprinkled herbage were musical — at least, till the charm
of voices reached our ears — after our solitary pilgrim-
age, progressing through dense, dark, swampy regions.
The “St. Mary” now let the “Mobile” precede her, and
both ships seemed to straighten up and roll along, feel-
ing already the propulsive power of the glorious king
of floods. Quaint and picturesque, this waterside
townlet captured our gaze. No telegrams at this
point, so we boatmen did not tarry. Lieut. Cenas
waved his gay cap and his features brightened. “Hur-
rah! we’ve beat the Yanks! We’ve axed and sawed
and planed our way, traveling toward the “Arkansaw.”
I say, Frank, and gentle shepherd of my soul, we’re De
Sotos now. We’ve discovered the Mississippi, and
we’re ready for the enemy.”

We were now rolling northward, and we exulted;
yet we saw the lessening town-picture with regret. Its
picturesqueness has not been forgotten through all
these five and thirty years. I had never been so far
north of my native New Orleans, and I sighed for
home and kindred. But the sigh arose from the en-

C^opfederate Ueterap.


trancing notes of the mocking-bird’s “singing all the
day.” The majestic King of Floods rolled our ships
like a sea. The boom of a crevasse just above Baton
Rouge startled us as if Foote or Farragut had opened
their cannonade upon us. The suction was tremen-
dous, and many a stouter craft than ours has had to
strain fearfully to escape from the vortex.

As a voyager on the Mississippi for the first time,
I found much of interest. On each side were wide
clearings, on which were mansions of many rich plan-
tations, bordered by swamps covered with cypress
trees and lying lower than the river. The Mississippi,
[ike the Nile, was now running upon a ridge, the
ground sloping gently to these mi Tasses.

The little obscure post village, Hickey’s Landing —
Port Hudson, as it is known to fame equal with \
burg— loomed off our starboard bow about nine
o’clock, with the moon struggling behind cloud banks
like a ship striving with wave and weather. 1 hardly
knew the name Port Hudson as yet, the steamboat
landing being the ruling word. There was something
about the distant eminence and the bends of the mighty
river on either shore that caught my fancy as 1 stood
the watch. My commander joined me suddenly and
addressed me rather gravely. Replying kindly to my
questions and making clear in his happiest vein, Lieut.
Cenas added: ” I guess, Waterman, we’ll have a chance
in a few days or this summer to make things lively;
and you may find something yet for our mutual friend,
Gen. Twiggs, if the old gentleman is alive now over
there in Georgia. So keep notes for your journal. I
had to do it in my middy days, but it was over in

This landing commanded the mouth of Red River,
where many thousand head of beef-cattle must be
brought for our use, as well as for other forces toward
the Atlantic. The distance we now had covered from
Plaqucminc (one hundred and eleven miles above New
Orleans) to Port Hudson was one hundred and fiftv
six miles, and we had yet to make one hundred and
ninety-eight miles to strike the burg of Yick, below
the mouth of the Yazoo.

Fort Adams is a civic namesake of a bright little
landing-town. It has its historian romancer. The
hero Lieut. Nolan. U. S. A., was tried by a court mar-
tial at Fort Adams in 1807, and heard by chance of the
siege of Vicksburg. As Nolan has been around the
world years behind the times, he wonders if this can
be the little burg of Old Man Yick he used to know.
The name of the novel is: “The Man without a Coun-
try.” For six and fifty years he had been an exile,
kept within a hundred miles of the coasts of the United
States, and died at sea the day before the battle of
Raymond, Miss., on the nth of May, 1863.

With all our military glances, we didn’t lose sight
of our coal-bunkers: for was not Farragul hastening
up the river after us and Foote heading down our way?
It was 11 a.m. when we reached Natchez, the trees
abloom and shaking off their shiny mantles. Here
we learned details from the naval station at New Or-
leans of the military situation. Letters awaited us from
home, with deep gloom, of course, reflected from even’
epistle. The city had passed under the caintrol of Gen.
P.. F. P.utler on the 1st of May. My mother wrote- me
of the fall of the city, virtually announced. “Farragut

has passed Forts Jackson and St. Philip!” — given by
strokes of the church-bells. While all the bells did
lay and cleric service for the city, the splendid-toned
St. Patrick’s was chosen for this event — twelve belis
inuous. Standing near the foot of Julia Street,
•my mother witnessed the Federal fleet come to anchor
off the city and saw the burning wreck of the ironclad
“Mississippi” drift helpless and abandoned past the
victorious ships. There was a distant view of the still
blazing levee, with its cotton, rice, sugar, molasses, and
coal still smoldering, despite the rain, and these rising
columns of smoke cast a pall over the melancholy scene.
“Natchez the Beautiful” wears the name given her
by the most famous write] oi I issippi Riv<

Xatchez-on-top-of-thc-hill — himself a waterside char-
acter of Missouri. It is singular wdiat a fane
“Natchez” as a title the owners of steamboats have.
Nine lives — nine individual boats equal a cat’s life —
have registered “Natchez.” The United States Gov-
ernment was fascinated, too, as bad as a steamboat
company. In 1832 the sloop-of-war “Natchez” laj 111
Charleston harbor. Then there floated a famous
” Natchez” whose commander was a waterside charac-
ter, Capt. Robert Waterman (kinsman of mine), who
built her in New York City in 1836 to ply between that
ambitious suburb of Natchez and the home station.
“It is the farthest point to the north at which oranges
ripen in the open air and endure the winter without
shelter.” But Natchez-under-the-hill is still small,
straggling, and shabby, and the most celebrated river
writer and pilot goes farther, and says : ” Baton Rouge
is not on a hill, but only on high ground.”

My commander’s cousin welcomed the quartette
from the two ships anchored at the wharf — the two
commanders and the junior midshipmen. Sparks and
Waterman. The banquet was of France Frenchy, and
hearty enjoyment was unbroken from 1 to 4
Baton Rouge had a foundry within her corporate
limits busy running out cannon-balls. As coal is con-
traband of war as much as guns, horses, or gunpowder,
and quite scarce, the enemy will capture this. If now
any red-rag flaunting takes place in Baton Rouge, and
the enemy seizes tin’ coal in the foundry, he will be
very apt to “confisticate” it. and then they will all pay a
big sum for a small bit of foolishness. Just receive the
officers who come ashore in Natchez as gentlemen on
duty, and you will find that the currency of good so-
ciety, pleasing ways, and kindly feeling, will be its own
reward. Vicksburg and Natchez are merely trading
towns as yet. You will find that fair dealing as to coal
or other prime necessities will be paid for in gold.
Now, my kind Aunt Euphrosyne, you read of King
David’s day in the Old Testament, when the g
temple was building, how there was “the gold for
things of gold.” The reader sees in the light of the
subsequent proceedings that flaunting a meaningless
flag for four days in New Orleans led to the hanging
of one man and the coming of Gen. Butler — King
Stork, instead of Admiral Farragut, King Log.
(Concluded next month.)

Gen. William R. Hamby, of Austin, Tex.: “Accept
congratulations on the excellent journal you are giving
us. It is an honor to the South, and should b<
pride of every ex-Confederate.”


Qopfederate .

J. E. Fore now lives at Riley, Ala. He enlisted as a
private in Company H. Forty-Second Alabama In-
fantry, May lb. [862. He was captured in the battle
at Corinth,’ Miss. He was in the siege of Vicksburg,
and afterward was in the battle on Lookout Mountain,
Term.; also in battles at Missionary Ridge and near
Dalton, Ga. Attacked by smallpox at Dalton, he was
not with the army again until at Marietta, but was in all
the battles of his” regiment from then until August 18,
1864. That night he and his brother, Thomas Fore,
were wounded through the legs by the same ball, while
facing each other, folding up their blankets, getting
ready for battle, as the enemy had made a night at-

Forty-Second Alabama Infantry.

Forrest’s Cavalry.

tack. When the pickets fired the two brothers rose to
their feet, each seizing the blankets to fold them up.
Mr. Fore writes: “My brother was at one end of the
pallet and I was at the other, he with his back to the
enemy. A ball struck him just below the knee and
passed through the calf of my leg; so we both fell al-
most instantly. We were sent to Griffin to the hos-
pital for treatment. My brother got a furlough and
went home, and was on his crutches about eight
months before he was able to use his legs. I was sent
to Macon, Ga., and on October 22, 1864, my leg was
amputated by Drs. Lipscomb, of Alabama, and Lee,
of Virginia. ‘ When Sherman’s army came through

Georgia I was sent to Cuthbert, where I remained till
March 10, 1865. I then g ot a furlough home.”

John F. Fore, Pine Apple, Ala., writes of Forrest:
I was mustered into service September 15, 1861, at
Montgomery, Ala. Our company was soon ordered
to Memphis, Tenn., and camped about four miles out
of town with a squad of cavalry commanded by N. B.
Forrest, who told us that he had orders to raise a regi-
ment, and we joined it. He had us drilled every day
for about a month, during which time several other
companies joined. There were five companies each
from Alabama and Tennessee, and known as Forrest’s
Cavalry; later it was ”Forrest’s Old Regiment.”

Our four days’ siege at Fort Donelson and the way
Forrest brought us out when the fort was surrendered
proved our merit as soldiers and his generalship.

During that campaign I was one of twenty-five men
selected to go down on the north and east side of
Cumberland River, under Capt. Bradshaw, as inde-
pendent mounted rangers, to watch the movements of
the Federals. On Saturday night, February 15, 1862,
we reached the ferry on the opposite side of the river
from Fort Donelson, and tried to get the ferryman to
put us across the river’ into the fort, but he refused to
do so; and it was lucky for us. About four o’clock
Sunday morning a man came to our camp, awoke us,
and said that Fort Donelson had surrendered, and that
we must flee for safety. We mounted, and left for
Nashville and farther south.

In the battle of Shiloh we did hard fighting. After
that Maj. D. C. Kelley took about two hundred men
and, leaving Corinth, went near the Tennessee River
to find out about the enemy. When we found them he
attacked them, although they were about eighteen
thousand strong. In a short time part of the command
was completely cut off. Coot Maxwell, F. M. Mc-
Kenzie, and I were the last to leave the battle-ground.
Maj. Kelley told us that we were cut off and to make
our way out. He sprang off on his big sorrel horse,
and we followed. We were shot at, but escaped un-
hurt. Maj. Kelley would fight with us when there was
fighting to do, and then preach to us at leisure hours.
He was a good and brave man.

We fell back from Corinth to Tupelo, where we re-
organized and enlisted for four years or during the
war. We were then ordered to Guntersville, Ala.
During the summer the Federals came up on the oppo-
site side of the Tennessee River and opened fire on
Guntersville, across the river, with their artillery. I
was ordered to take a posse of men out to a cross-roads
south of town (now known as Wyeth City), to keep the
enemy from coming into town on that side. The citi-
zens had to leave town during the fight. A lady was
brought through my lines who had been struck with a
cannon-ball. It was a horrible sight. Our men got on
an island in the river with their small guns and drove
the enemy back and held the town.

Later on Gen. Bragg started on his march into Ken-
tucky, and we were ordered to Chattanooga, where we
were made his advance-guard. Making our way to
the front, we drove the Federals into Nashville; then
we withdrew, went up the Cumberland River, and
forded it, keeping between the two armies until Gen.
Brao-g got ahead of the enemy, and then we became his





rear-guard. We had to keep a sharp lookout day and
night and had much skirmishing and some heavy fight-
ing. On one occasion we were crossing Green River
at Mumfordville and I was sent with a squad of men a
half-mile down the river to guard a ford to keep the
Federals from crossing and cutting off our forces at
Mumfordville. I held the ford until one regiment
crossed the river and opened fire upon us. I was then
cut off, if they had known it, but we got back without
the loss of a man or a horse. On another occasion, a
few miles south of Elizabethtown, Col. Wharton, who
was at that time colonel of the Texas Rangers, gave me
a posse of men, and told me to hold Red Mills until lie
released me; and if any Federal troops came down from
Elizabethtown, to report to him at once. He took his
regiment and fell in with Forrest’s Cavalry and went
back about a mile and attacked the Federal forces, and
held them in check until ( it n. Bragg moved on in the di-
rection of Louisville; but when I ol. Wharton fell back,
instead of returning by the Elizabethtown road, he
took the New Haven road, and left me to confront the
wnole Federal forces. 1 held my post until a blue
streak of Federal soldiers, four deep and half a mile
long, marched up to within about two hundred yards
of me. Col. Wharton had not sent any orders to me,
so I told my men that we would evacuate Red Mills
and make our way across the country to New Haven,
a distance of about ten miles. Before reaching that
point we had added to our squad until there were about
seventy-five. We made the trip without loss of men
or any damage and joined our old command at New
Haven. None of us were ever punished for disobey-
ing Col. Wharton’s orders in leaving Red Mills. I
never saw him afterward.

When we had reached Bardstown, Col. Forrest, for
his gallantry, received orders to go back to Murfrees-
boro, Term., and raise a brigade. We made one day’s
journey in that direction, passing through Springfield,
at which place I spent the last night that I camped out
during the war. Sunday, September 28, 1862, we
reached Lebanon. On that day and at that place I re-
ceived a wound in my foot, which caused my leg to be
amputated. That was a few days before tin- battle of
Perryville. After I received the wound Forrest stood
over me and made a speech, saying that I was one of
the first men that joined his regiment at Memphis, and
had always been true to him and to our Southern
cause; that he had seen me tried in many dangerous
conflicts, and always found me at the front. Turning
to some ladies who had gathered around me. he said to
them: “I am going to cell on you to volunteer. Who
among you will take this gallant young soldier to your
private home and take care of him till he gets well? ”
Three noble-hearted ladies responded at the same time,
claiming me for their guest. Col. Forrest then turned
to me, and asked me if I had any money. I told him
that I had but very little; and he took from his pocket
$25 and gave it to me, saying: “I give you this for
your gallantry. It will do to buy your tobacco till you
gel able to travel; then report to me, and T will give
j on a furlough home.” Gen. N. B. Forrest was one 1 if
the greatest and bravest men in the Southern army.
He was a tender-hearted man, though firm in all his
commands. The ladies who volunteered to take me
to their homes were Mrs. Judge Kavanaugh. Mrs.
Hood, and Mrs. Hogue. Mrs. Kavanaugh being the

first to send conveyance for me, 1 went with her. I
was placed under Dr. Shuck, who tried faithfully for
about a month to save my foot, but failed. Then Drs.
Braidy anil Morris, of the Northern army, took charge
of me and treated me kindly and successfully. On
< Ictober 24, [862, my leg was amputated. 1 remained
with Mrs. Judge Kavanaugh till January 14, 1863; then
reported to the Federal authorities, who sent me to St.
Louis, Mo., and kept me till .April. 1 was very will
treated while in the Northern prison, and made friends
everywhere 1 traveled. I was scut from St. Louis to
City Point, Ya., and exchanged about the 1st of May,
[863. Tims ended my war career.


Mr. W. K. Houghton, of Birmingham, writes a sug-
m and the commendation of it that comrad
reunions wear on their hats or some other conspicuous
place the number of their regiment. He stati

This would aid in recognizing comrades long parted.
So many have drifted from their former homes that
the name of the camp usually worn as badges furnish s
little aid in locating men whose features have been al-
tered by time.

This comrade puts on his letter: “Second Georgia.”

I ten. C. A. Evans, Commander of the Georgia Di-
vision, commends this, and will ask its promulgation
through Gen. Moorman, as well as this publication.
The Veteran for April, 1895, contained editorially:
nrades, receive and act upon this suggestion
fore going to Houston: Call at a printing-office in your
town or city and ask the printer to do you a 1
Tell him to give yon two or thru- cards 2×3 or 2×4
inches, and to print your name, company, and regi-
ment in the war on the top side, so it may be read
distinctly above the hat-band, and keep it in your hat
at Houston. A choice copy of the \ 1 n iiAN will lie-
sent to every printer who will do delegates this favor.
It is unnecessary to add brigade, division, etc. Don’t
fail to do this, and you will be gratified with the result.

This appeal met with response by many, as has been
seen at every I”. C. V. reunion since then.

Patriotic Deed of Roger Chew. — Mrs. Virginia
C. East, Charlestown. W. Ya., writes that in June, [861,
it became known that the troops under Gen. J. E.
Johnston, stationed at Winchester, Y’a., were in sore
need of ammunition. Powdir was abundant, caps
were being rapidly manufactured, but lead was exceed-
inglv scarce. This urgent need coming to the knowl-
edge of Mr. Roger Chew, a farmer residing near
Charlestown, he communicated with Gen.T. J. Jackson,
who had just succeeded Gen. Johnston in command of
the valley troops, and he sent a squad of soldiers and
four wagons to dig and convey to camp one-fourth
mile of lead piping, used to convey water to the house
and grounds. That Sabbath day was a busy one.
Finding the task beyond their powers, the laborers and
wagons of the neighborhood were pressed into service.
The precious metal was conveyed to camp and hur-
riedly molded. This same ammunition served a great
purpose in turning the tide of battle at the first Manas-
sas. It was used when Gen. T. J. Jackson was
to stand as a “stone wall.”


Qoofederate Veteran

David H. Moore, D.D., editor of the Western Chris-
tian Advocate, Cincinnati, who was lieutenant-colonel
of the One Hundred and Twenty- Fifth Ohio Volun-
teer Infantry, writes:

Dear Comrade Cunningham: Recalling our last inter-
view, in which our conversation was concerning a for-
mer not so pleasant acquaintance at the opposite ends
of smoking guns on Rocky Face Ridge, I will give you
briefly the story of the Rebel lead which, after having
passed downward through the face of one of my sol-
diers, and bearing with it the marks of his teeth,
brought up on my hip. The day before we had raced
for the crest of the hill, my regiment, the One Hundred
and Twenty-Fifth Ohio, with the First Wisconsin, I
believe. Honors were easy, although we were on the
summit long enough to get our breath before the stal-


wart Northwesterners made their appearance. Nor
did we meet with serious resistance. A volley or two,
which went high, was about all, until we reached the
top; then we suffered more. My losses were five
killed and nineteen wounded. But the next day, when
we had located your works farther along the ridge’s
crest, we speedily learned that you did not propose to
make us a present of the coveted position. All day
long we were hotly skirmishing. I remember writing
a letter to my wife under the protection of a tree which
was all too narrow for my comfort. Some of the bark
chipped off by your bullets I enclosed as a memento of
the occasion. Your works were strong, and built
where the ridge spread out fan-shaped, with the handle
of the fan toward us, and constituting the only means
of approach, barely wide enough for an advance in

column of fours; and in that formation four regiments
of our brigade charged. We were not the first regi-
ment. The Seventy-Ninth Illinois, the Sixty-Fourth
Ohio, and the Third Kentucky preceded us. It was
my first charge on a fortified position. Taking my
place as lieutenant-colonel side by side with Col. Op-
dycke (afterward major-general), I went in at the head
of my command. Remembering Lot’s wife, I never
looked back, but kept my eyes on the coveted position
in front. I must have been dazed, for I suddenly be-
came aware that there was no charging column be-
tween me and your works, and that a well-known and
valiant officer fanned my face as he made tracks past
me to the rear. Then I glanced over my shoulder, ex-
pecting to see my command at my back, and found that
I was going it alone. That was a critcal moment for
the Confederacy, for I was minded to take those works
alone; and yet a better thought led me to spare you
the great humiliation.

Fortunately, at this juncture I seemed to see a blue-
coat disappearing on my right oblique front over the
side of the ridge, and, following the example, executed
a right oblique in the same direction, and, leaping
down out of the range of your muskets, I found my-
self in the midst of the troops who had preceded my
regiment, together with not a few of my own men.
Col. Mcllvaine, of the Sixty-Fourth Ohio, was being
borne to the rear, mortally wounded, shot through the
abdomen; and, as the ranking officer on the ground, I
was in command. We were only partially sheltered,
and, pressing forward under cover of the rocks, we
succeeded in preventing a countercharge by your
troops; but the shoutings and banterings back and
forth between the opposing forces were something
amusing, had the situation not been so serious. Our
men were suffering quite severely; and, as I was giving
directions to those behind me, I felt the sharp sting of
a ball on my hip, and, whirling to the front, caught in
my arms the brave Corp. Calvin, of my regiment,
whose face had been pierced diagonally by a ball,
which ranged from below the brain on one side, and
had torn through his face and come out through his
jaw on the other side and struck me on the hip, bear-
ing with it the indentations of his teeth. He was a
noble soldier, and, cheering him as best I could, I sent
a comrade to help him to the rear, never expecting that
he could survive, but, to my great joy, he fully recov-
ered, and now files with my wife a claim to the bullet,
which he insists bears his stamp, although the nine
points of law, possession, are in my favor. It was a
hot place, reminding one of the darky refrain :

” Keep your eyes sot on the land of rest,
For hell is hotter than a hornets’ nest.”

Inside of three minutes thereafter I was hit by frag-
ments of balls in the breast and abdomen and had my
right coat-sleeve torn away by a Minie shot. Fortu-
nately for me, my belt, doubled back from the buckle,
gave the fragment which struck me in the abdomen a
glancing direction, so that it inflicted no damage be-
yond a flesh-wound. My regiment’s total loss on the
ridge was fifty-five.

That night, as I recollect, your men reconsidered
your purpose to hold the ridge, only to fall back to an-
other and stronger position, thus inaugurating that se-
ries of unparalleled struggles which has gone down in

Confederate Veterans


history as the ninety days’ battle. Your division was
almost constantly opposed to us during the Atlanta
campaign. So accustomed had we become to your
style of righting and to the vicious soprano of 3 1 iur
Minie balls and to the indescribable fury 1 if your battle-
shouts and charging-yells that it was lonesome when
by chance we struck a stranger foe. | I *r. Moore re-
fers to Cheatham’s Division. — Ed. ]

David E. Johnston, Bluefield, W. Va. :

In October last, after the lapse of thirty-five years,
I visited the battle-field of Sharpsburg in company with
(ien. Carman, of the Battle-Field Commission, and
Sergt. White, of the Twenty-Fourth Virginia Infantry.
Sergt. White and I went mainly to aid Gen. Carman in
locating tin positions occupied by the Seventh and
Twenty-Fourth Virginia Regiments during tin- battle
of the 17th of September, 1862.

The plan of that battle by Gen. Met lcllau was sub-
stantially similar to that adopted bj Gen. Lee in the
opening of the seven days’ battles around Richmond.
Lee crossed the Chickahominy beyond the Federal
right, withholding his center, and as the Federals were
driven down the Chickahominy threw forward his
right; and so Gen. McClellan, reversing the order of
things, crossed the Antietam beyond Lee’s left, with-
holding his center, and, as he pushed back Lee’s left,
threw forward his left, under Gen. Bumside. Lee’s
plan, like human plans sometimes do, succeeded: while
McClellan’s failed.

Since my visit I have often thought of doing what
every ex-Confederate should do: write something 0!
the part he took and what he saw in the battles in
which he was engaged, whereby much of the history
of the war between the states might be preserved.

In no great battle of that war was the disparity of
numbers more marked than in the battle of Sharps-
burg. and in none other were there greater prodigies
of valor performed by Confederate soldiers. Tin bal
tie of Sharpsburg was not a necessity on the part of
the Confederates, hut rather a gratuity. Harper’s Fer-
ry had been surrendered to Gen. Jackson early on
Monday morning. September 15. and the greater part
of the Confederate army was south of the Potomac,
while the remainder, immediately under Gen. Lee’s
personal direction, was concentrated at Sharpsburg,
only about three miles from the Potomac River, and
had ample time and ways to have crossed over at any
time before the morning of the 1 7th and draw P 1 el is r
concentration with that portion of the army under Gen.
Jackson, as well as to have secured the assistance of
several thousand men. who. on account of either sick-
ness or of being barefooted, had been left at Lccsburg
on our way across the Potomac, but had been sent for-
ward from there to Winchester. \idcd by these and
on Virginia soil, we should doubtless have gained a
great victory instead of having a drawn battle.

But is is not my purpose to write a criticism on the
battle, but more particularly to briefly discuss that por-
tion of it on the extreme right wing of the Confederate
army, and in which T was engaged.

As to the number engaged on each side, records dif-
fer quite materially. Gen. McClellan reported eighty-
seven thousand one hundred and sixty-four engaged

on the Federal side, and Gen. Lee reported that he had
less than forty thousand men engaged. Some Confed-
erate writers have placed the numbers as three to one
and some five to three, while on the Federal side it is
not generally admitted that such disparity existed.

When it is remembered that Gen army had

fought the seven days’ battles around Richmond and
the second .Manassas and Turner’s Gap, in which it
sustained heavy losses, it is not surprising that his bat-
talions had been reduced to less than fifl\ pei cenl ol
what they numbered when the series of battles began
around Richmond on May 31. At the second battle
of Manassas tin regiment to which 1 I 1, the

Seventh Virginia Infantry, Kemper’s Brigade, lost
about thirty-three per cent 1 if its numb, r, p igether w ith
its colonel, lieutenant-colonel, major, and adjutant, and
at the battles of Turner’s Gap and Sharpsburg was
commanded by Capt. Phil Ashby, of Culpeper County.

1 ‘n the morning of the 14th of September (Sum
our division, under Gen. Longstreet, was at II.,
town, Md. \ 1 >< 1 vi t 11 v.m. the long roll was sounded,
and we were soon in line and on the march to Turner’s
Gap, some fourteen miles distant, reaching there about
3 P.M. We marched to the right in the direction of
Cox’s Gap, and when about half-way up the moun-
tain we turned immediately to the left and into tin
turnpike road at the gap and moved forward up the
mountain to the left of the gap; and on reaching tin
top we found ourselves face to face with tin enemy.

On our march from the gap up the mountain wc
were subjected to a severe shelling from a Federal bat-
tery on our right rear, and had one man killed by a
shell. We must have reached the mountain-top about
4:30 P.M., and at once became hotly engaged with the
enemy, the tight continuing until long after nightfall,
when we withdrew to the turnpike and down to
Boonsboro. My company ( D) lost two killed. Si
wounded, and was reduced to thirteen muskets, and the
regiment to one hundred and seventeen.

We continued our march through Boonsboro and
Keedysville, crossing the Antietam and reaching
Sharpsburg about 10 A.M. on Monday, the 15th. The
brigades of Jenkins, G. T. Anderson, part of Toombs’s,
Garnett’s, Drayton’s, and ours (Kemper’s) were di
ployed on the range of hills to the east and southeast of
Sharpsburg, while Gen. Toombs, with two of the regi-
ments of his brigade, the Second and Twentieth Geor-
gia, and a battery of artillery, was sent to guard a
bridge across the Antietam, which was in our front
and near our right center. The afternoon of Monday
and the whole of Tuesday were spent by the armies in
preparation — the one for assault, the other for defense.

During all the day of Tuesday we were being shifted
about from place to place, never getting far away from
our starting-point, and during this marching ami coun-
termarching we were subjected to a most unmerciful
shelling from the Federal batteries across the river.

Gen. J. G. Walker’s Division, consisting of two bri-
gades, was withdrawn from the right and sent to the
left, and at an carlv hour on the morning of the 17th
Gen. G. T. Anderson’s Brigade was also sent to the
left, leaving alone Gen. D. R. Jones’s Division, com-
posed of Jenkins’. < iarnctt’s, Drayton’s. Kemper’s, and
Toombs’ Brigades, to hold the right and keep back
Burnside’s corps of fifteen thousand mi n.

From — or, even before — daylight on the T~th until


Qopfederate l/eterar?.

high noon the battle on the left center and extreme left
raged and swayed to and fro, with varying fortunes to
the combatants. About noon, or a few minutes there-
after, it was reported that Gen. Burnside’s troops were
pressing heavily against Gen. Toombs’s at the bridge,
and the Twenty-Fourth Virginia Regiment, with ours
(the Seventh, of Kemper’s Brigade), was detached and
sent some six hundred yards to the south and right of
the brigade, the Twenty-Fourth Regiment halting in
an open field some forty yards east of the Harper’s
Ferry road and just north of a narrow strip of corn
which ran from the edge of that road in a southeastern
direction and toward the forty-acre corn-field into
which the left wing of Harland’s Federal Brigade sub-
sequently charged. Our regiment took position at the
southeast edge of the narrow strip of corn referred to,
and, so far as we knew, we constituted the extreme
right of the Confederate army. No other Confederate
troops were in sight to our right.

Burnside did not succeed in forcing the passage of
the bridge until about I p.m., or a little later, and then
only after he had found a crossing lower down, by
which he was enabled to flank Gen. Toombs out of his
position in front of the bridge.

Toombs retired slowly, fighting all the while, and
taking advantage of the shape of the ground to cover
his troops from the fire of the enemy’s artillery.

It was past 3 p.m. when Gen. Burnside’s skirmishers
appeared in our front, and, meeting the fire of the
skirmishers of our brigade, posted in part behind a rail
fence at the base of the hill, they staggered, scattered,
and fell back out of sight. In a few minutes Burn-
side’s first line, composed, as it seems, of the brigades
of Fairchild and Harland, appeared on our front some
five hundred yards away, and our skirmishers opened
a rapid fire, which threw more than one of the Federal
regiments into some confusion, and their ranks became
broken and uneven, but they continued to advance at
a rapid pace. At this juncture our regiment, occupy-
ing an advanced position, was ordered to fall back some
two hundred yards into the Harper’s Ferry road, here
finding a lodgment behind an old board fence and em-
bankment and just south of the narrow strip of corn.
The distance between the left of our regiment and the
right of the Twenty-Fourth Virginia was about two
hundred yards, and that between its left and the Sev-
enteenth Virginia — the right regiment of Kemper’s
Brigade — was four or five hundred yards. The situa-
tion was grave indeed, and the outlook for a successful
issue of the battle was most unpromising to us.

In all the battles of the war in which I was engaged —
and they were numerous — never did I feel, not even at
Gettysburg, so much solicitude for the safety of our
army, for I knew that no help could be expected from
our left, as our troops on that part of the field had been
fought to exhaustion ; and there we stood, our division
covering nearly a mile of front and numbering not
exceeding two thousand muskets, to engage with a
force of fifteen thousand well-equipped and well-fed
men; while we had but little to eat, were almost naked,
and many were barefooted (myself among the number).
However, with proud, defiant spirits, with our mus-
kets and forty rounds of ammunition, we prepared for
the desperate’ conflict. It was near 4 p.m. when por-
tions of Gen. Rodman’s Federal Division crowned the
heights, meeting at some points severe resistance.

When the leading line of Fairchild’s and Harland’s
Brigades had advanced up the heights in front of Dray-
ton’s Brigade of two Georgia and one South Carolina
regiments and Kemper’s First, Eleventh, and Seven-
teenth Virginia Regiments, they were advanced, and
took position behind an old worm fence and opened
fire on the advancing line of Federals at fifty or sixty
yards with their remnants of three hundred and sixty
muskets. The Seventeenth Virginia, commanded by
Col. M. D. Corse, was on the right, and numbered but
fifty-five men and officers, of which seven officers and
twenty-four men were killed and wounded and ten
captured. Their commander was wounded in the foot
and captured. The Federal left overlapped them by
more than a hundred yards.

The two left companies of the Eight Connecticut
Regiment, of Harland’s Brigade, ran over and cap-
tured Mcintosh’s South Carolina Battery, which had
been thrown forward on the right of the Seventeenth
Virginia without support; and, in fact, it was run over
before it had time to fire a shot.

By the forward rush of portions of Fairchild’s and
Harland’s Brigades the right of Kemper’s and Dray-
ton’s Brigades was broken off and forced back across
the Harper’s Ferry road into the edge of Sharpsburg.

Having returned to the position formerly occupied
by our regiment in the Harper’s Ferry road, we had
placed our guns through the board fence, drawn back
the hammers, and stood with fingers on triggers, ready
to fire as soon as the enemy emerged from the corn,
the eastern edge of which his lines had about reached.
While in this position Gen. Toombs, with his brigade
at a double-quick, passed us, going to our left, and in
less than five minutes after his brigade had gotten by
Archer’s Confederate Brigade moved obliquely across
our front, striking the Federal line in flank and rear.

Just then we saw another and another Confederate
brigade rise to their feet and advance in the same di-
rection. Our batteries opened, Toombs’s men poured
a volley into Rodman’s advancing column that had
broken off Kemper’s and Drayton’s right, then there
was a grand, a wild Confederate yell and charge along
the whole line, and Archer’s gallant Tennesseeans and
Alabamians and Branch’s North Carolinians and
Gregg’s South Carolinians and Georgians opened a de-
structive fire on the flank and rear of Harland’s Bri-
gade, and Kemper’s, Drayton’s, Jenkins’s, and Gar-
nett’s men returned to the charge, and Burnside’s men
fled in confusion toward the bank of the Antietam.
The fight was over within thirty minutes.

In the headlong rush of the Confederates they re-
took Mcintosh’s Battery and recaptured Col. Corse.

On account of the destructive fire of the Federal
batteries across the Antietam the Confederates halted
about midway between the line occupied by them when
the battle began and the Antietam. Gen. Branch, of
North Carolina, was killed just as the charge ended.

After night we returned to our brigade and occu-
pied that night and the whole of the next day the same
ground we had occupied in the forenoon of the 17th,
and gathered up our wounded and buried our dead, as
well as such of the Federal dead as lay within our lines;
also ministering to such of the enemy’s wounded as
we could reach, even risking our lives to accomplish
this. In fact, while making an effort to care for the

Confederate l/eterai).


Federal wounded in our front one of our regiment was
shot dead by one of their sharpshooters.

In front of our brigade lay some thirty-five dead men
of the Eighth Connecticut Regiment. The tlag of the
One Hundred and Third New York Regiment, of
Fairchild’s Brigade, was captured by Lieut. \V. W.
Athey, of the Seventeenth Virginia.

Lieut. Stone and Private Travis Burton, of my com-
pany, on the night of the battle, while looking up our
wounded, captured a member of the Fourth Rhode
Island Regiment, a mere boy. A very interesting sto-
ry is connected with his capture, but 1 omit it now.

Now, as to question of numbers engaged, Gen. D.
R. Jones reports that in his five brigades on the morn-
ing of the battle he had about twenty-four hundred
men, too high, in my opinion, by four hundred. Gen.
A. P. Hill, who had made n rapid march of seventeen
miles that morning from Harper’s Ferry, reaching the
field about 2:30 p.m., reports that his three brigades
engaged in the battle numbered two thousand, which
would make about four thousand against Burnside’s
splendid corps of fifteen thousand men.

The losses in Kemper’s, Drayton’s, Toombs’s, and
part of Jenkins’ Brigades was very heavy. The loss
in Gen. A. P. Hill’s three brigades is reported at three
hundred and forty-six. Putting the loss of D. R.
Jones’s Division at five hundred, we have a total Con-
federate loss in the fighl with Burnside’s Corps of
eight hundred and forty-six. while the loss in Burn-
side’s Corps was twenty-two hundred and twenty-two.


Gen. Vincent Marmaduke, of Missouri, writes from
his home at Sweet Springs an address upon the sub-
ject of history to Confederates, in which he states :

The honor and glory of this great struggle was with
the South, and Southern soldiers ought, in justice to
themselves and their dead comrades, to preserve the
memory of it. While the North and Northern soldiers
are inveighing against all manifestation of sectional
feeling, they are erecting monuments to their sua
ful leaders and telling the story very much to their
credit and to our detriment.

The North had more than four soldiers to one in the
South. Its armies were reenforced and assisted by six
hundred ships of war, manned by thirty-five thousand
sailors. It had unlimited credit, which meant an un-
limited supply of money. It had factories to manufac-
ture everything needed to arm and equip, to supply and
maintain, its armies and fleets. Tt had railroads run-
ning in every direction for the transportation of its
troops. It had intercourse with the whole world, and
could draw recruits for its army and navy from it.

The South had none of these advantages, or had
them only to a limited extent. But, notwithstanding
all its advantages, it took the North four years to crush
the South, and then it did it by a grinding process and
without having gained a single decisive victory.

In a comment upon this the Nashville American says:

Evidently it is not the purpose of Gen. Marmaduke
to engender sectional feeling by the publication of this
address. All of that has been laid aside, and is gone

forever. But it is the duty of every enlightened South-
ern man to see that the truth — not biased and warped
accounts — of the history of the civil war is transmitted
to posterity. The nobleness, the chivalry, the self-
denial, the bravery, and the tireless endurance of the
Confederate soldier should be instilled into every
Southern child. No history should be taught them
which pictures their ancestors as traitors and re
They should understand the great principles which
were contended for prior to the war, which wen
tied by the highest tribunal in the countrj . the Supreme
Court, favorably to the South, which the North would
not accept, appealing to a “higher law,” and which
were finally referred to the arbitrament of the sword.
. . . Southern children ought to know of the im-
perishable grandeur of Gen. Ice. of tin- magnificence
in battle of Stonewall Jackson and Ubert Sydney
Johnston, of the daring braver) of Forrest, of Morgan,
and of Cheatham. I he renown of the Confederate sol-
dier is not told in splendid monuments; it rests in the
hearts of the Southern people, and there it must be
kept fresh and green forever. They want their chil-
dren to receive facts. From facts no conclusions can
be drawn derogatory to the courage of Southern sol-
diers or to the genius and military prowess of Southern


The Executive Committee of the Historical Societj

of the Ex-Confederate Association ..f Missouri met in
Kansas City November jo. There were present Cols.
Vincent Marmaduke, lolm S. Moore. John T. Crisp,
Dr. Lester Hall, Albert O. Allen, and J. M. Allen.

It was resolved that the history to be written of Mis-
souri should be impartial and correct concerning
causes which led up to the civil war: that it should cor-
rectly represent all of the military organizations in the
state, and deal alone with facts. The committei
lected Col. John S. Moore as historian.

This history will include the personnel of the soldiers
on both sides, as well as having much to do with the
history of counties from which the citizens and their
parents went to Missouri.

The committee adjourned to meet again December
30. The chairman, Col. Vincent Marmaduke, was di-
rected to extend an invitation to the ( . S. A. camps in
Missouri and Daughters of the Confederacy to send
delegates to said meeting: also to invite such other
persons as he saw fit. All persons knowing of remi-
niscences of war-times in Missouri, or any one having
scraps of history which would aid in the preparation of
the book, should send them to Col. John S. Moore,
Kansas City, Mo.

J. Colton Lynes, Adjutant and Secretary of At-
lanta Camp No. 59, writes that at a meeting of the
camp on November 15. 1897, the follow resolution, of-
fered by Comrade Stratton, was unanimously adopted:

Resolved, That it shall be the duty of our Adjutant to
send a concise report of our annual memorial service,
together with a list of our deceased comrades, to the
Confederate Veteran, at Nashville, for publication
immediately after such service every year.


C^oofedera te l/etera^


A member of Camp Jeff Davis No. 475, Birming-
ham, Ala., sends the following sketch of an honored
member, which contains valuable historic data as well:

James M. Arnold entered the military service of the
Confederate States as a private in the Columbus Rifle-
men, of Columbus, Miss., on May 1, 1861, which com-
pany afterward became Company K, Fourteenth Mis-
sissippi Infantry, commanded by Col. W. E. Baldwin.
He was with his company in the battle of Fort Donel-
son, and there became a prisoner and was sent to Camp
Douglas. He was exchanged with his regiment in
1862, which reorganized at Raymond, Miss., where he
was made sergeant. He served with this company in
the skirmishes and small fights in North Mississippi
and in the defense of Jackson.

In January, 1864, the Sixth Mississippi Cavalry was
organized, with Col. Isham Harrison commanding, at
which time Arnold was elected second lieutenant of
Company I; C. A. Johnson was captain. The regi-
ment was attached to Mabry’s Brigade, which was in
service under Gen. Forrest during the skirmishes in
and around Vicksburg, and was at the taking of the
transports and gunboats on the Tennessee River, near
Johnsonville. This campaign having disabled the
horses of Mabry’s Brigade, it was for a while left in
garrison at Corinth, Miss. Later the brigade was in
the lead of the charge at the battle of Harrisburg,
Miss., one of the bloodiest of the war, where cavalry
alone were engaged. The brigade was dismounted
and marched in line of battle to within fifty steps of the
Federal line, entrenched, where Mabry’s horse was
shot down and Col. Isham Harrison and Lieut.-Col.
Nelms, of Arnold’s Regiment, were killed, his captain
slightly wounded, and over one-half of the privates
were killed or wounded. The regiment was afterward
united with two others, forming Stark’s Mississippi
Brigade, in Chalmers’ Division, and was engaged in
skirmishes with Gen. Wilson’s command en route to
Selma, Ala. The other brigade of Chalmers’ Division
(Armstrong’s) met Wilson’s command in the last battle
of the war.

James Arnold surrendered with his command under
Forrest at Livingston, Ala. He was never sick nor
absent during the four years of the war, except while
sitting as a member of the Mississippi Legislature.
Being a member of that body, he was exempt from mil-
itary service, but remained with his command all the
while, except during the sessions of the Legislature.
After the war he returned to Columbus, Miss., where
he commenced the practise of law, and continued to
practise until 1877. when he was appointed circuit
judge of the district by Gov. Stone. He held that po-
sition for a number of years, and then was appointed
one of the justices of the Supreme Court of Mississippi,
and was afterward made chief justice of that court,
from which position he resigned, when he returned to
the practise of law at Birmingham, Ala.

James A. Bell, Charleston, S. C: “If Capt. Bowen, of
Mississippi, Capt. Ward and Dr. Lipscomb (surgeon),
of Virginia — all of the Confederate man-of-war ‘ Pal-
metto State’ — are still alive, they will oblige Capt.
James E. Aldert, ex-pilot of their vessel, by writing to
him at Charleston.”


A most commendable movement has been inaugu-
rated in Richmond, and its purposes are made known
to the public over official signatures of R. E. Lee
Camp of Veterans, the R. E. Lee Camp Sons of Veter-
ans, and the Daughters of the Confederacy there in the
following paper:

There lie in prison cemeteries throughout the North
thirty thousand of our dead. With two exceptions —
Camp Chase and Camp Douglas — no stone marks
their resting-place. It is true they sleep well, “for all
the world is native land to the brave.” But soon even
the localities will be forgotten. ” Died in prison,” these
brave boys of ours, many of them far from the South,
in their blue jeans and brown cotton clothes, shiver-
ing from the cold blasts of the North, even before the
icy hand of death touched them. Who has reminded
us of our duty to the memory of these dead heroes? A
generous Federal officer bearing the scars and still suf-
fering from the wounds won honorably in battle with
these men. All honor to Col. William H. Knauss, of
Columbus, O., who in May, 1897, sent out an appeal to
United Confederate Veterans, asking that the graves
of Confederate prisoners buried at Camp Chase should
be remembered! This was done, but there are still
thirty thousand who rest in unmarked graves. Had
we forgotten our dead? No; but the cry of the needy
wives and children of these dead have ever been at our
door, and we could not reach beyond.

The time has now come when these graves must be
marked. To accomplish this object it will be necessa-
ry to raise about $4,000. We only ask for a simple
shaft at these places, erected before the next annual
meeting of the United Confederate Veterans in July,
1898. Whatever sum this committee has in hand by
next spring will be divided equally between the follow-
ing thirteen prison cemeteries: Alton, 111.; Camp But-
ler, Riverton, 111. ; Camp Morton, Indianapolis, Ind. ;
Elmira, N. Y. ; Finn’s Point Cemetery, N. J. ; John-
son’s Island, O.; Hart’s Island, N. Y. ; Old Capitol
Prison, Washington, D. C; Point Lookout, Md. ; Rock
Island, 111.; Sandusky, O.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Pea
Patch Island, Del.

This fund is to be known as the “Monument Fund
of Confederate Prisoners Buried in Northern Graves,”
and all contributions are to be sent to the Treasure-,
Col. James T. Gray, Past Commander of R. E. Lee
Camp No. 1, C. V., Richmond, Ya., and nothing can
be drawn from this fund except over his signature.

These dead heroes of ours from every Southern state
appeal to their survivors throughout our land. Re-
member their sacrifices and suffering. All should feel
it their privilege to contribute to this cause. Those
who have relatives or friends still “wounded and miss-
ing” may join in these monuments, and feel that their
loved ones will now be recognized. It is such a mod-
est sum that is asked it ought to be readily gotten at
once from our camps and Confederate organizations
alone; but, to insure success, we cordially invite every
one who is interested in the Confederate cause to con-
tribute a mite toward the accomplishment of this noble
object. All contributions will be duly acknowledged
bv the Treasurer.

Confederate tfeterar?.



R. T. Mockbee. Memphis, Tenn. :

I have read with much interest the “Last Charge of
Lee’s Army,” in the November Veteran, as I am al-
ways interested in the part taken by Tennesseeans in
the struggle for Southern independence, ami especially
of Archer’s ISrigade, the only representatives of the
Volunteer State in the Army of Northern \ irginia
during the entire war. It was composed of Turney’s
First, Hatton’s Seventh, and Forbes’s Fourteenth Ten-
nessee Infantry Regiments, with the Nineteenth Geor-
gia Regiment until after the death of Gen. Stonewall
Jackson, also the Fifth Alabama Battalion. When A.
F. Hill was made lieutenant-general and the old divi-
sion was assigned in part to Pender’s Division, Arch-
er’s Brigade was attached to Gen. Harry Ileth’s Divi-
sion; then the Thirteenth Alabama Regiment took the
place of the Nineteenth Georgia Regiment, which was
transferred to a Georgia Brigade. The Fifth Alabama
Battalion was made provost-guanl of 1 1 ill’s Corps. On
the death of Gen. Archer Col. William McComb, of the
Fourteenth Tennessee, was promoted to brigadier-
general, and Gen. Bushrod Johnson’s old brigade was
consolidated with Archer’s at Petersburg, Va., in 1864.

Gen. McComb was a native of Pennsylvania, and
about 1856 came to Montgomery County, Tenn. The
writer remembers him as a handsome young man of
more than ordinary intelligence, engaged in superin-
tending the erection of a large flouring-mill in Mont-
gomery County, at Price’s Landing, on the Cumber-
land River. He remained in that section until the out-
break of the war, and enlisted as a private in Hewitt’s
company (L), of the Fourteenth Tennessee Regiment,
composed of eleven companies. He was promoted to
lieutenant soon afterward, and made adjutant of the
regiment by Col. Forbes. At the reorganization at
Yorktown, Va., in 1862, the writer, with other friends,
put forward the name of William McComb for major
of the regiment, and he was elected. At the battle of
Cedar Run Lieut. -Col. George Harrell was mortally
wounded, and died in the hospital at Charlottesville,
Va. Maj. McComb then became lieutenant-colonel.
In the second battle of Manassas Col. W. A. Forbes
was killed, and Lieut. -Col. McComb became colonel.

During this time Col. McComb was repeatedly
wounded in battle, sometimes seriously, but always re-
turned to the regiment for duty as soon as able. \s
brigadier-general he was assigned to command of the
consolidated brigades.

( In the fateful morning of April 2, [865, when the
last charge of Lee’s army was made in an effort to re-
take the works, which had been captured and were
occupied by the Federals, I was present and partici-
pated with probably live or six hundred others left of
the old brigade. If there were any who hesitated, I
don’t remember it. 1 am willing to accord to Capt.
Harris all praise for true bravery, but I know he will
say that Capt, Norris, of his own regiment 1 Seventh
Tennessee), Capts. 11. II. Avcritt and Harry Bullock,
of the Fourteenth Tennessee (the latter giving up his
life in that charge, after going through the whole war
unhurt), and scores of others \\ ere as brave men as ever
lived. Capt. Harris knew those men would fight and
go wherever he or Gen. McComb dare lead. Why,

J. Hick Johnson, major commanding the old Four-
teenth, who always went into battle smiling, ami his
noble brother, Polk G. Johnson, acting as aid to Gen.
McComb on that day, were there. The latter was one
of the most conspicuous figures in that charge. The
writer recalls him on that occasion with pride.

Soon came the order to close in to left along the
breastworks, where we had been deployed ten paces
apart all night, that being the strength of Lee’s line, at
that point, at least. From there we were ordered to
move down the line at right angles to the works. Si k hi
the enemy were encountered in force, and the charge
was ordered. The Second Maryland Battalion did
terrible execution, and the enemy fled back to their
main supports, where they had first broken our lines.
We followed until reaching Davis’ Mississippi I’m
gade’s winter quarters, where we were compelled to
halt, on account of the overwhelming numbers that
met us. It was there that we lost most of our men,
and finally we were forced back toward Hatcher’s Run,
but contesting every inch of ground against a force
double our number in front and overlapping both
flanks, until at last the order was given for every man
to “save himself.” The writer and several others
made their way to the south side of the railroad, and at
a commissary depot found parties in charge of the
stores distributing provisions to those who wished
them. A large country ham attracted my attention,
and soon found a resting-place on my bayonet. We
made our way to the Appomattox River, at a point
where there was a flouring-mill, and there found Gen.
Heth, accompanied by ” Billy” Green, a courier, trying
to get across the swollen stream with a message from
Gen. Lee to Gen. Gordon, in Petersburg. Green (who
was a member of Company A. Fourteenth Tennessee,
on detail as courier for Gen. Heth) noticed the old
country ham on my bayonet, and, after a hurried con-
sultation with the General, came back to the door, and
said: “Bob, Tien. Heth hasn’t had a bite of meat in two
days. Won’t you give him a piece of that ham?” I
gave Gen. Heth half of the ham, and, goin^ by his di-
rections, met the army at Amelia Court- 1 Ions,

F. A. Howell, Bowling Green. Miss., asks that some
comrade will kindly correct any errors in the following
list of companies composing the Eleventh Mississippi
Regiment, j^ i \ i n <; names of companies, captains, and
the counties from which they came:

Company A, Capt. Lowry, University Grays (made
up of schoolboys from all over the state); Company B,

.Capt. , Coahoma Rifles; Company C, Carroll

Rifles, Capt. P. F. Liddell; Company D, Neosho Rifles,
Capt. Franklin; Company E, Prairie Guards, Capt.
Hairston; Company F, Noxubee Rifles, Capt. G<
Weir; Company G, Lamar Rifles (Lafayette County).
Capt. Helm; Company II, Chickasaw Guards. Capt.
Moore; Company I, Van Dorn Reserves (Monroe
County), Capt. Reynolds: Company K, .

Concerning the battle of Manassas, Comrade How-
ell writes: “Companies A and F, being right of the
regiment, got on cars and reached Manassas in time
to engage in the first battle. The other companies
could not get on, and were left. I was of Company F.”


Confederate .

Miss Kate dimming, author of “Gleanings from
Southland,” sends copy of a letter from Edwin H. Ses-
sel, which portrays some events of the war yet fresh in
memory*. Comrade Sessel was a native of Nova Sco-
tia. He had not been long in the South, and was but
eighteen years old. After the war he studied for the
ministry in New York City, and was ordained deacon
and priest in Trinity Church. He went West as a mis-
sionary, but, his health failing, he returned to New
York, and died there.

Abbeville, Miss., August 14, 1862.

My Dear Cousin: As you wish to hear the particulars
of the evacuation of Fort Pillow, I will give them as
near as I can remember. On the 28th of May last the
order was issued for the infantry to move, which they
did under trying circumstances, the rain pouring in
torrents, and the mud awful. However, the infantry
did move, leaving one artillery regiment to cover
their retreat. The next afternoon the Yankee fleet
made its appearance around the point, and was re-
ceived by our double-shotted guns in a becoming man-
ner, and it was driven back. That night the artillery
regiment left, and we commenced the work of destroy-
ing our guns and property. First we set fire to the
quartermaster’s stores; next, the commissary, and then
every “shanty” on the “hill.” We blew up all the
guns, except two which would not burst. It was a
terrific sight — the rain pouring down, the thunder roll-
ing midst the lightning flashes, while the Yankees
were pouring a stream of fire, making the sight sub-
lime, though terrible.

After the work of destruction the general, a portion
of the staff and officers on horseback, the adjutant-
general, myself, and a few others got on board the
“Golden Age” at Fulton, and made double-quick time
down-stream, the Yankees keeping uncomfortably
close behind us. They were stopped at Memphis by
our fleet, and we kept on to Vicksburg, where we had
to undergo another stream of fire from the Yankees.
We soon left there, and after three or four days of trav-
eling arrived at Grenada, where we met our infantry.

We remained at Grenada about two weeks, when
Mr. Yankee came to Tallahatchie River, and we were
immediately ordered to repulse him, which we did after
a severe conflict, in which we lost quite a number of
men. Since then we have been skirmishing more or
less all the time, sometimes marching to within ten
miles of Bolivar, Tenn., where the enemy have most of
their forces.

If anything should happen to me — and I have had
very narrow escapes during impending battles — and it
be possible, I will let you know; but God alone knows
whether it will be possible, for I have seen many a
poor fellow left behind in our retreats who will never
be heard of again. God grant that this accursed war
will soon cease! but I shall see it to the bitter end,
come weal or woe.

One of the regimental bands is now playing ” Home,
Sweet Home,” and it naturally makes me feel a little
like being there; but these are no thoughts for a soldier
in the face of an enemy. Still I can not keep from
thinking of my home in far-away Nova Scotia, and

wonder if my father is thinking of me and if my sainted
mother is looking down upon me. I feel that she is.
Dear, departed mother!

John K. Alexander, Salinas City, Cal. :

In reading the September Veteran I notice that a
member of the Baltimore Chapter, U. D. C, writes
concerning the capture of the “Caleb Gushing” by
Lieut. Charles W. Read and his men, of the bark
“Tacony,” on the 26th of June, 1863, and mentions
that “it would be interesting to learn something of the
subsequent fate of Lieut. Read and his men, and to
what state he belonged.”

Lieut. Read and I attended school together when
very small boys at Jackson, Miss., in the years 1853-54;
therefore I am sure he belonged to the state of Missis-
sippi. The last time I saw Read he departed from
Jackson under appointment to the naval school at An-
napolis, Md. We corresponded for years after that,
but when the war intervened our correspondence
ceased. However, I watched his career with pride,
and at the close of the war, by inquiry, hunted him up.
He became captain of a merchantman 1 tinning from
Mobile, Ala., to Liverpool, and, I think, died in that
harness. At least, I have print of a telegram in my
scrap-book, of which the following is a copy: “Merid-
ian, Miss., January 26, 1896. — Capt. Charles W. Read,
during the war a noted Confederate naval officer, is

Charley was captured, as stated, at Portland, Me.
(though I understood it was at Bangor), confined at
some fort near Boston, and, as I learned, escaped after
some months, and finally worked back into the Confed-
erate lines. I can not vouch for the truth of this state-
ment, but I do know that he was in command of the
Rebel ram “West,” on and in the Red River at the
time of the surrender, and refused to surrender. He
loaded his vessel with cotton and undertook to get out
to sea, and succeeded in passing Vicksburg without be-
ing discovered until he had passed, and sent a boat
ashore and cut the telegraph-line between Vicksburg
and New Orleans; but too late, as the officials at the
latter place had been notified of his coming, notwith-
standing he came very near getting by, and when dis-
covered showed fight, put on all the steam he had, and
got by; but in the hurry and excitement ran into and
stuck in the river-bank, and the vessel was captured,
but not Read nor his men, as I was informed.

I give you this for what it is worth, and hope it may
be the means of bringing to the light of day the hero-
ism of Read, who was a brave man, a hero in the true
sense of the word, whose memory ought to be ever
green in the hearts of all true Confederates. Inquiry
of Thomas or Joshua Green, bankers, of Jackson,
Miss., or Holland Coffey (in Tennessee for years), and
any of the old boys about Jackson would doubtless be
of value as to the life and character of Read. William
T. Ellis, of Fort Worth, knew him well, as we all at-
tended school in Jackson together. Ellis volunteered
in Virginia.

In Vol. II. of the “Union and Confederate Naval
Records” there is much said of Lieut. Read.

In a letter to Lieut. John N. Maffitt, commanding,
dated May 6, 1863, he proposed to “take a brig and a
crew of twenty men, proceed to Hampton Roads, and

Confederate l/eteran.


cut out a gunboat or steamer of the enemy. ‘* He wrote:
“As I would be in possession of the brig’s papvrrs,
and as the crew would not be large enough to excite
suspicion, there can be no doubt of my passing Fortress
Monroe successfully. Once in the Roads, I would be
prepared to avail myself of any circumstance which
might present for gaining the deck of an enemy’s ves-
sel. If it is found impossible to board a gunboat or
merchant steamer, it will be possible to fire the ship-
ping at Baltimore. If you think proper to accede to
my proposal, I beg that you will allow me to take Mr.
E. H. Brown and one of the firemen with me. Mr.
Brown might be spared from this ship, as his health is
bad; you could obtain another man at Pernambuco.”

It is a coincidence worthy of record in the Veteran
that during his visit to the Tennessee Centennial Ex-
position—coming officially as a member of the His-
tory and Literature Committee — Gen. Dabney 11.
Maury met the Third United States Cavalry, with
which he was connected before tin- great war com-
menced. It was then a regiment of mounted rifles.
As major-general in the Confederate army this distin-
guished gentleman of noble ancestry had charge of the
troops of Mississippi, Alabama, West Tennessee, and
Louisiana. Gen. Maury was one of the first to learn
of Forrest’s innate power as a commander, and named
him the “Thunderbolt of War.” Gen. Maury bears
well his three-quarters of a century. He resides in
Richmond. The General is mentioned as the oldest
surviving major-general of the Confederate army.
Nashville was favored at the time of his visit with the
presence of these other Virginians: Col. John D. H.
Ross, of Lexington, of the Fifty-Second Virginia In-
fantry, Jackson’s Corps; Dr. George Ross, of Rich-
mond, associate medical director of Gen. A. P. Hill’s
Corps and surgeon in charge of the battalion of Vir-
ginia Military Institute cadets at the battle of New-
Market; and Gen. Charles J. Anderson, adjutant-gen-
eral of Virginia. All are old Institute men.

In connection with the above, the farewell order of
(Jen. Maury to his troops is given:

Headquarters of Maury’s Division, six miles east of
Meridian, May 7, 1865.

Soldiers: ( lur last march is about ended. To-mor-
row we shall lay down the arms which for four years
we have borne to defend our rights, to win our liber-
ties. We know and the world knows and history will
record that we have borne them with honor. We now
surrender to the overwhelming power of the enemy,
which lias rendered further resistance by us hopeless
and murderous to our own people and our own cause.
We can never forget the noble comrades who have
stood shoulder to shoulder to this moment, the noble
dead who have been martyred, the noble Southern
women who have been wronged and are unavenged, or
the noble principles for which we have fought. Con-
scious that wc have played our part like men confident
of the righteousness of our cause, without regret for
our action in the past, and without despair of the fu-

ture, let us to-morrow with the dignity of veterans who
are the last to surrender perform the duty which has
been assigned to us.

Signed: Dabney H. Maury, Major-General of the
Confederate Army, and by D. W. Florrerree, A. O. G.

The copy of above was issued by Maj. H. C. Semple,
commanding battalion.


True to herself and the high character of her fat lur.
Mrs. Margaret Davis Hayes, daughter of Jefferson
Davis, is ever diligent to vindicate the noble life of her
father. In reply to an unreasonable criticism of Mi’.
Davis, said to haw been repeated by the late Judge
Mills, of Wisconsin, Mrs. 1 [ayes writes to the paper:

I was very much pained to find my father, the Hon.
Jefferson Davis, so grossly misrepresented in the col-
umns of your paper, and therefore I ask you to publish
this denial of the statements said to have been made by
the late Judge Joseph T. Mills.

Judge Mills may have known my father, though I
never heard my father mention him, fully and charm-
ingly as I have heard him tell of his life in Wisconsin;
but this I do know: that Judge Mills is the one person
I have ever known to accuse my father of financial
sharpness, and I can only say he many times lost heav-
ily through his belief in the honorable intentions of

I have been in Wisconsin many times, and found the
people who had known and been associated with my
father admired and respected him, which could not
have been the case if he had been guilty of the “sharp
practises” Judge Mills is said to have accused him of.
I fail to see anything “amusing” in so dishonorable a
story, and am at least glad, though Judge Mills con-
descended to repeat such an unfounded story, that he
did not vouch for its accuracy. I notice he is also said
to have repeated the often-told story that my father
eloped with President Taylor’s daughter, which is an-
other evidence of how little he knew of the circum-
stances he professed to have had such an intimate
knowledge of. My father certainly married Miss Tay-
lor without the consent of her father, but he married
her from her aunt’s house, in the presence of members
of her family, and afterward a warm and enduring
friendship existed between President Taylor and him.

I may also add that my father was known to have
been a power among the miners of Wisconsin, whom
he assisted and protected in every practicable way,
which makes the absurdity of this unfounded story 1 f
Judge Mills’s even more apparent, and I regret that a
Kentuckian, therefore a fellow statesman of my father,
should have been the author of it.

H. H. Dickenson, of Lebanon, Va., inquires for Col.
James Giles, Twenty-Ninth Virginia Infantry Regi-
ment, Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, A. N. V.
When last heard from he was with a corps of surv.
in New Mexico. Any one who can supply this in-
formation will confer a favor on Mr. Dickenson. Com-
rade Dickenson reports action of his camp requesting
that the Atlanta reunion be postponed until in October.
Various communications have been received from com-
rades and camps of like purport, which would be print-
ed but for the question having been already settled.


Confederate Ueterar?.



In the January Veteran of 1896 Comrade R. J.
Dew expressed a desire to learn of the battle of Look-
out Mountain from one who was in it. After waiting
in vain for some on with an abler pen, I give a brief
account of my experiences in that battle. No private
soldier can tell positively more of a battle than what
he saw. I was a private in Company E, Thirty-Fourth
Mississippi Regiment, Walthall’s Brigade. We had
been stationed on the northwest slope of old Lookout
for some two weeks doing picket-duty. Our line was
down near the base of the mountain, nearly half a mile
from camp, and it extended quite a distance to the
west and north. Chattanooga Creek, a small stream,
flowed between us and the Yankee pickets. We were
on very friendly terms with each other, and exchange
of canteens, tobacco, coffee, etc., occurred daily. It
was understood along the picket-line that if either side
received orders to advance they would give a signal,
so the enemy could have time to get back to their

A few days before the battle Brown’s Tennessee Bri-
gade came to reenforce us, and encamped just east of
Walthall, on the slope under Point Lookout; and these
two commands only comprised the force on Lookout
Mountain. I do not know the numerical strength, but
the regiments were tolerably full, having done no fight-
ing since Chickamauga, and in that time had been re-
cruited. I think the Thirty-Fourth Mississippi num-
bered nearly seven hundred.

The day before the battle our company (E) was on
picket near where the Nashville and Chattanooga
railroad crosses the creek. Everything was quiet, the
pickets were in plain view, and neither thought of
shooting without giving notice. That night about
twelve o’clock the pickets were relieved, Company F”
taking our place. Picket posts were always relieved
at night.

The next morning, November 24, about sunrise, we
heard several musket-shots down on the picket-line,
assuring us that “friendly” relations had ceased. In a
few minutes a messenger came from the picket-line,
calling for two companies from our regiment. By the
time those two got to the front another messenger
came, calling for the balance of the regiment. When
we arrived at the foot of the mountain Lieut. -Col. Mc-
Elwaine, who was in command of the pickets, deployed
the entire regiment as skirmishers. Had we remained
in that position, the “battle above the clouds” might
have resulted very differently, because the line of pick-
ets covered nearly all that part of the western base
of the mountain, and could not have been successfully
assailed by the enemy; and we could at least have
skirmished with them until the remainder of the bri-
gade could have formed and been ready for the fight.
But fate, or Col. McElwaine, decreed otherwise. He
must have given the command, “Rally on the right!”
for in a few minutes the whole regiment was assembled
near where the railroad crosses the creek and formed
in column of companies. The western face of the
mountain being thus left unguarded by pickets, the
enemy had nothing to do but march up and find Wal-
thall’s Brigade lying around with their guns stacked
and depending on the pickets to give notice of the en-

emy’s approach. I was told that such was the condi-
tion of things in camp, but that Gen. Walthall got his
men in line promptly and checked the enemy’s ad-
vance and held them there all day and until late that
night. In the mean time our regiment was at the foot
of the mountain, cut off from the rest of the brigade.
Col. McElwaine ordered us to fall back, which we did.
We fell back slowly, as the mountain was very steep
and rugged. In all my war experience I never passed
through just such a bombardment. It seemed that
every battery in the Federal army was pouring bomb-
shells and solid shot into the side of that mountain.
The shells burst, knocking off thousands of pieces of
rock and scattering them hither and thither. The
whole face of the mountain was lurid with bursting
shells and seemed to belch smoke from every crevice,
while the mountain itself seemed to howl and shriek as
if a million demons had been aroused in its caverns.

Slowly climbing and struggling up through all that
awful storm of iron and smoke, we at last reached our
former camp, to find it literally covered with Federal
troops between us and our brigade, which was in line
of battle farther east. In a moment our flag was down,
and the Thirty-Fourth Mississippi Regiment had sur-
rendered. Our lieutenant, J. M. Glenn, Bud Lowe,
and I happened to be together. The lieutenant said,
“Boys, let’s get out of this!” and in an instant we
turned and, amid a perfect hail-storm of bullets, leaped
down over a ledge of rocks which runs eastward almost
parallel with the railroad, but some distance above it,
and so made our escape. Two other members of Com-
pany E got away, making five who escaped, out of
about eighty.

It was now well on in the afternoon. Gens. Wal-
thall and Brown still held their positions on the moun-
tain-side, and had effectually stopped the enemy’s ad-
vance. The smoke of battle and the clouds had set-
tled so thick on the mountain that it was almost like
night. The position of the two opposing lines of bat-
tle remained pretty much unchanged until late in the
night, when the Confederate troops were withdrawn,
leaving the Yankees in possession of the mountain.

So ended the “battle above the clouds.” I always
will believe that if our pickets had been properly
handled our two brigades (Walthall’s and Brown’s)
would have held Lookout Mountain.

Next morning those of our regiment who had es-
caped got together, formed line, and counted off, when
it was found that nineteen, out of about seven hun-
dred, had declined to take the trip North as prisoners.
Capt. Bowen, of Company D, I think, took command
of this remnant, and we were moved over to Mission-
ary Ridge and placed in Cheatham’s Division.

A recent contributor to the Sam Davis Monument
Fund is Capt. John Fisher, of Apalachicola, Fla., for-
merly of the U. S. Navy, a wearer of the blue. Capt.
Knickmeyer, who forwarded the contribution, writes
that it illustrates “the feelings and principles of a gen-
tleman who is loved and admired by all ages of our cit-
izens. He is familiarly known as ‘Capt. Fisher,’ of the
tug ‘Lottie,’ with a heart in the right place. At our
monthlv meetings a more welcomed veteran never en-
tered the Confederate camp of Tom Moore. He is al-
ways good-natured, but seems happiest when he re-
ceives the monthly issue of your valued journal.”

Confederate l/eterar>.



Official Orders Issued by George Moorman, Adjutant’
General and Chief of Staff.

gen. clement a. evans, historical editor.

Headquarters United Confederate Veterans.
New Orleans, La., August 28, 1897.
General Order No. 193:

The following recommendation occurs in the splen-
did and exhaustive report of the Historical Committee,
presented by its able chairman, Lieut. -Gen. S. U. Lee,
at the Nashville reunion:

“While your committee adheres to the opinion pre-
viously expressed and reiterated in this report, that
this association does not desire to appoint any one
person to represent this organization as the sole expo-
nent of its sentiments and opinions, but, on the con-
trary, wish to unite the individual efforts of main-
writers, believing that the field of history should be ex-
plored by many minds, yet your committee recognizes
the importance of securing the services of some com-
petent comrade to select historical data and many of
the fast-fleeting incidents of the war, to arrange the
same for the use of the future historian, and to give to
them such publication as may be proper. We there-
fore recommend that your committee be empowered
to appoint a historical editor, whose duty it shall be to
collect reliable historical data anil edit the same for
publication, subject to the approval of your com-

In conformity with the foregoing, and having been
notified by Lieut.-Gen. S. D. Lee, chairman, of the se-
lection by the committee of Gen. Clement A. Evans,
of Atlanta, Ga., the General Commanding hereby an-
nounces this distinguished soldier and civilian as the
Historical Editor of the U. C. V.’s.

The duties of the Historical Editor are to receive
from all sources whatever may be valuable as data for
Confederate history, and to preserve the same, subject
to the orders of the U. C. V. Association, for such use
as may be made of the material in authenticating his-
tory or in the preparation of historical matter.

The data may consist of individual experiences, man-
uscripts, pamphlets, books, magazines, newspapers,
pictures, photographs, etc., the expense of transmis-
sion to be borne by the party sending data.

The General Commanding appeals to all depart-
ment, division, brigade, camp commanders and veter-
ans everywhere to interest themselves in gathering to-
gether the scattered material of our Southern history
and forward same to Gen. Clement A. Evans, His-
torical Editor, at Atlanta, Ga.

new member of historical committee.
General Order No. 105:

Upon the recommendation of the Confederate Vet-
eran Association of Washington City Camp No. 17!,
approved by Lieut.-Gen. S. D. Lee. the distinguished
chairman of the Historical Committee and on South-
ern School History, created by General Orders No. 75,
118, and 147, current scries, from these headquarters,
Dr. Samuel E. Lewis, of Camp No. 171, is hereby ap-
pointed a member of the Historical Committee and on
Southern School History, vice W. Q. Lowd, of same
camp, resigned.


General Order No. 196:

1. The General Commanding announces that under
the resolution passed at the Nashville reunion and
under the custom established by the association, leav-
ing the date of the next annual meeting and reunion,
which is to be held in Atlanta, Ga., to the General
Commanding and the department commanders, the
next reunion will be held at Atlanta, Ga., upon the
following dates: July 20-23, 1898 — Wednesday, Thurs-
day, Friday, and Saturday, respectively. ( >ur ho
pecially requested the dates of July 20–:-. being anni-
versaries of tlie battles of Peach Tree Creek. Manas-
sas, and Atlanta, respectively. The rapid growth of
the association has caused such an accumulation of
business, which demands urgent attention at the com-
ing session, that it is absolutely necessary to give am-
ple time to dispose of all the matters to be submitted
to the delegates. Therefore four days’ limit will be
given for this session, instead of three, as heretofore.

2. With pride the < leneral Commanding also an-
nounces that e>ne thousand and seventy camps have
now joined the association, and applications received
at these headquarters for papers for one hundred and
fifty more. He urges veterans everywhere to send to
these headquarters for organization papers, form
camps, and join this association, so as to assist in car-
rying out its benevolent and patriotic objects.


As complete a list of U. C. V. camps as it was pos-
sible to prepare was published in the Veteran of July,
1897. This is additional –

Headquarters United Confederate Veterans.
New Orleans, La., December 11, 1897.

Genera! Order No. 194:

The General Commanding hereby announces the
fellowship of the following-named camps in the organ-
ization of the United Confederate Veterans, all regis-
tered in conformity with the dates in their respective
charters, also their numbers, to-wit:
Standwaite Camp No. 1007. Berwyn, Ind. T.
Adam Johnson Camp No. tOo8, Uniontown, Ky.
Cloud Camp No. 1009. Cloud Chief, Okla.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1010. Stillwater, Okla.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1011. Perry, Okla.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1012, Chandler, Okla.
Dawson Camp No. 1013, Greensboro, Ga.
Benton County Camp No. 1014. Camden, Tenn.
Arnold Elzey Camp No. 1015, Baltimore, Md.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1016, Capleville, Tenn.
Collierville Camp No. 1017. Collierville, Tenn.
L. N. Savage (.”amp Xo. 1018, Smithville, Tenn.
Boyd Hutchison Camp No. 1019, Springfield, Tenn.
Woody B. Taylor Camp No. 1020, Lynchburg, Tenn.
Wat Brysou Camp No. 1021, Hendersonville, N. C.
William Terry Camp No. 1022. Wytheville, Va.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1023, Aspen, Colo.
John R. Neal Camp No. 1024, Rockwood, Tenn.
Isaac R. Trimble Camp No. 1025, Baltimore. Md.
Murray Association Camp No. 1026, Baltimore. Md.
Pat Cleburne Camp No. 1027. Harrisburg, Ark.
Tatnall County tamp No. 1028, Glennville, Ga.
Stonewall Jackson Camp No. 1020, River View, S. C.
Sterling Price Camp No. 1030, Frisco, Cal.


Confederate .

John F. Hill Camp No. 1031.

John Mcintosh Kell Camp No. 1032, Crescent, Ga.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1033, Newkirk, Okla.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1034, Oakland.. Ind. T.
Perry County Camp Nu. 1035, Linden, Term.
James Adams Camp No. 1036, Austin, Ark.
Marble Falls Camp No. 1037, Marble Falls, Tex.
H. H. Harper Camp No. 1038, Latimer, S. C.
John H. Kelley Camp No. 1039, Melbourne, Ark.
Richard Robertson Camp No. 1040, Rapley, S. C.
Loring Camp No. 1041, Mannsville, Ind. T.
John S. Hoffman Camp No. 1042, Green Bank, W. Va.
Decatur County Camp No. 1043, Bainbndge, Ga.
John M. Stemmons Camp No. 1044, Greenfield. Mo.
Cleveland Camp No. 1045, Shelby, N. C.
James Breathed Camp No. 1046, Cumberland, Md.
Hankins Camp No. 1047, Lockesburg, Ark.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1048, Rayner, Tex.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1049, Carrollton, Ky.
Alex Stephens Camp No. 1050, Crawfordville, Ga.
R. S. Ewell Camp No. 105 1, Addison, W. Va.
Beauregard Camp No. 1052, Hacker Valley, W. Va.
Cary Whitaker Camp No. 1053, Enfield, N. C.
Gholeston Camp No. 1054, Planter, Ga.
R. E. Lee Camp No. 1055, Monroe, Ga.
Sam Davis Camp No. 1056, Rogers Prairie, Tex.
James W. Cooke Camp No. 1057, Beaufort, N. C.
Bratton Camp No. 105S, Crosbyville, S. C.
George W. Murphy Camp No. 1059, Sheridan. Ark.
R. G. Shaver Camp No. 1060, Salem, Ark.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. io6i,West Union, S. C.
Clement H.Stevens Camp No. 1062, Early Branch, S.C.
A. C. Haskell Camp No. 1063, Killian’s, S. C.
Wade Hampton Camp No. 1064, McCormick, S. C.
A. J. Lythgoe Camp No. 1065, Level Land, S. C.
M. C. Butler Camp No. 1066, Davis Precinct, S. C.
W. T. Tatom Camp No. 1067, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
John W. Hearst Camp No. 1068, Troy, S. C.
“Robert Boyd Camp No. 1069, Autreville, S. C.
Confederate Veteran Camp No. 1070, Cross Hill, S. C.

By order of

J. B. Gordon, General Commanding.

George Moorman, Adjt.-Gen. and Chief of Staff.

Grand Division of Virginia. —A Correction.


In the list of divisions given in the December Vet-
eran the Grand Division of Virginia U. D. C. is re-
corded as “Second Virginia Division.” This is not its
title. As a “Grand Division” it agreed to join the
United Daughters of the Confederacy, and as such it
was admitted. The resolutions of the U. D. C. con-
vention November 11, 1896, state: “That if so desired,
the Grand Division in joining us preserve its organiza-
tion intact, the U. D. C. recognizing two divisions in
the state — the First Division and the Grand Division —
so long as it is the desire of the majority of the chapters
to remain apart.”

The resolutions of the U. D. C. were accepted at the
convention held in Baltimore in November, 1897, and it
was agreed that the Grand Division “retains its right,
based on the first chapter in the state, to continue to
establish other chapters in the state for the U. D. C,

which will pay tax thereto. The chapters will still be
chartered by the Grand Division until such time as the
two divisions in Virginia shall agree to be one and the
same, when all the chapters in the state will be under
one government.”

Each chapter retains its number in the Grand Divi-
sion, showing its date of organisation, with the U. D. C.
number added, showing the date of entrance into the U.
D. C. Society. The Albemarle Chapter, for instance,
will always be “No. 1” in Virginia, and not simply
“No. 154” in the U. D. C. The numbers in all the
other U. D. C. chapters show when they were organized,
the most important point. This is a matter of history,
as well as of pride, to each chapter, and those embraced
in the Grand Division of Virginia would be losing their
identity if using only the U. D. C. number, as this gives
a wrong impression of the time of organization, and in
a few years will be still more misleading. It was by
accident that the Grand Division of Virginia, based
on the first chapter in the state, was not also the fir-^t
division, which it would have been except for waiting
for several chapters which desired to be enrolled when
the division was formed with twelve chapters.

At the time the Virginia Division was formed with
three chapters there were six organized from the Albe-
marle, ready to form into a division. Three months
later there were twelve, when Richmond and Lexing-
ton and others were organized, and the Grand Divi-
sion was formed at the University of Virginia, Feb-
ruary 12, 1896, the title being used in a collective sense
only, just as that of the Grand Camp of Virginia, C. V.,
is used. In six months, by July 1, when the Richmond
reunion was held, the Grand Division was doubled,
showing twenty-four chapters on its roll.

Can one wonder, then, that, with such a record, the
name should be dear to the chapters that are enrolled
under its charter, or that they should object to having
the date of their organization omitted, and the impres-
sion thus given that they were recently formed, instead
of being among the first to bear the honored name of
“Daughters of the Confederacy? ”


Frank Beaumont, Box 67, Nashville, Tenn. :
William Hawkins, of Tennessee, a valiant soldier of
the South in the great war and a poet of high rank in
his day, has been almost forgotten by those who should
have preserved his name and memory from oblivion.
An effort is now being attempted to that effect, and to
fulfil the plan the aid of the readers of the Veteran
is solicited. Some difference of statement in the data
at hand induces inquiries as follows: Birthplace and
date of birth? Early life — where and how spent?
Where educated, and when? Of what regiment was
he a member? Date of death, and circumstances?
Are there any relatives now living?

Explicit answers are very desirable, and will be re-
ceived gratefully.

G. P. Smith, Austin, Tex., who belonged to Com-
pany D, Twelfth Virginia Infantry, desires to hear
from Capt. James E. Tyler and Lieuts. John Lawton
and Zack Crawford, of his company, if they are still
living. Comrade Smith was captured in October, 1864,
and was in prison until June, 1865.

Qopfederate l/eterar?



More humor is wanted for the Veteran. At a re-
cent meeting of the Cheatham Bivouac, Nashville,
United States Senator Thomas B. Turley was one of
the guests, and in a general discussion for the good
of the order the guests, of course, were called upon.
Senator Turley was the first speaker. Apparently he
is not old enough to be a veteran, but he has a fine
record as a private in the “One Hundred and Fifty-
Fourth Senior Tennessee.” This regiment claimed to
be the First Tennessee, and when the honor was given
to Maney’s Regiment the members of this gallant com-
mand sought the other extreme and went beyond it.

Senator Turley said that we remember the humor
and the good times better than we do the privations
through those four memorable years. In illustration,
he stated that a man with gray beard called at his
room in the hotel and asked if he was Tom Turley.
lie replied to the cordial visitor that he was, but in
response to a hearty greeting lie had to admit that he
had no recollection of having seen him before. The
name John Jones being given, he instantly recalled a
night on the Hood advance into Tennessee when the
army camped on hills surrounding a well-appointed
farm. Sunn- enterprising (?) soldiers on the opposite
side of the farm were prompt to sil.ence some fat
near the farm-house that “might be vicious.” John
Jones took in the situation promptly. He went to his
captain and asked his uniform coat and sword, and by
the time he had donned them a group of comrades had
their guns, and in quick time they were on the way to
that hog-pen. Nearing it. one of the number ran
ahead, pretending to be a friend of the boys who were
skinning the fat hogs, and in a husky whisper warned
them: “Provost-guard!” The skinned hogs were
taken to the opposite hill.

Dr. J. B. Cowan, well known, especially among the
Tennessee veterans, and who was chief surgeon to
| « n \. B. Forrest, was also present, and. following
Senator Turley, told of a trick he played on Forrest’s
chief engineer. The command, only a little before the
surrender, camped for a night by the Tombigbee River.
The General, for reason, wanted to know how much
the water would rise during the night, and directed that
the engine* r attend to it. Next morning, when he in-
quired about the matter, the Doctor said: “At a stand.”

“No!” ejaculated Forrest; “I saw a boulder last
night that is now out of sight.”

Tn vindication (?) of the engineer, reply was mad<
thai he drove a nail into a flatboat just al the edge of
the water, and the water stood exactly as before. Of
course this joke did not stand long. Proper informa-
tion was given, and the surgeon had provided tin eti
gineer, who had faithfullv discharged his duty, a little
wine for the stomach’s sake.

1 if. S. II. Stout, who was eminent as medical direc-
tor of hospitals For the Western army, a man gifted
in letters, and who has long known the wisdom of good
cheer and exercised his excellent taste in making m ites,
furnishes the \ i i i k \\ many items. ( hie of these he
reports as follow s :

“Tn Roswell, Ga., there is a colored men’s debating-
society, of which my hostler is a zealous and attentive
member. Since he has been in my employ he has

learned to read the New Testament, spelling half the
words. Being in the service of the doctor, and able to
read, he assumes that he possesses an amount of wisdom
and learning beyond most of the fellows of the society.
One morning, not long since, he came to me greatly
rejoicing because of his advantages. Said he: ‘I am
glad I know how to read the Testament. Last night I
turned down some of the boys bad. Thev insisted that
there are only two Johns spoken of in the New Testa-
ment, but I proved to them that there are three. You
see there’s John the Baptist; that’s one. There’s St.
John; that’s two. \nd here [pointing to Rev. i. 9] is
/ John : that’s three.”

“I have not found it in my heart to disabuse the poor
fellow’s mind, and he still proudly enjoys his triumph.”


I h re is another from the Doctor’s ante-bellum 1
“\\ hen ( lie Bull made hi- fit trance at New

Orleans, among his audience was an elderly, old-fash-
planter, who had sold his cotton and been around
town enjoying himself generally. Ilis expectation of
enjoyment had been wrought to the highest pitch. I te
had all his life been Fond of ■Middle music.” and had
main a time taken a hand at a country breakdown.
lie had secured a seat in the middle of the parquet.
(‘li Bull, when the curtain rose, tripped upon the
stage, made his how, pulled off his white gloves, and,
seizing his violin and bow, began, amid the most pro-
found silence, an exercise upon one string. The old
planter silently waited For the pleasing (to him) part
of the performance. Ole Bull ceased; then came a
clapping of hands and shouts of encore. Th.
planter looked astonished and no little disgusted.


Confederate l/eterar?.

When Bull made his second appearance he could con-
tain himself no longer. Silence was restored, and the
performance was about to be renewed, when a voice
coming from the chair where the old planter was sitting
was heard all over the theater, saying: ‘Come, Old
Horse! you’ve done showed us you kin play; now give
us a toone.’ Of course he brought down the house.”


Tom Hall writes from Louisville, January 12, 1898:

At the first meeting of Camp George B. Eastin held
in 1898 one hundred and twenty-one grizzled old war-
riors, with many ladies, were present. One of the most
important measures taken up was a home for disabled
Confederate veterans, to be located in Kentucky, any-
where outside of Jefferson County, on the subject of
which Capt. John W. Green offered this report:

“The committee appointed to investigate and report
upon the practicability of establishing in the state of
Kentucky a home for disabled survivors of the Confed-
erate army respectfully submit the following:

“We recommend that all the camps of the Confeder-
ate Veteran Association in this state be asked to co-
operate in an effort to establish a home somewhere in
Kentucky, outside of Jefferson County, for the support
of indigent survivors of the Confederate army and navy
in our state. The home to be provided and furnished
by private subscriptions and supported by state aid.

“At the request of this committee Col. Young has
prepared and will submit to you a bill, the purpose of
which is to pledge state aid to support this home.

“We recommend that this meeting request each camp
of Confederate Veterans in the state to appoint a com-
mittee at once to confer at some early date, in this city,
with a committee of five to be appointed by the George
B. Eastin Camp, and take such steps as may be deemed
best to get the Legislature of Kentucky to pass this
bill, and put in practical shape this worthy undertaking.

After remarks by Messrs. J. W. Green, Bennett H.
Young, John H. Leathers, T. T. Eaton, Thomas D. Os-
borne, George C. Norton, J. W. Bowles, and R. H.
Thompson, on motion, the report was approved. A pro-
posed bill relating to the home was read by Col. Ben-
nett H. Young, and referred to a committee, to be re-
vised and, if possible, improved upon in its details.

A special committee, comprised of Col. Bennett H.
Young, John W. Green, John B. Pirtle, and George C.
Norton, with President Leathers as chairman, was ap-
pointed to take such steps as were deemed best to put
the association on a strong financial foundation.

A Committee on Arrangements for the national re-
union of United Confederate Veterans at Atlanta in
June was appointed as follows: Capt. Tohn H. Weller,
W. M. Marriner, W. J. Davis, R. H. Thompson, Nor-
borne G. Gray, J. W. Bowles, and Thomas D. Osborne.
Mr. Joseph Pettus, of the Membership Committee,
reported favorably, and the following new members
were elected: David K. P. Stone. Company E, Eighth
Tennessee Cavalry; Henry H. Smith, Company A,
First Mississippi Cavalry; John Ulrich. marine, under
Commander Montgomery.

The time for “remarks of the evening” having ar-
rived, Rev. Dr. T. T. Eaton gave a humorous account
of his fit of paralysis when sleeping in the rain at West
Point, Miss. Then Maj. W. J. Davis described very
impressively the death of Tommie Morgan in the at-

tack on Col. Hanson, at Lebanon. Col. J. W. Bowles
related his college experience at Yale, when he formed
the first Democratic club at that institution in 1854, and,
continuing, told how ten years later he met Capt.
Wheeler, of Connecticut, as a member of Col. Scott’s
Louisiana Cavalry. Rev. Dr. M. B. Chapman, of Fifth
and Walnut Street Methodist Church, related his expe-
rience at the crater, at Petersburg, Va., and how he
afterward crossed the Pacific Ocean to Japan, where,
with Supt. Loomis, of the American Bible Society, he
met one of the men he had faced and exchanged shots
with at Petersburg. The closing address was made by
Col. Bennett H. Youner.


Rev. Dr. David H. Moore, who commanded the
One Hundred and Twenty-Fifth Ohio in the great
war, writes, under the heading “Only the Wicked
Flee When No Man Pursueth: ”

The pension system is under fire. The annual ap-
propriation is enormous. It is known that some pen-
sion agents have pushed through many unworthy
claims and many fraudulent ones; so the pension list is
no longer an honor list. Every meritorious pension-
er is immensely concerned to have every fraud un-
earthed and punished. Pension Commissioner Ev-
ans believes that the publication of the full list of pen-
sioners, showing why these are pensioned, and in what
amounts, would clear the sky. Since a single news-
paper offered, for a monopoly of the privilege of print-
ing the entire list, to do it without cost to the govern-
ment, and to present the government with fifteen hun-
dred bound volumes, the Commissioner thinks the es-
timated cost of such publication by Congress, $200,-
000, is too great. Hardly would a worthy pensioner
object to the publication, while those who have some-
thing to fear could not be expected to be enthusiastic
for the publication of their shame. Every good sol-
dier is profoundly interested that the list be purged of
every unworthy feature. The papers would reprint
the list for their respective cities or counties, and thus
this desirable end would be secured. The scrutiny of
the people would cleanse it of frauds, and preserve it as
the brightest roll in the schedule of appropriations.

Gen. H. V. Boynton, eminent for loyalty to his wor-
thy comrades, as well as liberal in his praise to the
gallantry of Confederates, states :

If the cost of Congress, the printing-office, the bo-
tanical garden (expressed in the item legislative), and
the Agricultural Department be taken out, the pen-
sions for next year will equal the total cost of the re-
maining government service — that is to say, the cost
of pensions will, with the small exceptions noted, equal
the entire salary-list of the government in Washing-
ton and throughout the country, the expenses of all the
departments, including the whole judicial system, the
cost of the army and navy, post-office deficiencies, pub-
lic buildings, fortifications and ships, rivers and har-
bors, the Department of Labor, and the whole expense
of the White House and its salaries. A long array of
prominent items, such as those for the coast survey,
the life-saving service, the lighthouse system, the In-
dian service/the general land-office, the Marine Hos-
pital service, the National Soldiers’ Homes, the cus-
toms service, might be added to still further emphasize
the point under consideration.

Confederate l/eterao


dpi ted 5095 of (^federate l/etera9$.

Organized July 1. Jv«;, Richmond, Va.

ROBERTA. SMYTH, Commander-in-Chief, >„».,«,. „, , ,
DANIEL RAVENEL, Adjutant-General, | ««H”. Charleston, S.C


ROBERT 1 , NORFLEET, Commander, > „ ,…,.. … ,, „ „
GARLAND I . WEBB, AJMOTANT-GEN] BAL,| ‘” ‘- ‘■ ln8 “> n > • N – 1 —


T. LF.ICIl THOMPSON, COMM tNDER, Lew isburg, Tenn.


W. C. SAUNDERS, Commander, I ,. ,.. ,-, ivit,,n t<-x-

.1. II. BOWM W, Arm rANT-Gl ■ m: m . I ” x ‘ “‘■ ‘■ “””• iox –


Conducted by ROBERT \. SMYTH, < harleston, S. C.
Send all communical ions for this department to him.

[Comrades everywhere are urged to commend tin- organizatii
~ms. By ‘lr>inir so thej maj be verj helpful i” 1 ommander Smj th. 8.


There are two other camps to report chartered since
the appearance of the December Veteran: No. 55, Joe
Vaughn, Fayette. Mo.; No. 56. John Royd, Lexington,
Ky. It is very encouraging that tne Sons have at last
gained a foothold in Missouri. This is owing to the
efforts of Col. S. B. Cunningham, of the Veteran camp.
Many other camps should be organized in that large
state, and have a division to report at the next reunion.

Special t >rdvr No. 10 has been issued, app< linting Mr.
R. C. Clark Commander of the Missouri Division, and
he has been instructed to appoint his staff and proceed
immediately with the organization of the division. 1 lis
father. John B. Clark, was a member of Congress dur-
ing ante-bellum days, and was brigadier-general at the
beginning of the war. He was seriously wounded in
1 861, and was then elected to the Confederate Con-
gress. His brother, John B. Clark. Jr., enlisted as a
private in the Confederate army, and was promoted
through all grades to brigadier-general. His other
brother gave his life to the cause. Thus it will be seen
that Mr. Clark is richly entitled to membership, and by
personal merit attains the honor conferred upon him.

Herewith is appended a list of the camps of each di-
vision, with some account of the w : ork in the division:


Virginia Division.

R. S. B. Smith, Commander, Berryville, Va. No. 1,
1″. E. Lee, Richmond; No. 2, R. S. Chew, Fredericks-
burg; No. 3, A. S. Johnston, Roanoke; No. 6, State
Sovereignty, Louisa C. H. ; No. 8, J. E. B. Stuart, Ber-
ryville; No.’ 9, Pickett-Buchanan, Norfolk; No. 10,
Turner-Ashby, Harrisburg; No. 11, Hampton, Hamp-
ton; No. 12, Shenandoah, Woodstock; No. 13, Pickett-
Stuart, Nottoway; No. 14, John R. Cooke, West Point;
No. 19, Kemper-Strother-Fry, Madison; No. 20, Page
\ alley, Page; No. 21, Clinton Hatcher, Leesburg.

While there has not been much activity shown in this
division of late, we feel sure that hard work is being
done to promote the cause for the success of which
we are all striving, and we hope soon to have a large
increase in the camps of this division.

Maryland Division.
It is certainly to be regretted that so far our organi-
zation has been unable to gain any foothold whatever
in this state. The Department Commander, Mr. Nor-

fleet, and the w-riter have tried often to interest some of
the sons of veterans in Baltimore, but without success.
Will not the Veterans of this state come to our assist-
ance and aid us in awakening their sons to an interest?

North Carolina Division.
Charles A. Rland, Commander, Charlotte. No. 5,
George Davis, Wilmington; No. 15, Johnston-Petti-
grew, Asheville; No. 17, Norfket, Winston; No. 23,
Stonewall Jackson, Charlotte.

\ great deal of activity is being shown in this divi-
sion in the organization of more camps, and efforts are
now being made to arrange a successful meeting of all
the camps, so that tin- work may be advanced.
Waynesville and Salisbury will soon organize camps.

South Carolina Division.

M. L. Bonham, Commander, Anderson. No. 4,
Moultrie. Charleston: No. 7. W. W. Humphreys, An-
derson; No. 22, Maxc) Gregg, Columbia; No. 24, Ma-
rion. Marion; No. -7. Wade Hampton, Mt. Pleasant;
No. 31, Cadwallader Jones, Rock Hill;No.35, [ohnM.
Kinard, Newberry; No. 36, O’Neal, Greenville; No. }S,
B. 11. Rutledge, McCIellanville; \.>. 30. Clark Allen.
Abbeville; No. 40, W. D. Simpson, Laurens; No. 41,
James M. Perrin, Greenwood; No. 42, B. S. Jones,

inton; No. 43, James L. Orr, Belton; No. 44, Barn.
Bee, Pendleton; No. 45, Norton, Seneca; No. 47, Ri<
ard H. Anderson, Beaufort; No. 48, M. L. Bonham,
Saluda; No. 51, Louis T. Wigfall, Batesburg; No. 53.
Larkin A. Griffin, Ninety-Six.

This division is now the banner division of the or-
ganization, and the increase in the number of its camps
is most creditable. Mr. Bonham is probably one of the
most popular men in the state. \s Adjutant-General
he became acquainted in every city of the state, and
thus he is able to do invaluable work for the division.

Besides the camps on the roll, there is another large
camp in Charleston, Camp Henry Buist, which will
apply for a charter when they have one hundred mem-
bers on the roll. They now have ninety. There are
also active camps at Winnsboro, Church, and Laurens,
all of which will apply very shortly for charters.
Camps are also being organized at Spartanburg and
Darlington, and we hope soon to add them to the roil.

Kentucky Division.

R. C. P. Thomas, Commander, Bowling Green. No,
25, John H. Morgan, Richmond; No. 30, John H. Mor-
gan, Bowling Green; No. 56, John Boyd, Lexington.

This division is growing rapidly, and much interesl
is being shown throughout the state in the organization.
A camp is now being formed at Russellville, and we
trust will soon be thoroughly organized.

West Virginia Division.
So far there has been hut one camp organized in this
state: No. 54, J. E. B. Stuart. Marlinton. This cam;-,
however, is very active, and is taking steps now to or-
ganize others throughout the state. Movements are
on foot at Charleston and Martinsburg, and wc hope-
that the camps will soon be enrolled. The Command-
er of this state will be appointed as soon as the di-
vision is organized.


T. Leigh Thompson, Commander, Lewisburg, Tenn.


Qopfederate .

Georgia Division.

No. 18, Thomas Hardeman, Macon; No. 46, John
B. Gordon, Atlanta.

This division is practically unorganized, the only
really active camp being at Atlanta. The Commander
of the Atlanta camp, Mr. W. W. Davies, is hard at work
endeavoring to place other camps throughout the stare.
He has sent out one thousand circulars throughout the
state, giving instructions about formation of camps, etc.
There is also activity in Savannah, and a camp will evi-
dently be organized there soon.

Alabama Division.

This division consists of but one camp, No. 16, John
IVlham, Auburn; but the State Commander, Mr. P. H.
Mell, has been most active in his efforts, and, notwith-
standing the yellow fever restrictions, has organized
camps at Tuscaloosa, Tuscumbia, Carrollton, Birming-
ham, Jackson, Greenville, Dadeville, Opelika, and Sel-
ma, and expects to have their applications for charters
sent in very soon.

Tennessee Division.

No. 28, Joe Johnston, Nashville ; No. 29, Maury, Co-
lumbia; No. 32, W. H. Jackson, Culleoka; No. a,
Stone’s River, Murf reesboro ; No. 34, William B.
Brown, Gallatin; No. 37, James H. Lewis, Lewisburg;
No. 52, Archibald Grade, Bristol.

This division has not elected a Commander, but the
old state association of Sons has been dissolved, and a
meeting was called at Murf reesboro for January 13,
when the state division would be formed and all the
camps of the other association, about sixteen in num-
ber, would apply for charters to join the state division.
We therefore hope in the next issue to give a good re-
port of this meeting. Mr. Thompson is working hard
for the formation of this division.

In Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida there are no
camps of Sons, so far as the officers of our association
have been able to ascertain, and so far no movements
are being made to organize any. Won’t the Veterans
come to our assistance?


W. C. Saunders, Commander, Belton, Tex.
7Y.ra.r Division,

R. K. Gaston, Commander, Dallas. No. 26, A. S.
Johnston, Belton; No. 49, W. L. Cabell, Dallas; No.
50, John B. Hood, Galveston.

This division is growing rapidly, and the interest be-
ing taken in the cause is most encouraging. A large
camp was organized in Austin on the 10th inst, and
several others are in process of organization.

Camp W. L. Cabell No. 49, of Dallas, on December
29 gave a very handsome “charity ball” for the benefit
of maimed and disabled veteran soldiers in the state of
Texas. The invitations sent out to this ball are beau-
tifully engraved and have the flag of the state and the
Confederate flag in colors at the head of it.

Missouri Division.

R. C. Clark, Commander, Fayette. No. 55, Jo
Vaughan, Fayette.

This is our newest division, but we expect it to he
one of the strongest. Old Missouri sent noble men to
the war, and her sons must be proud of their records.


The following beautiful tribute to the South and to
the Confederate soldier was written by Miss Belle B.
McClellan, of New York, in a private letter to a Union
veteran friend in Nashville, and was not intended for
publication. Miss McClellan is a cousin of the late
Maj. -Gen. George B. McClellan, a brilliant and appre-
ciative woman, who visited the Tennessee Centennial.

You ask me if I remember Lieut. and Dr. ,

of the Confederate Veterans? Yes; while life lasts
and memory remains I shall never forget how they ex-
tended hands and their voluntary introduction as they
stepped from the ranks of the veterans in gray, whom
I saw on Maj. Thomas Day for the first time in my
life. It thrilled my soul more than anything on earth
has ever done, and I felt that those brave men have
fought and won a greater battle in the silence and
depths of their noble, manly lives than was ever fought
or won on Southern battle-field with the awful roar of
the cannon and the agony of the dying around them.
When hostilities ceased seemed never to me the time
that victory was won; it only began at Appomattox, a
scene into the memory of which no true man ever en-
ters without uncovered head, no true woman only on
bended knee. God never created two more noble men
than Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant. As the
souis of the boys in gray and the boys in blue passed
out from the light of our day, down through the valley
beyond our sight into the shadow of the unseen, they
went in unbroken ranks, side by side; and it seems to
me that ever since, on Christmas night, their voices
have joined the angel choir as they sing: “Peace on
earth, good will toward men.”

Since I came back from my first visit to the South
the charm of the Southland has followed, and lingers
with me. Had we known them, had they known us,
the war could never have been. All the world shall
see how, after the clouds were gone and the sun of
peace rose clear, that no braver foes ever fought for a
principle on different grounds, and that there are no
nobler, grander, truer friends than the men in gray and
the men in blue. Those who fought the hardest and
bravest are those who can love the truest and deepest.

Tennessee is the only Southern state I know. My
visit to it was my first meeting with Southern people.
Your women are elegant and cultured; your men,
gentlemen born. The ardent, generous hearts of
Southern people are lavish with all the warm impulses
of noble natures. I find myself saying:, How could
we of the North, in whose veins the blood runs colder
and more slowly, do without our Southern men and
women? They send out to us the warm rays of sun-
shine from their hearts, and they will receive a noble,
loving response from, us, which will never grow cold,
but deepen and widen on through the ages.

As I call to mind how my heart and soul were stirred
to their very depths on Maj. Thomas Day, and while I
bow my head for the benediction of peace, I hear a
Voice as it says once more, while the army in heaven
and on earth stands with arms at rest and with uncov-
ered head — one part, the greater, in heaven; the other
part, few in numbers, on earth — “I have loved thee
with an everlasting love: therefore with loving-kind-
ness have I drawn thee.”

Confederate l/eterag


Col. John B. Carey, of Richmond, is of the Confed-
erate dead. In the VETERAN of July, 1896, there is a
sketch of him. In 1861 he established the Hampton
Military Academy, and he was appointed by Gov.


Comrade Holt was born at Holt’s Corner, Tenn., in
1835, and was reared on a farm. He and an older
brother enlisted in Starnes’s Fourth Tennessee ( aval
ry. While on furlough the brother was murdered by
a man known to Thomas, who resolved upon ven
geance. Afterward, h >wev< r, getting a terrible wound
in battle, he faced death, and learned that “vengeance
is mine” from a higher Source.

After the war that criminal was on trial in a court-
room, and Comrade licit was present as a witness.
The prisoner quailed in his presence, and begged the
sheriff to intercede with him. licit replied: “Tell him
he is safe. The time was when 1 would have shot him
dead in his tracks, but God has made me a different
man; all hatred has died out of my soul.”

\s Treasurer of the Hoard of Missions of the Mcth-
<>dist F.piscopal Church. South, Mr. licit had gone to
Texas, and at Weatherford, on the morning of his ar-
rival, November 17. he entered the room of the North-
west Texas Conference, when “he fell under a stroke of

THOMAS UK. NN I 1 1 1 ■ • > 1 I .

apoplexy,” but it is believed it was the result of a wound
received while in the Confederate army.

Mr. Holt has been succeeded in office by Mr. G. W.
Cain, who had been his assistant.


Letcher to the rank of major, and placed in charge of
volunteers then organizing in Virginia. After gallant
service in battle he was promi ited to lieutenant-colonel.
and assigned to the Thirty-Second Virginia Infantry.
lie was son afterward made inspector-general under
Magruder. When Magruder was sent West Col, Ca
rev became paymaster For the hospitals about Rich

ond. His funeral was attended by many friends, the
Confederate camps of Richmond taking prominent part
in the services. The Richmond Times gives an inter-
esting account of the service. Rev. Dr. Hoge, in .1
prayer, paid a touching tribute to the character of Col.
Carey, and Capt. Frank Cunningham sang sweetly and
pathetically, as lie so well ran. “Jesus Is There.’ – Re\
Dr. Hall said it was the wish of the deceased that no
eulogy be pronounced, but he added: -Your presence
here is an oration in itself.” The choir sang ” Ri
\.ges, cleft for me.”

In July of 1807 Dr. O. H. Spence, of l rj stal Spi

Miss., laid down the burdens of a busy life and en
into his rest. A man of handsome presence and genial
manners, he easily made friends and retained them.
Dr. Spence served with honor as a Confederati soldier
in the Army of Northern Virginia. He graduated with
distinction at the Medical College of New Orleans in
1866, and for nearly thirty years was actively eng
in the practise of medicine, lie was married in 1 S77
to Miss Amelia L. Ellis, who. with one son. survives


(Confederate l/eterar?.

him. In 1890 Dr. Spence retired from practise, and
removed to Crystal Springs, and became actively in-
terested in the prosperity of his town. He was Vice-
President of the Mutual Bank, and also identified with
various benevolent associations. With love for home
and family and humanity still strong within him, at the
age of fifty-eight the silver cord was loosed and the
bowl broken at the fountain. A lengthy tribute was
adopted July 16 by the Mississippi Chautauqua Assem-
bly, of which he was a member.

That fine old family journal, the Virginia Free Press,
reports the death of Col. L. T. Moore, of Winchester,
in his eighty-third year. The sudden summons came
while walking the street in Winchester, which had
been his home for fifty-three years. Comrade and Con-
frere Gallaher, the editor, wrote: “Trained to civil pur-
suits and a member of the Winchester bar, when the
war broke out he entered the Confederate army, and by
successive promotions rose to command of one of the
five splendid regiments of Virginians which composed
the famous Stonewall Brigade. He was desperately
wounded and made a cripple for life at the first battle
of Manassas while leading his men, but would not re-
main inactive. As soon as he could remount a horse
he reentered the service at the head of his regiment,
and was always cool and courageous at the post of
duty. As a citizen after the close of the war he dis-
charged every duty, and goes to his grave highly re-
spected by the people among whom he spent most of
his life. We may be pardoned for relating an incident
of the Confederate reunion and corner-stone laying in
Richmond in 1896. Col. Moore, though then nearly
eighty-two years of age and a cripple, and in spite of the
heat of the July sun, joined the remnant of the Stone-
wall Brigade in procession, and afoot took the long
march to the site of the proposed Davis monument.
Much fatigued, he sat down upon the grass beside the
editor of the Free Press, and some one present essayed
to introduce him. He smilingly remarked: ‘I don’t
need an introduction to Friend Gallaher; I know him.
He saved my life at the first battle of Manassas.’ This
was a revelation to us. We had no recollection, nor
have now, of rendering him such a service; but we then
knew why, whenever we met, during all the years since
July, 1861, his greeting and grasp of hand seemed more
than cordial. Peace to his ashes! ”

The same issue of the Free Press reports the death
of Capt. William N. McDonald, at Berryville, Va. He
was one of the twelve sons of Col. Angus McDonald.
Among his brothers were Col. Marshall McDonald,
United States Fish Commissioner under Cleveland;
Col. Edward H. McDonald, of Rosser’s Brigade;
Craig McDonald, of Gen. Elzey’s staff, and Maj. An-
gus W. McDonald. Capt. McDonald was born in
Romney, graduated at the University of Virginia. In
1857 he was elected professor of belles letters in the
University of Public Schools, Louisville, Ky.; later he
was superintendent of the schools of Louisville. In
April, 1861, he enlisted as private in Company G,
Second Virginia Regiment, Stonewall Brigade, and
was paroled at Appomattox, being captain of artillery
and chief of ordnance of Mahone’s Division. In con-
junction with Prof. John S. Blackburn, of Alexandria,
he wrote the first Southern school history of the United

States, which has passed through twenty editions, and
still has a wide circulation. He was editor of the
Southern Bivouac when it was most successful, and his
other contributions to literature were numerous and
valuable. As a soldier, a citizen, and a Christian gen-
tleman he had not a superior in all our Southland.

Capt. John K. Anderson was born in Fredericks-
burg, Va., February 15, 1837. Prior to the civil war
he was connected with the militia of his native town,
and when his company went to Harper’s Ferry, during
the John Brown raid, he was color-bearer. He was the
first officer in Fredericksburg to receive a military or-
der in 1861, and left there April 22 to take charge of the
steamer “George Page,” which had been captured and
taken to Aquia Creek from Alexandria. He was then
third lieutenant of Company A, Thirtieth Virginia Reg-
iment, was promoted through the intermediate offices,
and made captain of his- company January 1, 1863, in
which capacity he served until the close of hostilities.
He was wounded at Sharpsburg. Capt. Anderson died
in the fall of 1892, in the fifty-sixth year of his age.

Mrs. James M. Duncan, Jr.,

of Yazoo City, Miss.,
Corresponding Sec-
retary of the Na-
tional Order of the
United Daughters
of the Confederacy,
elected in their late
convention, is a
daughter of “histor-
ic Vicksburg.” She
is the presiding offi
cer of the Mississip-
pi Division, U. D.
C., and bears the
distinction of being
the most youthful
of all the State Pres-
idents. Mrs. Dun-
can was born after
the famous siege.

In the Baltimore
convention Missis-
sippi was conspicu-
ous in her plea to
the National Order
for cooperation and
assistance to pur-
chase “Beauvoir,” the home of the Confederate Presi-
dent, Jefferson Davis. In voicing the sentiment for her
constituents, the Baltimore Sun said: “Mrs. Duncan
made a brilliant and eloquent appeal for ‘Beauvoir.’ ”


The following is the parole given a Federal prisoner:
“I, the undersigned prisoner of war, David Laken,
captured near Murfreesboro, Tenn., hereby give my
parole of honor not to bear arms against the Confeder-
ate States or to perform any military or garrison duty
whatever until regularly exchanged; and, further, that
I will not divulge anything relative to the position or
condition of any of the forces of the Confederate States.
This 3d day of January, 1863. David Laken. Wit-
ness: C. W. Peden, Captain and Provost-Marshal.”

Confederate l/eterar?



Notice has gone forth of the beautiful service of a
Southern-born woman ai Madison, \\ is., during all the
intervening years since the war. F. W. Oakley. ( lerl
of the United States Courts for the Western District
of Wisconsin, has written to Capt. J. B. O’Bryan, of
Nashville, chairman of a committee appointed by
Frank Cheatham Bivouac to inquire into the subject:
Madison, Wis., January 3, 1898.

Dear Sir: Replying to your favor of December -‘7.
I beg leave to say that the article referred to in the
Times-Herald is not quite correct, and needs explana-
tion. During the early part of 1862 quite a number of
Confederates were captured at Island No. 10, and sent
to this city and confined in Camp Randall. While
here about one hundred and forty of them died, and
were buried in a lot in Forest Hill Cemetery, where
their graves remained uncared for for several years,
whan the work of improving and beautifying the
ground was taken up by Mrs. Alice W. Waterman.

\ i you and your associates will doubtless be inter-
ested in Mrs. Waterman and her work, I will briefly
give you an account of it. She was born at Baton
Rouge, La., October 18, 1820, and, although having
spent the greater part of her life in the North, had al-
ways a great affection for the Southland. Coming to
make her home in Madison in 1868, she discovered this
neglected spot where lay buried about one hundred and
forty Confederate dead. She at once began the work of
reclamation, and with her own hands and means worked
untiringly all these years, until overtaken by illness two
years since. Fortunately she succeeded in getting the
lot in such good condition that for the present it needs
but little care. She had placed about the lot a sub-
stantial Stone coping, but had not the means to carry
out her desire to place at the head of each grave a head-
stone of marble. However, the graves have been neat-
ly marked with white painted boards, bearing the name,
company, and regiment of each soldier. These boards
have been renewed three times at her expense.

When Mrs. Waterman took up the labor of love she
had quite an income, but, owing to unfortunate invest-
ments a number of years ago. lost her property. Hav-

ing no relatives, she came into my family to maki n 1
home in 1883, where she resided until her death, last
September, when, at her own request and in the sp >1
designated by her. we laid her to rest with hei “bo
as she so fondly called diem.

The movement came about in this manner: In con-
it ion with Capt. Hugh Lewis, an old comrade oi
mine and a friend of Mrs. Waterman (at present door-
er in the House of Representatives at Washing-
ion |, we thought it advisable to bring the matter to the
attention of some prominent Confederate- in Washing
ton, to ascertain if some provisions could not be made
by the different states to which these soldiers belo>
for the erection of a suitable monument to these Con-
federate dead, whereby their names and services may
be preserved. Capt. Lewis consulted Mr. F. H. Mad
ey, Vice-Commander of the camp at Washington, at
whose request he appeared before the camp, where he
was cordially received, and presented the facts; and a
committee was appointed to consider the matter and
report at a subsequent meeting.

I understand that at that meeting Judge Mackey was
appointed chairman of the Committee on Confederate
Graves, etc., and that he has made a report to the camp
diere which was approved and adopted, and a resolu-
tion passed making it ,1 standing committee, with in-
structions to report its progress from time to time.

What plan the committee has adopted I am unable
to state, but as soon as I learn its nature will gladly
communicate it to you.

The additions to the Sam Davis Monument Fund
have increased in gratifying proportions recently, and
the list is omitted for next number. If others still who
desire to subscribe will do so in the next few weeks, it
will be well. In this connection request is mad
suggestive inscriptions to go on the monument. Lei
them be from twenty-five to fifty words.

Delav of articles for the ” Last Roll” seems unavoid-
able. The death of Gen. L. S. Ross, of Tex.
among them.

The Washington City Camp has a report for the
next Veteran.


Qoofederate .


The Atlanta Chapter of Daughters of the Confederacy send out a letter in which
they solicit subscriptions and state: ” During the ensuing year its interest for Atlan-
lians will be unusually great. We will be alert for news of all kinds, and the Vet-
eran will be filled with items concerning Atlanta before, during, and since the war.”
The appeal is signed by Mrs. E. G. McCabe, Mrs. George Hillyer, Mrs. W. A.
Hemphill, Mrs. William T. Newman, Mrs. Eugene Spalding, Mrs. E. C. Peters.

~/U <7, ‘AT, Oi^^-pt,^^j>f[/^^ — ^

J i4u**/l */ Is fat */ Tfec zm*-*^


or the


There are cough medicines that
are taken as freely as a drink of
water from a dipper. They are
cheap medicines. Quantity does not
make up for quality. It’s the qual-
ity that cures. There’s one medi-
cine that’s dropped, not dipped —
Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral. There’s
more power in drops of this remedy
than in dippersful of cheap cough
syrups and elixirs. It cures Bron-
chitis, Asthma, Croup, Whooping
Cough, and all Colds, Coughs, and
affections of the Throat and Lungs.


Cherry Pectoral

is now half price for the half-size

bottles — 50 cents.

This oak ornaments Craw-
ford Street, in Thomasville,
Ga. When the town was
first settled the street was
a pond, filled with pretty
water-oaks. As time rolled
on and Thomasville began
to grow and was laid off in-
to streets this pond was
drained and the place filled
up. This oak, being of an
unusually pretty shape, like
an umbrella, was left, and is
now the pride of the town —
a thing of beauty, and a joy
to all who behold its enor-
mous dimensions. The tree
is said to be over seventy
years old.

This great umbrella oak is
one hundred feet in diameter.

Qoi?federate l/eterar?.



There is more catarrh in this section of the coun-
try than all other diseases put together, and until
the last few years it was supposed to be incurable.
For a great many years doctors pronounced it a lo-
cal disease, and prescribed local remedies, and, by
constant lv failing to cure with local treatment, pro-
nounced it incurable. Science has proven catarrh
to be a constitutional disease, therefore requiring
constitutional treatment. Hall’s Catarrh Cure,
manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Tolrdo, O.,
is the only constitutional cure on Ihr market. It Is
taken internally in doses from ten drops to B tl I

Bp iful. It acts directly on the blood and mucous

surfaces of the system. They offer one hundred
dollars for any case it fails to cure. Send for circu-
lars and testimonials. Address,

F.J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, < ».
-Sold by Druggists, 75c.




Operate Finest Vestibuled Pullman Ob-
servation Sleeping-Cars daily between
Kansas Citv and Galveston via the K.
C, P. and G. R. R. to Shreveport, H. E.
and \V. T. Ry. to Houston, and G. C.
and S. 1’. Kv. to Galveston. Dining-
Car Service via this line between
Shreveport and Kansas City. Meals on
the cafe 1 plan- — pay for what you get, and
at reasonable prices.

Passengers to and from St. Louis and
the East make close connections via Fris-
co Line at Poteo, via Iron Mountain or
Cotton Belt Routes at Texarkana or
via Cotton Belt Route at Shreveport.
Through sleepers via Q. and C. Route
from Cincinnati and Chattanooga make
close connections in union depot at
Shreveport. No transfers via this route.

Close connections in Central I’epot at
Houston with through trains for Austin,
San Antonio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Rock-
port, Corpus Christi, and all Southern
and Western Texas and Mexico points.

Be sure to ask for tickets via Shreve-
port Route. For rates, schedules, ‘and
other information see nearest ticket
agent, or write R. D. Yoakum,

Gen. Pass. Agt.
W. M. Doherty,
T. P. A., Houston, Tex.


The Southern Railway, in connection
with the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St.
Louis Railway and Pennsylvania Rail-
road, operates daily a through sleeping-
car between Nashville and New York,
via Chattanooga, Knoxville, and Ashe-
ville. This line is tilled with the hand-
somest Pullman drawing-room buffet
sleeping-cars, and the east-bound sched-
ule is as follows: Leave Nashville 10:15
p.m., Chattanooga 4:20 a.m., Knoxville
8:25 a.m., Hot Springs 11 ^6 a.m., and ar-
rives at Asheville at 1:15 p.m., Washing-
ton 6:42 a.m., New York 12:43 p.m. This
sleeping-car passes by daylight through
the beautiful and picturesque mountain
scenery of East Tennessee and Western
North Carolina, along the French Broad


Nashville has a Tea Room in the Will-
cox Building, where elegant lunches arc-
served at low prices, and where ladies
can rest when tired from their shopping.
It is proving a great success, and out of
town ladies may find it a special conve-
nience. The ladies in charge are most


On February 1 and 15, and March 1 and
15, liSgS, the Cotton Belt Route will sell
round-trip tickets from St. Louis, Cairo,
and Memphis to all points in Arkansas,
Louisiana, and Texas, at one fare, plus
$2, for the round trip. Stop overs will
be allowed on going trip within 15 days,
and tickets will be good to return within
21 days from date of sale.

The Cotton Belt passes directly
through the best portions of Arkansas,
Louisiana, and Texas, and this will be a
splendid opportunity for home seekers
to secure a good location.

I 01 full particular as to rates, etc., and
for free copies of handsomely illustrated
pamphlets about Arkansas, Louisiana,
and Texas, write to W. (, Ad. mis. T. P.
A., 215 North Cherry Street, Nashville,
Tenn., or 1 W. LaBeaume, G. P. & T.
A . st. Louis, Mo.

Via the Oucen and Crescent Route.

New line, through Pullman Palace
Drawing-room sleepers daily from Cin-
cinnati. Only 34 hours en route. No
Other line makes this fast time. Solid
vestibuled train to Jacksonville. Direct
connection from Louisville via the South-
ern Railway. Low rate winter Tourist
tickets now on sale.

Mr. Walter O. Parmer advertises in
this issue for entries to his annua] horse
sale which takes place at Cumberland
Park from March 21 to 24. Entries.
however, must he sent in not later than
February 21. The demand for good
horses — trotters, pacers, saddlers,
matched teams, and for general pur-
poses has improved greatly within the
past six or eight months, and the indica-
tions are that the sale will be one of the
most successful he has yet held.



Old Roofs Made Good as New.

If an old leaky tin. iron, or steel roof,
paint it with Allen’s Anti-Rust Japan.
One coat is enough; no skill required;
costs little; goes far, and lasts long.
Stops leaks and prolongs the life of
old roofs. Write for evidence and cir-
culars. Agents wanted.

would i»


but 11. 1

B&mucn a


Allen Anti-Rust Mfg. Co..


A White Negro!

Afro-American Encvclopa-dia, wnlon contains over
100 :,, tides, cow tin | ■ ■■’■ rj topi” i I “‘■■” -■”■■ ‘ ■■ i
D, more I llgent colored men and ■■ i

. ■; ..1 over 50,000 coli red n sden la
t hal M is bej rad nil o impnrison i he best b diets
1 1 .. n 1 1 … t , ,. ,, Even colored family v. ml i
Agents are liavii if sales, find are 51 itina the

1 1 1 ■ 1 ever offered Bxclusi ve tei

Wi its [oi barms. I, T. Ralkt & Co., Publish. Kits,

34(1 Public Square, fi

.oRr^ Dr l5AAqHOriR50flj EYEWATER

V A Chance 7
To Make Money!

I have for many years made collec-
tions of curiosities. I specially want old
postage-stamps of Confederate States.
Will pay cink DOLLAR each for some
kinds Hunt up the old letters and earn
a few dollars Send me the stamp on the
envelopes, as they are much more inter-
esting. For each envelope mailed me, if
desirable, I will at once remit $i cash.
The editor of the Veter \n has mv ref-
en ‘ • es and knows my standing. Man}
an old chest, drawer, or garret, has plen-
ty of the old letters. I particularly want
the Stamp issued with names of postmas-
ters on, or names of the town, like Knox
ville, Charleston, Columbia, Baton
Rouge, Macon, and others. Recollect,
please, not to tear off stamps, but mail me
entire envelope. 1 will pay $2 each for
BOtne kinds not now in mv collection. No
matter if old, or dim, or simple hand
stamped, send them along, for I want all
curiosities. Will remit cash to you In-
registered letter, or return promptly
Correspondence respectfully solicited.

Joseph Watson, Jr.,

:^urti¥/iV«.i.iiL.i., I iiiiiViV<VrtiWttVrtr«VV^i.



S 5;

is Columbus, Gam :

I i

:» Strongest and Largest Fire In* %_
JS surancc Company in the 5j

;S South. £

:■ g

-S Cash Assets Over One Million £

% Dollars. I

“;| Agents throughout the South S:
■.J and the South only.

js Patronize the Home Company, fr

OUR MOTTO: ” Geod ” Work at Reasonable Prices.


Coaa.arwtltai.tloM. “ZFTQm.

Stegrr Building, uituviiir TTMl

161 N. Cherry St., HAMULI!, I EUR.

A. J. HAGER.O.D.S.. Manaaer.


Confederate Veteran


Are two of the factors which should be consiaV
ered in purchasing musical instruments, If you
consider price alone, youll probably not buy of
us, because we don’t sell cheap goods* But if
you are willing to pay a reasonable price for a
fine instrument we will sell you anything from
a piano to a jewVharp, xxxxxxxxxxxxx


Are sold exclusively by our house and are justly celebrated for their beautiful
tone and artistic finish, They are as good as the best, and better than many for
which double the price is asked, A written guarantee accompanies every Lynn*’
wood. Write for catalogue and full information as to prices, XXXXXXX


We Sell Everything in Sheet Music, MusioBooks, etc, We Will Send by Mail,
Post-paid, Any of These Pieces for Half the Price Named,





Only Girl in Town, Waltz Song, By W, R, Williams
I Wait for Thee, Waltz Song (flute obligato). By E, L Ashford
On the Dummy Line, Coon Song, By James Grayson . .
Hills of Tennessee, Ballad, By E, T, Hildebrand . , «


Sweethearts, Ballad, By H. L. B, Sheetz , 40c,

Dance of the Brownies, Waltz, By Lisbeth ], Shields ……. 40c,

Commercial Travelers, March, O, G. Hille ……… 50c,

Hermitage Club, TwcStep, Frank Henniger >••••… 50c.

Col, Forsythe’s Favorite. March. Carlo Sorani …….. 40c.

Twilight Musings, For Guitar, Repsie Turner …….. 30o

R. D0RMAN & CO., Nashville, Tenn.


Confederate .



Barber Shop, Russian and Turkish
Bath Rooms.


Also Barber Shop at 325 Church St.

6 Triumph” Melons


<T1AA In Cash Prizes for 4
$IUU largest “Triumph”
Watermelons grown in 1898,
from seed bought of me or my
agents, *«. A. *«. *«, A. ~v

Varieties to Plant for Shipment.

” Triumph,” ” Blue Gem,” ” Sweet’
heart,” ” Duke Jones,” ” Georgia Rat’
tlesnake,” and ” Kalb Gem.”

For Home Use or Near By Markets.

” Florida Favorite,” ” New Favor’
ite,” “Seminole,” “Duke Jones,” and
” Pride of Georgia,”

I have all of these varieties and
many more.


I make a specialty of this finest
forage plant in the LUnited States.
Better than peas or clover for improve
ing your lands.

Catalogue giving all information
sent free on application. I also fur*
nish free, to all parties buying mcb
on-seed of me, ” Full Instructions for
Growing Successfully a Melon Crop.”
Sixteen years experience in melon’
growing. Address


Post-Office Box 555. Monticello. Fla.

JOY & SON, ^o^s.

Cut Flowers, Funeral and Wedding Designs. Rose
Plants a Specialty, Express Orders Solicited. Men’
tion VETERAN when ordering. A! A.” A A A

Store, 610 Church Street, (telephone *84i Nashville, Tenn.


Union Teachers’ Agencies of America.

Pittsburg, Pa., Toronto, < ■ \

Co/.. Ckicegv, III.. St. Louis, Sfo . and /’. irwr,
There are thousands of posltlo s during the past season— more

hers. Unqualified facilities for placing teachers In every p trf oi the I
‘ egisters in nine offices. Address all applications to Saltsburir. I’a.

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i» *•<) inducements to lo-

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:= To the Manufacturer: ^

* m –

> an unlimited supply of raw materials, fr
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citizens of the ‘

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V. Af. O. A. BUILOING. ♦ ♦ •



49 Wesminster St.. Providence, R. I.,

Wants all kinds of Kaw Furs, Skins, (iinseng,
Seneca, etc. Full prices guaranteed. Careful

selection, courteous treatment, Immediate remit-
tance. Shipping Tags, Ropes, furnished free.
Writ’- for latest price circulars.


420,4 Union St., NASHVILLE, TENN.

( opfederate .



mu$k! music! music!




If you possess a piano or organ, you must buy more or less music, and we want you to buy it
from us. We fully realize that we can not have any of your trade without offering some strong induce-
ment for you to send us your first order. Every well-established and prosperous business is supported
by thousands of patrons who, by sending their first order, discovered that they had found a good
house to deal with.” We want that to be your experience with us, and we will spare no pains to
make it such

To induce you to make a beginning, and thereby give us a chance of securing in you a lifelong cus-
omer, we herewith make the greatest bargain offer of first=class, high=priced, and fine-quality
sheet music that has ever been known.


This music is to be of our selection, but we
desire you to state whether you want it to be
vocal or instrumental, waltz songs, polkas, schot-
tisches, marches, two steps, or variations ; in
other words, give us as accurate a description as
possible of the style, character, and grade of dif-
ficulty of the music you want. Please mention
also what instrument you have, whether a piano
or organ, as the music will be selected by com-
petent musicians, and they will send what is
most suitable for the instrument you have.

The twenty pieces will be first-class music in
every respect, printed from the finest engraved
plates on the best quality of paper, and many of
them will have beautiful and artistic lithograph

The average retail price of each twenty pieces
will be from $9 to $11, and it .will cost from 18
to 23 cents to mail each lot, and as the $1 re-
ceived with each order will not half pay the cost
of the printing and paper, none of the pieces sent
will be furnished a second time at this price.

We have a catalogue of over 5,000 publica-
tions of sheet music, and our object is to place
some of each of these pieces in every home that
contains a piano or organ, feeling assured that
the music thus introduced, when played and
sung, will be our best advertisement, and the re-
sultant orders will amply compensate us for the
sacrifice we make in this offer. If you prefer to
have sample copies of our music before sending
a $ 1 order, send us 30 cents in postage=stamps,
and we will send you 4 pieces, post paid.

With each $1 order we will send as a premi-
um a set of six photographs, representing six
different views and buildings of the Tennessee
Centennial Exposition

We deal in everything known in music, and
musical instruments of every description. No
matter what you want in the music line, write us
for catalogues and get our prices before making
your order.

Mandolins and Guitars,

What could be nicer for a Christmas present than one of these instruments?
as cheap as $3 and Guitars as low as $4. Send for Catalogues.

We have Mandolins




237 North Summer Street,



Qopfederat^ l/eterai?.


Entered at the postofliee, Nashville. Tenn., as second-class matter.

Advertising Hates: $l.r>n per Inch one time, or $1.”» a year, except last
page. One page, one time, special* 485. Discount: Half year, one
one year, two issues. This is helow the former rate.

Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. The space is too
Important for anything that has not special merit.

Tho date to a Bnbscription is always given to the month before it ends.
For Instance, if the Yf.tkkan be ordered t” begin with January ,the date on
mail list w ill he December, ami the subscriber Is entitled i” that number.

The “civil war” wns too long ago to be called the “late” war. and when

correspondents use that term the word “great” [war) will be substituted.

Circulation: ’93, 70,430; ’94, 121,644; ’95, 154,992; ’96, 161,332.


United Confederate Veterans,

United Daughters of the Confederacy,

Sons of Veterans ami other Organizations,

The Veteran is approved and endorsed by a larger and
more elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication
in existence.

Though men deserve, they mav not win Buccase,

The brave will h r theorave, vanquished none the less.

PniOK. J1.00 FEIt Yeak. i v .-,

Sinoi.e Corv, 10 Cents, t * ” L – ‘ ‘■


ilU. i.. j PROrBIETOR.

. , I- A., WIIKN THE “II \K ItnRli PASS] n 1 P VND I


The following changes were reported recentl) by

Adj. -Gen. George Moorman in camps of United Con-
federate Veterans :

Oklahoma Division: Change Col. B. F. Phillips, VI
jutani-General and Chief of Staff, A\’oca, Okla., to Col.
Taylor McRae, Oklahoma City. Okla.

Texas Division: Change Col. II. B. Stoddard, Ad-
jutant-General and Chief of Staff, Bryan, Tex., to Col.
Marcus F. Mott, Galveston, Tex.

Xorthwcst Texas Subdivision: Change Brevet Maj.-
Gen. Robert Cobb, Commanding, Wichita Falls, to
Brevet Maj.-Gen. II. I CNeal, Alpine. Tex.

No. 747, Franklin Buchanan Camp, Baltimore, M <1 :
Change Col. Winfield Peters as Adjutant to Capt Will-
iam M. Pegram.

No. 171, Confederate Veterans’ Association of the

1 )istrict 1 if Columbia, Washington, 1 ). C. : Change Com-
mander R. Byrd Lewis to Commander Robert I.

No. 39, W. J. Hardee Camp, Birmingham, Ala.
Change A. lit. I’. K. McMiller to Adjt. F. W. Lide.

No. 917, Frank Ragsdale Camp, Manchester, Tenn.
Change Adjt. S. L. Cook to Adjt. T. M. Emerson.

No. 1053, John Mcintosh Kell Camp, Darien, Ga.
Change headquarters from Crescent to Darien, Ga.

No. 1034, John C. Breckinridge Camp. < lakland,
Ind. T. : Change name of camp from Confederate Vet-
erans to John C. Breckinridge; also add Adjt. R. C.

No. 1076, Valdosta Camp, Valdosta, Ga.: Change
name of camp from Confederate Veterans to Valdosta;
also add Adjt. J. A. Dosher.


Qoi?federate l/eterar?.


Many appeals have been made to the Veteran to
urge that the reunion at Atlanta be postponed until
October, as that would be a more suitable time for it
in every way. On writing to headquarters about it,
the following reasons for the dates selected are regard-
ed as the most generally satisfactory. Gen. Evans
makes the following notes in this connection:

The time was chosen after very mature considera-
tion and wide correspondence. It is the most leisure
season of the year, as nearly all business, including
farming, is suspended. All crops are through culti-
vation, wheat all cut, cotton-picking not begun, many
people traveling, and railroad rates and hotel and
boarding-house rates are at their cheapest. The time
is especially called for by Texas, Louisiana, Missis-
sippi, Alabama, Arkansas, Tennessee, Florida, and
South Carolina. It is not hot in Atlanta in July; the
hot month is June. The city is well shaded; altitude
one thousand and fifty feet.

Later, in August, all business begins. The farmer
is busy with his corn, fodder, cotton, etc.; the mer-
chants and clerks are laying in stocks and opening
fall trade; railroads are preparing for fall business, and
people are going home from travel.

The battle dates were only incidental. It chanced
that the three battles — 20th, 21st, and 22d of July —
occurring at this season presented a reason. The
South has never celebrated its Bull Run victory. Is
it not well to call a little public attention to the fact
that this battle actually occurred?

We want to satisfy all our comrades everywhere,
and would be specially pleased to place the date where
all would be gratified.


In conformity with a request from Gen. Clement A.
Evans, Chaplain-General Rev. J. William Jones, U.
C. V., issues a call for a reunion of chaplains at the
general reunion in Atlanta next July. The chaplains’
reunion is to occur on July 18, 19, and it is sincerely
desired that as many as can reach Atlanta on Saturday,
the 1 6th, so as to fill Atlanta pulpits on Sunday, the
17th. Dr. Jones requests the names and post-offices
of all Confederate chaplains. His address is 11 15
East Clay Street, Richmond, Va.

Comrade W. D. Stratton, of Atlanta, Ga., replies to
a circular letter of Mrs. E. G. McCabe, chairman of a
committee organized from the Atlanta Chapter,
Daughters of the Confederacy:

I am just in receipt of your circular soliciting sub-
scriptions in the name of your noble order for the
Confederate Veteran, I have been a subscriber
to the Veteran for several years, and, as poor as I
am. don’t see how I could get along without it. God
bless the good, patriotic Daughters of the Confedera-
cy, your chapter in particular, in your efforts to ex-
tend the circulation of our beloved Veteran! To me
it is a stain and a reflection upon Southern patriotism
that it is not in the home of even* Southern family.


Col. R. C. Wool writes from New Orleans:

At recent meetings in South Carolina, Georgia, Vir-
ginia, and elsewhere the subject of erecting a monu-
ment to the women of the South was agitated, and the
idea of uniting the U. C. V. camps to accomplish this
important object was made specially prominent. The
impression prevails that these meetings are the initial
movement in the direction indicated. Such is not the
case. In September, 1895, Dr. George H. Tichenor, a
battle-scarred veteran, an earnest and liberal supporter
of all Confederate memorial works, and Commander
then, as now, of Camp No. 9, U. C. V., brought this
matter, in a stirring address, to the attention of that
body, and urged some action that would result in the
erection of a beautiful and appropriate structure to
commemorate the heroic virtues of the women of the
war. He pointed out the imperative necessity of
uniting in harmonious action every sympathizing ele-
ment, in order to secure results commensurate with the
magnitude and importance of the undertaking.

Comrade J. W. Carnahan, a veteran “tried and true,'”
who had always been an earnest advocate of the ac-
tion proposed, ably urged the performance of this
high and holy duty.

Camp No. 9 responded promptly to Dr. Tichenor’s
earnest and eloquent effort. A committee was ap-
pointed to confer with like committees from other or-
ganizations and to devise and report upon some general
plan of procedure. It soon became manifest that the
time was not propitious for active operations. The
South was in a depressed financial condition, many
veterans were engaged in occupations that were then
unremunerative, and most of them had exhausted their
capacity to give by subscription to the Davis monu-
ment and other works of kindred character. Under
these adverse conditions it was deemed inexpedient to
enter into an immediate campaign of active solicita-
tion. The delays incident to the obstructions above
noted neither swerved the committee of Camp No. 9
from the performance of duty nor dampened the ardor
of Dr. Tichenor in the mission that he had undertaken.
At the convention of the Louisiana Division of the U.
C. V., held in New Orleans, June, 1896, the action of
Camp No. 9 was leported and unanimously endorsed.
At the Richmond reunion, a few days later, a full re-
port was submitted, which report, as will be noted by
reference to the official proceedings, was favorably re-
ceived, and referred to the appropriate committee. It
will be seen that the movement to erect a memorial to
the women of the South was formally inaugurated more
than two years ago, and that it has received official
recognition and approval. Comrade Tichenor indi-
cated the means of accomplishing a general desire.
He has devoted himself to this work, and will prosecute
it with intelligent zeal and energy. To one like him
success always comes in the end.

D. J. Wilson, of Lois, Tex., asks that Capt. J. E.
Simmons will write up Company A, Thirty-Third Mis-
sissippi Regiment of Volunteers, and that some mem-
ber of this regiment, in Featherston’s Brigade, will tell
what the brigade did in the war, that posterity may
have a correct account of its part in the great struggle.

Confederate l/eterag



Judge Robert L. Rodgers, Historian of the Atlanta
(Ga.)Camp, U. C. V.:

In the Atlanta Constitution of December 8, 1897,
Mrs. Elizabeth Belt gave an account of reconstruction
and the readmission of Georgia into the Federal
Union. She told how General Grant was affected by
an appeal made by a Southern woman, and how
he received it as “information in regard to affairs in
Georgia,” and sent a copy of her letter to the Recon-
struction Committee. It contained the usual flavor-
ing of Gen. Grant’s “magnanimity” toward Southern
soldiers and Southern people. This idea is magnified
beyond its proper measure. Let us not detract one
iota from Grant’s generous acts. Let us remember
thai President Grant was the general-in-chief of a vic-
torious army of largely superior numbers when he re-
ceived the capitulation of Gen. Lee. It may be that
there was sufficient leniency, but it may be also that
Gen. Grant was not alone or superior in his generous
terms of surrender. The event was not so sudden as
to cause general belief that it was on “the impulse of
the moment.” There may have been influences be-


hind him which he adroitly utilized to his own per-
sonal advantage. He had been in communication by
truce with 1 ien. Lee at least two days and nights, con-
templating the surrender. In that time he had evi-
dently conferred with bis subordinate generals con-
cerning the coming event, and he was manifestly anx-
ious to crush Lee and his antny. . . . .

Grant was reticent as to his general methods, but
his trend indicated his purpose to defeat his advvrsarv
by astounding him with unexpected hard blows. lie
did not fight on the idea of being generous, but to com-
pel surrender. He obtained a reputation for great
will force, with a generous, even magnanimous, dispo-
sition. His unceasing hatred of 1 hillock and other
generals of the Union army simply shows the true
personal character of the man. lie was vindictive in

spirit, and at times subject to violent outbursts of a
cruel temper. This was manifested about a week
after the surrender of Gen. Lee. Lincoln had the
night before been assassinated. Of course we all
know that Gen. Lee and ln> soldiers had nothing at
all to do with that horrible assassination. Gen. Grant
knew it as well; yet he flew into a rage, and still de-
sired to “crush the rebellion” by a strong blow upon
his vanquished foe after the combat had closed and
Lee and our soldiers of the South had gone on parole.
The telegraphic order of (ien. (.rant and the answer
of Gen. Ord demonstrate all that is claimed herein.
.My attention was recently directed to this by (‘apt.
“Tip” Harrison, a brave Confederate soldier u
Gen. Lee. The telegrams tell the whole story:

” \\ VSHINGTON ( in. \pril 15, 1 865, 4 P.M.
Maj.-Gen. ( >rd, Richmond. \ a.:

Arrest I. A. Campbell, Mayor Mayo, and the mem-
bers of the old council of Richmond who have not yet
taken the oath of allegiance, ami put them in Libby
Prison. Hold them guarded beyond the possibility
of escape until further orders. Also arrest all paroled
officers and surgeons until they can be sent beyond our
lines, unless the) take the oath of allegiance. I In
oath need not be received from an) one who you have
not good reason to believe will observe it. and from
none who are excluded by the President’s proclama-
tion, without authority to do so. Extreme rigor will
have to be observed while assassination remains the
order of the day with the Rebels.

“U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General.”

I ■en. ( ird’s reply :

•• Richmond, \ \.. April 15. 1865,
“I len. L. S. ( .rant :

“Cipher despatch directing certain parties to lie ar-
rested is received. The two citizens I have seen.
They are old. nearly helpless, and 1 think incapable
of harm. Lee and staff are in town among tire pa-
roled prisoners. Should 1 arrest them under the cir-
cumstances, I think the rebellion here would be re-
opened. I will risk my life that the present paroles
will be kept, and, if you will allow me to do so, trust
the people here, who, 1 believe, are ignorant of the
assassination, done, I think, by some insane Brutus
with but few accomplices. Mr. Campbell and Hunter
pressed me earnestly yesterday to send them to Wash-
ington to see the President. Would they have done
so if guilty? Please answer.

“E. O. C. Ord. Major-General:’

“Headquarters Army of the United Stati
Washington, Vpril 15, 1865. 8 p.m.
“Maj.-Gen. Ord, Richmond. Ya.:

“On reflection, I will withdraw my despatch of this
date directing the arrest of Campbell, Mayo, and oth-
ers so far as it may be regarded as an order, and leave
it in the light of a suggestion, to be executed only so
far as you may judge the good of the service demand..
“U. S. Grant. Lieutenant-General.”
“Richmond, Va., April 15. 1865,9:30 P.M.
Received, 10:20 p.m.
“Lieut. -( Ien. I ‘. S. ( ‘.rant :

“Second telegram, leaving the subject of arrest in
my hands is received.

“E. O. C. Ord, Major-General.”


Confederate l/eteran

These papers are in the Official Records, Series I,
Volume XLVL, part 3, pages 762, 763.

Is it not apparent that Gen. Grant was mad or af-
frighted, and temporarily lost the equipoise with which
he has been credited? The order was given on his
own assumption of authority, as though he were the
supreme commander or dictator. Was he mad or
frightened? Was it magnanimous or malignant?
One was calm in the midst of paroled prisoners, while
the other was excited and petulant in the midst of vic-
tors fresh from the field, in their own capital. Which
deserves the credit for generous spirit — he who would
then and there risk his life on the parole of these peo-
ple, or he who would arrest old men and paroled pris-
oners, without civil or military authority, and hold
them in Libby Prison with “extreme rigor,” because
“some insane Brutus” had become a mean assassin?
Give honor to whom honor is due.

This bit of humor comes from Judge Rodgers:

When Gen. Lee made his great march into the ene-
my’s territory, and was on the way to Gettysburg, of
course it created consternation among many of the
“Pennsylvania Dutch” who had remained at home,
and were non-combatants, though perhaps they were
in sympathy with the Union sentiment. A portion of
the Confederate army had passed across a certain lit-
tle stream. Some of the heavy artillery came on, and
in the stream one of the heavy guns bogged up to the
axle in the soft mud bottom. It took some time to
get it out. While the men were struggling in the
stream to help out the battery the teamsters were
“cussin’ ” and kicking at the mules to pull it out, and
the poor brutes were pulling with all their might and
main. On the roadside was a fine field of waving
wheat, owned by a fat Dutchman. It was his joy, his
pride — that field of wheat. The Dutchman came to
the ford to see the struggle at the gun. While the
mules and men were tugging at the gun in the stream
others came up on the road. Finding the crossing
obstructed so, they soon began to tear down the fence
and march across the field of grain by an oblique
movement to a crossing at a ford higher up the creek.
Of course that excited the Dutchman, and he became
angry. Finding that he was unable by remonstrance
to check the tide of invasion on his fine grain, he be-
gan to jump straight up and down and to exclaim in a
loud voice: “Mine Gott! mine Gott in himmel! Tf
dot is der vay dis var is ter pe carried on, I vants it
shtopped righd now.”

R. H. Brooks, Raleigh, N. C: “In Manlv’s North
Carolina Battery there was a soldier, H. Jasper Rob-
ertson, from Murfreesboro, Tenn., who left college at
Chapel Hill in 1861, joined the company as a private,
and came out a lieutenant. A member of his old com-
pany would like to know if he is living. I correspond-
ed with him into the seventies, but since then can get no
news of him. A few months ago I wrote to the Mayor
of Murfreesboro, but he could give me no information
concerning him. Who can inform me of him? I went
over the Gettysburg battle-field last week. I think
every Confederate soldier that can raise the money
ought to see it. Our battery was with McLaws’ Divi-
sion, Longstreet’s Corps, in that battle.”


Comrade George. H. Black, of La Fayette, Ala., in
sending subscriptions to the Veteran, encloses one
for David H. Abernathy, and writes of that comrade’s
account of a presentiment and its results. Comrade
Black, after a year in the Alabama infantry, was three
years with John H. Morgan. Comrade Abernathy
has an empty sleeve. He belonged to the Forty-Sev-
enth Alabama Regiment, A. N. V., commanded by
Col. M. J. Bulger, the venerable officer who has been
prominent at our reunions and whose picture was in
the Veteran for July, 1897. His company was com-
manded by Capt. J. H. Vincent, the unfortunate ex-
Treasurer of Alabama, a genial and generous-hearted
man. After Abernathy had been in Virginia nearly
three years, early in 1864 he received a furlough of
forty days to come home and get married, should “the
girl” he “left behind him” be found still true to her
soldier boy. She was true, and they were promptly
married. The furlough days sped away rapidly, and
the faithful soldier returned to his command. Soon
after he started back the presentiment came to him
that in the next battle he would be shot in the left arm
between his wrist and elbow.

Abernathy was soon promoted to orderly sergeant
of his company, W. When he went to buy a pocket
blank book to use in official duties he sought as thick
a one as he could get to carry in his left breast-pocket,
hoping it might prove some protection to his life at the
fated moment. On the night before the battle of the
Wilderness he, Andrew Wilson, and William Aber-
nathy slept together on mother earth. The next
morning, while rolling up their blankets, William Ab-
ernathy said: “Well, boys, hot work before us to-day!
How do you feel about it? ”

Andrew Wilson quickly replied: “I am going to be
killed, and won’t be long about it.”

David Abernathy said, putting his right hand on
his left arm, “I guess I’ll catch it right here,” and
asked his nephew how he felt.

William replied: “Things look dark and cloudy be-
fore me. I can’t see through, but I don’t think I’ll
get hurt.”

David Abernathy says that he immediately fixed his
book in his left breast-pocket, together with a large
rag which he carried for rubbing his gun, in which he
felt much pride, and awaited the clash of arms.

Soon after the battle began Andrew Wilson was
killed, and later on, during some desultory fighting,
Abernathy distinctly saw one of the enemy aim in his
direction. He immediately brought his gun to shoul-
der to return the fire, but before he could get proper
aim and pull the trigger he saw the smoke rise from
the Yankee’s gun and felt the bullet strike his arm
between the wrist and elbow It went through his
arm, struck the book right over his heart, went partly
through it, was deflected from its course, and tore
through his arm again near the shoulder, where it was
amputated. William Abernathy passed through the
battle unharmed.

Sergt. Abernathy has kept all these years the book
that saved his life.

Confederate l/eterai},


Gen. Dabney H. Maury, of Virginia, has given a
sketch of Stonewall Jackson, in which he states:

No other man in history can be likened to him.
He has oftener been compared with Oliver Cromwell
than with any other great soldier. But Cromwell was
a great statesman, of far-reaching wisdom; we would
be inclined to pronounce Jackson a warrior, pure and
simple. Four years of incarceration together at West
Point and subsequent service together in the armies
of the United States and Confederate States gave me
as good opportunities of estimating the mind and na-
ture of Stonewall Jackson as any man has ever en-
joyed. I believe Jackson was as fond of me as he
ever was of any man of our times. It was for his wife

>.l s. 1 . |. sins i- w \l L) JACKSON,

to awaken and nurture, and, since his death, to dis-
close to the world the deep tenderness of that won-
derful character, a tenderness never before suspected.
In the life and letters of her husband are revelations
of affectionate gentleness unknown to any but her.


I entered the military academy at West Point in
June, 1842. A week afterward a cadet sergeant
passed, escorting a “newly arrived cadet to his quar-
ters. The personal appearance of the stranger was
so remarkable as to attract the attention of several of
us who were standing near and chatting together.
Burkett Fry, A. P. Hill, and George Pickett made our
group. The new cadet was clad in gray homespun, a
wagoner’s hat, and large, heavy brogans. Weather-
stained saddle-bags were over his shoulders. His
sturdy step, cold, bright gray eye, thin, firm lips,
caused me to say, “That fellow looks as if he had come
to stay,” and on the return of the sergeant I asked him
who that cadet was. He replied: “Cadet Jackson, of
Virginia.” Whereupon I at once ascended to his
room to show him my interest in him, a fellow coun-
tryman in a strange land. He received my courteous

advances in a manner so chilling that it caused me to
regret having made them, and I joined my compan-
ions with criticisms brief and emphatic as to his intel-
lectual endowments.

Days and weeks went by with no change in the
“snap shot” estimate then imparted. One evening,
while Fry and Hill and I were lolling upon our camp
bedding, the evening police were going on, and “Ca-
det Jackson, from Virginia,” was upon duty about our
tent, when I, desirous again to be affable and playful
with our countryman, lifted the tent wall and addressed
him with an air of authority and mock sternness, or-
dering him to be more attentive to his duty. His re-
ply was a look so stern and angry as to let me know
that he was doing that job. Whereupon I let that tent
wall drop, and became intensely interested in my yel-
low-back novel. So soon as police was over I arose
and girded my loins, saying that I had made Cadet
Jackson, of Virginia, angry, and must at once humble
myself and explain that I was not really in command
of that police detail. I found him at the guard-tent,
called him out, and said: “Mr. Jackson, I find that I
made a mistake just now in speaking to you in a play-
ful manner, not justified by our slight acquaintance.
T regret that I did so.”

He replied with his stony look: “That is perfectly
satisfactory, sir.” Whereupon I returned to my com-
rades, and informed them that in my opinion “Cadet
Jackson, from Virginia, is a jackass,” which verdict
was unanimously concurred in ; and thenceforward no-
body in that tent “projected” with that cadet until our
four years’ course was ended and we were emancipated
from the military prison of West Point, for we all liked
and respected him.

\fter our encampment of two months was over we
went into barracks, and were arranged in sections al-
phabetically, and thus it was McClellan and I sat side
b) side. “Mac” was a great help, and besides he was
a little bred-and-born gentleman, only fifteen and a
half years old.

“Old Jack.” as we called him, hung about the bot-
tom. At the first January examination all below him
were cut off. He was foot, and probably would have
been cut off also, but his teachers observed in him
such a determined intention to succeed that they felt
sure he would certainly improve; and he did.

Our rooms were small, each with two single bed-
steads (iron), a bare, cold floor, and an anthracite
grate. “Old Jack,” a few minutes before taps, would
pile his grate with coal, so as to have a bright, glow-
ing fire when taps sounded and all other lights were
out. Then he would lie prone upon the floor, when
the light enabled him to study the lesson for the daw
and very soon he began to rise in his class; and we
all were glad of his success, for. cold and undemon-
strative as he was, he was absolutely honest and kind-
ly, intensely attentive to his own business; and, as it
was. he came to be near the head of our class, the
largest that had ever graduated there. We had, alto-
gether, one hundred and sixty-four members — count-
ing those turned back into it — and we graduated sixty
after four weary, profitless years (to me”).

On returning to Virginia from West Point the boys
stopped at Brown’s hotel, where “Old Tack” had his
first and last frolic, to which in long years after his
fame had filled the world he dimlv alluded, when he


Qopfederate l/eterai?.

said he was too fond of liquor to trust himself to drink
it; but poor Dominie’s long-pent craving was never
slaked any more until his enfeebled frame was laid ro
rest in a soldier’s grave away off in the shadow of the

From the moment that Jackson entered upon his
duties in the army he evinced that terrible earnestness
which was the characteristic of his conduct in battle
or in work. During the battles in the valley he served
as a lieutenant of Magruder’s Battery and won many
distinctions. Having entered the service as a second
lieutenant, he was brevetted first lieutenant, captain,
and major in one year’s field service.

When John Brown made his attempt to arouse in-
surrection in Virginia Gov. Wise called out the troops
of the state and ordered the corps of cadets to be held
ready for immediate service. Gen. Smith, superin-
tendent of the corps, promptly obeyed the orders.
Maj. Jackson reported at the guard-room ready for
the field. Gen. Smith, after giving attention to some
matters requiring it, said: “Maj. Jackson, you will re-
main as you are till further orders.” At that moment
Maj. Jackson was seated upon a camp-stool in the
guard-room with his saber across his knees. Next
morning at reveille Gen. Smith repaired to the guard-
room and found Jackson sitting on the camp-stool,
and said: “Why, Major! why are you here?”

“Because you ordered me to remain here as I was
last night, and I have done so.”

Next year he went off to the great war between the
states, and won fame at once. Rumors of a great vic-
tory came. His wife and friends were anxious for the
news. It came by a courier, who spurred in hot haste
to his home in Lexington. These were the words:
“My subscription to the negro Sunday-school is due.
It is fifty cents, which I send by the courier.” Noth-
ing more. At the first Manassas his fame was made
when that noble soldier Barnard Bee cried out to his
wavering men: “See where Jackson, with his Virgin-
ians, stands like a stone wall! Let us form behind
them!” After the repulse at Malvern Hill Gen. Lee
and other generals were discussing the situation, and
what we were to do in the morning. Jackson was ly-
ing upon the ground, apparently slumbering, his cap
lying over his face. He was aroused and asked his
opinion of what was to be done in the morning. Re-
moving his cap from his face, he said: “They won’t be
there in the morning.” Nor were they.

One morning while marching with his staff he
stopped at the door of a farmhouse. A gentle-look-
ing woman was in the porch with a little child at her
knee, of whom he requested a drink of water. She
promptly handed him a stone jug of cool and fresh
water, which he quaffed like a horse. One of his staff
asked the good woman to “give me a drink of that
water, please.” She emptied the pitcher upon the
ground, went into the house, and brought out a white
pitcher, from which she gave the captain a drink.

“Why did you not give it from the other pitcher?”‘
asked the officer.

“Oh!” she replied, “no man’s lips shall ever again
drink from that pitcher.”

Again, while marching on to some new victory, he
haired by a farmhouse, whence a young mother came
out into the road with her young child in her arms.
and said: “General, won’t you bless my child?” He

took the little infant in his arms, and, reverently rais-
ing it, with uncovered head prayed for God’s blessing
upon it.

In the battle of Kernstown he was worsted by Gen.
Shields (one of the noblest of the Federal command-
ers), because of the Confederates’ ammunition being
all exhausted. Gen. Dick Garnett withdrew his
troops. Jackson arrested Garnett, one of the truest
and highest gentlemen in our army, and held him in
arrest until Garnett, by personal influence, procured a
trial by court martial. Jackson was the principal wit-
ness for the prosecution. The court acquitted Garnett
after hearing Jackson’s testimony, and only permitted
the defense to be spread upon the record on Garnett’s
demand that after such unusual and conspicuous se-
verity it was his right. Poor Garnett fell in front of
his brigade in the great charge at Gettysburg. He
was mourned throughout our army, for a braver and
gentler gentleman never died in battle.


While a professor of the Virginia Military Institute
Jackson arrested and caused a distinguished cadet to
be dismissed for an infraction of the regulations.
That cadet was distinguished as a scholar and soldier.
He found himself, after four years of study and schol-
arly achievements, deprived of the diploma which was
the object of his long endeavor. Without it his live-
lihood was imperiled. He was justly outraged by
such harshness, and vowed he would castigate Jack-
son, and prepared himself to execute that purpose.
He was a powerful and daring young man. The
friends of both were deeply anxious. Jackson was
urged to have him bound over to keep the peace.
This would involve his oath that he was in bodily fear
of his enemy. He replied: “I will not do it, for it
would be false. I do not fear him; I fear no man.”
Then the superintendent of the academy had to take
the oath as required by the law, and have the young
man bound over to peace. When the war came on
Jackson, upon his own promotion to a corps, had this
young fellow made brigadier, and he became one of
the most distinguished generals of the war, and is
known to-day as one of the ablest men of our state.

Jackson was awkward and uncomfortable to look at
upon a horse. In the riding-school at West Point we
used to watch him with anxiety when his turn came
to cut at the head or leap the bars. He had a rough
hand with the bridle, an ungainly seat, and when he
would cut at a head upon the ground he seemed in
imminent danger of falling headlong from his horse.

About 1850 Jackson was a lieutenant of artillery
stationed at Governor’s Island, when he was invited to
accept the chair of mathematics in the Virginia Mili-
tary Institute. In those days the government would
grant an officer leave of absence for one year to en-
able him to try such an office before resigning his
commission. So he came up to West Point to see
McClellan and myself and other comrades before re-
tiring from the army. He was more cordial and af-
fectionate than was usual with him, for he was never
demonstrative in his manners, and he was in good
spirits, because of his promotion and the compliment
paid him.

He informed us, however, of a peculiar malady
which troubled him. and complained that one arm and

Confederate l/eterar?.


one leg were heavier than the other, and would occa-
sionally raise the arm straight up, as he said to let
the blood run back into his body, and so relieve the
excessive weight. I have heard that he often did this
when marching, and, having become very religious,
his men supposed he was praying. 1 never saw him
any more, except at Manassas after the battle, when
Gen. Johnston and other officers were congratulating
him upon his fine conduct in the battle. These pe-
culiarities have often been cited as evidences of the
great genius he possessed.

I have always heard it said that he was an advocate
for raising the black flag and showing no mercy to the
enemy who were invading our country and destroying
our homes; and it has been said that he urged Gen.
Lee to assault the enemy in the town of Fredericks-
burg by night, after their defeat and while they were
retreating over the river, and that Gen. refused
to do so because of the peril to the people of the town.

I have never heard of Jackson evincing any sympa-
thy or gentleness or merciful regard for the wounded
enemies he must have seen nor tender emotions of
any sort. Therefore the delightful book lately pub
lished by his widow is a revelation and surprise.
Nothing in all literature can equal the exquisite gen-
tleness and sweetness this bock gives n^ of the stern.
Stolid, impassible nature, who lavished such tender-
ness upon the object of his love. To her he unlocks a
treasure of rich and pious and loving emotions, which
his most intimate friends had never before suspected
to exist.

William K. Pilsbury. Dawson, Ga.:

At the battle of Coosawatcbee, S. C., on the 6th of
November, 1S04. the Fifth Gei rgia Regiment lost five
color-bearers and its flag. The tight began about
noon, and the loss was heavy on both sides. The
Fifth Georgia went into this fight supported by the
Third Georgia Regiment 1 if state militia. During this
fight five bearers of the flag were shot down, and as
0111 man was slain another leaped to 1 :i kx- Ins place,
and the flag never touched the ground until the fifth
bearer was shot down. The last man that fell was
so far in advance of his line that there was no one to
take the flag. The retreat had been sounded, and the
men wire pushing to the rear, when the flag fell into
the hands of the bluecoats.

The last man to bear this flag was Lieut, William G.
Harp, who took it from the hands of Private Tip
Barnes as liv fell severely wounded. He moved for-
ward so rapidly with the flag that, amid the roar of
battle, he did not hear the command to halt and re-
treat, and was nearly half-way between the lines when
he fill lli nee it was impossible to recover his re-
mains or the flag,

\t a reunion of the Fifth Georgia Regim< nt. at Ma-
con, Ga.. in August, 1884, Capt. L. C. Young returned
the dear old battle-scarred flag, and accompanied it
with a feeling speech full of pathos. Capt Youi
one 1 if nature’s noblemen, and has a clpse place within
the hearts of the surviving members of the Fifth
Georgia. This officer was a brave Federal soldier, and
illustrated his devotion to his flag on many battle-fields,

At the battle of Murfreesboro the Fifth Georgia

Regiment lost three of its color-bearers, and the per-
centage of loss on the part of the regiment was large
in the battle of Chickamauga. It went into that fight
with three hundred men. and came out with erne hun-

As w’ill be seen by the following letter, Thursday,
Ma\ 12, next, has been agreed upon by the Tennessee
Chickamauga Park Commission and the National
Park Commission for the dedication of our Tennessee
monuments and markers erected on the battle-field of
Chickamauga :

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Park Com-
mission. Washington, I >. C, January 15, 1898.
Maj. Charles W. Anderson, Chairman Committee, etc.:
My Dear Major: We have your letter of the 13th
inst., and. after consultation with Gen. Boynton, take
pleasure in notifying you that Thursday. Ma\ u next,
is a satisfactory date as Far as this commission is con-
cerned for the dedication of the Tennessee monuments
on th< ( ihickamauga fii

Frank ( >. Smi m. Major Second Artillery, Commis-
sioner and Secretary.

In due time a program for the occasion will be ar-
ranged, and announced through the local press of the
state. Application will also be made to all rail
running into Chattanooga for reduced rates, j n order
that comrades who participated in that great battle
may once more visit the field. Many survivors of the
battle arc farmers, and the above date was asked for
by the Tennessee Commission with a view- to their
special accommodation, as corn- and cotton-planting
will be over by that time, and many will attend who at
a later date could not leave their homes and crops.


Henry Hunter Smith writes from Atlanta interest-
ing reminiscences of 1861-62, in the Virginia cam-
paign. In referring to Lee on top of Valley Moun-
tain, he states:

1 never shall forgel the rainy evening while on my
return from Mingo Mats I passed his tent I saw a
tine head and a smiling countenance. I halted,
dropped my old musket to a rest, and said to the man
near me: “Are you dry? 1 lave you anything to eat?”

“Yes,” to both questions was replied, and “Come
in, and help yourself” was added.

After enjoying some ham, light bread, and pickle,
I said: “I feel good now. and will be going down the
mountain. Will you kindly tell me who you are? ”

“Lee is my name.”

“What? Not Gen. Robert Lee, our commander?”


The South Georgia (.’amp No. 819, Waycross, Ga.,
at its annual election of officers chose J. L. Sweat.
Commander: C. C. Grace, A. P. Perham. W. H. Sea-
bring, and L. Johnson, Lieutenant Commanders; H.
TT. Sasnett, Adjutant: Drs. W. P. Clower and T. S.
Paine, Surgeons: and Rev. J. A. McArthur, Chaplain.


Confederate .


Theodore F. Allen, who was a captain in the Sev-
enth Ohio Cavalry and brevet colonel U. S. Volunteers
in Wilson’s Cavalry Corps, sends the following to the
Veteran from Cincinnati, 1898:

The rain was pouring in torrents as night fell over
our camp at Somerset, Ky., July 1, 1863. We were
hugging ourselves in congratulation over the fact that
we had a good dry camp, and pulled our tent-flaps
tight to keep out the storm as we settled down to a
quiet rest, at peace with all the world for that night
anyhow. We were light-hearted youngsters, and
home was wherever nightfall overtook us or wher-
ever our colonel decided to stop.

In a lull of the storm the quick gallop of a courier
was heard. In an instant he reined up at the tent of
our commander, Col. Israel Garrard, of the Seventh
Ohio Cavalry, to whom he handed an order, which
read: “You will report for duty with your regiment
within one hour from receipt of this order, your troops
to be supplied with two days’ rations and forty rounds
of ammunition per man, one ambulance to accompany
your regiment.” This order had a businesslike look,
and in less time than you can say “caterpillar” the
regiment was astir.

Under the adjutant’s order the chief bugler sounded
“boots and saddles.” As the notes of the bugle fell
upon the camp the cavalrymen thrust their heads out
of their little “pup tents” and gave a cheer. This was
followed by “officers’ call” from the bugle, and the
commander of each company, coming on a run, re-
ported at the adjutant’s tent. Orders were given for
immediate preparation for the regiment to move, as
indicated, and the medical officers made ready with
ambulance and their “tools of trade.” Within a few
brief minutes we rode away in one of the heaviest
downpours of rain we had ever experienced.

Reporting to the commander of our brigade, we
were informed that Gen. John Morgan, with his divi-
sion of Rebel raiders, was about to cross the Cumber-
land River on one of his periodical raids through Ken-
tucky. Our regiment, twelve hundred strong, was re-
cruited in Southern Ohio, in the counties bordering
the river. A considerable portion of Gen. John Mor-
gan’s command was recruited from. the counties of
Northern Kentucky, also bordering on the Ohio River
directly opposite our homes. Thus we were by no
means strangers to each other, and had been prac-
tically neighbors.

Our rubber “ponchos” were drawn tight over our
shoulders in the downpour of rain. By midnight we
arrived at Fishing Creek, near Mill Springs, Ky., the
scene of Gen. Thomas’ victory and Zollicoffer’s death.
This mountain stream was sending down a torrent of
water with heavy driftwood, against which no horse
could stand, and was far beyond fording, and thus
precluded our farther progress that night. We biv-
ouacked as best we could till daylight, when, under
great difficulty, we forded the raging torrent with the
loss of only one horse, the rider being rescued by his
comrades. Arriving at the Cumberland River above
Burkesville, we found Morgan, with his division of cav-
alry, occupying the south bank of the river. For a
day or two we had skirmishing — “give and take.”
The river was fordable in many places, and we did not

expect to hold Morgan on the south bank of the river
if it was his desire to cross it. About July 4 we were
called in from our picket duty to join in the pursuit
of Morgan. It was the start of his famous raid which
extended across the states of Kentucky, Indiana, and
Ohio. Gen. Morgan and his troopers were the beau-
ideal raiders of the South. Morgan and his chief lieu-
tenant, Gen. Basil Duke, were very skilled in mislead-
ing their pursuers, and previous to this time had been
universally successful in their raids, inflicting much
damage upon railway lines that were supplying our
armies in the field, and had become overbold in their
operations. As soon as Morgan took up his line of
march northward from the Cumberland River our of-
ficers determined to follow him right in his own trail,
if it led them even to the state of Maine, and not seek
to head him off nor to be drawn aside by false maneu-
vers, although Morgan and Duke were exceedingly
fertile in producing false impressions regarding their

As Morgan crossed the state of Kentucky he inter-
cepted small garrisons of Federal troops guarding im-
portant places. At Green River Morgan called upon
Col. Moore, of a Michigan regiment, to surrender his
force to save the effusion of blood, and that officer
replied that his superior officer had stationed him at
that point for the purpose of effusing blood, and it
would begin right away if he desired it. Morgan ac-
cepted the challenge and made the attack, and one of
his own brothers was killed. Morgan did not have
time to continue the attack, and withdrew, continuing
his march northward, with our pursuing force “push-
ing him along.” We expected Morgan to turn east
before striking the Ohio River, but in this we were
mistaken, as, upon arriving at Brandenburg, some
forty miles below Louisville, he seized passing steam-
boats and landed his force in Indiana. Following his
trail, we reached Brandenburg, just in time to see his
rear-guard disappear over the river-bank, going north
into Indiana. His rear-guard stopped long enough
to wave their hats at us and bid us good-by. The
steamboats they had used in crossing were at that
moment bursting into flames, and burned to the wa-
ter’s edge tied fast to the Indiana shore. Other
steamboats were hurriedly obtained, and our pursu-
ing force hastily transferred across the river, men and
horses being tumbled aboard the boats in quick order
and tumbled off on the other side. There were many
laughable instances of men and horses falling into the
river, but everything “went” in those days.

The appearance of “Morgan’s men” on the north
side of the Ohio River created consternation in Indi-
ana and Ohio. The Governor of Indiana called out
the state militia to the number of fifty thousand, and
as Morgan’s advance turned toward Ohio the Gov-
ernor of the Buckeye state called out a like number
of militia from his state.

At Corvdon, Inch, the “Home Guards” gave the in-
vaders a brisk little battle, and delayed their advance
for a brief time. Gen. Hobson’s pursuing column, of
which the Seventh Ohio Cavalry was a part, arrived
at Corydon within a few hours after Morgan’s depart-
ure. The citizens of Indiana received us with the
greatest enthusiasm, and from the time of our arrival
at Corydon until the end of our march at Buffington
Island, O., a distance a distance of about three hun-

C^opfederace l/eterar?.


dred miles, our line of march was between two lines
of people occupying each side of the road — men,
women, and children laden with good tilings for us
to eat, the principal article being fried chicken. In
truth, and literally, there were six hundred miles of
fried chicken. It would seem that the telegraph had
announced our coming in Morgan’s rear, and at this
announcement every man, woman, and child in Indi-
ana and Ohio had begun to fry chicken for us (though
I desire to say here that we did not belong to the
negro troops) as the best thing they had to offer us.
At first this article of diet was acceptable, but six
hundred miles of fried chicken was more than we
could stand. We begged the kind people to tele-
graph ahead and stop the awful slaughter of chickens
for our benefit, and provide some hardtack and salt
pork, or they would kill ns with their kindness.

In our procession of three hundred miles between
this double line of excited and patriotic citizens these
tens of thousands of citizens greeted us with one song,
and only one song, always the same — viz., “Rally
Round the Flag, Boys!” This we heard by day and
by night, and it is related that after the raid was over
our commander, Gen. Hobson, was taken sick with
brain fever, was confined to his bed seriously ill, and
in his delirium insisted upon singing “Rally Round
the Flag, Boys!” Although it has been nearly thirty-
five years since these occurrences, I can yet hear them
singing “Rally Round the Flag, Boys! ”

In Morgan’s dash across three states in fifteen days
he swept a wide area absolutely clean of horses, giving
his own command frequent remounts, but leaving us
entirely without remount for the whole distance. In
fact. Morgan’s force had two horses for every man,
while Hobson’s had two men to each sadly worn
horse. Morgan’s force, when it started from the
Cumberland River, was exceedingly well mounted,
having some of the best blooded horses from Ken-
tucky, horses capable of long anil rapid marches, Me
set the “pegs” for us, and set them high every day.
The longest march made by his command at one
stretch was ninety miles in twenty hours, this being
the jump he made from a point in Indiana west of Cin-
cinnati to Williamsburg. O.. on the east of Cincinnati.

Morgan’s force did not exceed twenty-five hun-
dred troopers when he invaded the stares north of the
Ohio River, possibly five hundred less. I think two
thousand would be a fair figure to name for the num-
ber of troops he led into Indiana. Now two thousand
horsemen make a big showing, and to the excited citi-
zens, whose horses were being seized right and left,
this number was easily magnified to ten thousand,
and that was the number reported to us generally by
the excited citizens when they stopped long enough
from singing “Rally Round the Flag. Boys!” though
we knew the number hardly exceeded two thousand.

Our march of two hundred miles across the state of
Ohio was in many ways painful, as our horses were
failing rapidly. Twenty-two hours’ marching out of
each twenty-four was more than they could stand in
their exhausted condition. Our ambulance had been
dropped long ago, but our medical officers, mounted
on the ambulance horses, were with us.

We were now at home in Southern Ohio, and manv
of our regiment passed their own door-steps, stopping
only long enough to kiss the members of their fami-

lies and briefly listen to their song of “Rally Round
the Flag, Boys!” and partake of some more fried
chicken. At Piketon, O., the “Home Guards” had
delayed Morgan’s advance, and we began to pick up
some of his stragglers. It looked now as though we
might within a few hours more overtake him and
bring him to bay.

On the 1 8th of July our regiment, the Seventh Ohio
Cavalry, with the Second Ohio Cavalry and the
Eighth Michigan Cavalry, was pushed ahead of
Hobson’s column, and at daylight of July 19 struck
Morgan’s command in the valley of the Ohio River
near Buffington Island, where they had been delayed
by fog, waiting for daylight to cross over. At the
moment of our arrival the forces under Gen. Judah
had also arrived, coming up the valley of the Ohio,
while we debouched from the river hills, and the gun-
boats were holding the fords of the river.

We were ordered to attack immediately, and, under
Col. Garrard’s directions, I rode back along the line
of the regiment ordering the companies formed into
columns of fours. Our numbers were few, and I re-
member Lieut. Sam B. Johnson, who commanded
Company M of our regiment, told me that he had only
one set of fours. Capt. William T. Burton, of Com-
pany B, had four or five sets of fours. Of our entire
regiment, eight or nine hundred strong, when we
started from the Cumberland River, we did not now
show up over two hundred men, the remainder having
been dismounted by reason of disabled horses and
scattered along our trail for a distance of five hundred
miles. When the guidons of these three regiments
of Gen. Hobson’s advance fluttered in the breeze of
the Ohio Valley that July morning Gens. Morgan and
Duke knew their “jig was up.” We formed plainly
in their sight, and with but slight resistance to the
Federal attack Morgan’s entire force fled in disorder.
\Ye pursued as rapidly as the condition of our poor
horses would permit, and many of the enemy, seeing
that further effort was useless, their supply of ammu-
nition being nearly exhausted, surrendered.

After our pursuit at this point had ceased a fla
truce was brought to Col. Garrard by a Confederate
officer, who stated that Col. Howard Smith, with a few
other officers and men of Morgan’s command, were in
the woods near by, having been cut off from their
command, and, knowing the uselessness of further
effort, would surrender if an officer was cent to escort
them. Adjt. Allen and Lieut. McColgen. of the Sev-
enth Ohio Cavalry, were sent to receive them and es-
cort them to our lines. On the way to receive these
Confederates they were met already on the way, under
escort of a sergeant of the Eighth Michigan Cavalry,
whom they accidentally met in the woods. These
prisoners were received by the writer of these lines.
who was greatly surprised to learn that Gen. Basil
Duke was in company with Col. Howard Smith.
Gen. Duke bore himself with dignity, and I would not
have known that I had him with the other prisoners
if one of his own men had not accidentally disclosed
his identity to me. One of the officers with Gen.
Duke gave me a little Confederate flag about the size
of your two hands. I accepted this little flag, and
asked the officer his name. He replied: “Capt.
Hines.” I have the little flag yet, but have never
seen Capt. Hines from that day to this.


Confederate l/eteran.

‘”He jests at scars who never felt a wound.” This
quotation suggests itself by reason of the fact that,
under the varying fortunes of war, some months after
the events written of in the foregoing, in a sharp cav-
alry engagement in East Tennessee, I found myself a
prisoner of war in the hands of the Fourth Kentucky
Cavalry, one of Morgan’s regiments.

The prisoners captured by the Seventh Ohio Cav-
alry were turned over to the Federal officer in charge
of prisoners at Cheshire, O., and with this our connec-
tion with the Morgan raid ended. Gen. Morgan him-
self was not captured for several days later, but the
raid ended at Buffington Island, O., and the subse-
quent flight of Morgan with his detachment of a few
hundred men did not avail him anything.

From the time of Morgan’s landing on the Indiana
side of the Ohio River until the surrender at Buffing-
ton Island, O., not less than one hundred thousand
militia were called into the field to suppress him. The
force of veterans under Gen. Hobson, who pursued
Morgan from “start to finish,” comprised about three
thousand cavalry. Morgan gave us “a good run for
our money.” One can not but admire the dash, skill,
and courage of Morgan and Duke which enabled them
to lead their two thousand troopers on a raid of eight
hundred miles, of which five hundred miles were in a
hostile region, baffling for so long a time the efforts of
more than one hundred thousand men to capture them.

Soon after the close of this raid our regiment formed
a part of Gen. Burnside’s army, which occupied East
Tennessee. We had an active campaign here for over
six months, and saw our cavalry horses perish from
hunger, while our veteran cavalrymen sustained life
on a small portion of parched corn; and then, more
than ever before, we cherished the memory of the six
hundred miles of fried chicken we had on the Morgan

This sketch is not in any way intended as a history
of the Morgan raid, but is a memory of the part taken
by the Seventh Ohio Cavalry in this striking incident
of the war.


A committee comprised of Capt. C. A. Sheafe, D. D.
Maney, and Jesse W. Sparks, of Murfreesboro, sends
out the following circular letter:

About two years ago some twenty-five old soldiers,
representatives of the Federal and Confederate armies
in about equal proportions, residing at Murfreesboro,
Tenn., organized the “Stone’s River Battle-Field and
National Park Association.”

Their object was to interest the people of the United
States, and particularly those who had been soldiers
on either side in our great civil war, in promoting the
purchase by the United States of the land upon which
was fought the battle of Stone’s River, and its conver-
sion into a national military park.

With this view they obtained a charter from the state
of Tennessee, procured options for its sale from the
owners of the land where the battle was fought, have
marked by well-painted sign-boards many interesting
points thereon, and have procured the endorsement of
the General Assembly of Tennessee, the Grand Army
of the Republic at Buffalo, and the United Confederate
Veterans at Richmond. All this they have done at

their own expense, without pay, and without any per-
sonal interest in the enterprise.

Upon the field of Stone’s River occurred one of the
great battles of our civil war. It ought to be owned
and cared for by the government, which already owns
and cares for the national cemetery situated in its cen-
ter. It is of easy access, being penetrated by one of
our great railways. Those who can mark with accu-
racy its historic spots are rapidly passing away. What
is to be done should be done quickly.

We appeal to every post of the Grand Army of the
Republic and Sons of Veterans of the United States
and every camp of the United Confederate Veterans
and United Sons of Confederate Veterans in the Uni-
ted States and kindred organizations for their assist-
ance. We urge each post or camp of all organizations
to endorse the enclosed petition, that as many members
of each as approve the same sign it, and that the prop-
er official of the post or camp promptly forward the
petition, when so signed, to the Representative in Con-
gress from this district, Hon. James D. Richardson,
M.C., Washington, D. C.

The petition is “to the Senators and Representatives
of the United States,” and recites:

We further respectfully present the following con-
siderations in favor of the proposed measure:

The battle of Stone’s River was one of the greatest
of the conflicts which occurred in the war between the
states, in which were engaged more than eighty thou-
sand men, and the losses on both sides in killed and
wounded mark this battle as unsurpassed in the hero-
ism and unyielding valor of the American soldier,
whether from the North or the South.

A conflict so momentous and in which so many of
the noblest citizens of both sections of our country —
our loved and honored comrades, living and dead —
took part, and proved amid the consuming fire of bat-
tle a devotion stronger than the love of life to the land
of their birth or adoption, deserves a lasting memorial
of their fame.

And we further represent that this battle-field is eas-
ily accessible to all parts of our country. It is within
less than thirty miles of Nashville, and a great thor-
oughfare (the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Lou’s
railwav) runs through its- center, where is situated the
beautiful national cemetery, in which repose the ashes
of many of the brave men who made it immortal; and
we submit that the preservation of this field would be
a tribute to those whose blood crimsoned its soil and
whose mortal remains lie entombed in its bosom.
Preserved by the government as a national military
park, this now neglected battle-ground would be an-
nually visited by thousands of people to do homage to
the heroic dead, to reinspire their patriotism, and to
recall with profound emotions the thrilling history of
a great conflict of arms.

Finally, we submit that the lessons of exalted pa-
triotism to those who will come after us, and who will
be charged with the preservation of our national union
as the sheet-anchor of free institutions, can in no way
be better taught than by setting apart the field which
holds the graves of the dead heroes of Stone’s River
and by making beautiful the grounds consecrated by
their valor, adorned and preserved as a national mili-
tary park by the generosity of a grateful people.

Mr. Sparks is the Secretary of the association.

Qopfederate l/eterai?




After a generation I recall this banquet, and I still
see through my misty spectacles the pretty tree-em-
bowered mansion of my commander’s kinsman. The
magnolias, with their dense, rich foliage, adorn this
“paradise of pilots” — that being the name from Natch-
ez to New Orleans — wide, wide river, no bars nor snags
to vex the progress of steamboats.

But the reader of the last decade — in the nineties of
1800 — must view the ever-changing river (one hun-
dred rivers in one volume), more sharply than when
we sailed it, for banks are falling or caving in. islands
become mainland — in fact, the river is shortening itself,
and is now Uncle Sam’s two-thousand-mile torchlight
procession, from the land of Minnesota snow to the

i.l’ 1 >RGE s. HA I BR M \ \ .

sunny clime of Natchez, with thirty-mile light-stations,
and others yet to hear from.

As the “Mobile” and the “St, Mary” drew nigh
Vicksburg, the domain of Gen, M. L. Smith, signals
were thrown oul as per code, and the authorities re-
sponded, having been apprised of the sailing of our ex-
pedition from Berwick Bay, The stately bluffs, kin-
dred in fame to the great Rock of Gibraltar, arming at
every bend and turn with all the resources of military
engineering, was a sight never to be forgotten. The
brigade of Gen. Smith manned the batteries, and with
details from Maj.-Gen, Breckinridge’s Division guard-
ed the front and flank approaches. \\ ithers’ light ar-
tillery commanded all near approaches. We saw along
the Yazoo the vigilant horsemen of Starke’s cavalry
performing their duty, and learned that they covered
the shores of both rivers. Everything betokened the

coming year of battle for the domination of the great
river, and our two armed ships were now “facts and
figures” on this new line of the Confederacy. There
was at this time the following armament in the river
front batteries: Two ten-inch, one nine-inch, four
eight- inch, five forty-two and two twenty-four pound
er smoothbores, seven thirty-two, two twenty-four, one
eighteen, and two twelve – pounder rifled guns — in
all, twenty-six guns. We steamed up, passing this
Gibraltar’s front, three miles, against four-knot current,
in three-quarters of an hour. The strategic value of
the Yazoo was apparent, but it was some time before
we realized the immense wealth of supplies from this
valley. Until we cleared the fortifications bey< >nd these
immense bluffs we could not tell whether the Yazoo
River could be safely reached. So the “.Mobile” and
“St. Mary” made their best run, and it seemed that
they liked these new waters and tolled ahead with en-
ergy. Nine miles above Vicksburg we entered the
Yazoo. This was our cruising-ground, where fine
progress was being made on the ironclad “Arkansas ”
Having turned the bows of our ships toward Yazoo
City, 1 had much enji lyment, all-out-doors. The hours
of my watch night and day were fragrant, and they lin-
ger fondly yet. The bloom of \ icksburg’s vicinage,
with its balmy fragrance from below the Fortifications
and on up around up the Yazoo, had not yet faded.
though war had frightened off the families and diverted
the labor of gardeners. The rose and osage orange
hedges stood their ground still, dividing grand es-
tates. The grace of roses, the oaks, tlie myrtles,
and the magnolias are still delightfully recalled. In
later years Dame Nature brought out her floral treas-
ures profusely, and many roses seemed to seek an
abandoned gun in the obscurest angles of dismantled
forts as a preferred spot to ni stle, to show how mindful
is this tin ither 1 ‘f us all to heal the wi iund – of strife.

The Yazoo Valley is two hundred miles long and
sixty in width. Tt is singularly intersected by many
bayous, and it drains many hills. From below the
high grounds near Memphis the river is called Cold-
\n .iter, then the Tallahatchie, and below the junction of
tin? latter with the Yallabusha from the east its name
is \ azoo. It is a large stream, three hundred yards
wide, and always navigable for vessels of three feel foi
two hundred and fifty miles, from its month to Green-
wood. Yazoo City is ninety miles from the Missis-
sippi. Below this point the river makes several bends
to the west, receiving various bayous which have al-
ready been running in a southerly course, the main
one being called Big Sunflower. These bayou:
rivers branch off at times into two or more currents,
and unite farther down The reader recollects, of
course, that the Yazoo did not enter the Mississippi
as now. eight miles above \ ickshnrg. but followed a

blind lead, another bed known as » >1«1 River, diverging
from the present channel si\ miles above the contin-
ence. Familiarity with these waterways in their ram-
ifications was of greatest value t<> commanders of bat-
talions, as well as fleets, farther along in the- civil war
There had existed before this period a very large bayou
called Yazoo Pass, leading from the Mississippi opp 1
site Helena, and Yazoo City had been reached through
it; but the extension of levees across its month had
closed this outlet. Within this cordate-shaped re-
gion, with its timber growths, were discovered


Qopfederate Ueterai).

herds of live stock, large quantities of cotton, and many
well-filled granaries. Many steamers cruised over
these waters, and we saw many river boats at their
moorings which we had seen at New Orleans before
the surrender. Valuable timber abounded, adapted
for naval construction. The enemy was not slow in
discovering the Yazoo Valley resources.

Telegrams reached us here that on the 7th of May
seven war-ships, had arrived off Baton Rouge, sent up
by Admiral Farragut under the command of Capt.
■Craven, of the “Brooklyn.” Baton Rouge was sur-
rendered to Commander J. S. Palmer, of the “Iro-
quois,” on the 8th of May. On the 12th the Federal
fleet arrived off Natchez, and this hospitable and spir-
ited city also surrendered to Commander Palmer.

We learned that the “Arkansas” had been towed to
Greenwood, one hundred and sixty miles farther up
the river, where we found her, incomplete, surrounded
by refugeed merchant steamers. We now went to pa-
trolling the river its entire length of two hundred and
fifty miles. On the 21st the “St. Mary” ran down to
Vicksburg, Lieut. Shepperd going with us with im-
portant despatches for Gen. M. L. Smith, and tied up
at the wharf. I had the satisfaction of visiting the
city, whose majestic outline, with its battery-crowned
heights, had attracted my admiration. Up to this time
I had never boarded a man-of-war of the U. S. Navy,
although a native of New Orleans, where such vessels
had often touched before the war. But on the 22d
inst. my desire was fully gratified when Commander
S. P. Lee, representing Flag-Officer Farragut, made
demand for the surrender of Vicksburg, which was, of
course, refused. I looked at hulls and spars of the
Federal fleet afar off. No demonstrations were made
by the enemy after the refusal. Our vessel returned to
the Yazoo, where we again patrolled this singular

While plying patrol on the Yazoo we could hear the
bombarding of Vicksburg. The Federal fleet, under
Farragut. appeared off the city on the 26th of June,
and the Mississippi Valley witnessed the giant strug-
gle of two days, ending, of course, with the discomfi-
ture of the enemy. But Farragut resolved to run by
the fort early in the morning of the 28th. The “Hart-
ford” (flag-ship) was accompanied by six vessels. The
sixteen mortar vessels and transports .remained below
Vicksburg. The enemy formed a “coalition” with the
flotilla commanded by Flag-Officer Davis and the Ei-
let fleet. Memphis had been captured, and the Fed-
eral Foote left the scene of his services in the Western
waters, succeeded by Davis. This junction of the
Farragut-Davis-Ellet aggregation around the mouth
of the Yazoo did not escape the vigilant eyes of Gens.
Smith and Van Dorn, and we were in constant wiring
distance with them.

At the fall of Memphis (Tune 6) the “Livingston”
and “Polk.” gunboats, under command of Commo-
dore R. F. Pinkney, with the ironclad ram “Van Dorn”
(of the river defense fleet), migrated down the Missis-
sippi, and came up the Yazoo River to Liverpool land-
ing. Here, at the “raft.” or obstructions, sixty-five
miles from the mouth, where two forty-twos had been
planted on a hill overlooking the raft, the gunboats
found they could not pass through without breaking
the obstructions, which, under the condition of things,
was deemed imprudent. So they removed the arma-

ments and stores across the raft for service on this
side. The two eight-inch columbiads from the “Polk”
were placed on shore in battery for defense. The ene-
my’s fleet, Flag-Officer Davis commanding, started
down from Memphis, arriving July 2 near Vicksburg.
Word reached Yazoo City June 26 that boats from this
fleet would menace the Mississippi and the river and
streams to the north. The “St. Mary” was ordered to
go down to the relief of Commodore Pinkney at full
speed to the raft at Liverpool landing, some twenty-five
miles. As we rounded the point on the 26th we saw
volumes of smoke issuing from the hatches of the
“Polk” and “Livingston,” and at once our boats went
to their aid, but arrived too late. These gunboats, all
ablaze, lighted the scene, bringing into rugged promi-
nence the wooded heights and winding waters of the
Yazoo. These vessels had been set on fire carefully,
so that they might not by any means fall into the ene-
my’s hands. The nearness and magnitude of the hos-
tile fleet in the two rivers and streams to the north
were such as to justify this action of the Commodore.
The steam rams from Ellet’s fleet, the “Monarch” and
the “Lancaster,” on the 26th of June ascended the
Yazoo, bent on capturing, if possible, our gunboats at
the raft. But, seeing the three blazing vessels (for the
“Van Dorn” soon caught fire from the “Polk” and
“Livingston”), the enemy’s rams “turned tail” sud-
den-like and broke for the cover of the armada, not
staying long enough to fire a gun. Occupied as the
boats of the “St. Mary” were in behalf of the gun-
boats ablaze, we did not catch sight of the Federal
raiders of the river until they were about to round a
point of the Yazoo. The crews of the gunboats had
manned the battery of heavy guns while they lived

This spectacle of our blazing gunboats and ram was
appalling indeed, for the Confederacy was not at this
juncture too numerously supplied with armed vessels.
Fate was against us this day, when she let drift a burn-
ing gunboat against the ram “Van Dorn,” and, setting
her afire, caused her to fall quickly a prey to the flames.
These excellent vessels, burned to the water’s edge by
reason of military necessity, left a feeling of sadness
with their officers and the “St. Mary’s” also. The “Van
Dorn” was Commander Montgomery’s flag-ship in the
battle before Memphis, June 6/186*2, and out of the
fleet of eight vessels alone succeeded in making good
her escape. In the fight of Island No. 10, on the 7th
of April previous, the “Polk” and “Livingston,” as
also the “McRae,” “Jackson,” “Calhoun,” “Ivy,”
“Pontchartrain,” and “Maurepas,” were handled well.
Flag-Officer George N. Hollins was in command.
Here, in the same hour, these three vessels closed their
day-books and entered Dame History’s ledger in the
same short extension of time and place.

Lieut. S. G. Stone, executive of the “Polk,” while at
the shore battery which the crew had manned, pointed
to the two eight-inch columbiads. These, said he,
were taken away by him from Fort Randolph, a few
miles below Fort Pillow, on the Mississippi, where
they had been abandoned, with a large number of heavy
guns, shortly before the fall of Memphis. The “Polk,”
as well as the “Livingston,” had been compelled to
make quick time down the Yazoo River, their new
scene of duties. They steamed down the Mississippi
without their armaments; these had been placed in bat-

Qo^federate l/eterar?.


teries on shore at Randolph. But these twin colum-
biads, which he patted caressingly while talking with
me, had twined themselves in his good graces, and so
he carried them off.

Attention was now drawn to the yet incomplete “Ar-
kansas,” and the department sent out Lieut. Isaac N.
Brown, C. S. N., with his quarter-century service in
the old navy, to hasten the building and armoring of
this ironclad ram. He arrived on the 26th of May,
1862, with the amplest powers from Secretary Mallory
to finish the “Arkansas” “without regard to the ex-
penditure of men or money.” In two days he was at
Greenwood, and it did not take long to reach the con-
clusion that the vessel must be removed. He set to
work with vigor. A barge had brought out of the
Mississippi a large amount of railroad iron for armor-
ing, but had sunk in the Yazoo with its guns and ma-
chinery upon deck. There was but one blacksmith
forge and only five carpenters at work at ( Ireenwood.
The timber out of which the future gun-carriages
were built was yet growing in the woods. He raised
in two days the sunken barge, laden with its railroad
iron and some machinery, and the “Arkansas” was re-
moved one hundred and sixty miles nearer the enemy
to the future navy-yard at Yazoo City. Fourteen
forges and two hundred carpenters were now em-
ployed, with night and day sections, for continuous
work upon the ram. Railroad iron was wagoned


from Vaughan’s Station, on the Jackson railroad,
twenty-five miles distant. Lieut. Brown started drill-
ing-machines and contracted for the building of gun-
carriages. The story of the rapid building and equip-
ping of this ironclad is one of particular interest. To
build and equip such a vessel alone would be a fine
achievement, even if accomplished with ample ma-
chinery, materials, and men; but the work was per-
formed with very few facilities and against heavy ob-
stacles in six weeks. The “Arkansas” was one hun-
dred and eighty feet long by thirty feet beam, with
burden of from eight hundred to one thousand tons.
The ends only of her casemate were inclined, the Miles
being perpendicular to the sides of the vessel. Rail-
road iron, dovetailed together, formed her armor, the
rails running up and down upon the incline ends and
horizontally along the sides. This iron thus arranged
was nearly a solid mass about three inches thick,
heavily backed with timber. In the casemate between
the ports there was a further backing of compressed
cotton bales braced. A light sheathing of wood cov-
ered the cotton within as a guard against fire. The
wheel was within the shield. The top of the pilot-
house, through which the pilot looked while steering.
was two feet above the shield-deck, and was flat and
covered with inch bar iron. The smoke-stack was of
sheet iron. Her iron beak for ramming was below

water. Her two engines, built in Memphis, were new,
and she had two propellers. Her boilers were in the
hold below water-line, her speed was about nine knots
in smooth water, and her draft was fourteen feet. The
ten guns of the “Arkansas” were distributed: in the
bow, two heavy eight-inch columbiads; in the stern,
two six-inch rifles; and in broadside, two six-inch
rifles, two thirty-two pounder smoothbores, and two
nine-inch Dahlgrtn shell-guns.

The “Arkansas” was splendidly officered. Her com-
mander, Isaac Newton Brown, as stated, was a veteran
of the U. S. Navy, with twenty-seven years of varied
service to his credit. First Lieutenant Henry K. Ste-
vens, like his commander, was in the navy, though
neither had gone through the naval academy. Lieut.
John Grimball, of South Carolina, was a graduate, two
years senior to Lieuts. Arthur D. Wharton, of Tennes-
see, and Charles W. Read, of Mississippi — each of
whom had seen two years’ duty after graduation.
Lieut. Alphonse Barbot, of Louisiana, entered the
Confederate navy from the old at once, while George
W. Gift, a Tennesseean, had resigned from service ten
years before this time. Here were talent .-mil varied
experience, and the way the guns were bandied shows
how much this happy aggregation of superb fighting
talent made victory its own. There were two heavy
eight-inch columbiads at the bow with Lieuts. Grim-
ball and Gift, each with a broadside gun; Wharton
worked the starboard broadsides, and Barbot the port;
Read had the two stern-chaser rifles.

1 was now detached from the “St. Mary” and as-
signed to the receiving-ship “Star of the Wesl
tering on duty as an instructor of gun crews. Tins
large sea-going ship of the Pacific Mail Steamship
Line, with her double walking-beam engine (1.17:
tons), lay at anchor in the Yazoo, opposite the ram
This, my second vessel in the navy, had a notable his-
tory. It was early January. [861, when she was sent
from New York City with provisions and two hundred
troops for the relief of Fort Sumter. Charleston Har-
bor. She figured in the popular mind of the North
almost as much as the later scene of hostilities, for
she had been despatched from New York City, and was
fired upon January 9, and forced to return. Many
thousands recall the “Star of the West” at Fort Sum-
ter as a remembrancer of opening hostilities; yet three
months intervene between the baptism of fire of this
relief-ship and the boom of April 12. The “Star of
the West” was chartered on her return from Sumter
to New York by the Federal Government for the pur-
pose of withdrawing from Texas a large body of regu-
lar troops. But she was captured off Indianola April
17, 1861, and sent to New Orleans by Gen. Van Dorn.
where she served a lawful time as receiving-ship.
From day to day. after my duties with the training of
gun crews, I watched the growth of the “Arkansas,”
and I saw many of her officers frequently. Among
them I found Lieut. Alphonse Barbot, with his lively
French manners, a kindly disposed “senior” of the
service, from whom T received much professional
knowleds^?. He had begun to “gray.” His best
vears had been spent upon blue water.

The officials of the “Arkansas” were: Executive of-
ficer, Lieut. Henrv K. Stevens; lieutenants. John
Grimball. Arthur D. Wharton. Charles W. Read. Al-
phonse Barbot. and George W. Gift: surgeon, H. W.


Qopfederate l/eterai?.

M. Washington; assistant surgeon, Charles M. Morfit;
assistant paymaster, Richard Taylor; first assistant en-
gineer, George \V. City; second assistant engineer, E.
Covert; third assistant engineers, William H. Jackson,
E. H. Brown, James T. Doland, John S. Dupuv,
James S. Gettis; acting masters, Samuel Milliken, J. L.
Phillips; midshipmen, Richard H. Bacot, Dabney M.
Scales, Clarence W. Tyler; master’s mate, J. A. Wil-
son; gunner, T. B. Travers; pilots, J. H. Shacklett,
William Gilmore, James Brady, and John Hodges.
Full complement of officers and men, two hundred.

The men who received instruction in handling guns
— the duties of gun crews of seventeen — were “passed”
along in sections as soon as they evinced suitable pro-
ficiency and placed aboard the “Arkansas.” Several
times in my visits I noticed with much satisfaction the
creditable performance of “the pupils” from the “Star
of the West.” The gun crews were carefully trained
by the veteran officers of the “Arkansas.”

Six weeks’ active business energy of one man
brought the ironclad to her fighting level, able to en-
counter the Federal armada and try conclusions. The
raft (or “obstructions”) at Liverpool landing had been
laid firmly by our engineers, and it became essential in
the coming combat to open a passage-way for the ram
and to close the same after the ram steamed out.
Lieuts. Grimball, Read, and Gift made report that
such opening could be made in a few hours. Then the
greater matter arose: the number and position of the
enemy’s ships must be ascertained and laid down upon
paper, and the general commanding must be apprised
of the coming of the “Arkansas,” and plans of action
must be interchanged for enhancing the powers of the
ram by the concurrence of the land forces. Gen. Van
Dorn wrote: “There are thirty-seven ships of the ene-
my, and more coming.” The ram “Arkansas” must
run the gantlet of the Federal fleet and anchor under
the guns at Vicksburg. A more daring feat than this
had not been performed since Farragut ran past the
yet unsilenced forts up to New Orleans. Here were
nearly forty formidable war-vessels under Admirals
Farragut and Davis grouped along the river from the
mouth of the Yazoo, and past them all must this single
ironclad make her way. July 15, 1862, the “Arkansas,”
but six weeks in building, scattered -three vessels just
after breakfast, and then ran through the fleet of forty
vessels, great and small, adding to the reputation of a
“box of guns” that of a right smart pepper-box, and
reached the landing under the guns of Vicksburg by
nine o’clock.

The writer of this memoirette was rowed from the
“Star of the West” at the navy-yard to the “St. Mary”
on the ioth of July, 1862. Commander Cenas had been
honored with the escort duty. The “opening;” in the
raft across the Yazoo, through which both vessels
passed, remained unclosed for the return of the escort
ship, and anchorage was made at Haines Bluff near
midnight of the 14th until 2 a.m. of the 15th. My
commander had three academic comrades among the
lieutenants of the “Arkansas.” The morale was su-
perb. Well might Commander Brown and his exec-
utive feel sure of victory with such a fighting force
right early in the morning-.

I remember the bright, orderly, and engaging ap-
pearance of the “Arkansas” and her men when I left
her to return to the “St. Mary.” just after the anchor

was raised. The men of the “Arkansas” were now all
at their several stations; the guns were loaded, and
ready to cast loose; the gun-tackles were in the grasp
of willing seamen, ready to train; the primers were in
the vents, while the locks were thrown back, and the
gun-captains held the lanyards in hand. That little
precaution, strewing the decks with sand, meant busi-
ness. There lay the tourniquets and the bandages,
with the tubs filled with fresh water and set between
the guns. Down there in the berth-deck stood the
surgeons with their keen instruments, the lint, ano-
dynes, and the stimulants. Along the passageways
stood rows of men, ready to pass up the powder, shell,
and shot. All was quiet on the “Arkansas,” save the
dull thump, thump, of the propellers.

Slowly steaming up through Old River — the sole
figures in the morning landscape of the Yazoo, about
six miles from the Mississippi — three ships of war,
videtting or scouting, hove in sight. They were two
ironclads — “Carondelet” (thirteen guns) in the center,
“Queen of the West” to starboard, and the gunboat
“Tyler” port. Each vessel had seen varied service in
many waters already. These three Federal vessels
were in quest of something, something they knew not
what: the “Arkaiwazo.” The alert “Arkansas” fixed a
steady gaze upon the biggest foe, and moved against
the “Carondelet,” and the bow guns of the latter blazed
upon the little raider of the river at short range. We
watched through our glasses from the “St. Mary”
how the expected attack turned to a chase, for the
Federal vessels now steered as direct for the fleet six
to eight miles below as it was possible. The bow guns
of the “Arkansas” blazed upon the “Carondelet” and
raked her with terrific effect. We could see the speed
of the pursued ship slackening rapidly. The guns and
small-arm fire from “Queen” and “Tyler” had serious
effect upon the “Arkansas,” and their design to ram
and rake astern was met by the raiding ship steering
toward them something like an enraged bull with sha-
king horns, when they resumed their supporting dis-
tance. Meantime the “Carondelet” was feeling the
power of her antagonist. About half-past seven the
“Arkansas” had closed in with this ship, striking her
and driving her against the left bank of the river,
where she lay among the willows at the mercy of her
enemy. We saw that the greater draft of the “Arkan-
sas” forbade a nearer engagement. The colors of the
“Carondelet” had disappeared, although no white flag
had been run up. The wheel-ropes of the battered ship
had now been cut off, but as she swung around into the
bank she was able to fire her stern and starboard guns
into the “Arkansas.” We could distinguish damage
done to her casemate and hull and that her engines
had been disabled. The presence of Commander
Brown was a token of the greater triumph yet to come.
He had emerged from the shield to hail the “Caron-
delet,” with his life recklessly exposed to revolver or

Confederate l/eterao.


rifle. But, to his surprise, no response came from this
crippled ship, and he could not see or hear any token
of a soul aboard.

The “Arkansas” now abandoned the “Carondelet”
and made for the “Tyler,” whose fire had been galling,
but the fleet-footed Federal vessel succeeded in keep-
ing ahead two hundred and fifty yards and firing her
stern gun and occasionally pouring a broadside. The
“Arkansas” dealt most vigorous blows from her bat-
teries, both bow and broadside, and the “Tyler,” as
well as “Queen,” kept on at full speed to reach the
fleet for shelter. 1 laving witnessed the crippling and
grounding of the “Carondelet” and the chase of the
“Queen” and the “Tyler,” we found it was eight
o’clock. Before returning up the Yazoo we received
certain signals from the “Arkansas.” But, so vivid
had been our glimpses of this battle of giants, that we
watched the Federal fleet in its evident consternation.
(aught unawares, even with all notification, the hud-
dled ships seemed hardly to know which way to turn.
It looked like the terror inspired by an unscrupulous
butting ram getting into a pasture among a lot of
clumsy, tumbling calves and scattering them right and
left. We saw the “Arkansas'” smoke-stack had been
badly perforated, and with the difficulty in steam-ma-
king sin made no attempt to ram the “Carondelet.”
She dealt the “Carondelet” a most terrific parting
broadside as she passed within a few yards. We saw
how skilfully Commander Brown had combined au-
dacity and calculation, and added another achievement
in the annals of our navy w( irthy to rank with the hen >
ism of linger, W’arley, and Beverly Kennon in the de-
fense of New < )rleans.

| ( • included next month. 1


( i, n. \Y. L. Cabell, Commander of the Trans-Mis-
sissippi Department, United Confederate Veterans,
sends mil his annual greeting from Dallas, Tex.. Feb
nun i . [898:

1 greel you. my old comrade-, at the cli – of an-
year, with a heart full of love and affection and
witli ih” hope that a kind Providence will continue to
bleSs For man} years the heroes who Followed the flag
f\ the “lost cause/’ the noble women who suffered so
much during the war. the noble sons and fair daugh-
ters, as well as our noble association.

The Vdjutant-Gcneral reports one thousand and
seventy-eight camps, of which number the Trans-Mis-
sissippi Department has over four hundred, a contin-
ued increase. A number of our bravest and best com
rades have died during the year. The dead — all hon-
or to our noble women!— have been properly eared
for and buried in proper grave-yards, and in many in-
stances their names engraved on marble headstones.

Surviving Confederates who have grown old. and
those incapacitated by wounds, have been properly
cared for by the different states and territories in the
Trans-Mississippi Department. They have comforta-
ble homes, and are amply provided with good raiment,
so they can spend their last days in quiet and peace as
the honored guests of the great states of Texas. Ar-
kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Indian Territory.

1 therefore urge you. my old comrades, to continue
the good work, and again T appeal to the noble son-;

and fair daughters of the bravest men and the grand-
est women that ever lived in any country to organize
camps and chapters, and be ready to take our places
when we have all crossed over the river.

Apply at once to Gen. .Moorman, Adjutant-General
of the United Confederate Veterans, New Orleans, La.,
so that the Trans-Mississippi Department will send a
greater delegation to the reunion to be held in Atlanta,
Ga., July 20-23 than any other department Let every
camp be represented by as large a delegation as possi-
ble, and let them he fully authorized to represent their
camps in all matters. Where a delegate can not at-
tend, let the camps appoint proxies properly signed by
the officers of the camp.

In applying for membership, send a roll of your
camp, with your annual t\e of ten (10) e’e-nts for each
member, and $2 for initiation n-e. im i,,n. Moorman,
by \pril 1, iSeS

The Committee on Transportation will do all in their
power to secure reduceel rates on all railroads leading
to Atlanta. Ga.

The noble women of the whole South, proud of the
fact that they are the wives, daughters, and grand-
daughters of the brave men who wore the gray, have
organized one of the grandest of associations, 1
tin 1 laughters of the Confederacy, that has ever
known in our country. Their motto is; “Charit} to
the living, honor te> the dead, and preservation of the
truth of history.” They have accomplished nm.ii
good. Every Confederate home is their pride, the
cemeteries are beautified through their exertions,
memorial days are- observed^ and monuments honoring
the private and the chieftain ha\ e b< en ei 1 cted through
their labors of love. To these noble Daughters of the
Confederacy we extend a cordial invitation to attend
our reunions, and wish them unbounded success in all
their undertakings.

In every state’ and territor) camps of Sons of Veter-
ans at l 1 ing oi ranized by enthusiastic and patriotic
voting men who appreciate the valorous deeds of their
fathers and glory in the record tluy made in the con-
test from 1 Si. 1 t.. 1865.

The monument to our great chieftain. Jefferson Da-
\is, is still in the hands of the 1 proper committee. The
corner-stone was laid in Richmond, Va., July 2, 1896,
and T urge- all camps throughout this department to
continue to take up subscriptions for this noble pur-
The camps throughout the’ Trans-Mississippi
Department are requested to aid all in their power to-
ward erecting the great Battle Abbey, or memorial
hall, in which redics of the civil war will be kept. The
gallant old cavalryman, Charles Broadway Rouse,
proud of the record made by the Southern soldier, and
anxious to preserve the records of » onfederate braverv,
has contributed $100,000 toward this building fund,
and all comrades are urged to contribute, so that it
may s< h 111 be built.

The Times, of West Texas, reports Camp Gano as
having had a royal New-Year dinner, for which “Duf-
fel’s fattest Angoras” we’re supplied in abundance. The
membership of the camp was increased from forty-two
to fifty. Of the proceedings a lengthy poem entitled
“From the Other Shore,” with many beautiful figures
by Mrs. Kittie Fllis Hill, was read by little Alice Maude


Qopfederate l/eteran.

Confederate l/eteran.

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor.
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn.

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All
persons who approve its principles, and realize its benefits as an organ for
Associations throughout the South, are requested to commend its patron-
age and to cooperate in extending it.


The unprecedented growth of the Veteran in the
beginning of its sixth year caused a complete absorp-
tion of the extra copies, which were thought to be
abundant. The misfortune induces request that all
who have copies, and do not care to file them, can
have two of any other numbers in the place of that, if
they will kindly mail it to this office. Of this number
there are seventeen thousand copies printed, and it will
evidently be short of the demand.

Now a word to friends: Won’t you take an interest
in extending its subscription to Twenty Thousand?
That number would be listed in thirty days if friends
would at once cooperate in commending it. How
rapidly comrades are passing away! If the Veteran
possesses accredited merit, much comfort would be
given many noble fellows who know not of it if you
would only exert your influence as suggested. A sub-
scription-blank may be expected, enclosed herein.
Kindly return with it one t>r more names as subscrib-
ers, and deduct the cost of remitting. You can in this
way contribute to a success which will honor the people
of our Southland, who stood the greatest test that has
ever come to any portion of America, and in addition
exalt the nation, in which survivors and descendants
have been a credit since that unprecedented ordeal.

lished fact that the Federal lines did not completely
invest Fort Donelson, and that a number of the in-
fantry , when the surrender was determined upon,
marched out of Dover and into the country without
seeing a Union soldier. It is from these he desires
very earnestly to hear.

Some misfortunes have delayed this issue and caused
the use of articles which could better have waited than
some that are held over. Noble deeds of the Daugh-
ters of the Confederacy in nearly all of the Southern
states deserve record ; they would fill a number of the
Veteran. Unhappily, nearly all of them are held
over, and notes of deceased comrades, for several of
whom engravings have been made, are also reserved.

The work of raising funds for Uncle Dan Emmett is
moving on beautifully. Since the report was put in
type Miss Estelle Coleman, of Vicksburg, Miss., has
sent $44.50 for Children of the Confederacy, with notes
to appear hereafter.

Dr. John A. Wyeth, of 19 West Thirty-Fifth Street,
New York City, formerly of Russell’s Fourth Ala-
bama Cavalry (Forrest’s Brigade), who is writing a
life of Gen. Forrest, desires to communicate at an ear-
ly date with all survivors of the battle at Fort Donel-
son who escaped on foot across Lick Creek or along
that stream after daylight on the morning of Febru-
ary 16, 1862. He does not include in this request any
troops — either cavalry, artillery, or infantry — who rode
out with or after Forrest. It is now a well-estab-

As a guest of the Massachusetts Reform Club, Mr.
Joseph Bryan, of Richmond, discussed living issues,
in which he said that in i860 Virginia had a popula-
tion of one million white people and half as many more
of negroes, nearly all of the latter being slaves. The
business of the state was done by the whites. The
population now is one million seven hundred thou-
sand. It is larger than it was before the state was di-
vided. Its local currency then was $10,000,000, while
now that issued by the national banks is $1,900,000.

In behalf of the people of the South Mr. Bryan de-
clared that their course in this silver business had been
from motives far different from those which controlled
the people of the West. The struggles of the South-
ern people had been like those of a man who was be-
ing suffocated. The South had no silver mines and no
silver bullion to sell to the government. Its cry for
free silver was to get a currency with which to do

It is very unpleasant to criticize in these pages any
man who was entitled to be called a Confederate, but
there is a duty to the public which must be met. One
of the most aggravating characters is that of “Com-
mander” Brain. A publisher has written recently in
regard to him, in which he states:

I have found him to be a fraud. Some months ago
he wrote to me in reference to getting a prospectus.
He said he wanted to see it very much. Not knowing
his record at that time, I sent the prospectus to him,
and he has used it to serve his own purpose. He has
gone among the people and represented that he was
an agent for the book, and I learn that he has collected
over $30 in advance, which no person had a right to do.
We have never received one cent of the money that he
collected, and we can not trace him. After sending
the outfit to him I happened to look through some back
numbers of the Veteran, and noticed an exposure of
Mr. Brain; but it was then too late to get back the pro-
spectus. If I knew where to locate him, I would en-
deavor to head him.

Brain got his name put on the Tennessee pension-
roll, and drew the money for some time, until his de-
merits were shown. It is very bad policy to support
men who make plea for Confederate sympathy, unless
they prove themselves worthy. It is wise to investigate.

In sending $5 for the Monument Fund H. L. Tay-
lor, of Bentonia, Miss., writes: “The magnificent record
as a Confederate soldier exemplified in the heroic and
tragic death of Sam Davis should cause the bosom of
every Confederate to swell with supreme pride and a
determination to erect a monument that will commem-
orate for ages to come the heroic valor and unselfish
devotion of this the hero of the war between the states.”

Confederate l/eterai).



The Veteran ‘has started it sixth year with a bound.
Its growth is about double the best of all former New-
Year periods, and tributes to its merits are most gener-
ous. A review of these comments may be given in an
early number. They come often from highest sources.
One has been handed in by the venerable Dr. W. G. E.
Cunnyngham, who is one of the most highly esteemed
ministers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
He entered the Holston Conference as a young man
about fifty-five years ago, and has had an unbroken
career of usefulness. After serving in various posi-
tions at home, he gave ten years to missionary work in

China. Since his return from that held he has been
successively an Influential pastor, an effective college
professor, and for eighteen years the General Sunday-
School Editor of his Church, with evidently the largest
number of Southern readers that any man has ever ad-
dressed. Though very modest and retiring, he is a
man of the finest information and a most charming
companion. His preaching is so simple that even the
little children understand it, and yet so full of thought
that it catches and holds the attention of the most culti-
vated auditors. From his youth up his life has been
absolutely stainless. He makes no loud pretensions to
sanctity; but his daily contact is so full of humility, of
gentleness, and of devotion to good works that no one

can fail to recognize him as a Christian of the highest
type. Revered in his own family, honored by his
Church, respected by all good men, he is spending a
sweet and beautiful old age in full hope of a better
home on the other side. This venerable man will
hardly excuse the prominence here given him. His
tribute was at first spoken as of the abundance of the
heart, and when he wrote it he simply gave his initials
as a signature. However, they would be recognized,
perhaps, by a million people.

My Dear Sir: I have frequently thought, after read-
ing a number of your valuable magazine, that I would
write and tell you how much I admire it. I do not
speak of its beautiful appearance as a work of mechan-
ical art or as to its literary character, both of which are
excellent, but as a treasury of facts and incidents con-
nected with the civil war, especially with the heroic de-
fense made by the Confederate armies against the over-
whelming military power of the North. The future
historian of our country, when he comes to study the
bloody record of the years from 1861 to 1865, will be
greatly indebted to the Confederate Veteran for
the material necessary to a fair and impartial judg-
ment of many important events connected with that
fearful struggle. Vmi now have access to the original
sources of information, the testimony of eye-witnesses

the men who helped to make the history— hut the)
are passing away, and with them the opportunity for
collecting reliable historical data. It is now or never.
The South will value your work more and more as the
\ ears gi 1 by.

The Confederate Veteran < >ught to be in every
home in the Southern State- It would help to edu-
cate the young people of the present generation in re-
gard to tlie greatest war of modern times, the causes
which led to it, and the manner in which it was con-

I wish you great success in your good work. I read
every number of the VETERAN with much interest.

Yours respectfully, W. G. E. Cunnyngham.

Nashville, Tenn., January, 1898.

In renewing his subscription A. Y. Burrows, oi
Knoxville, Tenn.. writes these encouraging words: – ‘T
have no idea of letting go your most excellent maga-
zine. T feel that it should be in the home of every vei
1 ran and son of a veteran in the South. We need it; the
youth of the South need to be educated through the
medium of an honest, truthful history of the war. and
from a Southern standpoint. My father followed J< ihn-
ston, Bragg, Hardee, and others, and I feel it an honor
to be called and to know that I am the sou of a Con-
federate soldier. We of to-day can teach our children
nothing nobler than that our father- fought for their
country and for principle- as dear to the survivors now
as in 1 861, and in the grandest anm ever known.”

A collection of back numbers of the Veteran has
been secured for late subscribers through the kindness
of friends furnishing missing copies, and, as we wish
to make up still more of these volumes, those wdio have
the following copies, in good condition, will be credited
one month on subscription for each they can supply:
1804. January. March, April. May; 1805. April. Ma.
[896, January, May, October, November, December.
Please do not send unless in good condition.



Confederate l/eterai),


Rev. Dr. Henry Van Dyke is reported by the New
York Times as author of the following, illustrating the
chivalrous sentiment of the Southern people:

When I was a child, early in 1861, my father took me
with him on a trip to Charleston, S. C. The state au-
thorities had already passed the “ordinance of seces-
sion,” the citizens were wrought up to a high pitch,
and Maj. Anderson had been shut up in Fort Sumter.
I remember my experiences at that time vividly.

The Federal troops were almost destitute of provi-
sions, and it was a question as to how long they could
hold out at Fort Sumter. It was well understood in
Charleston that any attempt on the part of the United
States to reprovision the garrison would be resisted by
force; but there stood Anderson with his handful of
men, under the stars and stripes, facing starvation and
surrender, possibly annihilation. I observed one day
that a number of small boats were putting off from the
docks and making for Fort Sumter, where lay the be-
leaguered Federal troops, and I learned that the wom-
en of Charleston had laden these boats with provisions
of all sorts, from substantials to luxuries, and were ac-
tually sending them to the soldiers whom their brothers
and fathers were trying to subdue by starvation or by
shot and shell.

As the boats were pulling out I looked into them to
see what kind of food the ladies were sending to the.
enemy, and I saw everv delicacy that could be found
in the market.

Shortly after the sending of these provisions to the
beleaguered fort by the women of Charleston the men
of that city, from their batteries on Morris Island, fired
upon the “Star of the West,” which was engaged upon
a similar mission. Charleston would not have allowed
the Federal major and his garrison to starve, but was
determined not to permit the United States Govern-
ment to provision the fort. The distinction was clear
enough, and the presence of war itself could not hold in
abeyance the obligations of hospitality.

I remember just as vividly another experience in the
South. Shortly after the war I was in Virginia with
my father, and he took me to see Gen. Robert E. Lee,
who was then at Washington and Lee University. I
don’t think that I have ever seen a man whose person-
ality impressed me more. Gen. Lee was one of the
few men I have seen who seemed to me to bear upon
his brow the unmistakable stamp of greatness. He
was exceedingly courteous and kindly. It occurred to
him that I, who was a boy at the time, might like a
ride on his war-steed, and Traveler was brought out,
and the General placed me in the saddle. So for a few
moments I sat upon the horse that his companionship
in march and in battle had made famous.

C. F. Waldron, who was a sergeant in the Twenty-
Ninth Ohio Infantry, now at Welaka, Fla.: “At the
battle of Antietam, September, 1862, I found in a piece
of woods a Confederate soldier badly wounded in the
lower part of the leg. He was struck early in the
fight, and was lying under the roots of an upturned tree
for protection. I think he was a sergeant and that he
told me lie belonged to a Georgia regiment. Near
him, in a path, was a man who belonged to the Fifth
Ohio Infantry, shot through the head and dead. If the
Confederate is alive, I would like to hear from him.”


J. A. Cochran, of Culleoka, Tenn., writes as follows
about Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston at Shiloh:

While Gen. Johnston was at Bowling Green, Ky., I
was ordered to report to him as sergeant of his couriers,
and as such was with him until his death, at the battle
of Shiloh. A little after two o’clock the General and I
were alone at a point of observation. He turned his
head, and said: “Sergeant, are none of my staff in
sight?” Receiving a negative reply, he said: “Where
are your couriers? ”

I replied: “They are all gone.”

“Well, we will ride down here,” said the General,
indicating the direction.

We rode, I suppose, three hundred yards parallel
with our line of battle, when he turned square to the
right and rode up to the line, passed through it, turned
a little to the right, and said: “Boys, fix bayonets and
follow your general.”

We made a successful charge, but alas! The Gen-
eral was dressed in gray coat, old-time, black-corded
pants, and a gray military cap, and had his sword
buckled on. He rode a beautiful dappled-brown
horse, a magnificent animal. In the charge a shell
burst and tore a part of his left boot from his foot,
while a piece of the same shell slightly wounded my
horse. Soon afterward the General was struck with a
Minie ball just below the right knee, cutting a half-
circle in the top of his boot-leg, passing through and
lodging under the skin on the inside of his leg. As
we rode back we were met by the late Senator Isham G.
Harris, who asked him if he was wounded, and he re-
plied: “I fear mortally.” Gov. Harris pointed to a ra-
vine, and said: “Bring Dr. Yandell quick!” I did as
ordered, but too late. He had bled to death in Gov.
Harris’ arms. The bullet was removed by Dr. Yan-
dell and sent to his family in California, and I think
that it is in the possession of Mrs. George J. Dennis or
John Shirly Ward, Los Angeles, Cal.

Gov. Harris was a volunteer aid to Gen. Johnston,
and was fearless in executing the orders given him.

The next day we carried the body of Gen. Johnston
to Corinth, and from there to New Orleans, and then I
reported to my regiment, Company F, First Tennessee
Cavalry, and soon afterward I was elected first lieuten-
ant, in which capacity I served the remainder of the
war, and was surrendered at’ Charlotte by Gen. Joseph
E. Johnston.

William Pendleton, Ocala, Fla.: “In the November
Veteran I read that one of the most interesting ex-
hibits at the Tennessee Centennial Exposition was a
pair of great iron rollers, mounted on the grounds near
the History Building, which were described in hand-
some raised letters “as follows: ‘These wheels were
made in England. Under the protection of the cele-
brated war-ship “Alabama” they ran the blockades;
were a part of the famous Confederate powder-mills at
Augusta, Ga., and made powder for the year 1861.’
This is a great mistake. Those two rollers and twenty
others, with their heavy bed-plates, were made in Rich-
mond, Va., at the Tredigar Iron Works. I received
them, put them all in position, and had charge as gen-
eral superintendent, and made all the powder used by
‘the Confederate army after 1861. All the machinery
for the powder-mills was made in the South.”

Confederate l/eterar?.



A. T. Watts, Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff to
Gen. W. L. Cabell, Commander of the Trans-Missis-
sippi Department, U. C. V., Dallas, Tex.:

In die December Veteran an extract from a letter
of Col. J. H. Moore to Capt. F. S. Harris is given,
which relates to the famous assault at Gettysburg on
the 3d of July. I was an eye-witness to that assault,
and so situated as to observe the entire movement and
at the same lime to be practically out of danger.

I was a private in Company A, Sixteenth Mississippi
Regiment, and was then on the skirmish-line. About
ten o’clock in the morning we learned that an artillery
duel would occur in the afternoon, and were directed
to prepare for it. Our position was in plain view of
the Federal line on the heights and quite as near to
that as our own line of battle. We excavated pits to
protect ourselves against shot and shell.

A short time after noon our batteries opened upon
the Federal position, and for more than an hour a fierce
artillery duel ensued. We had a converging fire, and
silenced all the Federal batteries along that part of the
line. There was a plank fence running parallel with
our skirmish-line and about forty yards in rear of it.
About the time the Federal batteries were silenced we
were ordered to knock the plank off the fence, so as to
permit our assaulting columns to pass. This was ac-
complished, and we returned to our pits.

We supposed that Anderson’s Division would be in
the assault, and prepared to fall into line when the col-
umn reached our position ; but we were ordered to re-
main on the line we then held. By this time the as-
saulting column was approaching, and as soon as it
passed I mounted the pile of earth in front of my pit,
and there remained until the assault had been made
and our forces were on the retreat. My position was
on the left — that is, about one regiment passed to my
left. There was but very little artillery tiring (lending
the assault and until our men were on the retreat, and,
in fact, it was not then severe.

I saw the entire column ascend the heights. It
seemed to preserve perfect order until just before it
reached the Federal line. The position was such as
enabled the Federals to pour a front and Hank fire upon
our extreme left, which caused confusion. Some of the
men halted, and others pushed forward. The same
condition seemed to exist on the extreme right, but on
account of the distance, I can not speak positively.
Except upon the extreme left and, perhaps, upon the
right, the column maintained its alinement until it
reached and forced back the Federal line. By that
time the smoke had become so dense that I could only
see the left of the column, which was being flanked and
driven back. In a short time I saw our men, who had
forced the Federal line, retreating down the hill.
About that time the Federals moved a short distance
down the hill, as if to follow up our retreating nun
Gen. A. P. Hill came down to the skirmish-line and
ordered us to stop the retreating men and make them
form on the pits. Just before they reached the skir-
mish-line the batteries on Round Top opened an en-
filading lire, and the men refused to rally, and contin-
ued to retreat. One or two well-directed shells from
our batteries drove back the Federal column, after
which everything remained quiet.

The divisions of Pickett and Heth went in together,
remained together, and retreated together. It has al-
ways been a matter of surprise to me how Pickett’s Di-
vision was accorded all the glory for that assault, when
I knew that Heth’s men had gone as far and remained
as long as did Pickett’s men.

No blame could be attached to the men on the ex-
treme left. The center of the column encountered only
a front fire, while those on the left encountered the front
fire and also a terrific flank fire at close range by troops
who were not being tired upon in return.

1 then and still believe tJiat if the assaulting column
had been supported by McLaws’s Division on the right
and Anderson’s Division on the left that we would
have held the heights.

Col. Moore is correct in the statement that Heth’s
Division is entitled to coequal credit with Pickett’s.

Comrade George Wise, of Alexandria, Va.:

I respectfully submit the following in answer to that
part of Col. J. H. Moore’s letter to Capt. F. S. Harris,
as published in the December VETERAN, page 624,
Virginians, as a rule, want only the truth as regards
the history of the great war, and when inaccuracies
are brought out in the Confederate Veteran, the
official journal of most of our camps and associations,
it is for history’s sake that they should be corrected.
No disparagement of Heth’s Division can be truthfully
made by any one, as it was composed of as true, brave,
and honest soldiers as were to be found in the Confed-
erate armies. Official reports from eye-witnesses, at
this late day, are about as correct descriptions of a bat-
tle, especially when those eye-witnesses are of high
rank, as one can secure, and when all these eye-wit-
nesses agree as to any one point it becomes indisputa-
ble. The following extracts from the “War Records”
are submitted to prove what part of that line of valiant
men charging the ramparts of the enemy at Gettys-
burg first gave way:

From Gen. Lee’s report: “Owing to this fact (want
of ammunition by our artillery), which was unknown
to me when the assault took place, the enemy was ena-
bled to throw a strong force of infantry against our
left (Heth’s Division, commanded by Gen. Pettigrew),
already wavering under a concentrated fire of artillery
from the ridge in front and from Cemetery Hill on the
left. It finally gave way, and the right (Pickett’s Di-
vision), after penetrating the enemy’s lines, entering
‘his advance works, and capturing some of his artilh
was attacked simultaneously in front and on both
flanks, and driven back with heavy loss. The troops
were rallied and reformed, but the enemy did not

Gen. Longstneet: “The enemy’s batteries soon
opened upon our lines with canister, and the left
seemed to stagger under it: but the advance was re-
sumed, and with some degree of steadiness. Pickett’s
troops did not appear to be checked by the batteries,
and only halted to deliver a fire when close under mus-
loet-range. Maj.-Gen. Anderson’s Division was or-
dered forward to support and assist the wavering col-
umns of Pettigrew and Trimble. Pickett’s troops,
after delivering fire, advanced to the charge, and, en-
tering the enemy’s lines, captured some of his batteries
and gained his works. About the same moment the
troops that had before hesitated broke their ranks and


Qonfederate l/eteran.

fell back in great disorder, many more falling under
the enemy’s fire in returning than while they were at-

Maj. J. Jones, commanding Pettigrew’s Brigade:
“When within about two hundred and fifty or three
hundred yards of the stone wall behind which the ene-
my was posted we met with a perfect hail-storm of
lead from their small arms. The brigade dashed on,
and many had reached the wall, when we received a
deadly volley from the left. The whole line on the left
had given way, and we were being rapidly flanked.
With our thin ranks and in such a position, it would
have been folly to stand and against such odds. We
therefore fell back to our original position in rear of
the batteries.”

I will answer only one of Comrade Moore’s asser-
tions, and close this article, now getting rather lengthy.
He says: “Every brigade in the division lost more in
proportion than did Pickett’s, and Pettigrew’s Brigade
lost more men, killed and wounded (not prisoners),
than all of Pickett’s combined.”

There were three days’ fighting at Gettysburg: the
1st, 2d, and 3d of July. In the first day’s battle Heth’s
Division fought most bravely, and lost very heavily.
Gen. Heth’s report of this battle has the following:
“The Twenty-Sixth North Carolina Regiment lost in
this action more than half its members in killed and
wounded, among whom were Col. Rengwyn, killed,
and Lieut. -Col. Lane, severely wounded.” The Twen-
ty-Sixth belonged to Pettigrew’s Brigade. That bri-
gade lost in the three days’ battles (official) one hun-
dred and ninety killed and nine hundred and fifteen

Pickett’s Division (not brigade, as the Colonel has
it) fought only on the third day, and lost (official) two
hundred and twenty-four killed, eleven hundred and
forty wounded, and fourteen hundred and ninety-nine
missing. Many of the missing, as stated in the “War
Records,” were no doubt among the dead.

The data for this article is from the official records
of the Union and Confederate armies.

H. J. Horner (of Field’s, afterward Walker’s, Bri-
gade), Horner’s, Va. :

I noticed in the September Veteran what Col. Fas-
inholt had to say in regard to Heth’s Division giving
way at Gettysburg, and am glad that Col. Moore has
refuted that statement. I do not doubt Col. Farin-
holt’s sincerity at all, but he is certainly mistaken. My
recollection is exactly that of Col. Moore. A goodly
number of us did individually give way, and we brought
the lead with us. The behavior of my command was
highlv creditable up to the time that wounds com-
pelled me to drop my gun ; and though I lay some time
where I fell, the fight drifted onward and away from
me. I, for one, am not ashamed of Heth’s Division at
Gettysburg. We fought under Brockenborough, of
the Fortieth Virginia, who at the time was acting bri-
gade general.

M. Warner Hewes, of Baltimore, Md., makes this
correction in his article, on page 613, in the December
Veteran: After the words “Gen. Stuart warned him
against needlessly exposing himself, but soon Ashby
turned,” should be “but soon Stuart turned to me and
said, ‘ Let’s go and see the Maryland boys charge.’ ”


A. J. Hibbett, Rogana, Tenn. :

Yours of the 21st came to-day, asking me to give you
the history of Gen. A. S. Johnston’s cane-head, which
I have in my possession. Here it is: When the war
between the states began my sister, Mrs. J. R. Franklin,
and her husband, now of Fort Worth, Tex., were living
in California, where Gen. Johnston was stationed, in
the service of the United States Government. His
cane was broken in some way, and he gave the head —
a piece of solid steel, highly polished, and the exact
size and shape of the diagram I sent you in November
— to a friend of his, a brother, I believe, who was an
intimate friend of Mr. J. R. Franklin, who was a great
admirer of Gen. Johnston, and procured the cane-head
from this mutual friend to keep as a souvenir. Frank-
lin came from California in company with Gen. John-
ston in 1861, when the latter was on his way to Rich-
mond to offer his services to the Southern cause.

Franklin brought the cane-head with him to my fa-
ther’s home in Sumner County, Tenn., where he came
to meet his wife, who had come in advance by steamer;
and while there he gave the cane-head to my brother,
Dr. J. L. Hibbett, of the Twenty-Fourth Tennessee.
He gave the head to me, and it has been in my posses-
sion ever since. Gen. Johnston was killed in the thick-
est of the fight, and the last sound he heard was the
shout of victory from his soldiers at Shiloh.


The Society of the Army and Navy of the Confeder-
ate States in the state of Maryland makes nominations
and elects officers at a subsequent meeting for this year.
Nominations were made November 16, 1897, and the
election was held December 21. The officers elected
are: President, Brig.-Gen. Bradley T. Johnson; Vice-
Presidents, Capt. George W. Booth, Capt. George R.
Gaither, Capt. William L. Ritter, Engineer Eugene M.
Browne, Private R. M. Blundon, Lieut. H. M. Graves,
Midshipman John T. Mason, R., Private D. Ridgely
Howard, Private Hugh McWilliams, Private Frank T.
Blake, Private George Eisenberg, Private James L.
Aubrey; Recording Secretary, Capt. Augustine J.
Smith; Assistant Recording Secretary, Private Joshua
Thomas; Corresponding Secretary, Private John F.
Harden; Treasurer, Capt. F. M. Colston; Executive
Committee, Private James R. Wheeler, Maj. W. Stuart
Symington, Sergt. William H. Pope, Private August
Simon, Private R. J. Stinson, Private Mark O. Shriver,
Private D. L Thomas; Chaplains, Rev. W. U. Murk-
land, D.D. (sergeant-major). Rev. William M. Dame
(private), Rev. Benjamin F. Ball (sergeant), Rev. R. W.
Cowardin, S. J. (sergeant); Sergeant-at-Arms, Sergt.
George W. Schafer.

W. T. Hardison, Nashville, Tenn.: “My brother, M.
E. Hardison, a member of Capt. Aydelott’s Company,
Forty-Eighth Tennessee Regiment Infantry, surren-
dered at Fort Donelson; was sick in the hospital at the
time, and has never been heard from since. Informa-
tion concerning him would be gladly received.”

If the friends and relatives of Capt. J. J. Partin,
Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, would like to know of his
fate, they can learn particulars by writing to W. H.
Coffey, Palestine, Ark., who was a member of Com-
pany B, Fourth Tennessee Infantry.

Qopfederate l/eterai}.



‘Twas a bright summer morn and the beautiful sun

Shone out in splendor so grand,
And the sweet-scented violets were kissed by the dew,

With a blessing by Heaven’s kind hand.
On a steep mountain-side was a lone mound of clay,

O’er this grave stood a gre illou -trt e.

By some unsteady hand was a board rudely carved:

“Rest Ye, Soldier of Robert E. Lee.”

To my eyes came sad tears as I gazed on that mound,

And my heart with sorrow was filled,
As my thought wandered back to the days long gone by,

And dear voices once heard, but now stilled;
Lying in this lone grave on the side of the hill

Rests a hero from all sorrow free:
But perhaps some poor mother awaits the return

Of this soldier of Robert E. Lee.

Calmly sleeps this brave soldier on Virginia’s dear shore,

And sweet birds sadly chirp o’er his mound;
But no sound of then music will e’er reach his ear.

Till God’s trumpet sweet music will sound.
On the great judgment-day, when heaven’s gates open wide,

And God’s children from earthly cans tlee,
A welcome will sound from the sweet pearly gates

For a soldier of Robert E. Lee.

For a cause he has given his true noble life.

For the sunny South’s honor he died;
And Virginia has claimed him — he now lies at rest

In a grave on the green mountainside.
O dear martyred son in that grave on the hill,

Virginia has oft wept for thee,
s lie wept when bereft of her two bravest sons.

George Washington and Robert E. Lee.


Four of the few surviving members of the celebrated
scouts organized by Capt. H. B. Shaw met in Nash-
ville recently and made the following report:

We, the surviving fellow scouts, have met and from
memory given to the Veteran a list of all who be-
[i mged tn Shaw’s Scouts:

II. B. Shaw, captain, known as “rapt. Coleman,”
was 1. i lied by a steamboat explosion on the Mississippi
Ki\ er after the war.

John Davis, once wounded, had a severe ease of ty-
phoid fever, and was honorably discharged. Was
killed in the same explosion with Shaw.

Alf H. Douglas, captured twice; escaped oner, and
iva • recaptured by Gen. Forrest. Stayed to the end.

Thomas M. Joplin. wounded twice, captured once,
and was stolen from Nashville by Miss Anne Patterson,
m iw Mrs. A urn- 1 1 ill. of Nashville.

Bill T. Robinson, captured twice, escaped once.
Was in prison at the end.

Everard Patterson, wounded three times, captured,
and escaped from the penitentiary after having been
COUrt-martialed and sentenced to be shot. Paroled at
Kingston. < ia.

Bill Roberts, captured once, escaped, and stayed to
the end.

Bill} Moore, captured twice, and escaped from the
court martial while being tried at Pulaski. Came back
and stayed to the end.

Joshua Brown, captured and sent to prison; never
returned to us. Now lives in New York Citv.

Munford Street, captured once, wounded, and sent
to prison. Never returned.

“Cup” Kibble, captured and never returned.

Tom Brown, captured, exchanged, and surrendered
with Dick Taylor.

Alex Gregg, captured twice, wounded twice, and
killed, but not in battle.

Sam Roberts, captured three times, escaped twice,
court-martialed and sentenced to be shot; escaped from
Clifton with a Yankee who was also sentenced to be
shot. Dead.

Tom Hughes, badly wounded and discharged.
Dee Jobe, captured near Triune and murdered.
Dan Sneed, captured four times; escaped three times,
twice in Indiana and once in Kentucky, by cutting
holes in box-cars; was sent to prison the last time,
where he stayed to the end of the war.

Sam Davis, captured and hanged at Pulaski
Jack Coffee, captured three times, escaped twice;
finally captured and killed.

John Mclver, wounded twice badly; returned to
duty and stayed to the end. Dead.

Hob Owens, wounded once; staved to the end.

John Diane, wounded once; staved to the end.

Pillow Humphreys, captured, exchanged, and stayed
to the end. Head.

“Kage” Everett, wounded twice, captured twice, and
died in prison.

Dick Dillard, captured, and killed because he would
tell nothing.

James T. Patterson, captured, returned to duty, and
was honorably discharged on account of bad health.

Newt Vaughn, wounded badly; staved to the end.

E. Grant, killed on his first day’s duty.
Hans Carter, captured twice, recaptured once, went
to prison and staved there all during the war.

Jim Carter, captured and sent to prison. Never
knew what became of him.

Hick Kelh\ , killed third day after entering service.
Josh Luck, captured twice; tried for his life at Frank-
lin, Tenn.. was defended by Gen. W. G. Brien, who
saved him before a court martial: went to prison, re-
turned to duty, and was killed near Nolensville. After
being shot off his horse he killed two men.

Tom Gvvinn, captured twice, exchanged once, went
to prison. Don’1 know what became of him.

Charley Lippingwell, captured, and never returned
to us.

( (scar 1 »avis, too young to he in regular service, l>nt
was of great service to the scouts. So was Billy Wood-
ruff, a mere boy. who would go on any hazardous ar-
i and into the Yankee lines.

Houston English, the negro boy who stole the pa-
pers which hung Sam Davis, deserves our highest es-
teem for what he did fur us in saving us from capture.
He went back and forth from Pulaski to Mr. English’s,
where we were all known. He saved the boys time
and again.

Mr. Cunningham, we. the undersigned, do highly
appreciate your efforts to raise a monument to Sam
Davis, and will do all we can to help it financially. We
have tried to furnish you a complete list of Coleman’s

Signed: Alf TT. Douglas. E. M. Patterson, William
B. Robinson, Tom M. Joplin.


Confederate l/eterai),


Gen. N. H. Harris, of San Francisco, Cal., wrote to
Gen. James Longstreet, February 12, 1894, as follows:

I had the honor of serving under you during the war
between the Northern and Southern states. The Nine-
teenth Mississippi Regiment, Col. Christopher H.
Mott, was a part of your old division, and I was a cap-
tain in that regiment, and became its colonel on the
resignation of L. Q. C. Lamar. Afterward, when the
troops were brigaded by states, the Nineteenth Missis-
sippi formed part of Featherston’s Brigade, Anderson’s
Division. Posey succeeded Featherston and I suc-
ceeded Posey in command of the brigade, and remained
in command until Appomattox, Mahone commanding
the division. I indulge in this prelude in order to re-


call my command to your memory, for very many
years have passed since the events I shall refer to oc-
curred. The enclosed is a clipping from one of the
daily papers of this city; and, if you are quoted cor-
rectly in the interview reported, you have done injus-
tice to a command which on many occasions obeyed
and followed you with great confidence.

April, 1865, Mahone’s Division occupied the Ches-
terfield front between Swift Run and the James River,
my command (Harris’ Mississippi Brigade) holding
the right of the line. About one o’clock on the morn-
ing of April 2 I received an order from Gen. Mahone to
withdraw my command from the works, march with-
out delay to Petersburg, cross at the upper pontoon
bridge, and report to Gen. R. E. Lee. In obedience to

this order the command was at once withdrawn from
the works, leaving only the line of pickets, and at
quick time marched toward Petersburg. We arrived
at Petersburg about sunrise, and crossed at the upper
pontoon bridge, as directed. I met Gen. Lee a short
distance from the bridge, mounted and accompanied
by several members of his staff. I at once reported to
him for orders. Turning to one of his staff, he in-
quired if Gen. Gordon’s line was still intact; and, be-
ing answered in the affirmative, he ordered me to move
with my command to the Boydton plank road and re-
port to Gen. Wilcox, near the Newman House. My
brigade had been in winter quarters near the Newman
House during the preceding winter. I was perfectly
familiar with the ground, and soon arrived at the in-
dicated point, where I found Wilcox without an organ-
ized command. He had two or three members of his
staff with him. The enemy, during the preceding
night massed (Wright’s and two divisions of Ord’s
Corps) before the front of Wilcox’s Division, and at an
early hour of the morning charged and broke through
his extended and thin line, passed to the rear of our
works in the direction of the Appomattox River, and
at the time of my arrival were forming their lines to ad-
vance toward Petersburg — unmolested, except by the
firing of two pieces of artillery in front and near the
Newman House and a scattering fire from squads of
men from Wilcox’s disorganized command.

By Wilcox’s direction, I moved west on the plank
road about a quarter of a mile and formed line of battle
across and perpendicular to that road, advancing a line
of skirmishers well to the front. The enemy made a
careful disposition for their advance, and moved for-
ward in two lines of battle. My skirmish-line was soon
forced back, and, realizing the futility of attempting to
check the advancing lines of the enemy with my small
force (about four hundred men) in such an exposed
position, I fell back to the vicinity of the Newman
House, where I again met Wilcox. On the Boydton
plank road, about four hundred yards from the New-
man House, in the direction of Petersburg, Battery
Gregg was located. It was a detached, enclosed work,
with gorge or postern in rear, and surrounded by a
ditch. To the north, in the direction of the Appomat-
tox River, and about six hundred yards from Battery
Gregg, was a similar earthwork, called Battery Whit-
worth. These two works were constructed to meet
the very emergency that had now arisen — i. e., to pro-
tect the rear of the’ lines in the immediate front of Pe-
tersburg in the event our lines farther to the right were
forced by the enemy. After a conference with Wilcox
I fell back and occupied these two works, placing the
Twelfth and Sixteenth Regiments in Battery Gregg,
with Lieut.-Col. James H. Duncan, of the Nineteenth
Mississippi Regiment, in command, and the Nine-
teenth and Forty-Eighth Regiments in Battery Whit-
worth, taking personal command of that work. In
Battery Gregg there was a section of the Washington
Artillery under command of Lieut. McElroy. In Bat-
tery Whitworth there were four rifled guns, but they
were withdrawn after firing only a few rounds, in spite
of my protest. At this time I received instructions
from Gen. Lee to supply my command with plenty of
ammunition, as he expected me to hold the two works
until Longstreet arrived from the north side of the

Qopfederate l/eterai).


James with a part of his corps. The enemy first as-
saulted Battery Gregg, and were repulsed with great
loss. Again and again they charged the works, being
as often driven back by the deadly, withering fire, until
at last, by the momentum of numbers, they pushed
into the ditch, then up onto the parapet, where for a
few minutes, amid the hand-to-hand conflict that en-
sued, both the Federal and Confederate colors were ‘
seen. The struggle was too unequal, and the defend-
ers, after a most determined and heroic struggle, were
compelled to yield to the host that swept over the
works. Gregg was assisted materially by a flank fire
from Whitworth. Of this defense Swinton, in his
“Army of the Potomac,” page 603, says: “The attack
was directed against Forts Gregg and Alexander
[Whitworth], two strong enclosed works, the most
salient and commanding south of Petersburg, The
former of these redoubts was manned by Harris’ Mis-
sissippi Brigade, numbering two hundred and fifty
men, and this handful of skilled marksmen conducted
the defense with such intrepidity that Gibbon’s forces,
surging repeatedly against it, were each time thrown
back. At length, at 7 a.m., a renewed charge carried
the work, but not till its two hundred and fifty defend-
ers had 1 been reduced to thirty; and it is calculated that
each of these riflemen struck down at least two assail-
ants, for Gibbon’s loss was above five hundred men.
. . . This increase of his force, slight though it was,
together with the protracted resistance offered by Fort
Gregg, enabled Lee to establish what of force remained
to him in such wise as would best avail for the defense
of the city.” The two regiments defending Battery
Gregg suffered severely, but the loss was not as great
as Swinton states.

After the fall of Battery Gregg the enemy formed
his attacking column to assault Battery Whitworth,
and was moving upon that work when a staff officer of
Gen. Lee came to me with orders to withdraw the re-
mainder of my command at once from Battery Whit-
worth, as Longstreet had arrived with his troops. The
order to evacuate Battery Whitworth was given to the
commanders of the Nineteenth and Forty-Eighth
Regiments, but as the enemj was close upon us and
we were nearly enveloped and under a cross-fire, our
withdrawal was made without much regard to order.
The enemy pursued us but a short distance.

\s we were retiring and crossing Town Run, Ben-
niug’s Brigade made its advance near the Cox road.
To what extent it became engaged with the enemy I do
not know; I heard only the dropping fire of skirmish-
ers in that direction. This I do know, however; my
command had been fighting the enemy and holding
him in check for more than two hours before Benning’s
Brigade arrived on the field.

Tn conclusion, T beg to state that it is not my pur-
pose to impugn your motive, as T do not believe you
were correctly reported, and T feel assured that you
would not do intentional wrong to any command of that
grand old army, to whose honor and renown you con-
tributed so much; but for the truth of history and in
justice to the gallant men who on that fateful day, by
their heroic and determined struggle, held the foe at
bay until the arrival of your troops I record these facts.
The engraving of Gen. Harris was made to go with
a different sketch; but conference with him was neces-
sary, and he is in Europe.



I was captured in North .Mississippi by the Seventh
Illinois Cavalry, October 22, 1863, together with an old
friend named R. L. Robinson (and several other whom
] did not know), who was at the time a paroled Vicks-
burg prisoner, but they refused to recognize his parole
papers. Soon after my capture the command was or-
dered on a march. A sergeant named Porter rode up
to me and assured me that I should not be mistreated,
not even insulted, and told me to report any ill usage
to him. He was a small, win man with keen, restless
black eyes and an open, honest countenance, and Sir
Walter Scott’s lines flashed through my mind:

” I take thj courtesy, bj Heaven,
As tree!} as ’tis nobly given!”

I requested that my friend Robinson and I be not
separated. He ordered Robinson brought to where 1
was, called a corporal named Joe Dewey, and ordered
him to remain with us and see that I was properly
treated as a prisoner of war. The cold October rain
gave me a pretext, and I put on my Mexican blanket
and concealed my money as best I could. About mid-
night we reached a country church and took shelter for
the night. Robinson and I were permitted to lie down
in the pulpit, where we spent the night whispering our
plans of escape to avoid the winter in a Northern
prison. Before day a thief came to me and took my
tine Mexican spurs off my boots. He thought me
asleep, but 1 was far from it. The next morning Serg.
Porter told me that he had heard that a thief had stolen
my spurs, and that he had recovered my property, at
the ame time offering to return them, but I requested
him to accept them as a present. He thanked me, and
offered to pay me for them, but I refused the money.
Long after this, while a prisoner at Fort Delaware, I
learned by letter that my spurs had been recovered at
Fort Pillow when Forrest captured the place. I sup-
pose that Porter was killed there.

That evening we arrived at Collierville, a town of
tents, as we had burned the place about a week before.
Joe Dewey invited me to take supper at his table, apol-
ogizing for the “short meal,” and said that he receh ed
tine butter from home a few days before, and
would have had some for supper “if you fellers had
not smoked us out.” After supper Dewey invited me
to walk with him through the camp, and I gladly ac-
cepted. He said that if I would promise not to attempt
to escape he would not take any arms with him. I
made the promise for that walk, but told him candidly
that when we returned my promise would be null and
void, as I should certainly try to make my escape if an
opportunity offered afterward. In our walk through
the camp it was very dark, and I regretted having made
the promise. At the sutler’s tent he handed me a good
cigar, the first I had seen since crossing the Mississippi.
On our return I was incarcerated in a log pen which
had been improvised for a guard-house. Soon after
we lay down Joe disappeared, and a drunken brute in
Federal uniform stumbled in and fell down on me. He
cursed and abused me, saying that he recognized me,
that T was a bushwhacker, and that I should have atten-
tion in the morning, as he would report me. This did
not soothe nie to a refreshing slumber, for the latter


Confederate l/eterar?

part of his charge was true. The guards finally pulled
him out of the pen and drove him off. Next morning
I was taken to headquarters; but the commanding offi-
cer, after questioning me for a few minutes, ordered me
taken back to the guard-house.

That evening all of the prisoners were placed on
board the train and carried to Memphis. At the en-
trance of the Irving Block we were saluted with the*
cry of “fresh fish” by about one hundred unfortunates
who had preceded us. We were searched and robbed.
About dusk we were arranged in columns, and two
filthy negroes, each with a tin bucket, came in. One
handed each of us a cracker, and the other would gig
up a small piece of fat meat with a sharp stick and
push it off to us with his thumb. The ladies of Mem-
phis would often drive by our prison door and wave
their hands, their handkerchiefs, or throw flowers at
us, but we were not permitted to speak to them. It
was here that I first saw that noble Southern lady, Miss
Mary Cherry. Through some influence she was per-
mitted to speak to us and to send in for distribution
such clothing as was most needed.

Ten or fifteen days later we were marched down to
the Mississippi River and onto the boiler-deck of an
old steamboat, and a strong guard was placed in the
cabin. The old boat backed out, groaned, puffed, and
in a few minutes we were going up the great Missis-
sippi, away from home and friends, we knew not
where, because they said we- were in rebellion.

It was a glorious evening — clear, calm, and just cool
enough to be pleasant. The sun was setting in splen-
dor, but no one can imagine my feelings. My brain
was racked trying to devise some means of escape.
About dusk the cry was raised, “The yawl is gone!”
and immediately a hundred Yankees were on hurri-
cane-deck with guns in hand. I looked down the river,
and could see the little boat floating, but no person was
visible in it. After it was well out of gunshot a man
raised up, grasped the paddles, and struck out for the
Arkansas shore. We learned that our lucky comrade
was a young man who had been married but a few days
when he was captured, and was now landing near the
residence of his young wife.

A few days later we arrived at Alton. 111. We were
marched into the inside of the outer wall of the old
penitentiary building, and were taken up a stairway,
one by one, thoroughly searched, and again systemat-
ically robbed. While waiting for my name to be
called Dr. J. S. Riley came to a gate in a partition wall
and looked through at me. I inquired of the sentinel
stationed at the gate if I could speak to a friend. In a
gruff voice he answered, “No!” but at the same time
looked off in another direction, which encouraged me
to take my chances. I stepped up to Dr. Riley, shook
hands with him, and placed a five-dollar gold piece
in his hand. He whispered to me to try to avoid the
hospital, and, if possible, to avoid vaccination, saying
that they were using poisonous virus.

My name was soon called, and I ascended the stair-
way, entered the search-room, and was ordered to take
off my coat, boots, pants, etc., was well searched, mv
gray jacket thrown on the filthy floor and the buttons
cut off, taking out a piece of cloth about the size of a
twenty-five cent piece at each button. I was then or-
dered down another flight of stairs, and instructed to
go to the hospital and be vaccinated. At the foot of

the stairway I discovered a narrow, dark alley at right
angles, and, without knowing what the result would
be, I sprang into the dark. After groping my way for
perhaps a hundred feet, I saw light, and, stepping out,
found myself among about twelve hundred fellow pris-
oners. So there 1 was, more than a thousand miles
from home, surrounded by stone walls forty feet high,
in a cold latitude with but little clothing or bedding,
guarded by bitter enemies, with but little prospect of
ever again seeing the land of Dixie. And for what?
Because I had dared to defend my home and South-
land when invaded by enemies.

The winter was unusually severe, even for this cli-
mate, and our supply of provisions, coal, and wood was
very limited. I was soon prostrated with a severe fe-
ver, and when Dr. Riley visited me he pronounced it a
distinct case of smallpox, and told me that it was his
imperative duty to report it to the authorities, and thai
1 would be sent to the smallpox island. Imagine my
feelings. The Mississippi River was now frozen over,
so that wagons loaded with green wood and drawn by
six mules were constantly crossing on the ice. Soon
after Dr. Riley pronounced mine a case of smallpox
two men placed me on a litter and carried me, to the
river’s edge, where I was rolled onto a sled and drawn
over the ice to the island, where I was again placed on
a litter, carried to a tent and rolled off onto the ground.
I told Dr. Gray, a Confederate prisoner on detail serv-
ice that I was a special friend of Dr. Riley, and re-
quested that I be furnished with a bed. Dr. Gray in-
quired of a nurse if he could furnish me a place to lie
down. The nurse replied that a man had just died, and
that as soon as he was removed I could have his place.
This smallpox island was in the Mississippi River, be-
tween the Missouri and Illinois shores, and the hospi-
tals were cloth tents. After waiting for some time I
was carried into the tent and tumbled off onto the dead
man’s bunk, the nurse remarking: “They have sent
some more dead men over here for us to bury.”

On the bunk were two pairs of blankets : one pair to
lie on, and the other to cover with. A nurse ap-
proached, and asked how many blankets I had. I re-
plied that I had three pairs, but that one pair was my
private property that I had brought with me. With an
oath he snatched my blankets, remarking that I was
entitled to but two pairs of blankets, and should have
no more. I was as weak as a child and had a burning
fever, but my anathemas dumfounded him, and with-
out a word he laid my blankets on another bunk, and
left the tent. A convalescent prisoner named Lane
was a witness to what had occurred, and when the
nurse left the tent he brought my blankets and spread
them over me, and said that a detail had been over that
day from the prison and had washed and hung out to
dry some blankets, and that as soon as it grew dark I
should have another pair. He was true to his prom-
ise, and also took the socks off my feet, washed and
dried them, and did all in his power to render me more
comfortable. That night a nurse came round and
placed on my bunk a tin cup filled with a white fluid,
which he said was milk. There was also a hard lump
of boiled corn-meal in the cup. This he called mush.
Being thirsty, I drank the white fluid, but did not know
how to manage the lump, as I had no spoon. My good
friend Robinson, hearing through a returned convales-
cent of my condition, bribed a passing guard, and sent

Confederate .


me a spoon and an apple. That night a man called for
a nurse to come with a light, saying that a man was on
him in his bunk. When the nurse came the delirious
man had gotten off the bunk and was sitting on the
ground at the foot of it dead. All day and all night,
day after day and night after night, the groans and
prayers of the poor, suffering prisoners could be heard
piteously begging for water or for some trivial atten-
tion from the cold-hearted nurses.

After some two weeks ten or fifteen of us were pro-
nounced sufficiently recovered to return to prison, and
each of us was furnished with a pair of old blue pants
with a huge hole cut in the seat and an old army i >\ t r
coat with the tail bobbed off in an unshapely manner.
These garments, which they compelled us to wear, they
called the “Jeff Davis uniform.” The sun had shone
out for several days, ami the ice on the river was begin-
ning to thaw. We were marched across the river, a
distance of about a mile, sinking into the mush ice up
to the top of our shoes at every step, and when we
reached the city and were again incarcerated in the old
penitentiary my feet were wet. half-frozen, and a ring
of ice around each ankle. Why this trip did not kill us
all is more than I can explain. A few days later 1 was
stricken down with pneumonia, followed by flux, and,
although that eminent physician and true friend of
mine, Dr. Riley, gave me every attention, he despaired
of saving my life, and my messmates were permitted,
one by one, to visit me and to look on me, as they sup-
posed, for the last time in life. I well knew that I >r.
Riley had lost hope, and requested him to administer a
powerful stimulant, which he did. to gratify what he
supposed my last wish. The stimulant had the desired
effect, and 1 was soon asleep. When 1 awoke Dr. Ri-
le) was standing by me with a smiling countenance.
lie inquired if 1 wished the stimulant repeated, and
when 1 answered in the negative he told me to try to
Bleep and that I would soon be up again. Dr. Riley is
still living, at Pilot Point, Vanzandt County, Tex.

When I was well enough to return to my mess I
learned that a roll was being made up of those who had
recovered from smallpox, and that they would be -> nt
somewhere, but we could not learn where. At all
events, tluy were to leave Alton; and, although 1 was
very weak. I determined to try to have my name en-
rolled, and at least start away from that abominable old
penitentiary. Dr. Riley tried to prevail on me to re-
main, and informed me that he had the promise of a
position as medical director on the smallpox island;
that if 1 would remain he would secure me a position
as superintendent of gardening on the island, and that
we two could certainly make our escape and go to Can-
ada. The prospect was tempting, but I did not be-
lie\ e that 1 could live there until spring, and determined
to leave, although I did not know where 1 was going
or what would be my fate. The Doctor carried out his
program, made his escape, and. under an assumed
name, wrote to me from Canada. My name was en-
rolled, and on February jo, 18114, with the assistance of
friends 1 boarded the train, and was soon whirling over
the prairies of Illinois.

A day or two later we learned that our destination
was Fort Delaware, and that it was simply a hell on
earth, a statement which I afterward learned was liter-
ally true. We were crowded together in box-cars,
with no accommodations, but little to eat. and poor fa-

cilities for warming, although the face of the earth was
covered with snow and ice from Alton to Philadelphia.
On .March 5 we landed at Fort Delaware. We were
again searched and robbed. Once in Hades, all pros-
pect of escape or exchange vanished, and here I was
destined to remain and suffer cold, starvation, insult,
and injury until June following Gen. Lee’s surrender.
I had yet to deal with the unfeeling Scheoff.the genera]
commanding; with the cold-hearted Capt. Ahl; the
Dutch ignoramus, Lieut. Deitz: the unscrupulous Serg.
Miller; the calm, calculating villain, Serg. O’Neal; with
the kind, well-meaning, but fanatical, Billy Graham;
and last, but not least, with that ape-faced, idiotic, cow-
ardly scamp. “( >ld Hackout.” who was himself a pris-
oner, it is said, in consequence of his dastardly coward-
ice at the battle of Manassas.

William M. Hoggs, Esq., Charleroi, Pa.:

On July _’, 18O3, I was taken prisoner by Wofford’s
Georgia Brigade, near the peach-orchard, at Gettys-
burg, during Longstreet’s charge. While on my wax-
to the Confederate rear, under guard, through a field
in rear of Sherfy’s brick house, well strewn with dead
and wounded Confederates, and while our batteries
were raking that territory, one of tin- wounded, a splen-
did young fellow, looked up at me and said: “Yank,
for God’s sake help me out of this!” ( draining the as-
sent of my guardian, I put my right arm under him,
acid, lifting him to his feet, almost carried him for
probably a mile (under that tire it seemed fully ten
miles) to a field hospital in a stone farm-house, and
there deposited him. Before leaving each had learned
that the other was the son of a widowed mother; and,
as 1 was already a prisoner and he expected to be, we
exchanged our mothers’ addresses. The slip of pa-
per on which his mother’s address was written, with
divers other goods and chattels, was taken from me by
Imboden’s men after we had crossed the Potomac, and
I have never been able to recall his name. According
to agreement, he wrote to my mother from Fort Dela-
ware, and she promptly proceeded there, taking with
her those tasty delicacies a dear, good mother knows
how to furnish, ami nursed him into convalesc
My mother dying suddenly took away that mean
learning his name. 1 only know that he was a I
gian, and simply out of curiosity and the natural inter-
est the incident created 1 would like to hear of it from
him. I may add that 1 have abiding respect for a Con-
:e veteran — a real one — and I know* that, if alive,
he is a genuine specimen.

Rev. James F. Duncan, No. 1008 Hardy Street,
Houston, Tex., desires to secure information of a
brother. He writes: “My brother. W. A. Duncan.
sergeant of Company A, Twenty-Second ‘ labama
Regiment, was shot in the head 011 Sunday morning
of the second day’s battle at Chickamauga and taken
to the hospital — I think about ‘ Dyersbridge.’ on the
Chickamauga Creek — and died on the Tuesday follow-
ing, and was buried by a companion, Erastus Nelson,
now dead. I am anxious to learn if the bodies of
those who died at this field hospital were removed. 1
know some of the Confederate dead were reinterred at
Marietta. Ga., but am unable to learn about my


Confederate .



With laurel oft your brows have been entwined,
In other days when victories you have gained,

And got applause from all the world combined
For feats of arms, with cruelty unstained.

Now that your days of warfare here are o’er,
With cypress we do deck your resting-place,

And with sweet strains our love in sadness pour
To you our heroes, grandest of your race.
New Orleans, La.


by charles parkhill.

James River.

river of story, fair dream of delight,

as onward to ocean, mid scenes of my love,
The tempest ol war and its record of blight

is lost in thy rippling and the plaint of the dove.

From thy rise in the highlands to Chesapeake Bay
Thy hurry of waters to the embrace of the sea

Is heard in its fretting by night and by day,
And the capital’s rapids are music to me.

1 love the soft breeze that steals from thy breast;
It is laden with memories that perfume the past;

It speaks of my mother, ever glorious and best,
Whose bosom is now healed from war’s deadly blast.

The State.

The sun is ever bright when Virginia is kissed;

The sigh of the wind is an eloquence dear;
Each rustle of grass is melody missed,

And the moan of the pine is ever sweet to the ear.

The zephyr of spring, with its breath of the flowers,
Intoxicates senses now wrapped in reflection.

The fragrance of meadow, when blessed by the showers,
Tells of thee, faithful mother, in fondest affection.

O may I never falter in devotion to thee,
Or cease to remember the hand that bore me,

As I hail sic semper, the acclaim of the free.
The boast of thy people from mountain to sea!


These things are all true of other lands, too,

But they speak not the language that can not abate.

Thy sons who forget thee are not of. the true
Who in love never thinks of his own native state.

The joy of musing on scenes of the past
Is an insight most dear to those of the race

Who in fond recollection are wont to recast
Their tenderest emotions that time can’t efface.

Baltimore, Mil.



Among the ancient Greeks and Romans courage was
synonymous with virtue. They looked upon a brave
man as one possessing all the qualities which make the
ideal character. In our own day courage is more ad-
mired and lauded than any other virtue. The man who
has shown himself to be fearless in the presence of op-
position and danger is everywhere the favorite and idol
of the people. In a matrimonial contest, if the coveted
prize be a truly womanly woman, such a man fears not
the competition of one of doubtful courage. If he be-
comes a candidate for office, his friends keep constantly

before the public the facts of his history which illustrate
knightly valor. There is no argument or eloquence
that can match the magnetism of a battle-scarred face.
The war-marked countenance of John B. Gordon has
done more to enthrone him in the hearts of Georgians
than all the beautiful words that have fallen from his
lips. There is no slogan that kindles such enthusiasm
among a people who are responsive to noble sentiment
as the pregnant words of some brave soldier who stood
in a fearful breach and beckoned his comrades to follow
him to victory or death.

Another fact indicative of the profound regard which
men cherish for this virtue is that no epithet is so of-
fensive to them as coward. A man of exceptionally
dull sensibility will hear himself denounced as deceitful,
tricky, and dishonest without feeling much humiliation ;
but when some one confronts him before the multitude
and brands him as a coward he feels degraded, and he
will either wipe out the stigma by a brave and manly
resentment of the insulting accusation or he will drop
his head and ignominiously sneak out of sight.

If you are courageous, you have the groundwork
upon which a noble character may be built; but if you
begin life a coward, there is scarcely anything on which
we can base a reasonable hope of your growth into an
honorable manhood. One of the proverbial sayings
of a distinguished lecturer on ethical questions is that
“a rascal may be reformed, but there is no hope for a
fool.” My observation teaches me that the possibili-
ties of a coward are even less than those of a fool. I
would rather undertake to make an honest man out of
a rascal or a wise man out of a fool than a heroic man
out of a natural coward.

Nothing is more common in this world than counter-
feit courage. In social, commercial, political, literary,
scientific, and religious circles there are legions of peo-
ple who admire bravery and think themselves brave,
but an analysis of their conduct shows them to be cow-
ards. There is no human quality that can be so easily
counterfeited as courage. There is no virtue which
men and women are so often tempted to counterfeit and
none concerning which they can so readily deceive
themselves and bamboozle a credulous public.

If I can help to distinguish the true from the false,
so that men may be able to form a more correct esti-
mate of themselves and to see more clearly where they
may justlv bestow admiration and honor, I shall have
accomplished my purpose in this article. Candor com-
pels me to say that I have never found a human being
who in all his life and in every part of him was thor-
oughly and consistently courageous. Doubtless there
are some persons who will be wounded by this asser-
tion. They think themselves brave, and they are brave
in some things; but, if they would permit me, I could
show them some very strange and humiliating contra-
dictions in their conduct and character. I could show
them that on one side they are heroic and on another
side almost pusillanimous.

I have a distinguished military friend who in all his
eventful life has scarcely felt such an emotion as phys-
ical fear. I shall be very careful not to mention his
name or the place of his residence. I will go to jail
before I will gratify any curiosity that may be excited
by my complimentary or uncomplimentary allusions
to him. There is nothing in the history of war that
surpasses the daring of some of this man’s deeds. A

Confederate l/eterar?,


true description of his valorous conduct amid the
smoke, thunder, and carnage of the great battles in
which he was a conspicuous figure would be greeted
among brave men anywhere with loud and long-con-
tinued applause. But intellectually my distinguished
friend has scarcely more courage than a common idiot.
He has no opinions of his own upon any subject. He
investigates nothing but public opinion; he accepts as
true whatever a majority of the people among whom he
lives have declared to be true. If he were a Tennes-
seean (I will not say that he is not a Tennesseean), and
a majority of the people of the state should decide that
the man in the moon is the only proper object of re-
ligious worship, he would throw away his Bible and
prayer-book and become a conspicuous devotee at the
shrine of the Lunar god. If he were a Georgian, and
a majority of the people of old commonwealth
should declare that monarchy is the best form of gov-
ernment for this country, he would furl his Democratic
flag and become as blatant in his advocacy of royaltj
as any subject of the Russian czar. The mildest thing
that my sense of truth and justice will permit me to say
about my distinguished military Friend is that he is an
intellectual coward.

A few years ago I witnessed an extraordinary ex
hibition of social courage on the part of certain strong-
minded women who had met in a national convention
to assert their rights to be voters, political stump-speak-
ers-, lawyers. Congressmen, constables, policemen, cir-
cus acrobats, riders of bicycles, and imitators of even-
species of masculinity. Verily, it was no mean display
of courage for these women thus t<> defy not only the
Bible and the law of God written upon their own phys-
ical and mental constitution, but that irrepressible and
incurable social sentiment to be found in every ortho-
dox and conservative community which is utterly intol-
erant of all such unfeminine aspirations. After listen-
ing to those brave women for four long days, and my
mind had recovered from the shocks it had received
from their fierce denunciations of “the lords of crea-
tion,” I reached the conclusion that if they had moral
courage equal to their intellectual and social courage
they would he a little more just and gentle in their
treatment of their feeble-minded husbands. 1 suppose
it has not escaped your observation that every strong
minded woman who has entered the matrimonial state
has a feeble-minded husband.

It is not uncommon to find men who, though intel-
lectually and morally brave, arc almost destitute of
physical courage. They would run from the tiniest
mouse that ever nibbled at a crumb; they would sit up
all night rather than sleep in a dark room: when the
sky betokens the approach of a thunder-storm they
seek refuge in a feather bed.

M\ many friends and comforters will not allow me
to be unmindful of my own weaknesses. While giving
me credit for some degree of physical courage and
moral heroism, they say that my manhood utterly evap-
orates when confronted by a belligerent woman clad in
the habiliments of her subjugated husband. I plead
guilty to the indictment. It would he worse than hy-
pocrisy to deny it. But let me say that such a feminine
monstrosity is about the only thing on the earth or
under the earth that does make my knees fail me. I
could stand in the presence of such an embodied spirit
of evil and truthfully say what Macbeth said to the

ghost: “Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear,
the armed rhinoceros, or the Hurcan tiger; take any
shape but that, and my firm nerve shall never tremble;
or be alive again, and dare me to the desert with thy
sword. And, if trembling I inhibit thee, pronounce
me the baby of a girl.”

We may be reluctant to admit it. hut it is nevertheless


true that there is some weak place in every man’s ar-
mor. There is some spot when temptation penetrates
it and manly valor breaks down in cowardice. 1 am
free to confess that my own weak spot is a mortal drea I
of the new woman.

The ideal man is one in whose character all kind
courage exist and blend in harmonious proportions.

L. J. Johnson, Malinda, Ga., was shot through the
ankle at Fisher’s Hill, \’a.. on the 22d of February.
1864, and was taken to the field hospital by a hoy sol-
dier named Webster (?), Twelfth Virginia Infantry (?),
who was carrying his major’s horse to the rear, the ma-
jor having been killed or captured. If he is living.
Comrade Johnson would be glad to hear from him.

Copy of a furlough signed by a Confederate officer

Appomattox Court-House. Ya.. A pril 10. 1865.
The bearer. Private J. C. Gillespie, of Company E.
Seventh Regimenl of Tennessee, a paroled prisoner of
the Army of Northern Virginia, has permission to go
to his home and there remain undisturbed. S. G.
Shepard. Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Seventh
Tennessee Regiment.


Confederate l/eterao.


An address has been published by members of the
Ladies’ Confederate Memorial Association of Atlanta
to all Memorial Associations of the South, requesting
them to formulate a history of their organizations, all
to be published in one volume as a tribute to the he-
roes of the Confederacy. The object of the move is
the propagation of Southern history. The memorial
associations have been organized ever since the war,
and have done excellent work. They deem it wise to
preserve a record of these acts. The resolution was
offered by Mrs. Clement A. Evans, of Atlanta. The
proposition was agreed to with enthusiastic unanimity,
and a committee was appointed to correspond with
memorial associations of all the Southern States in
reference to the object.

The appeal expresses the belief that “no trust more
sacred ever fell into the keeping of any people than that
which was committed to Southern woman at the close
of the bloody war in which so many brave and true men
died for the land they loved and the cause in which
they believed and for which they sacrificed all things
save their honor. For more than a quarter of a century
the ladies’ memorial associations have lovingly and
tenderly commemorated the patriotism and valor of
our Confederate dead by strewing upon their graves the
fairest flowers our Southern land produces. They
have discharged this trust in the recall of their own be-
reavements and in sympathy with those who were
mourning like themselves. But they also sought to
■declare by their annual tender observance of Memorial
Day how greatly they prized the chivalric character of
the noble Southern men who are sleeping the last sleep
of the brave in the hero’s grave. These impressive
annual ceremonies have had an influence which has
preserved and strengthened the truest and most exalted
virtues in the lives of the generation that has arisen
since the Confederate war, while they have contributed
beyond calculation to the patriotic spirit of our coun-
trymen everywhere. For these and other good rea-
sons we think that a full record should be made of the
noble work for perpetual preservation. Such history
should not be permitted to remain unrecorded. Not
that we would seek our personal glorv, but because
posterity should know the character of Southern wom-
anhood and emulate it we would have the transactions
of all memorial associations collected, compiled, and
preserved. We feel that you will enter cordially into
the spirit of this movement, and therefore, without hes-
itation, we lay before you the suggestion that you di-
rect your Secretary or some equally competent person
to write a full account of the original organization of
your association, and also a historic account of the work
it has done in observing Memorial Day, in caring for
soldiers’ “raves, and in all other patriotic offices ren-
dered in memory of our Confederate dead or in aid of
the Confederate living. It is also respectfully suggest-
ed that the organization of memorial associations be
preserved, because it is in itself a monument to the
memory of our heroes and because its work is as sa-
credly tender as ever. Its peculiar and single work
of caring for the last resting-places of brave soldiers is
as imperatively needed as ever, and its long continu-
ance in that duty only heightens the desire that it shall
perpetually observe Memorial Day. After all these
3’ears of devotion and faithful service let us now gather

together the work of all our sister associations in one
memorial volume as a tribute ‘to the heroes from the
heroines of the South.’ Trusting that we shall have a
general meeting of the ladies’ memorial associations
at the next reunion of United Confederate Veterans,
in 1898, we respectfully and earnestly request, through
the courteous press of our country, that you have pre-
pared at once a succinct history of your own associa-
tion, including roll of its members from the beginning
until now, and forward a copy by mail to the address
of the chairman, Mrs. Clement A. Evans, Atlanta, Ga. – ‘


The State Gazette, dated March 2, 1867, tells a story
of the devotion of a young Southern wife who accom-
panied her husband on foot from South Carolina to the
Lone Star State. Some months after the war a gen-
tleman overtook a well-dressed, paroled Confederate
soldier with a knapsack on his back, accompanied by
a neat, pretty-looking girl eighteen years of age, with
a bundle in her hand. The soldier stopped to ask some
direction about the road. The gentleman learned that
he was a Confederate returning home with his wife, and
invited them home with him to dinner, as he lived
near. The soldier, a fine-looking 1 exan, told his story.
His home was on the Nueces River; he belonged to
Johnston’s army, and had gone through the varied for-
tunes of a soldier; had, been once wounded and twice
a prisoner at Camp Chase.

In one of his various wanderings he had met and
fallen in love with the daughter of a widow in the north-
ern part of South Carolina, whose husband had fallen
at the battle of Manassas. The widow, from compe-
tence, had been reduced to want.

When the war closed our soldier went to the home
of his intended mother-in-law, and for a month worked
with all his might mending fences and putting the farm
in the best order he could; when, thinking it time to
see about his old mother in Southern Texas, of whom
he had not heard a word in two years, he prepared to
return home. It was hard to leave his sweetheart, not
knowing when he could make money to come for her;
but she settled the matter by saying she was going with
him. So one morning they were married and started
for Texas on foot without a cent of money. “But,”
said the bride, “we found people very kind; we have
made friends all along the road. We were never turned
off at night, we always got plenty to eat, and people
would often make us little presents of money. We
would frequently overtake a wagoner, who would give
us a ride as far as he was going our way. When I get
to my husband’s home I shall have traveled over
twenty-five hundred miles, and most of it on foot. I
wotild not take anything in the world for my trip. Ev-
erybody has been so kind and good! ”

The young husband looked into her bright young
face and smiled as though he saw there the reason that
every one was so kind.

“But were you not afraid to come so far with a wild
Texan?” was asked.

“Oh, no!” was the smiling reply; “I always liked the
Texans; they were such brave, good soldiers! ”

■ fter dinner the gentleman had his carriage brought
round and carried them a day’s journey homeward.
They drove off the happiest couple I ever saw. May
Heaven bless them!

Confederate l/eteran.



Prof. J. H. Brunner, Hiwassee College, Tennessee:

I chanced to be in Detroit in early April, 1865. The
clamor of war was still in the air. Soldiers from battle-
fields and recruits preparing to go to the front encoun-
tered one another upon the streets and at the hotels of
the city. Newsboys cried their papers and shouted
items of thrilling rumors of battles fought and victories
won. In a word, war was on every tongue.

One morning I went down from my room in the
hotel before any other lodger had made his entrance
into the office of ihc clerk, and was told there was sad
news from Washington: that President Lincoln had
been assassinated and Secretary Seward dangerously
stabbed the night before. I was shocked by this intel-
ligence, and at once thought of its effects Upon the peo-
ple of my dear native South. My immediate reply was;
“I am sorry for this. It is a sail thing For the Southern
people; they will fare worse under Johnson than they
would have fared under Lincoln.”

It will be remembered that Lee had surrendered
Richmond and his renowned command, and that the
Confederacy was in the throes of dissolution \ brave
hut prostrate people were at the mercy of their proud
conquerors. The feeling of confidence in securing len-
ient treatment, which had been inspired by the peerless
magnanimity of Grant in receiving the surrender of
Lee at Appomattox, must now be dashed as a cup from
the lips of the South, and she must be made to drink to
the dregs a cup of bitterest humiliation and oppression.
Such was m\ conviction. President Johnson T knew
of old. He lived in my native county, a trustee of my
alma mater college, the proclaimed foe of “Jeff Davis
and his Confederacy,” pledged to “make treason odi-
ous.” Hence my regret at the change of Presidents at
a time when the triumphant North was incensed by a
base conspiracy to assassinate their idolized Lincoln
and hi? cabinet.

1; would be impossible to describe the excitement of
that April morning. The morning papers fanned the
flame. Extras wore rapidly produced, giving addition-
al details. Proclamations by the Mayor were scatter* d
everywhere throughout the city, closing places of busi-
ness, calling an assemblage at the City TTa.ll. changing
the place of meeting to Campus Martins, where parades
of a military nature had often been seen. Hither at the
appointed hour came the thronging populace, thou-
sands upon thousands, of nil ages and conditions. At
one side gathered the negroes in solemn array, with
sorrow depicted on every face. Near them Capt. Day
and T took our stand to view the scene. Upon a speak-
ers’ stand, higher than T had ever seen before, the ora-
tor, climl ed by a ladder and took their places. Then
a hush fell upon the acres ,,f citizens assembled there.

Tt devolved unon the fiery United States Senator
“Zach” Chandler to explain the Aiject of the meeting.
This he did after the model set by Antony over the mur-
dered Ca?sar of old. Most minutely he portrayed the
scenes at Ford’s Theater the nighl before and those of
the last hours of Lincoln. Then lie told of the bloody
stabs Seward had received. Never before had T wit-
nessed an assembly so wrought up to fury. Tt was th :i
Chandler proclaimed that the South was in this con-
spiracy, and. for one. he was for retaliation, let slip
the do^fs ,>f war and raise the merciless war-cry of the

Roman legions marching against Carthage: “]’ae vic-
tis!” — woe to the vanquished.

The people were exasperated, swayed as a forest in
a storm. My companion, a loyal Northern man, see-
ing my Southern home-made clothes and the fun- all
around, said: “It is not safe to stand here.” But as I
had protecting papers from high Federal officials I
concluded to see the outcome of the meeting.

A Prof. Duff was called for. I was told he was a son
of the popular Presbyterian pastor and a leader among
the people. To him tin people gave ready heed. He
began by saying he could not agree with Senator
(“handler’s view that the people of the South were in
the Booth conspiracy, because there never was a peo-
ple so base as to become a nation of assassins; a few
might thus conspire, but- not the many. As a people
the South had had nothing to do with this sad affair.
There was a better model than the “vae zrictis” of the
heathen Roman-: it is the Christian motto. “Low
your enemies.” “In this case are they not our breth
ren?” With such words he soothed the turbulent pop-
ulace. The scene reminded me of the scriptural ac-
count of the storm-lashed Galilee and the Saviour’s
words: “Peace, be still; and there was a great calm.”

Rev. George Savage, agenl for the \merican B
Society throughout Tennes-e. and Kentucky, tel
interesting story, in which he is said to have “baptized
the Confederacy.” It was away back in 1862 that he
was at Millersburg. Ky., holding a meetine, and a
mother applied to him to baptize her four children.
When ready for the solemn rite he said:

“Name this child.”

Said she: “John Cabell Breckinridge.”

I baptized him. Then, referring to the next one, I
said: “Name this child.”

She replied: “Simon Bolivar Buckner.”

The same thing was rep< ated t r the third boy, when
she responded: “Pierre ( iustave Toutant Beauregard.”

There was a rustle in the audience. Biting my lip
and looking as solemn as possible, I knocked on the
altar-rail and spoke to the people, reminding them that
this was a very solemn service, anil that all levity was
inappropriate. Then, turning to the woman and re-
ferring to the baby girl that she held in her arms, I
said as before, “Name this child,” when she sang out,
“Annie F. Lee.”

This was too much for the audience. They stamped
their feet, clapped their hands, and broke forth into
laughter. Finally, to cap the climax, one brother. M \ –
ers. who stuttered badly, jumped up and called out:
“B-b-brother S-s-savage, you h-h-have b-b-baptized
the C-c-confederacv, and we arc all 1-1-loyal.”

That closed the service and the meeting too.

Camp Tom Moore No. 556. U. C. V., Apalachicola,
Fla., at their monthly meeting held January 3, 1898.
elected the following officers to serve the ensuing year:
Robert Knickmevet. Commander; J. T. Witherspoon,
P. Lovett, atid F. G. Wilhelm, Lieutenant Command-
ers; A. T- Murat, .Adjutant: William Neel. Quarter-
master; W. J. Donahue. Serjeant-Major.


Confederate l/eteran.


Capt. Frank A. Bond tells of the Gettysburg cam-
paign, a chapter of thrilling events during the Con-
federate invasion of Pennsylvania:

In June, 1863, Company A, First Maryland Cavalry,
C. S. A., was as fine a body of mounted men as was in
the Confederate army, which is equivalent to saying
that they were as good as any the world has ever seen.
There were one hundred men for duty, perfectly
equipped, splendidly mounted, well drilled, with per-
fect discipline, and an unbounded confidence in their
officers and themselves. The average age of the men
was twenty-one years, and there was an unusual
amount of intelligence pervading the whole.

Frank A. Bond, of Anne Arundel, was captain.
Thomas Griffith, of Montgomery; J. A. V. Pue, of
Howard; and Edward Beatty, of Baltimore City, were
lieutenants. The last-named had been severely wound-
ed at Greenland Gap, where Companies A and C had
stormed the blockhouse and lost five of the seven offi-
cers who went in with them. Nearly all the command
were veterans who had seen two years’ active service
and who had recently returned from a month’s cam-
paign in West Virginia, where we had overcome every
obstacle, both of flood and field, and, although outnum-
bering each of the other companies of our battalion, had
been the only one not to lose a man killed; neither had
we any captured or permanently disabled.

Lieut. -Gen. Ewell had selected our company to be
attached to his headquarters for special service on im-
portant occasions. We were sent with his corps of
Gen. Lee’s army upon the advance across Maryland
into Pennsylvania, known in history as the Gettysburg
campaign. We joined Gen. Ewell the day of the bat-
tle of Winchester, when the Federal general, Milroy,
was routed. This was the first occasion that the Sec-
ond Regiment of Maryland Infantry, commanded by
Col. James R. Herbert, was under fire, and they were
materially assisted by the mounted men of Company
A, who formed upon their right and advanced with
them, under a heavy artillery fire, and drove in the ene-
my’s infantry behind their batteries and breastworks.

For two days after the defeat of Milroy the company,
in squads, was actively engaged in pursuing and harass-
ing the enemy, who were retreating in great disorder.
Lieut. Pue, with six men, charged upon a body of in-
fantry numbering nearly one hundred, who surrendered
to him, but before he could disarm them a desultory
firing began, and he was compelled to withdraw and al-
low them to proceed. After this experience we opened
fire from ambush on similar bodies, and compelled
them to stack their arms before they discovered the
weakness of the attacking party. A great many in-
stances of personal daring was shown during this pur-
suit, and over five hundred prisoners of all arms were
captured. Our company was the only cavalry with
Ewell’s Corps at this time. From this time on to Car-
lisle we were in the advance, and as town after town was
occupied our duty was to guard the valuable stores
abandoned by the enemy and to keep them safely until
turned over to our commissaries.

June 28 and 29 found us camped around Carlisle, and
during this time I was sent several miles out into the
country on a scout, and, coming to quite a village about
noon, I determined to stop for dinner. All the men of

the town had fled from the Rebels, and the women re-
maining were very hostile. I took ten men with me,
among the number being Laurie Uickerson, Bob
Keene, John Gill, John Heighe, Fielder Slingluff, and
Josh Riggs, and demanded admittance at the largest
house in the town, sending the remainder in squads of
six and eight to other houses. / fter some delay we
were reluctantly allowed to enter, and with very bad
grace the good lady set about getting us something to
eat. We did our very best to put her at ease, and in a
short time we sat down to a comfortable meal. Soon
afterward she opened a door leading down into the
basement and called out, “You girls may as well come
up here, for I do not believe these men will hurt you !”
and with much trepidation and crowding, one after the
other, at least a dozen girls came into the room and
stood up close to the wall around us. We were ob-
jects of great curiosity to them, and it goes without say-
ing that the boys made themselves agreeable. The re-
mark, “Well, I declare! if they ain’t just like our men!”
actually occurred there.

I was called upon while there to furnish a non-com-
missioned officer and four men to carry a despatch to
Gen. Early, who was supposed to be at York, some
forty miles distant through an enemy’s country. Corp.
Arthur W. Bond, with Artis, Whaland, Tolby, and
Zepp, were detailed for duty. The undertaking was
extremely hazardous, but luck and pluck carried them
safely through, and they accomplished their mission,
escaping capture only by a hair’s breadth, and joined
the company just as the fight began at Gettysburg.

On June 30 the entire army, except ourselves, set
out to march to Heidlersburg, some twelve miles dis-
tant. My orders were to remain in Carlisle until two
hours after the last of the troops had left, then to re-
lease one thousand prisoners who were under guard in
the market-house, and to overtake the army and report.
These prisoners were one-hundred-day men, and after
relieving them of their arms and shoes they were re-
leased without parole. The situation became very in-
teresting when they realized that there were but one
hundred cavalrymen to hold them in check. I remem-
ber I thought of Cortez in the City of Mexico with
Montezuma as his prisoner, and felt that I was in a
worse fix. Why I should have been left with these or-
ders I never appreciated. For a time it seemed that a
collision was inevitable, but I announced that if we were
attacked I should retaliate to the utmost. Their old
men counseled peace, and we departed in peace, al-
though I am convinced that it was only the perfect cool •
ness and discipline of the company which prevented a
bloody fight. During the afternoon we reached the
headquarters at Heidlersburg, where Gen. Ewell sent
for and informed me that a body of cavalry had run in
his pickets upon the Gettysburg road, and directed
that I go out as far as that point, if possible, and, under
any circumstances, to attack with vigor whatever op-
position I might encounter, force them back, and learn
if infantry or artillery were in our front. This was “a
big contract” for one company of cavalry that had al-
ready done a full day’s work, and years afterward a
staff officer who was present when I received my in-
structions told me he felt sure that I was going to cer-
tain destruction. No such idea disturbed any member
of the command, however, and we marched about eight
miles, to within full sight of Gettysburg, without en-

Confederate l/eterar?


countering opposition, on the very ground Ewell’s
Corps fought over the next day. I left Sergt. Ham-
mond Dorsey and ten men as a picket, and returned to
Gen. Ewell, reporting no enemy near. During the
night Dorsey picked up three members of a battery of
Pennsylvania artillery, who, having been refused leave
to go to their homes, had taken a horse each and slipped
away, thinking they could return before daylight with-
out being missed. They were brave fellows, and were
distressed at the idea of being regarded as deserters.
These men were immediately taken to Gen. Ewell, and
furnished the first information of the whereabouts of
Meade’s army. The next morning, July i, was in-
tensely hoi and close. < >ur corps moved in the direc-
tion of Gettysburg, and I was sent with the full compa-
ny to escort Col. Johnson, of South Carolina, who had
despatches for Gen. Hill, who was on our right, about
ten miles away: but what might 1>v between us no one
knew. Col. Johnson set off at about three-quarter
speed, and the company held their own pretty well for
a couple of miles; but, as he never drew rein, when we
struck Hill’s pickets I alone was with him, and 1 was
exceedingly glad to bid him good-bj –

Soon after returning and reassembling my men I
heard heavy firing in the direction of Gettysburg, and
determined to go directly toward it rather than back
to Heidlersburg and follow the route of our corps. We
advanced with great caution, and found that we were
in the rear of the extreme Federal left, Buford’s Cav-
alry confronting them. Our situation was extremely
perilous, but before we were fairly discovered the Fed-
erals were pul to (light, and we advanced toward our
infantry line of battle. By going alone, very slowly
and bareheaded, 1 succeeded in reaching our lines
without being fired upon, but it was a very unpleasant
business l shall not attempt to describe the battle,
which I saw very fully.

1 was provost-marshal of < rettysburg for three days,
and my company was sheltered by its walls. Knowing
of the cavalry engagement on our left during the after-
noon of the third day, and being anxious for some ex-
citement — everybody else seeming to be having a
great deal of entertainment except ourselves — 1 quietly
drew out the company and made my way toward the
scene, and had nearly reached there, passing under a
heavy artillery fire for a considerable distance, when 1
was overtaken by one of Gen. Ewell’s staff with per-
emptory orders to return immediately: and the way
that old gentleman pitched into me when 1 got back
was a caution! He had lost a leg. taken a wife, and
joined the Church the previous year, and didn’t swear
then, but he was sufficiently emphatic without it.

I )n July 4 there was a pouring rain all day. and the
army was quiet on the lines of battle. No one knew
what had happened, but certainly no one thought we
were defeated. Just at dark Gen. Ewell summoned
me, and directed that at 10 P.M. I should stretch my
company across the front of his entire corps and remain
there until broad daylight, when T was to make a care-
fid observation in the direction of the enemy’s position,
and then follow the army, which, to my great surprise,
he told me was going to return to Virginia.

We had a most uncomfortable night. It was pitch
dark and the rain falling in torrents, and parts of the
field were thickly strewn with the enemy’s dead of the
first day’s battle, by this time very offensive. When day

broke Gettysburg was visible about a mile in our front,
but all was quiet and no enemy was in sight. I over-
took the army and reported to Gen. Ewell about noon,
and was then directed to pass on to the extreme front
and assist in escorting and protecting the wagon-train,
which was expected to reach the Potomac at Williams-
port during the afternoon of the next day, July 6.

It will be observed that this company was now to
entirely upon its own responsibility, and could loiter
by the wayside if so disposed. How it discharged the
trust remains to be seen, and I have felt it my duty not
to let its heroic conduct pass into oblivion, and for this
reason I have written this account. That night we
camped upon the top of the mountain, possibly twenty
miles from Hagerstown, and in truth we were “spoiling
for a fight.” By sunrise next morning we were on the
march, and about noon reached the head of the col-
umn — miles upon miles of wagons— which had halted
on the outskirts of Hagerstown. I had no authority to
give orders; but as there appeared to be no enemy
near, and a considerable body of our cavalry was in
the town, I determined to get some food for men and
horses, and for this purpose directed the men to
break ranks for an hour, and then to reassemble at the
same place, unless sooner called by the bugle, which I
considered very improbable. I rode off, and was in a
fair way to get a “square” meal, when 1 was informed
that the enemy in force was approaching the town
upon the opposite side to that by which we had en-
tered. As the information seemed reliable, I aban-
doned my dinner and hastened back to the rendezvi >us,
and the bugle-call soon rallied forty-six of my one
hundred and nine men. With this handful I rode
through town in column of fours, and halted immedi-
ately in the rear of the Tenth Regiment of Virginia
Cavalry, commanded by Col. J. Lucius Davis, an old
army officer. This regimen! was the advance-gt
of the army, and the head of its column was just at the
edge of the town, and no other troops were between
us and the wagons. I had been accompanied from
Gettysburg by Lieut. George W. Booth, the adjutant
of our regiment, who was not sufficiently recovered
from a wound received two months before for duty,
but who was by my side during the entire affair. K.
G. Harper Carroll, a brother of ex-Gov. John Lee Car-
roll, chanced to be in town as a civilian, and, although
he had only a pocket-pistol, he gallantly joined us, and
later on, when it appeared to him that we were running
away, his appeal to me not to retreat was earnest and
piteous. Leaving my small party, I passed to the
front, and saw a long column of Federal cavalry ap-
proaching by the turnpike and about a mile away.

It was very soon appearent that the enemy intended
to charge, and I suggested to Col. Davis that he meet
them with a countercharge, it being a well-estab-
lished fact that no body of mounted men in position
can repel an impetuous assault; but he gave no orders
at all, and, upon viewing his regiment, I saw that inde-
scribable tremor pervading them which convinced me
they would not stand. T hastened back to my little
command, and in the few moments I had for reflection
did not consider it was a physical possibility to keep re-
position in the street if the large body of troops in my
front should retreat precipitately, and resolved, there-
fore, to wheel about by fours, turn down the first side
street the length of my column, then wheel to the front


Confederate .

again, and, if our advance should be driven back, to
dash out between them and the Yankees, and to en-
deavor to check them and save the wagons, or, at least,
to make the best fight I could. The wheel about by
fours was made, but before we reached a side street the
regiment in front had been routed, and was fleeing in
the wildest panic. Every one knows the contagion of
such a rout, but, to the honor of our Maryland troops,
be it said that each and every one of those forty-six
men moved as a part of a machine, and the column was
as solid as if on parade. The enemy was immediately
upon the heels of the flying Confederates, and as soon
as our rear (soon to become the front) was uncovered,
my order was “Fours right about charge!” It was a
tremendous struggle for the sections of fours to force
their way around, crowded and pressed as they were by
largely superior numbers that filled the street from
house to house, and swirled around us as a mountain
torrent around a rock. The sections farthest from the
enemy were much longer making the wheel than those
who were first released from the pressure, and as each
man dashed at full speed at the enemy the moment he
could face them the charge was made nearly in single

Immediately the enemy perceived there was a body
of troops who did not intend to run, they checked their
pursuit and halted in a confused mass in the street, ex-
cept one, a sergeant on a bob-tailed horse, who came
slap into us, and I shot him down. Sergt. Ham-
mond Dorsey was the first man who dashed into the
enemy’s ranks and began to hew right and left. George
Lechlider followed him closely, and almost immediate-
ly the enemy broke and ran, and were pursued to their
main body by the entire company. Their loss was
about twenty men killed and wounded. Five of them
fell under Sergt. Dorsey’s sword, and the last of them
was a bugler, by this time in full flight. As he leaned
over his horse’s neck the bugle of brass, as thick as a
man’s arm, protected his head, and repeated blows were
necessary to disable him. I examined this bugle later
on, and it was cut nearly through in numerous places
as clean as a carrot might be chopped with an ax.

Sergt. Dorsey, boiling with wrath, informed me that
but for the bugle he would have gotten two or three
more. The enemy made no countercharge, and our
wagon-train was saved. Our only loss was one man,
Henry Stone, wounded by having a thumb shot off.
Our men used their sabers entirely.

It is believed that the Federals were led by Maj.
Ulric Dalghren, son of Admiral Dalghren, and that he
had four companies, or about two hundred men. Any-
how, he lost a leg at this time. He afterward got a
cork one, was promoted to colonel, and was killed the
following year in a bold attempt to burn Richmond.

It is a remarkable coincidence that when Dalghren,
nearly a year later, made his attack upon Richmond he
was again’met by the same men who had defeated him
in the streets of Hagerstown. The First Maryland
Cavalry, ably led by Gen. Bradley Johnson and Col.
Ridgely Brown, were the first troops to throw them-
selves in his way. and they never left him until his com-
mand was routed. He was subsequently killed.

We were flushed with victory, and retired to our side
of the town, where we were soon joined by reenforce-
ments, and two pieces of artillery were added to my
command. The enemy dismounted their sharpshoot-

ers and skirmished on the left of the town, and we dis-
mounted a few men to meet them, and drove them
back. In doing thisSoperChilds and his brother, Buck
Childs, displayed conspicuous bravery. About 4 P.M.
there appeared upon our left front a body of mounted
men I could not account for, but after what I consid-
ered careful investigation I opened fire upon them with
the artillery, and I think I never saw shells better
placed, but was horrified to find, a few minutes later,
that it was the staff and escort of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart.
It was a miracle that no lives were lost.

I withdrew from the field and went into Hagers-
town to find the dinner that I had been hurried away
from several hours before. I was at the hospitable
home of Dr. Harvey, waiting for supper, when a staff
officer of Gen. Stuart appeared, and, presenting the
General’s compliments, requested that Capt. Bond
would join him at the front, as he needed his assistance
badly. This was irresistible, and I hurried to the com-
pany, and at a trot went out the Williamsport pike
about three miles. I left the company in the road, and
went on alone with an orderly (Lechlider), and found
Gen. Stuart. He had about two hundred dismounted
cavalry on the right of the pike in a hollow, and was
endeavoring to induce them to charge a battery on a
hill several hundred yards in advance, which, by the
way, they did not appear to be anxious to do. He
said: “Bond, I want to see you; but first help me here.
We want to drive that battery off. Do you take one
end of this line, and I will take the other.” By a good
deal of galloping up and down in front and by voice
and action we induced the men to advance, at first
slowly, and then at a run, and the Yankees limbered
up and galloped away.

By this time it was dark, and, as we now occupied
tne same ground just abandoned by the enemy, our
batteries were dropping shells right among us that had
been going over our heads when we were in the hol-
low. I rode back to stop our firing, but did not go as
far to the right as I should, and continued in the line
of fire. A shell exploded immediately in front of me.
One piece cut off the collar of my overcoat, which was
rolled and strapped across the front of my saddle, and
another piece passed between Lechlider and myself as
we rode touching knees, slightly wounding him and
very severely wounding me by carrying away five
inches of the fibula near the knee-joint. I rode on and
stopped the firing, and then, by a special providence,
was accosted by Dr. Eliason, who applied a tourniquet
that saved me from bleeding to death. I was carried
on the shoulders of four of my men back to Dr. Har-
vey’s house and placed in bed. Here I remained until
November, passing as near death’s door as possible,
and was then taken on a stretcher by rail via Harris-
burg to Fort McHenry, and from there, in February,
to Point Lookout. In Mav I was exchanged and sent
to Richmond on the parole steamer “New York.” I
was met at City Point by Gen. Bradley Johnson and a
few other “wild” Rebels, and the contrast between the
“tame” ones who had been in prison for a vear was
great. I consider the most exhilarating sight I ever
witnessed was when I once again saw Confederate sol-
diers with arms in their hands, and it was the happiest
day of my life.

[The reader will admit that the three pages given to
an account of this company contain valuable history.]

Confederate l/eterag.


The 19th of January has long been and in-
creases as a day of note among Confederates,
and this year the anniversary of the birth of the
South’s dearest hero has been more universally
celebrated than ever before. From Washing-
ton to San Antonio come accounts of the cele
brations. It is impossible to give here more
than a mere mention of some of the different
entertainments. The entire South breathes
forth her love ami admiration for this patriol
soldier and Christian :


There was a large assemblage at Confederate
Veterans’ Hall in Washington, D. C, January
19, to celebrate the ninetieth anniversary of
Gen. R. E. Lee’s birth. The assemblage em-
braced representatives from all conditions of
life: dignified ministers, judges of courts, Sen-
ators, Representatives, and civilians of every
degree. The hall was beautifully decorated
with national and Confederate flags, and mag-
nificent pictures of Lee and Washington were
festooned with garlands of green. 1 In the sides
were pictures of Jefferson Davis, Stonewall
Jackson, and other not^d generals and officers.

The meeting was called to order by P
dent R. 1. Fleming, who, in a felicitous speech,
announced the significance 1 if the 1 iccasii in ; and
after a prayer bj the Chaplain, Rev. Randolph
McKim, Secretary I harles C. tvey read the
original Order No. 9. in the handwriting of
Gen. Lee, announcing the surrendei and terms
of peace at Appomattox. Judge Franklin 11.
Mackev read a short original poem to the mem-
ory of the dead comrades. Interesting addresses v ere
made by Private John Allen, of Mississippi; Hon. Pe-
ter J. Otey, Congressman from Virginia; ex-Gov.
Sims, of Mississippi; Senator Cockrell, of Missouri;
Justice Shepard, of the 1 >istrict Court of Appeals ; Sen-
ator Eppa Hunton, of Virginia; and Gen. M, C. But-
ler, formerly of South I an ilina.

After the guests and members bad feasted, singing
was indulged in for an hour or so, Capt. Frank Cun-
ningham, of Richmond, entertaining the company with
patriotic songs. Comrade Weber’s band furnished in-
strumental music, rendering such turns as “Dixie,”
“Bonnie Blue Flag,” etc., honored by tumultuous ap
plause. The association never tiad a more successful
and enjoyable occa

beautiful tribute to the women for their love and devo-
tion to the cause of the South, and quoted with fine ef-
fect Bartow’s words: “] go to illustrate Georgia.” He
-■aid thai not only Bartow but Georgians generally il-
lustrated their state nobly during the war. and urged
that they continue to illustrate it by beit to the

principles of those who have done so in the past. Maj
G. M. Ryals expressed the thanks of the Veb

ntertainment closed with three cheers for the la-
flics. Ri ven w jth a w ju ] )V the Veterans.


The Savannah 1 laughters of the Confederacy 1
brated Lee’s birthday by giving an entertainment to
the Veterans at Chatham Artillery Hall, which was
beautifully decorated with flowers and green the pic-
tures of our beloved Lee and other generals b
twined with laurel wreaths. There was a large attend-
ance of Veterans, wives, daughters, and friends, and
the occasion was highly enjoyed. \n abundant supper
was provided, followed by appropriate music and ad-
dresses. Judge I alligaut made an able address, paying


‘I lie celebratii n of < len. R. E. Lee’s birthday in Lit-
tle Rock was under the management of the Memorial
Chapter, U. D. C, Mrs. J. R. Miller presiding. The
Senate-chamber oi the state bouse was filled with an
enthusiastic audience to pay tribute to the most ■
of all the South’s great heroes. Dr. Newton Bragg,
one of the most eloquent orators of the state, deln
an able address on the life and character of Gen. 1 <
Refreshments were served and music of the Confeder-
acy rendered. Contributions were received for the
monument fund, which is now in the neighborhood of
1 1. The 1 laughters are ambitious to erect a mon-
ument worthy the memory of the heroic dead of Ar-

The most interesting feature of the occasion was the


Confederate l/eterar?.

presentation of a beautiful silk flag by Judge W. C.
Ralcliffe, in behalf or the U. C. V. Association of Ar-
kansas, to the Little Rock Chapter, U. D. C. Rev.
John Gass, rector of Christ Church, accepted the flag
for ‘the chapter in a speech which thrilled his hearers.


The court-house was crowded with a representative
audience in the celebration of the anniversary of the
birth of Gen. Robert E. Lee by Virginia Hanson Chap-
ter, Daughters of the Confederacy. The court-room
was draped in the colors, a large portrait of Gen. Lee
forming tire central figure over the rostrum. The ex-
ercises were opened with prayer by Elder W. S. Keenc.
Rev. J. J. Chisholm followed with appropriate and
feeling introductory remarks. Capt. Lee Hathaway,
as master of ceremonies, introduced the speakers in a
graceful and fitting manner. Mrs. Annie Swift Pen-
dleton and Miss Mary Haggard each rendered fault-
lessly beautiful and appropriate recitations. Hon. J.
Soule Smith, of Lexington, the gifted and eloquent
lawyer, writer, poet, wit, and orator, who followed Lee
through the war of the rebellion to the final and pa-
thetic scene at Appomattox, in his richest vein paid a
glowing and fitting tribute to the life and works of
him in honor of whose memory the assembly present
had gathered. The exercises were interspersed with
splendid music by Saxton’s Orchestra.

This was the second celebration of Gen. Lee’s birth-
day anniversary held in Winchester, and much of the
credit for its complete success is due to the President
of the chapter, Mrs. Jennie Catherwood Bean, who was
untiring in her zeal and for many davs devoted her
time and energies to the arrangement of the details.


The anniversary of the birthday of Gen. R. E. Lee
was celebrated in Baltimore by a banquet at the Car-
rollton Hotel under the auspices of the Society of the
Army and Navy of the Confederate States in Mary-
land, to which a number of distinguished guests were
invited. Among them were Col. Bennett H. Young,
of Louisville, Ky.; Gen. Dabney H. Maury, of Vir-
ginia; Gen. J. H. Berry, of Arkansas; and Col. W. A.
Jones, of Virginia. At the head of the table these
specially invited guests and officers of the society were
seated, and there were two long tables for the other
“Johnny Rebs.” The side table, at which the ladies
were seated, proved immensely popular to a number of
the veterans, who vied with each other for the honor
of entertaining their fair visitors.

The slumbering enthusiasm of the old veterans was
awakened by the efforts of two of the ladies: Miss
Magdalen H. Burger, who recited in thrilling style
“Gen. Lee at the Battle of the Wilderness,” and Miss
Lelia Ball, who sang the “Bonnie Blue Flag,” all the
Confederates joining in the chorus.

Col. Bennett H. Young’s speech in response to the
toast, “The Cavalry,” was one of the features of the
occasion, he paying a glowing tribute to the services
of the cavalrymen of the Confederacy. He told of Gen.
J. E. B. Stuart’s raid on Chambersburg, Pa.; of For-
rest’s pursuit of Streight. and Gen. Morgan’s raid into
Ohio. This address may be given in full later.

Gen. Maury responded to “Our Infantry,” telling

how glad he was to meet his Maryland brethren on
Gen. Lee’s birthday and signifying his appreciation of
the part the Maryland infantry had played in the
story of the Confederacy. Mr . George Savage, of
Baltimore, introduced as a “man who stood at the
guns,” responded to “Our Artillery,” telling many in-
teresting anecdotes of Gen. Lee. Congressman W. A.
Jones, of Virginia, responded to the toast to “Our
Navy,” and in his remarks made many amusing allu-
sions to the pension-list, and expressed the hope that
a movement would soon be put on foot to get the
muster-rolls of every Confederate regiment, in order
that the names of the men of the Southern army may
be handed down to posterity. The toast to “Our
Dead” was responded to by Gen. Berry, of Arkansas,
whose theme was the devotion of the women of the
South to the cause for which the men fought.

The day was celebrated at the Confederate Soldiers’
Home at Pikesville in an enthusiastic manner. While
the sumptuous dinner was being despatched many of
the men told stories’ about their great commander and
discussed the famous battles in which they had fought.
The dinner was given under direction of Mrs. Robert
Barry, member of the Board of Governors for January.


No armed foe ever penetrated the interior of Texas,
and its people in the days of 1861-65 went unoppressed
and unscathed in their homes. San Antonio is a bor-
der city of a border state. Previous to the war it was
the headquarters of the old United States Army, and
it is now, and has been since the war, the site of the
largest military post in the Union. Its citizenship is
of every nationality, and its commerical interests are
interwoven more with the cities of Mexico and of the
North than with those of the Southern states. Its cel-
ebration of Lee’s birthday is. therefore, worthy of note,
for it shows that time is doing its sure work of increas-
ing the fame of a great and good man.

A year ago, under discouragements which would
have frightened any less resolute beings than true
Southern women, the Daughters of the Confederacy
undertook to arouse, concentrate, and give expression
to the old Confederate sentiment. The result was a
celebration in honor of Lee; and, although it was not
notable in point of the numbers engaged in it, it served
to awaken and revive interest in the memories of the
war and make possible the largely attended and enthu-
siastic exercises which marked the celebration of this
year. The complete success of the entertainment was
largely due to the effons of Mrs. A. W. Houston, the
President of the chapter. She was ably seconded by
Miss Beaureaard (a niece of Gen. Beauregard), Mrs.
James. Mrs. Bee, and, indeed, by every member of the
large chapter. The exercises were simple, but appro-
priate and inspiring. Miss Sallie Maverick sang the
“Bonnie Blue Flag” with sweetness and spirit, and
Miss Lenore Paschal recited “Somebodv’s Darling”
with a pathos that drew tears. A flag drill by twenty-
four young ladies, under the command of Miss Edith
Newton, was pretty and unique. Altogether, the cel-
ebration was one long to be remembered, and did
much to help along the noble purpose of the Daugh-
ters to erect a monument in honor of Gen. Lee.

Qoofederate l/eterai)




The appeal published last month in behalf of Daniel
Decatur Enimett met with cordial approval so far as
known. Very promptly the following contributions
were sent in: Daughters of the Confederacy, Auburn,
Ala.. $5; A. F. McKissick, Auburn. Ala.. $1 ; P
W. O. Connor. Cave Springs, 1 ia , $1; F. W. Merrin,
Plant City, Fla., $1; collected by J. A. Hartman and
Dr. II. W. Manson, Rockwall, I 1 \.. $5; Sol J
Paris, Tenn., $1; John W. Earhardt, fur membi
Excelsior Fire Company, Newberry, S. C, $1.30: col-
lected by Capt. George B. Lake, Edgefield, S. C,
$3.20. Total. $18.50. ( >n receipt of this amount a
check for $20 was remitted to the vem rable author.

Since the foregoing, remittances have been reci
from Mildred ‘ ■ hapter, I ‘. D. C, Fayetteville,
Ark., $3.20; Miss Lizzie Reagin. Moscow, S. C, 50
cents; J. R. Youree, for U. C. V. I ‘rairie Grove,

Ark., $3.50; Dr. R. L. Brodie, Charleston, S. <
Mrs. Jane Gibson. Treasurer (J. 1>. C, Kan-.;- Cil
Mo., $5; U. D. C. of Alabama appropriated $25.

The Lucy Minor Otey Chapter, Daughters of the
Confederacy, Lynchburg, and other chapters and in-
dividuals are taking this up. Do let us rally to the
rescue of “Uncle Dan” and make him feel that when
he honored “Dixie Land” with the animated notes 1
a “Walk Round” he paid a tribute to the most hospil
ble class of people in existence. Young pei iple can get
up amateur entertainments, have a good time, and se-
cure a few dollars for him without sacrifice.

On the next pages may be seen a photo-engraving
of the original ” Dixie.” the only a implete reproductii in

in existence. So valuable are the plates that these
prints are from copies, the lir.-t being preserved, as is

the plate 1 laph letter about it. The original

sheet has been lost by the author Mow fitting this
d for the Confederate Veteran!


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Confederate Vetera?


Gen. George Moorman, Adjutant-General, reports:

No. ioyi, Stonewall, Salisbury, Mo:, C. H. Wood-
son, F. M. Clements; No. 1072, Gen. Clanton, Brew-
ton, Ala., N. R. Leigh, J. M. Davison; No. 1073, Bat-
tle Ground, Regnant, Ga., Chess Flanders, J. B. How-
ard; No. 1074, Ponchatoula, La., , John M. De-

Saussure; No. 1075, R. M. Gano, Ross, Tex., , S.

L. Makeig; No. 1076, Confederate Veterans, Valdosta,

Ga., S. T. Kingsbery, ; No. 1077, Confederate

Veterans, Taneyville, Mo., W. G. Connor, ; No.

1078, Charles W. McArthur, Alamo, Ga., A. C. Mc-
Clennan, M. D. Hughes; No. 1079, Pat Lyon, Ball
Ground, Ga., P. H. Lyon, D. B. Lyon.

In General Order No. 198 the general command-
ing, by Adjt.-Gen. Moorman, notes the death of several
prominent Confederates. Fine tribute is paid Col. T.
C. Standifer, of whom a sketch has herein appeared.

Concerning Gen. Ross the paper states:

The lengthened shadows of 1897 have barely disap-
peared before the dawn of 1898 when the mournful
news is wired that the silent reaper has gathered an-
other member of the Commanding General’s staff into
his harvest, a great Confederate soldier of the West;
that “taps” has again sounded for one of the most con-
spicuous actors in the drama of 1861-65; that the light
of the earth has forever faded from the eyes of one who
was a beloved leader in the civil and military history
of the Lone Star State; that the death angel has taken
by the hand and led away one who was a hero in
peace as well as in war; that at College Station, Tex.,
on the 3d inst., the great heart of Gen. and ex-Gov. L.
S. Ross ceased to beat, and as the curtain fell it closed
the earthly career of one of the most renowned Texans,
one of the greatest and purest citizens of the republic,
and a most chivalrous soldier.

A born soldier, a boy captain at nineteen years of
age, and while yet a mere college lad. he rode into bar-
tie with his company by the side of Van Dorn and the
trained officers of the United States army against the
Comanches, and forever broke the power of that
warlike race. As a fearless fighter and rescuer of cap-
tive maidens he won immortal fame in the Indian wars.
for which daring feats he has beer, knighted by hi?
countrymen with the badge of chivalry.

In fighting his way up from private to general in the
Confederate army he won imperishable renown. A
great Governor, a distinguished college President, an
honest, pure man — he has performed his part well. Il-
lustrious in war, equally illustrious in peace — a pro-
tege of Houston, reared in the shadow of the Alamo,
Goliad, and San Jacinto — he was a hero in a land of
heroes, and easily won the proud distinction of primus
inter pares.

Clad as she is to-day in the habiliments of woe, and
bowed in sorrow and grief, Texas does not mourn alone
for her “favorite son,” for at this moment, in palatial
residences and in humble homes, in her sister states of
Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi. Tennessee, Georgia,
Alabama, and wherever his bright blade flashed and
the deeds of the brave are sung, his name is reverently
?nd tenderlv spoken and the story of the gfreat Texan
is told, and sorrow is deep and profound for the death

of the “Little Texas Cavalryman,” whose plume was
ever seen dancing upon the crest of battle and whose
courage and nobility won the undying love of his
friends and the unstinted admiration of his foes.


Executive officers in charge of reunion arrange-
ments for Atlanta are: Gen. Clement A. Evans, Pres-
ident; Hon. W. A. Hemphill, Vice-President; John O.
Waddell, Secretary.

Vice-Presidents are from various locations in Geor-
gia, and represent districts: Maj. G. M. Ryals, Savan-
nah ; Col. John Triplett, Thomasville ; Hon. Phil Cook,
Leesburg; Capt. J. W. Murphy, Columbus; Hon. W.
A. Hemphill, Atlanta; Col. C. M. Wiley. Macon; Col.
J. S. Cleghorn, Summerville; Hon. W. F. Jenkins,
Eatonton; Hon. W. P. Price, Dahlonega; Hon. M. I.
Branch, Berzelia; Hon. H. G. Turner, Quitman.

Reception Committee appointed by the Georgia
Legislature: From the Senate — Hons. C. G. Gray, Fort
Valley; H. W. Hopkins, Thomasville; C. H. Mann,
English Eddy. From the House — Hons. T. B. Feld-
er, Atlanta; J. S. Bovnton, Griffin; T. M. Pace, Coving-
ton; W. E. Faust, Anon; G. G. Ford, Att.

Chairmen of subcommittees, Anthony Murphy, Fi-
nance; C. A. Collier, Transportation: J. A. Miller, Car-
riages, Horses, etc.; H. H. Cabaniss, Music; Clark
Howell, Publicity; Joseph Jacobs, Decorations; W. L.
Calhoun, Rules;W. H. Harrison, Badges; W. J. Ken-
drick, Military; J. C. Hendricks, Halls; Amos Fox,
Commissary (Commissary-General Georgia Division,
U. C. V.); F. P. Rice. Quarters; Joseph Thompson,
Hotels and Boarding-Houses.

Executive Committee, for the reception and enter-
tainment of the veterans: W. A. Hemphill, Chairman;
C. A. Collier, J. W. English, W. L. Calhoun, T. B.
Neal, Livingston Mims, F. P. Rice, E. P. Chamber-
lin, Hoke Smith, T. G. Woodward, R. F. Maddox, E.
C. Peters, T- A. Miller. E. P. Howell, Toseph Hirsch,
W. D. Ellis, Forest Adair, Clark Howell, W. W. Da-
vies, H. H. Cabaniss. T. D. Turner. R. D. Spaulding,
G. B. Adair. J. Carroll Payne, W. W. Draper, B. F.
Walker, Anthonv Murphv, Martin Amorous, R. J.
Lowrv, T. B. Felder, E. L. Connally. J. C. Hendrix,
C. I Branan, W. F. Slaton, Amos Fox. Toel Hurt.
George W. Harrison, T- T. Glenn, B. F. Abbott, C. S.
Arnall, William M. Crumley, J. M. Slaton, R. M. Clay-
ton, Willis Raran. T. K. Ottlev. S. W. Wilkes. D. N.
McCuIloiirh, Dr. W. P. Burt. Fulton Colville, C. S.
Northern.’ T. A. Hammond. Tr.. T. L. Mavson, W. J.
Kendrick, T. W. Nelms. C. F. Rice. W. H. Patterson,
Clarence Knowles, W. T. Northern. J. W. English, Jr..
Eugene Black, T. C. Whitner. Aaron Haas, H. L. Wil-
son. 1. S. Dozier. E. P. Black, A. C. Bruce, Albert
Howell. A. S. Holbrook, W. H. Brotherton, Paul Ro-
mare, Toseph Tacobs. Gen. Evans (ex officio), T. R. R.
<~r>M\ W. H. Harrison, Porter Kin?. A. J. West, B. M.
Blackburn. Albert Steiner. J. H. Shndden.

Headquarters are in Room TT2 Kimball House,
open now for all comrades who may be in Atlanta.

Miss Alice Haskins, of Pheba, Miss., is anxious to
know where she could procure copies of “Six Months
in the Confederate States.” by Col. Freeman, of the
British armv, and “Cities and Camps of the Confeder-
ate States,” bv Capt. Ross, of the Austrian army.

Confederate .


United 50175 of Confederate l/eterar^.

Organized July i. 1896, Richmond, Vo..

ROBERT A. SMYTH, Commander-in-Chief, ) ,, …,,-,, , ,

ham i.i. a wkm.i.. aim i i int-General, | ‘■■^-‘■•< liarleston,S.C.


ROBERT C. NORFI.EET,.OOMXANDEB, | .. . ….. w . , , . ,.

GARLAND E. WEBB, Aiui taut-General,! Box ‘-• “,,,-.,.„. ». C.

T. LEIGH THOMPSON, < OMMANDER, Lew isburg, Tenn.


W. C. SAUNDERS, COMMANDER, I Rn _ ,., ,.,.,.„ Tnv

■I. II. BOWM W, \n.ii PAOT-G) KERAL.j BoX ‘”‘ ‘••”””- «*•


Inctedb] ROBERT \. SMYTH, Gharle ton, S. C.

Si ■nil all communication* for thia department to him.

[Comrades everywhere are urged to commend the organization of
Sons. By doing bo “they may be very helpful to Commander sin

A. I I’NMNIill AM.]

We arc glad to report to the organization the char-
tering of lour camps since the lasl issue. They arc
as Eollows: No. 57, Camp V 1 Bogges . Decatur,
Tenn.; No. 58, Camp James McCutchen, Kingstree,
S. C; No. 59, Camp Charles Broadway Rouss, Austin,
Tex.; No. 60, * .imp McDowell Phoenix, S. C. This
makes ilie total membership of the organization sixtj
camps, ami we believe that the one hundred mark wiil
soon be reached. These sixty camps an distributed
as follows, in order of numbers: South Carolina Divi
sion, 22; Virginia Division, 14; Tennessee Division, 8;
North Carolina Division, 4; Texas Division, 4; Ken-
tucky Division, .}; Georgia Division, _’; We 1 Virginia
Division, i ; Missouri Division, r; Alabama Division, 1.

The camp at Austin, Tex., has chosen the name of
Charles Broadway Rouss. This is certainly a good
name for an organization which proposes to do chari-
table work, for we know how good Mr. Kouss has
been to the cause for which he fought. This cam]’ is
very active and enthusiastic, and numbers fifty mem-
bers, with a prospect of increasing its size very mate-
rially in the near future.

Two of our divisions have organized in the pasl
month. ( >n January 13 the Sons of Veterans of Ten-
nessee met at Murfreesboro, dissolved the old organ-
ization, and formed a Tennessee Division. Mr. Jesse
W. Sparks, the Judge-Advocate General on the start
of the Commander in Chief, was elected its i ‘ommand-
cr. The constitution adopted divides the slate into
three brigades. The First Brigade is Middle Tennes-
see, and its Commander is Mr. Leland Hume, of Nash
ville: the Second Brigade is West Tennessee, and the
Third Brigade is East Tennessee. The Commanders
of these last two brigades are not yet elected. How-
fever, they will he promptly organized, and will go to
work to enlist all the camps of the old state organiza-
tion. Much credit for the success of this meeting is
<\\\c to Mr. T. Leigh Thompson. Commander of the
department, who is working hard to make his depart-
ment rival that of the Army of Northern Virginia.

The Kentucky Division lias now been thoroughly
organized by Mr. R. C. P. Thomas, its Commander.
The following is the staff: G. E. Snell. Adjutant-Gcn-
cral. Bowling Green; William 11. T.ncas, Quartermas-
ter-General, Lexington; Dr. M. McDowell. Surgeon-
General, Cvnthiana: W. \Y. Longmoor. Jr., Insoector- Frankfort: S. Young. Commissary -General,

Louisville: Rev. C. H.Jones, Chaplain-General, Louis-
ville; H. S. McCutchen, Judge-Advocate-General,
Russellville. Mr. i homas has written urgent lot i
each member, impressing the importance 1
trated action on their pari , c him to build up

the division by the Forming of nev can 1 re are

now in process of formation some four or fi
which will, it is 1 be chartered very soon.

Mr. P. II. Mcll. commanding the Alab;
has iss rcular, which he has distributed thr<

out the state, calling upon the camps to join the I ‘nited
1 “rganization, so that the division can be well n
sent., reunion in Atlanta. There is

number of camps in that state, but only one of them
has barter from the United

We are at last able to report that Florida has awa-
kened to the fact chat her sons are not doing their duty
in perpetuating the l of her l Idiers.

Jacksonville has instituted tin first steps. Through a
committee of the R. F I , urgent

al has been sent through all the 1
thi sons oi th( state, calling upon them Lo ip the

work which they, the veterans, are rapidl) having.

sonville expects to organize a camp within
days, and the I hief will appoint a Stare

Commander from that camp, who will at once take up
the work and thoroughly organize this division.

It is pleasing indeed to see the diffi grad-

ually falling into line in this noble work. Last month
we reported the interest aroused in Missouri: this
month it is Florida; and next month we hope to have
either Mississippi or Louisiana enlisted for the pres-
ervation of the records of those who wore the gray.

We trust that the Veterans in these two states will
aid the officers of our organization in getting a foot-
hold, and earnestly ask that names and addresses of
interested young men will be forwarded, so that
through < idehce they can be helped to form


Members of (amp No. 46. of Atlanta, Ga., are
making strenuous efforts to organize camps through-
out that state, and also to make the reunion of the
Sons next July a great success. Mr. W. W. Da
its Commander, has sent out to every son in Georgia
circulars, giving instructions as to how to form a
camp, also sending a constitution to aid them in
adopting their own, and other necessary information.
The result of this has ! irouse the entire state,

and camps have ahea.K been formed at Gainesville.
Athens, and Waycross, while others are being foi
and will soon be chartered. Mr. Davies certainlj de-
serves high commendation for his enthusiastic work,
and he is sure to meet with great success. It is im-
portant for the camps to remember that they can not
be represented at the reunion at Atlanta nor take pan
in it unless they are members of the 1 ‘nited < (rganiza-
tion. and charters should therefore be applied for im-
mediately to. the headquarters. This camp is named
for 1 fen. John R. Gordon.

Sergt. Robert J. Baxter, a member of Stonewall
Jackson Bivouac, McKenzie, Tcnn., died at his resi-
dence there on January 0. lie was born Februarv 2(1. ami enlisted in Company G, Twenty-Second Ten-
nessee Infantry, C. S. A., in June, 1861; paroled May

TO. l8o;.


Confederate l/eterar?.

It must have surprised some readers that the January
Veteran did not contain an account of the fortunate
solicitor in securing the $200 offered for the largest
number of new subscribers by January I. A compli-
cation arose in connection with “blocks” of subscrip-
tions to individuals. The Veteran had ruled that any
number might be counted to one person on the pay-
ment of $1 for each, and upon this ruling $201 was re-
mitted by a contestant who had secured seventy odd
names, and ordered the remainder to be sent in blocks.
The matter was submitted to a committee of disinter-
ested persons, who were several weeks in determining
it. In the meanwhile, because of the eminent merit of
the two leading contestants, $ico was sent to each.
(The person securing the smaller number of names
would doubtless have secured three times as many but
for detention and seclusion for weeks because of a vio-
lent and contagious illness.) The committee finally

official organ, which, if read carefully in the spirit in
which it is written, will make us better and grander
men. With best wishes and a God bless you for your
work’s sake.

In a former letter Comrade Owen wrote:
The Confederate soldiers are scarce in the country
that I travel in, and it makes my heart ache to find some
who can not spare the one dollar. I know they would
gladly pay for it if they, were able ; they are getting old,
and will soon be unable to work. I have the heart to
take care of them all, and wish I could.


decided in favor of Miss Ruth Owen, of Evansville,
Ind., who shared the efficient aid of her father, Com-
rade F. A. Owen. He has been an unceasing and dil-
igent advocate of the Veteran for years. Upon thai
decision being made, the additional $100 was remitted
to Mr. Owen for his lovely, patriotic daughter Ruth,
which amount was returned by him, with an extraor-
dinary reply : . . .

The idea was suggested during the canvass by find-
ing so many old comrades who expressed their desire
for the Veteran and their great anxiety for Ruth to
secure the prize. They seemed truly to regret that
they were not able to spare the dollar. I do not write
this for publication, as I have never sought notoriety.
} 1 pweyer, I would enjoy a kind word editorially, if yon
think my efforts worthy and that by so doing you
could stimulate many to a greater exertion for our


Frank Amplias Owen enlisted as a private in Compa-
nv A, Eighth Kentucky Infantry, at the age of sixteen.
He was wounded and captured at the battle of Fort
Donelson and imprisoned at Camp Morton, from where
he and Thomas Carlisle escaped during a heavy rain
and thunder storm. Walking through the country to
Evansville, Ind., he embarked on the steamer “Storm,”
bound for Green River, arriving at his home in Hop-
kins County in eight days after leaving Indianapolis.
Soon thereafter Col. Adam R. Johnson and Lieut. -Col.
Robert M. Martin went into that section to raise a cav-
alry regiment. He enlisted with them, and was elected
second lieutenant of Company A of that regiment, the
Tenth Kentucky. He commanded the remnant of that
old regiment as the rear-guard of Gen. John H. Mor-
gan’s command from Cheshire to the surrender, near
Zanesville, O. He was imprisoned at Camp. Chase
three- weeks, removed to Johnson’s Island, O., and was
paroled for exchange; but the exchange was stopped,
and he was there until the war closed. He was released
on parole June 22, 1865, and arrived home on the 26th.
Comrade Owen has made Evansville, Ind., his home
most of the time since. His occupation is that of trav-
eling salesman, and he is Commander of U. C. V. Camp
A. R. Johnson No. 481.

Qopfederate l/eterai}.


The other contestant, Mrs. Lulu B. Epperson, is as
faithful a Daughter of the Confederacy as was ever
charmed by the thrill of “Dixie,” and it was she who,
in the Veteran for March, 1897, protested against the
argument by a Chicago woman that it is “time to call
off ‘Dixie.'” The additional mention is made that
she is the eldest daughter of W. R. Bringhurst, of
whom account was given, together with that of his
brother Robert, who surrendered his noble life in the
battle of Franklin, haying entered if oii crutches with
a furlough in his pocket. He was wounded al Peach
tree Creek in July previous

This more extended nqtice of Mrs. Epperson is given







because of the good fortune of her assistance on the
Veteran, which begins next month. She will have

al charge of reunion arrangements for the
bran at Atlanta, ami the pleasing announcement is
made that far better facilities exist For efficient aid to
this than to any preceding reunion. The \ 1 1 k.r.w
has already arranged to make a showing in that con-
nection which will be the pride of ever) Confederate.
While this is true, certain cooperative obligations rest
with the < Confederates and public spirited people of the
< ity to the South, and that they will conform is
m ‘t doubted.

Mrs. Carrie 1’helan Beale, President of the “Cradle
of the Confederacy,” Chapter No. 04. United Daugh-
ters, presented a gavel at the Baltimore meeting “inlaid
with memories of our cherished martyr President,”
from the heart of a “Beauvoir” oak. which was secured
and presented to Mrs. Beale by the widow of Gen. Jo-
seph R. Davis, residing at Biloxi, Miss. The Mont-
gomery daily Adz’ertiser of January 1 1, 1898, copies al
length from the Veteran for December the early his-
tory of the memorial Association, in which the father
of Mrs. Beale, Judge John D. Phelan, was an active

“Dixie,” whose writings may hereafter be expected
in many issues of the VETERAN, writes :

A charming little Southern woman, in an article
about Ella Wheeler Wilcox and her writings, says:
“She writes poetry that rimes at both ends, with sense
in the middle.”

Whatever criticisms may be made upon the writings
of the fair poetess, these facts can not be questioned.
Although many of her poems portray a thorough
knowledge of the world and worldliness, in just as
many instances the “milk of human kindness” is
shown. Her charity and forbearance with the errois
of her fellow creatures is beautifully demonstrated in
her reeent book. “An Erring Woman’s Love.” The
pictures drawn are thrilling, saddening, yel triumphant
in the thought that “Cod looketh into the hearts 1 f
men.” and forgives the truly penitent, although, from
the standpoint of this world, despair is pictured as an
erring woman who has been awakened from the drow-
siness of her life of shame, and understands the mean-
ing now 1 if w’i imanhi m id and chastity, and that

” There is no loneliness
That can so sadden and oppress
\- when beside the burned-out tire
1 if sated passion and desire
The w akening spirit in 1 glance
Beholds its lost inheritam

1 1 foi 1 ■ women who will denounce this

double-standard life! In tl orld “cus-

tom makes law,” but in the judgment of the Almighty

1 man is just as responsible for bis deeds as a woman,
and from her fello tres a woman has just as

much right to expect consideration me chance

to reclaim herself from degradation as a man. A sum-
ming of this poem rmd its influences is admirably con-
densed in a shorl one previously written by Mrs. W r il-
cox, entitled “Worth While,” beginning:

It is easy’enough to lie pleasant

When life flows bj like a song,
But the man worth while is the one’who will smile

When everything noes dead wrong.


The Veteran has secured very liberal propositions
for the entire stocks of our best histories on terms
whereby friends can secure them free by a little dili-
gence in extending its patronage. Of these are:

“The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government,”
by Jefferson Davis.

“Johnston’s Narrative,” a history of his own opera-
tions specially, by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston.

“Life of Albert Sidney Johnston,” by his son, Will-
iam Preston Johnston.

“Reminiscences, Anecdotes, etc., of Gen. R. E.
Lee.” by Dr. J. William Jones.

Fitzhugh Lee’s “Life of Robert E. Lee.”

The above and other very valuable Confederate his-
tories are becoming very scarce, and it would be wise
and well to secure copit s soon. Write for particulars
to Confederate Vf.i eran, Nashville, Term.



Subscriptions to the Sam Davis monument fund ag-
gregate $2,208.56. There has been published prior to
this issue the names to $1,948.61 and the $259.95 re ”

mainder is given herewith. Of the sums collected,
$1,500 is invested in United States 4 per cent govern-
ment bonds. It is desired to purchase another bond
as soon as enough of the subscribed amounts is paid in

Whiteside, Miss A. L., Shelbyville
Term %

Robert, P. G., St. Louis. Mo

Dibrell, J. A., M.D., Little Rock.

Lea, J. ‘ 6. . Charleston, S. C……….

Gordon, Mrs. D. M., Nashville

Kenan, Capt. W. R., Wilmington,
N. C ,

Oxford, Miss Josie. Birmingham,

Eldridge, “j. W., Hartford, Conn,

Browne. Dr. M. S., Winchester, Ky.

Nnlen. C. L., Huntsville. Ala

Bowles, Fred Pope, Louisville, Ky..

Webb. Johnson, Winchester, Ky

Rowland, Miss Kate Mason, Balti-
more, Md

McPherson, Ernest, Louisville, Ky.

Brown, Phil P., Blue Ridge Springs,

Mangold, A., Hazlehurst, Miss

Sexton. J. S.. Hazlehurst, Miss

Cunningham, I. W., Goodlettsville,

Des Portes, Col. R. S., Columbia,

Tait. Mai. Felix, Nellie. Ala

Snyder, R. J., Louisville, Ky

Brownson, Mrs. J. M., Victoria,

Henry. Mrs. E. M., Norfolk. Va

LaBree. Benjamin, Louisville. Ky..

Baskett, Capt. L. T., Greenwood,

Carter, T. G., Deadwood, S. D

Savage. Col. John H., Smart. Tenn.

Yanpelt. C. B.. South Bend. Ind

Webb. Mrs. T. S.. Knoxville, Tenn..

Morrison. Mrs. W. J.. Nashville

Baughman, G. H., Richmond. Va…

Warren, J. M., for Lee Camp, Rich-
mond, Va

Owen, Allin B.. Evansville. Ind

Merritt, Phil L., Hartensville. Ky…

Morgan. Calvin, Nashville

Hurt, R. A.. Jackson. Tenn

Herblin. J. D., Nashville

Herblin. Mrs. J. D.. Nashville

Duncan, J. W.. Gadsden, Ala

Henderson, C. K., Aiken. S. C

Van Pelt, Miss Nina C, Danville,

nrerkenridge, Mrs. Lilla. Danville,

Bodes. Capt. B. O.. Danville. Ky

Shears, John, McCrory. Ark

Oarrett, W. C. Pine Bluff. Ark

Bell, D. S.. Pine Bluff. Ark

Saunders. J. T.. Pine Bluff. Ark

Martin, S. C. Pine Bluff. Ark

Elliott, J. M.. Pine Bluff, Ark

Triplett, C. H.. Pine Bluff. Ark

Tavlor. S. M.. Pine Bluff. Ark

Knox. S. V. T.. Pine Bluff. Ark

Jennings. W. B.. Moberly, Mo

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Chew, Phil, St. Louis, Mo

Desha, Mrs. R. R.. Cynthiana. Ky..
Cook. Col. V. T., Elmo, Ark. (addi-

Mitchell, J. A., Bowling Green, Ky.
Wilson, Col. J. D., Winchester,


Adams, J. I. J., Erin, Tenn

Stone, David. Anchorage, Ky

Williamson, D. W., Memphis, Tenn.
Nelson, Miss Kate Page, Shreveport,


Landes, J. M., Greene, la

Collins, J. A. M., Keokuk. la

Two Tennessee Confederate soldiers.
Patterson, Judge E. D., Savannah,


Reid, W. D.. Holladay. Miss

Simmons, S. M.. Denton. Tex

Foute. W. E., Atlanta. Ga

Featherston, L. C, Featherston,

Ind. T

Fox, John, Jr., Big Stone Gap, Va..

Rvman, Capt. T. G. Nashville

Atkins. Gen. J. D. C. Paris. Tenn..
Crawford, J. A.. Greenwood. S. C…

Parr. Dr. H. A.. New York City

Lubbock. Gov. F. R., Austin. Tex…
Owen, Miss Ruth F., Evansville,


Williams, J. J., for Camp Ashby,

Winchester, Va

Daughter of a veteran, Louisville,


Clark. Miss M. E., Covington, Ga…
Clark. Miss Belle. Covington. Ga —
Fisher, Capt. John, Apalachicola.


Laslev. W. W., Lewisburg. Ky

Lynn, Mrs. E. S., Buffalo, 111

Ridings. Dr. E. W.. Dickson. Tenn..
Garnett, Miss Alice, Hot Springs,

Rogers. William P.. Chapter* D. of

C. Victoria, Tex

Davis, W. P., Moberly. Mo

Lee. Mildred. Chapter U. D. C, Fay-

etteville. Ark

White, Ann. Chapter TJ. D. C, Rock

Hill. S. C

Smith. H. C. Hartsville. Tenn

Gaines. W. A.. Georgetown. Ky

Robinson. E. A.. Kiowa. Ind. T

Lenoir. W. T., Sweet Water, Tenn..
Reagan. J. A.. Sweet Water. Tenn..
Jones, John M.. Sweet Water. Tenn.
Clark. W. L.. Sweet Water, Tenn….
Martin. Miss Bettie, Sweet Water.


Coffin. Miss S. M., Sweet Water.

Tenn >

Coffin. Miss Ella. Sweet Water,


Cleveland. W.. Sweet Water, Tenn..
Gibson. R. B.. Sweet Water. Tenn..
Bachman. J. L., Sweet Water. Tenn.
Whitman, John B.. Sweet Water.


15 00
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Warren. J. C, Sweet Water, Tenn..

Mansfield, W. C, Sweet Water,

Grace, L. E., Sweet Water, Tenn

Lyons, J. A., Sweet Water, Tenn

Lenoir, H. L., Sweet Water, Tenn…

Peerless Lodge No. 73. K. P., Elk-
ton, Kv

Ellison, J. W.. Ellison. Ariz

Hance, Capt. E. S., Defeated, Tenn.

McAllister, A. H., Cotton Plant,

Meux, T. R., Fresno, Cal

Eldridge, B.. Brenham, Tex

Alexander. Mrs. Terry. Henry, Tenn.

Dougherty, John L.. Glendora, Cal..

Dougherty, W. E., Glendora, Cal

Richardson, B. W., Richmond, Va..

Gardner. D. B.. Fort Worth. Tex

McPherson, Ernest, Louisville. Ky.

Chase, Sanborn, Florence. S. C

Kilvington, Miss Mary, Nashville…

Kilvington, Miss Nellie, Nashville..

Young, Evan, Lexington. Mo

Basve, Capt. E., Louisville. Kv

Charles, L. H., St. Clair. Tenn

Reagan, Lenoir. Sweet Water. Tenn.

Taylor. H. L., Bentonia, Miss

Green. R. H., Covington. Tenn

Hill, Dr. L.. Covington, Tenn

Green. A. B., Livingston. Tex

Litteral. Jake. Carterville. Mo

Pierce, Dr. W. H., Collirene. Ala

Seav. Lieut. Samuel. Jr., Nashville.

Lnckett, Mrs. Percy. Knoxville,

Adger. Miss E. J.. Charleston, S. C.

Mast. Capt. D. P.. Winston. N. C

Coleman. J. M., O’Bannon. Ky

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1 CO


W. G. Lenoir. James R. Bachman,
Charles L. Clark. J. H. Patton. Sweet
Water, Tenn.; S. H. Perkins. P. O. Duffy,
J. C. Johnson. E. B. Weathers, Elkton,
Kv. : J. C. Malone, Elberton, Ky. (sixty
cents!. Total. $4.60.


S. T. Burch. Jr.. Isadore Sulzbacher,
Florence. S. C. ; c. M. Butt. Portsmouth,
Va. : J. M. Ewing. J. P. Lenoir, W. A. Le-
noir, W. F. Lenoir, R. E. Lenoir. Sweet
Water. Tenn.; H. R. Roper. J. B. Miller. C
A. Denney, J. A. Goodman, W. A. Dickin-
son. J. T. Penick. Horace Rutherford, T.
T.. Gant. J. B. Perkins. J. M. Weathers, C.
N. Holmes. H. B. McKinney. H. G. Boone.
Dr. Rogers. J. A. Thuss. J. P. Hunter.
John Hardin, L. B. Reeves. Elkton, Ky.
Total, $6.50.


J. W. Howard. P. B. Jarrot, Miss Elvira
Rhodes. Mrs. J. W. Brunson. Edward
Burch. Master J. McSween Harllee. Flor-
ence. S. C; William H. Hill. Palo Alto.
Miss.; C. G. Christian. Elkton. Kv. (fifteen
cents). Total, S5 cents.

Confederate l/eteran.



Only an old Confed, sir, only an old Confed,

Who fought tor the South, sir, with the band that Morgan led;

Who fought for home and honor, sir, on many a bloody held.

And only laid down his anus, sir, when the fate of the South
was sealed.

Who fought for the right as he saw it, and fought with might
and main,

‘Neath scorching heat ol summer’s sun and winter’s sleet and

Yes, I’ve suffered, sir, from hunger on many a midnight ride,

But he could boast who suffered most wdiile riding at Mor-
gan’s side.

Ah, a gallant band w in’s, each man as true as steel.

Men who fought like tigers, and their leader well might feel
As Morgan felt — that, hacked by his heroes grand.
He ceuld drive a host of Yankees from his native Southern

Rut we got licked (thanks for the dime) — perhaps it’s for the

And many of Morgan’s raiders

Only a few years. Colonel and when the last old vet is d<
There’ll be no tear on the silent bier of a bt >\vn Confed.

— Tracy Kingman Rocktvood.

Tt is usuall) discouraging to attempl n pi rts of the
I ee anniversary, ;is there arc so many celebrations
omprising reports, together with addresses, which de-
serve place in the Veteran. These celebrations do
good, and should be kept tip to honor the unexcelled
career of the most completely rounded charact*
soldier, statesman, and Christian — the grandest man-
in history. The celebration at San Antonio, a city so
far west, shows the extent of this day’s observance.

The Virginia students of Johns Hopkins Universit)
celebrated the day by organizing a Virgini i Associa-
tion. This is intended primarily to bring the students
of the Old Dominion into closer touch, and there is a
possibility of its lines being extended in the way of
promoting educational facilities of the mother state

Official U> C. V. Order No. 19 calls attention to the
fact that at the reunion held in Richmond, Va., July :.
1896, a cordial endorsement was made of the proposi-
tion to establish 1 military park at and near Freder-
icksburg, Chancellorsville, the Wilderness, and Spott
sylvania C. H. The battles fought on these fields In
the years 1862 64 were among the fiercest ami bloodiest
in history, and the purpose <>f the National Battle-
Field Park Commission is to induce Congress to mark
the sites where they occurred, and thus enable the sur-
vivors of each side and their descendants to erect suit-
able ami enduring memorials where \mericans met
Americans in fiercest conflict. The purposes <>f this
commission are similar to those which led to the estab-
lishment of military parks at Gettysburg, Shiloh, and
Chickamauga. The general commanding therefore
suggests that the officers and individual members “f
the United Confederate Veterans petition the Senators
and Members of Congress of their respective states to
assist in carrying out the patriotic objects <>f the Na-
tional Park Commission. The importance of this
great work will be at once recognized, as well as the
neccssitv for prompt action before the survivors of the
heroic struggle have passed away.



In one of the unsuccessful efforts to secure a share
of advertising this letter was sent to advertisers :

The Confederate Veteran merits the attention
of advertisers. Although its circulation is not so large
as that of leading magazines in cities of over one mil-
linn inhabitants, and while circulation is the mam
thing to advertisers — with possibly less than deserved
discrimination — the Veteran occupies oil the territory
of the Southern slates. It is more ardently supported
than has ever been a class teal. Investigation

will prove this. Then its subscription patronage is
regular, rather than in precarious sales of news agents.

With candor as to its comparative circulation — and
contracts are conditional on its proof- the totals are
referred to with pride. No magazine in the South has
been more prosperous upon its subscription rev-
enue. The owner of the Veteran lias ever been con-
centrate! upon its merits and increasing its circula-
tion; hence the spaj si advertising.

To reach those who took part in the great war and
secure their patronage the best possible channel is the
VN, the highest order of histor-
ical journal ever issued by an American printing-
press. Kindly consider, or send to your agents.

Then a guide to circulation was enclosed, showing
the states and the number at the post-offices where
there are four and more.

Would you like to use an inch as a trial for any kind
of acceptable notice at the low price of $1? The reg-
ular price is $] .50 an inch.

It is a pleasure to be able to offer the following val-
uable Southern books to Veteran subscribers, and
this will lie about the besl opportunity they will have
to secure one or more simply by a little exertion in
a good cause. Those who prefer to buy outright will
be entitled tn a year’s subscription to the VETERAN
with order for any binding at price specified:

“The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Govern-
ment.” by Jefferson Davis, will be furnished in four
bindings, a- Follows: Cloth, $10; Sheep, $12; Half
Morocco, $14; Full Morocco, $20. Fifteen yearly
subscriptions to the VETERAN will secure this book in
cloth binding; eighteen, the sheep; twenty, the half
Morocco; and thirty will secure the full Moroi

“Johnston’s Narrative.” a history of his own op-
erations specially, by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Il-
lustrated with steel plates and maps. Sheep, $5; Half
Morocco, $7. Ten subscribers will secure tins book
in sheep binding: twelve subscribers, half Morocco.

“Life of Albert Sidney Johnston.” by his son, Col.
William Preston Johnston, with maps, a line portrait
on steel, and illustrations. Cloth, $5. Will lie sent
as premium for ten yearly subscriptions.

“Personal Reminiscences, Anecdotes, and Letters
of Gen. R. E. Lee,” by Dr. J. William Jones. Illus-
trated with steel and wood engravings. Sheep. $5:
Half Morocco. $7. Given as premium for ten yearly


Qopfederate .


On June i, 1898, the Trans-Mississippi and Interna-
tional Exposition is to be opened at Omaha, Neb. It
will close November 1. The work of construction is
being vigorously performed in all departments. The
harmony of design attained through artistic grouping
of the buildings is most pronounced. Plans have been
arranged on an elaborate scale of architecture for all the
principal buildings. The main buildings are ranged
along either side of the basin. fit the west end stands
the Government Building, flanked by imposing colon-
nades, which converge toward the west. The Arch of
States is one of the most noticeable in the group of
structures, decorated with a frieze composed of the
arms of the Trans-Mississippi states, the whole being
surmounted by sculpture figures. The canal, or ba-
sin, is spanned occasionally by picturesque bridges,

built with little arches to permit the passage of gondo-
las and various small boats. Its two ends -terminate
respectively at the Government Building on the west
and at the viaduct on the east. Vine-shaded prome-
nades of columns, treated in the Pompeian manner,
extend between all the buildings, and provide viskors
with, nearly a mile of continuous shade all around the
basin. All the buildings, gateways, colonnades,
bridges, etc., forming this main group are parts of a
composition, each having its own share in the archi-
tectural effects to be produced. The designs keep free
from the influence of other expositions. The buildings
will be given the tint of old marble, the staff work be-
ing colored to produce this effect. The site is upon a
broad plateau within the city limits, on the north side.
The Grounds are easily accessible from ail points.

A circular letter from the Weekly
Constitution states that it “goes to
more homes than any newspaper pub-
lished on the face of the earth;” that
” as an exponent of Southern opinion and purveyor of Southern news it has no equal on the
continent,” and ” that the Constitution’s special features are such as are not found in any other
paper in America.” An arrangement has been made whereby the Weekly Constitution and the
f* /* i > £?J J can both be had for #1.50 a year. This

KSOTltGClGrCltG 1/CtOrClTl combination is opportune, as the Consti-
tution will contain a great deal more about reunion matters than can be expected in the Vet-
eran. Let thousands send $1.50 for both. This is considered the best combination with the
Veteran that has ever been made, and the sooner accepted the better. Address Veteran.

Confederate l/eteran


S!00 REWARD, S100.

The readers of this paper will be pleased to learn

that there is at Least one Breaded disease that science

has been able to cure in all its stages, and that is
Catarrh, Hall’s Catarrh Cure is the only positive
cure now known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh,
beine a constitutional disease, requires a constitu-
tional treatment. Hall’;, Catarrh Lure is taken in
temally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system, thereby destroying the
foundation of the disease, and giving the patienl
strength bv building up the constitution and assist
iny nature in doing its work. The proprietors have
so much faith in Its curative pow ers thai they offer
One Hundred Dollars for anj case thai 11 I
cure. Send for list of testimonials.

Address F.J. CHENE\ .V • <>.. 1-1. do, l ‘
*Sold by Druggists, 751.


John Trotwood MooRB.

Illuminated cover. Price,

-47 P«ges

Those “Sonus and Stories from Ten
nessee” will strike a tender chord in the
hearts of the patriotic sons and daugh-
ters of the old Volunteer Stale. After
waiting for a greater one to do what h<
felt should le done, Mr. Moore, nol
native Tenmsteean, but a resident for
some years, las expressed to the world
his love and admiration for the middle
basin of our state — “the dimple of the
universe ” Manv an exile from her bor-
ders will appreciate the tender pathos of
the old negro’s lament:

Oh, I’m longin’, jes’ er longin’ fer er sight

ob Tennessee,
Fur de cabin in de valley ‘neath de shadl

Fur de purple on de hilltop, an’ de green

upon de plain,
An’ dat hazy, lazy sweetness ies’ ter till

my bones ergain.
Do de colts all cum a pacin’ lak dej use

ter cum fer me
Do de lie’ lark sing as sweetly frum de

shugar-maple t ree
Will de chilluns cum ter meet me, an’

my wife dat’s dead an’ gone:
Will she sine jes’ lak she use ter in de

cotton an’ de cohn :
O chilluns, I’m cummin’, fur de ole man’s

almos’ free,
An’ I’m longin’, jes’ er longin’ fur er

Sight ob Triirit

The book has at once taken a promi
nent place in Southern literature. Of
“Ole Mist is,” one of the stories, the Chi-
cago Inter-Ocean says. ”It is one of the
very best short stories in the English lan-
e;” while the Chicago Tribune
says, “Moore has done for the middle
basin of Tennessee what Craddock
did for the mountains.” “Mile Mistis’
brought a sob from the heart of
the world,” writes the celebrated South
em authoress. Octave Thanet, “but
■Thoroughbred is especially fine ”
“Thoroughbred” was published in the
VETERAN some time ago, as was also the
poem “Sam Davis,” of which Prof.
Merrill, Professor of Elocution ai \ an
derbilt University, who is now usin”, it
in his repertoire, says ” it is the best poem
ever written on the young hero-scout.”

This book has been bo well received

that the tirst edition is nearly exhausted,
and the publishers are making arrange
ments for a second edition. Published lo
John C. Bauer, Chicago, III. Hunter ,’v.
Welhurn and T. II. Hard ,\ Co., are
Nashville i/l’enn.) agents.




Operate Finest Yestibuled Pullman Ob-
servation Sleeping-Cars daily between
Kansas City and Galveston via the K.
C, P. and G. R. R. to Shreveport, H. E.
and W. T. Ry. to Houston, and G. C.
and S. F. Ry. to Galveston. Dining-
Car Service via this line between
Shreveport and Kansas City. Meals On
the cafe plan — pay for what you get, and
at reasonable prices

Passengers to and from St. Louis and
the East make close connections via Fris-
co Line at Poteo, via Iron Mountain or
Cotton Bell Routes at Texarkana or
via Cotton Belt Route at Shreveport.
Through sleepers via (J. and C. Route
from Cincinnati and Chattanooga make
close connections in union depot at
Shreveport, No transfers via this route.

Close connections in Central Depot at
Houston with through trains for Austin,
San Antonio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Rock-
port, Corpus Christi, and all Southern
and Western Texas and Mexico points.

Be sure to ask for tickets via Shreve-
port Route For rates, schedules, and
other information see nearest ticket
agent, or write R. 1). Yoakum,

Gen. Pass. Agt.


T. P. A., Houston, Tex.


An old pi el Ired from pi 1

placed in his hands b] n 1 asl India missions]

i . .( ! simpli vegetable remei I
spi ed) and pertnanenl cm i I
ehiiis. < ii.irili. Asthma, and all Throat and l

\if( in Also .1 posith e and radii

\ , ■ D< bility and all Nervous ■

i i : ■ .’in! curat ive pow ers In

thousand: ni en i desiring to relievi

ring, 1 w ill send free oi charge to

1 English, with

tamp, naming
\V. A.N’.: p i : h Rochester, X. V.

Nashville has a Tea Room in the Will-
cox Building, where elegant lunches are
served at low prices, and where ladies
can rest when tired from their shopping.
It is proving a great success, and-out-of
town ladies may find it a special conve-
nience. The ladies in charge are most

A Woman Florist.



ROSES m ‘■■’

Red. White, rink. Yellow an


d [ ■

Send i” cents for the above ] ■ if Rosen T

.11 samples of the Roties 1 grow, hence
tin- offei Mv er. ni M unalne “Hon To Grow
l lower*” three months FRJuS with every order.


Rtar of Gold* deep bo Snow flake, pare

v?aj i in bl iom, Brtdeamnld, the I test

■ el] bnds, < ritnawn Bvdder, rich trelratj

riin-i’ii in I’ Mra* Plcrponi Korean,

shell pink, n EmpreM of Chin*,

ovei blooming pink rone either baan or climber.

< loth tide *>«Mi|Mri. the great garden or not rose. I’run-

i’i«t.i» kriitiT. copper] yellow an i i Lmson*

Bome Special BARGAINS !■ Flower Collection*.

3 11 ill,-. I

■ ■■ i ■ ” I Z6cts

s ol i he lovelieal train I

H H ,t-,l . I . ■
i timna,doubleoi


nla, suitable for i <>■- or t ho yard, .
6 Beautiful Gcdeua, will make a charming bed, ■ 25 eta

8 Sweet i I ■■ i’s

8 Love! ‘ ndSi node 25cti

[OLoveli Glad lower grown, . 25cte

LS Supei b I ..■ i ■ i

ftPECTAT, OVF1 R,— Any 6 eels for t3.00 ; half of any

, ■ ■

Miss r II V V BUMS. Box 162, spilnefleld, 0.

& J. Xoftin

Is a candidate for Register of
Davidson County at August
election, subject to action of
Democratic primaries. JV Tk.


lland-ome historical lithograph, colored
bird’s-eye view oi Chattanooga, Mission-
ary Ridge, Walden’e Ridge, and portions
of* the Chickamauga field as seen from
the summit of Lookout Mountain. High-
est style of lithographer’s art. On fine
paper, plate, 10×24. Mailed for 10 cents
in st. mips. w. C. Rinearson, Gen. Pass.
Vgl Q. and C. Route, Cineinnati, O.




The Rosea wo send Rre
I. rd rhcy tire lia \ ij

>n thpii

own root”, and “til Idon
unei b, w ■ guarantee i h

.. freely thii
ni ii> reai h

* ,,N 111 ■■■

taer planted
ol 1 undition.

Hammer <|ihm>ii. deep Ri h link.

The Queen, purr Snow \\ in”’

Pearl oi’ ilu* Garden*, deep Golden fellow.

Phrlatlne «!•* None, Hrieht Scarlet.

Rata Gold, aliadea of lied and Fawn.

<:iili. Mermcft. Everybody 1 <

Neleor. Mid V’olvi’tj 1 ri in-. ,11

Haman rochet* Salmon and FleBb in Clusters,

White l*«*;»ri of the Gardens, w ixs w bite

Val!«r <le Chmnounlx, Tawnj Shades of Gold.

“Wlfcin/a yo-u. Oaxx Buy for 25 Cents.

s Roses, all sorts, Hardy, Tea Climbers, etc 85c.

s Fragrant Carnatf it Pinks, 8 kinds 85c.

•* ieranlnms, nil r»nlors and kinds . . ‘.Tir.

8 Chuire Prlz” ‘>irv«anthemuraa 2.1c.

i P 1 1 in and -i ii’ Inirtipes Stic

lonmi.vst Gladiolus 35c.

<> Sweet Scenied Double Tune Roses . , , 85c.
(Special Dfflcr. fVny ‘■ Bete f r *l.on; hall ol an?
flnral Mai ■ inj threi iu< nthe free \\u\i ever) order <
fir. oitin :s: TO-DAY. \ ■


12 Lnrge Flowered Psnsj Plants .

H Coleus, will make a briebt bed . ■ ‘J-lr.
8 Double and Slnjrfc Fuchsias, all colors ‘-i^v.

8 Basket and Vase Plants 85c.

5 Hard> Plants for Cemetery 2.1c

8 Plant’s assorted, for house or yard . . . 25c.
10 Pkts eleganl Sweel Peas, all differenl . 25c.
si’!-, M i- ll<»« •<> Grow Clo^vcra. B
i \ . .ii i aeighboc to club with you. Our L’atalogve




The Memphis
flnd Charleston R. R.

The Short Line (310 miles) Between
Memphis and Chattanooga.



Shortest Line

Shoitest Line



Quickest Time

Quickest Time

to the East.

to the


Great West.

Pullman Sleeper

No Changes to

and Coach

Memphis, and


Close Connection

Memphis and

with All


Roads West.

Maps and all information on application
to any M. and C. agent.


Illinois Central R. R.


Double Daily Service




















making direct connections with through trains

for all points

North, East, and West,

including Buffalo, Pittsburg, Cleveland, Boston,
New Vork. Philadelphia, Baltimore, Richmond,
st. Paul, Minneapolis, Omaha, Kansas City, Hot
Springs, Ark., and Denver. Close connection
with Central Mississippi Valley Route Solid Fast
Vestibule J ►« ily Train tor

Dubuque, Sioux Falls, Sioux

… Gity 9 mm m

ami the West. Particulars of agents of the [. C.

R. R. and connect in y; lines.

VVM. MURRAY, Div. Pass. Agt., New Orli a<
JN<>. A. SCOTT, L>iv. Pass. Agent, Memphis.

A. II. HANSON, 0. P. A.,

i Chicago.

W. A. KELLOND, A. 0. I’.





Old Roofs Made Good as New. i

If an old leaky tin, iron, or steel roof,
paint it with Allen’s Anti-Rust Japan.
One coat is enough; no skill required;
costs little; goes far, and lasts long.
Stops leaks and prolongs the life of
old roofs. Write for evidence and cir-
culars. Agents wanted. . — —

Allen Anti-Rust Mfg. Co.,





Wagner Sleeping-Cars, Private Corn-
apartment Sleeping-Cars. Parlor;
Cars, and Elegant Coaches,

Union Depot, Cincinnati.

No Transfer across the City.

e. o. Mccormick, warren j. lynch.

Pass. Traffic Mgr., A. G. P. aid T. A.,

Cincinnati, I thio.


Veteran Subscri-
bers, are you inter’
ested in poultry ?
200 First Premi-
ums. All about
a incubators and
brooders in 1898
catalogue. Send
for one.

Homer City, Pa,

“One Country,
. . . ©ne aflag.”

The ….
to Purchase . .

Flags, Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps,

and all kinds of Military Equipment it at

J. A. JOEL <£ CO.,

88 Nassau Street, NEW YORK.





Columbus, Ga.

Strongest and Largest Fire In<-
surance Company in the

Cash Assets Over One Million

Agents throughout the South
and the South only,

Patronize the Home Company. _

established 1867.

Telephone 734.



.Mo. 204 Court Square. Nashville, Tenn.

[C rade Frank Anderson is ex-President of

Frank Cheatham Bivouac.— En. Veteran.]

South Carolina
AND Georgia R. R.

•The Charleston Line,”

Only Southern line operating Cele-
brated Wagner Palace Buffet Drawing-
Room Sleepers. Only Sleeping-Car line
between Charleston and Atlanta. Only
Pullman ParlorCar line between Charles-
ton and AsheTille, N. C. Best and quick-
est route between Yorkville, Lancaster,
Rock Hill, Camden, Columbia, Orange-
burg, Blackville, Aiken, and Atlanta, G».
Solid through trains between Charleston
and Asheville. Double daily trains be-
tween Charleston, Columbia, and Au-
gusta. L. A. EMERSON,

Traffic Manager.

Confederate ueterap



Barber Shop, Russian and Turkish
Beth Rooms.


Also Barber Shop at 325 Church St.

6 “Triumph” Melons


(TtAA In Cash Prizes for 4
$IUU largest “Triumph”
Watermelons grown in 1898,
from seed bought of me or my
agents. A. A. A. «v A, A

Varieties to Plant for Shipment;

” Triumph,” ” Blue Gem,” ” Sweet’
heart,” ” Duke Jones,” ” Georgia Rat*
tlesnake,” and ” Kalb Gem,”

For Home Use or INear By Markets.

” Florida Favorite,” ” New Favor’
ite,” “Seminole,” “Duke Jones,” and
” Pride of Georgia.”

I have all of these varieties and
many more.


I make a specialty of this finest
forage plant in the United States.
Better than peas or clover for improve
ing your lands.

Catalogue giving all information
sent free on application. I also fur’
nish free, to all parties buying mel’
on^seed of me, ” Full Instructions for
Growing Successfully a Melon Crop.”
Sixteen years experience in melon–
growing, Address


Post-Office Box S55. Monticello. Fla.


Union Teachers’ Agencies of America.

Pittsburg, P,,., Toronto, , ■ 1 Orleans, L.,., New York, X. P.. Washington, P. C. Sen Fra .
Col.. Chicago, III.. St. Louis, Mo., and Demur, <
.Is oi positions to he filled. We had over \ooo vacancies durin K the past season— more
I nqualified faciliti s ;lnn

‘ ■■ ■ -isier-. in nine offio. Address all applications to Saltsburg p a







Y. M. O. A. BUILOINd. ♦ ♦ .






:; offer to .-ill els
:» thrifty persons unequal-
-2 e l Inducements t»» lo-
:» cate wit hin their borders

I To the Farmer,

: 5 is offered k l land at low pries, f :

■S and hi o isj h i me , g | marki tsfor s

S all he raises, and never- failing crops. ;-

*E ” ■

;| To the Laborer:

t* a country where work is easy to gel j».
i» and where g i wages are paid.

I To the Merchant:

4« good openings, where honest, legiti-
5 mate business can becarried on with
;» profit.


| To the Manufacturer:

Z an unlimited supply otrawmaterials,

» and g l shipping facilities toa

large markets. Liberal inducements
» are offered by the citizens of the

various localities.

The Cotton Belt p.
directlj throuj b the
best poi (ious , i m, S e
siaies, and Is the i est
routeforthelntending ;
settler, asltlsiheonly ;
line running comfort- ;
al I i chair ears and ;
I’ul lman si e epe rs ;
{through from Memphis, to Arkai
land Pexaa without cnanire. If you are |
; thinking of moving, write for free ;
; copies of our handsomely illustrated ;
! pamphlets— “7ixas,” “Homes in the’,
‘ “Truth about Arkansas” \
‘”Glimpses of Southeast Missouri, Ar- ‘,
I kansas and Northwest Louisiana” and \
! ‘Lands for Sale Along the Cotton Brit.” I
: Th ey will help you to And a good!
; location. ;

w. c. aih«s.

E. ff. l.aREItUIE.

.JJ Trni . Put*! AgWlt,
;S \ L8H1 Ill.K, TBHR.

anil TH. Ket.,
ST. Lni IS. flO
















fc4ftAB»«&ae».£&A»;.4&flte > £

** Friend

the … .

it Kenwood



A (jL/ f * /A Wheel You Can
‘ \\ Depend Upon.

For Lightness, Swiftness and
Strength it is Unsurpassed,

You can learn all about it
by addressing

Hamilton Kenwood Cycle Co.

203-205-20? S.Canal St., Chicago.


With all the latest known improvements, at
greatly reduced prices. Satisfaction guaran-
teed. Send for circular. II. MATT in
Cor. 4th Ave. & Market St., Louisville, Wy.


Confederate l/eteran.




The Veteran will give to every person

20 New Subscribers

either one <<i the Beautiful Fine Gold
Rings described here.

No. 1.

No. 1 lias a bright and perfecl dia-
mond renter, surrounded by four beautiful

No. 2.

No. 2 lias a bright and perfecl dia-
mond center, surrounded by four genuine
Aimandine gurnets oi beau til ul red color.

These rings are tin- newest and mosi
fashionable style. The atones in them are
Ol the very lines! quality, and they are
equal in every respect to the best that
could be bought in an) first-class jewelry
store In New ^ ork C ity.

When ordering, please send a ring made
of a piece of small wire, to show size
w anicd, to the

Confederate Veteran,


The above oV-igns and advertisements
were prepared by ihe manufacturer at my
request, and specially for the Veteran.
These rings wire ordered through a desire
to furnish premiums absolutely as de-
scribed and which will be of permanent
value. I have known the manufacturer
since his boyhood, and won Id take his word
sooner than rely upon my own judgment
about jewelry— He is perfectly reliable. I
wanted to name his firm, but he preferred
not, as they manufacture for Tiffany and
other leading houses. These rings will
prove to be all that is claimed for them.
S. A. Cunningham.

TJhe Smith {Premier uj/pewriter

jCeada them all.

&or Catatoguc, Prices, etc., address

Brandon Printing Company,

9fashviite, Tjenn*

< {£/g rofor by pormt’ssion So tho
£ditor of ‘ tA<? QSctGr-ctn.

ZMG£srMfD/fosrCojfP££r£BffG€r^crofiroN£Mm Wmtz/q*




Goods are the Best


J*arrjr7n&% **w\ £ _ _



UlIiilllllHARBACH & C0.809 Filbert St.Phila.Pa.

Trade Marks
Copyrights <fcc.

Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
invention is probably patentable. Communica-
tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents
Bent free. Oldest agency for securing patents.

Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
special not ice, without c harg e, in the

Scientific American.

A h-ndsomely illustrated weekly. Largest cir-
culation of any scientific journal. Terms. ¥rf a
vear; four months, $1. Sold by all newsdealers.

MUNN & Co. 36,Broadway New Yoii

Branch Office, (135 P St.. Wasn ! – -on, n n

Via the Queen and Crescent Route.

New line, through Pullman Palace
Drawing-room sleepers daily from Cin-
cinnati. Only 34 hours en route. No
other line makes this fast time. Solid
vestibuled train to Jacksonville. Direct
connection from Louisville via the South-
ern Railway. Low rate winter Tourist
tickets now on sale.

The Southern Railway, in connection
with the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St.
Louis Railway and Pennsylvania Rail-
road, operates daily a through sleeping-
car between Nashville and New York,
via Chattanooga, Knoxville, and Ashe-
ville. This line is filled with the hand-
somest Pullman drawing-room buffet
sleeping-cars, and the east-bound sched-
ule is as follows: Leave Nashville 10:15
P.M., Chattanooga 4:20 a.m., Knoxville
8:25 a.m., Hot Springs n :^6 a.m., and ar-
rives at Asheville at 1:15 p.m., Washing-
ton 6:42 a.m., New York 12:43 p.m. This
sleeping-car passes by daylight through
the beautiful and picturesque mountain
scenery of East Tennessee and Western
North Carolina, along the French Broad


Rheumatism, Asthma, Blood, Liver,
Skin, and Kinney troubles speedily
cured. Luxurious Turkish ■ Russian
hath for well. Semi for particulars in
regard to securing one of these Hygien-
ic Bath Cabinets as premium for .-sub-
scribers to the Veteran,


Qopfederat^ l/eterai?.


Entered at the postoffice, Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter.

Advertising Rate.s: $1.50 per Inch one time, or flfi a year, except Last
page. One page, one time, special, |85. Discount: Halt year, one issue;
one year, two issues. This is below the former rale.

Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. The space is too
Important far anything thai has not special merit.

The date to a subscription is always given to the month bejbre it ends.
For Instance, if the Yetkkan be ordered to begin with January, the date on
mail list will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number.

The “civil war” was too long ago to be called the “late’ 1 war. and when
correspondents use that term the word “great” i»ar) will be substituted.

Circulation: “93, 7!>,430; ’94, 121,644; ’95, 154,992; ’96, 161,332.


United Confederate Veterans,

United Daughters of the Confederacy,

s..iis of Veterans ami other Organizations.

The Veteran is approved and endorsed by a larjrer and
more elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication
in existence.

Though men deserve, they may net win -u< i c

ih. brave will honor the orave, van one the leas.

PRIOK. |1.00 rKK YUK. ( v v |

Single Corv, 10CENTS. t ‘ OL – ‘ ‘■


N – o IS, A. ( I’NNINCHAM,



The building with the long columns was Sherman’s headquarters on capturing the city, and is of the few not burned at that time. The
cupola on building beyond is on the Governor’s mansion. This view practically begins one of the handsomest residence avenues in America.


Qopfederate l/eterar?.


In a “greeting to Georgians,” the Veteran has sent
out advance specimens of print and engravings to be
used in reunion number, with the following:

The Confederate Veteran greets comrades and
their friends in Atlanta and Georgia with open and ex-
tended columns, to be used freely and without stint in
advancing their aspirations to supply the richest enter-
tainment ever given to survivors of the Confederate

Its physical life throbs from printing-presses which
do not belong any more to Tennessee than to Georgia
and to every other Southern state. The Veteran is
the spirit of the Southern people who espoused the
cause of independence in the sixties, regardless of rank
or location. Its unparalleled success is attributable to
these facts and to their acceptance by all the people
and their united cooperation in its maintenance.

The Veteran has yielded the strongest possible aid
to the management of all reunions for United Confed-
erate Veterans, and now it announces improved facili-
ties for the coming assembly in Atlanta, which will en-
able it, with a fair share of cooperation, to present the
most remarkable city on Southern soil in brightest col-
ors to the thousands who will gather in its gateways
during the most notable anniversary in its history.

This cooperation is sought by one who served in its
defense from Mission Ridge and Lookout Mountain
back to Atlanta, to Jonesboro, and to Lovejoy, and
who identified his life in its most sacred sense with
Georgia. He has ever been a special advocate of the
Empire State of the South, which has given to the
country an amazing record of eminent men and wom-
en. While Atlanta and Georgia have not excelled
other cities and states in their cooperation to strength-
en the Veteran, in proportion as it has stood for
them, the opportunity is now at hand for them to do so.
The Atlanta Daughters of the Confederacy — Heaven
bless them ever! — have shown their appreciation of its
unstinted liberality in their behalf, and will assuredly
continue to do so.

In these pages there is revived something of the
most eminent man of his years that America has pro-
duced, of whorn a biographical sketch appears in a
small book containing the more famous of his speeches.


Henry Woodfin Grady was born in Athens, Ga.,
May J”, 1851; and died in Atlanta, Ga., December
23, 1889.

No written memorial can indicate the strong hold
he had upon the Southern people nor portray that
peerless personality which gave him his marvelous
power among men. He had a matchless grace of soul
that made him an unfailing winner of hearts. His
translucent mind pulsated with the light of truth and
beautified all thought. He grew flowers in the garden

of his heart and sweetened the world with the perfume
of his spirit. His endowments were so superior and
his purposes so unselfish that he seemed to combine
all the best elements of genius and live under the in-
fluence of divine inspiration.

As writer and speaker he was phenomenally gifted.
In writing on politics or on the industrial development
of the South, or anything else to which he was moved
by an inspiring sense of patriotism or conviction of
duty, he was logical, aggressive, and unanswerable.
When building an air-castle over the frame-work of his
fancy or when sounding the depth of human feeling
by an appeal for charity’s sake, his command of lan-
guage was as boundless as the realm of thought, his
ideas as beautiful as pictures in the sky, and his pathos
as deep as the well of tears. As an orator he literally
mastered his audience, regardless of their character,


chaining them to his thought, and carrying them cap-
tive to conviction. He moved upon their souls as the
Divine Spirit upon the waters, either lashing them into
storms of enthusiasm or stilling them into the restful
quiet of sympathy. He was unlike all other men; he
was a veritable magician. He could invest the most
trifling thing with proportions of importance not at all
its own. From earliest childhood he possessed that
indefinable quality which compels hero-worship.

The swift race he ran and the lofty heights he at-
tained harmonized well with God’s munificent endow-
ment of him. In every field that he labored his
achievements were so wonderful that an account of his
career sounds more like the extravagance of eulogy
than a record of truth.

He was educated at the University of Georgia, grad-
uating from that institution in 1868. He was a boy of
bounding spirit, and by an inexplicable power over his

Confederate .


associates became an unchallenged leader in all things
with which he concerned himself. He had no fond-
ness for any department of learning except belles-
lettres. He was an omnivorous reader. That great
novelist, Dickens, was his favorite author. In college
he was universally popular. He had a real genius for
putting himself en rapport with all sorts of men. His
sympathy was quick-flowing; any sight or story of suf-
fering would touch his heart and bring tears.

After graduating at Athens, he completed his educa-
tion at the University of Virginia. 1 ‘.of’ ire he attained
his majority he married Miss Julia King, of Athens.
She was his first sweetheart, and kept that hall
place always. He was tender and indulgent to his
family and generously hospitable to his friends. The
best side of him was always turned toward his hearth-
stone. His home was his castle, and in it his friends
were always made happy by the benediction of his wel-

Soon after marriage he moved to Rome. Ga.. and be-
came joint owner and editorial manager of the Rome
Commercial, which paper was soon enveloped in bank-
ruptcy, costing Mr. Grady thousands of dollars. Soon
after that he moved to Atlanta, and became connected
with the Atlanta Herald. That paper was a revelation
to Georgia journalism. He put into it more push and
enterprise than had ever been known in thai section
He sacrificed everything to daily triumph, regardless
of consequences. In this venture Mr. Grady sank all
that he had left after the Rome wreck and involved
himself considerably in debt. At twenty-three
of age he had failed in bis only two pronounced ambi-
tions. While those failures seemed cruel setbacks
then, they may be counted now as helpful discipline to
him. They served to stir his spirit the deeper and fill
him with nobler resolve. Bravely he trampled mis-
fortune under bis feet anil climbed to the high place
of honor and usefulness for which he was destined.

A few months after his last misfortune he was ten-
dered ami gladly accepted a position on the editorial
staff of the Atlanta Constitution. After a while he se-
cured an interest in that paper, which fact, it may be
said, fixed his noble destiny. It emancipated his gen-
ius from the bondage of poverty, quickened hi– sensi
tiw spirit with a new consciousness of power for good,
and inspired him to untiring service in the widest fields
of usefulness. Atlanta was his home altar, and thi re
lie poured out the best libations of bis heart. That
thriving city to-day has no municipal advantage, no
public improvement, no educational institution, no in-
dustrial enterprise, which does not either i >w c it< begin-
ning to his readiness of suggestion or it> mature de-
velopment to his sustaining influence.

In politics he was an undeniable leader, and yet nev-
er held office. High places were pressed for his ac-
ceptance times without number, but he always resolute-
ly put them away, as office had no charm for him.

It mattered not how far he traveled from home, he
made himself quickly known by the power of his im-
pressive individuality or by some splendid exhibition
of his genius.

Two speeches of Mr. Grady — one made at a ban-
quet of the New Pncdanrl Society, in New Vork City.
and the other at a state fair in Dallas. Tex. — achieved
for him a reputation which spanned the continent:
while the most magnificent effort of cloqurnce which

he ever made was the soul-stirring speech delivered in
Boston on the “Race Problem,” just ten days before
he died.

The political sagacity of Alexander H. Stephens, the
consummate genius of Robert Toombs, and the im-
passioned eloquence of Benjamin 11. Hill were his.


On the 2ist of December. [886, Mr. Grady, in re-
sponse to an urgent imitation, delivered an address at
the banquet of the New England Club, New York:

” [“here was a South of slaver) and secession; that
South is dead. There is a South of union and free-
dom; that South, thank God! is living, breathing,
growing every hour.” These words, delivered
tin- immortal lips of Benjamin 11. Hill, at Tanmi.un
Mall, in tS66 — true then, and truer now — I shall make
m\ text fi it 1. 1 night.

Mr President ami Gentlemen: Lei me express to you

(.’in.. \v. A. HEM PHI] l ,
1,’iimlrr oi tin- “Atlanta Constitution.”

my appreciation of the kindness bv which I am permit-
ted to address you. 1 make this abrupt acknowledg-
ment advisedly; for 1 feel that if. when 1 raise my pro-
vincial voice in this ancient and august presence, I
could find courage for no more than the opening sen-
tence, it would be well if in that sentence I had met in
a rough sense my obligation as a guest, and had per-
ished, so to speak, with courtesy on my lips and grace
in my heart. Permitted, through your kindness, to
catch my second wind, let me say that I appreciate the
significance of being tin- first Southerner to speak at
this board, which bears the substance, if it surpasses
the semblance, of original New England hospitality,
and honors the sentiment that in turn honors you, but
in which my personality is lost, and the compliment to
my people made plain.

I bespeak the utmost stretch of your courtesy to-
night. I am not troubled about those from whom I
come. You remember the man whose wife sent him to
a neighbor with a pitcher of mill<. and wdio, tripping on


Qopfederate l/eteraij.

the top step, fell, with such casual interruptions as the
landings anorded, into the basement, and, while pick-
ing himself up, had the pleasure of hearing his wife
call out: “John, did you break the pitcher? ”

“No, I didn’t,” said John; “but I’ll be dinged if 1

So, while those who call me from behind may in-
spire me with energy, if not with courage, I ask an
indulgent hearing from you. I beg that you will bring
your full faith in American fairness and frankness to
judgment upon what I shall say. There was an old
preacher once who told some boys of the Bible lesson
he was going to read in the morning. The boys, find-
ing the place, glued together the connecting pages.
The next’ morning he read on the bottom of one page,
“When Noah was one hundred and twenty years old
he took unto himself a wife, who was”— then turning
the page — “one hundred and forty cubits long, forty
cubits wide, built of gopher-wood, and covered with
pitch inside and out.” He was naturally puzzled at


Associate of Mr. < Irady as Managing Editor, Atlanta Constitution.

this. He read it again, verified it, and then said: “My
friends, this is the first time I ever met this in the
Bible, but I accept it as an evidence of the assertion
that we are fearfully and wonderfully made.” If I
could get you to hold such faith to-night, I could pro-
ceed cheerfully to the task I otherwise approach with a
sense of consecration.

Pardon me one word, Mr. President, spoken for the
sole purpose of getting into the volumes that go out
annually freighted with the rich eloquence of your
speakers : the fact that the Cavalier as well as the Pu-
ritan was on the continent in its early days, and that
he was “up and able to be about.” I have read your
books carefully, and I find no mention of that fact,
which seems to me an important one for preserving a
sort of historical equilibrium if for nothing else.

Let me remind you that the Virginia Cavalier first
challenged France on the Continent; that Cavalier John
Smith gave New England its very name, and was so
pleased with the job that he has been handing his own

name around ever since; and that while Miles Stand-
ish was cutting off men’s ears for courting a girl with-
out her parents’ consent, and forbade men to kiss their
wives on Sunday, the Cavalier was courting everything
in sight, and that the Almighty has vouctisafed great
increase to the Cavalier colonies, the huts in the wil-
derness being as full as the nests in the woods.

But having incorporated the Cavalier as a fact in
your charming little books, I shall let him work out his
own salvation, as he has always done, with engaging
gallantry, and we will hold no controversy as to his
merits. Why should we? Neither Puritan nor Cav-
alier long survived as such. The virtues and good tra-
ditions of both, happily, still live for the inspiration of
their sons and the saving of the old fashion. But both
Puritan and Cavalier were lost in the storm of the first
Revolution; and the American citizen, supplanting
both and stronger than either, took possession of the
republic bought by their common blood and fashioned
to wisdom, and charged himself with teaching men
government and establishing the voice of the people
as the voice of God.

My friends, Dr. Talmage has told you that the typ-
ical American has yet to come. Let me tell you that he
has already come. Great types, like valuable plants,
are slow to flower and fruit. But from the union of the
colonists, Puritans and Cavaliers, from the straighten-
ing of their purposes and the crossing of their blood,
slowly perfecting through a century, came he who
stands as the first typical American, the first who com-
prehended within himself all the strength and gentle-
ness, all the majesty and grace, of this republic: Abra-
ham Lincoln. He was the sum of Puritan and Cava-
lier, for in his ardent nature were fused the virtues of
both and in the depths of his great soul the faults of
both were lost. He was greater than Puritan, greater
than Cavalier, in that he was American and that in his
honest form were first gathered the vast and thrilling
forces of his ideal government — charging it with sucn
tremendous meaning and elevating it above human suf-
fering that martyrdom, though infamously aimed,
came as a fitting crown to a life consecrated from the
cradle to human liberty. Let us, each cherishing the
traditions and honoring his fathers, build with reverent
hands to the type of this simple but sublime life, in
which all types are honored, and in our common glory
as Americans there will be plenty and to spare for your
forefathers and for mine.

Dr. Talmage has drawn for you, with a master’s
hand, the picture of your returning armies. He has
told you how, in the pomp and circumstance of war,
they came back to you, marching with proud and vic-
torious tread, reading their glory in a nation’s eyes.
Will you bear with me while I tell you of another army
that sought its home at the close of the late war — an
army that marched home in defeat, and not in victory;
in pathos, and not in splendor, but in glory that equaled
yours and to hearts as loving as ever welcomed heroes
“home? Let me picture to you the footsore Confeder-
ate soldier as, buttoning up in his faded gray jacket
the parole which was to bear testimony to his children
of his fidelity and faith, he turned his face southward
from Appomattox, in April, 1865. Think of him as —
ragged, half-starved, heavy-hearted, enfeebled by want
and wounds, having fought to exhaustion — he surren-
ders his gun, wrings the hands of his comrades in si-

Qopfederate l/eterar}.


lence, and, lifting his tear-stained and pallid face for the
last time to the graves that dot old Virginia’s hills,
pulls his gray cap over his brow, and begins the slow
and painful journey. What does he find — let me ask
you who went to your homes eager to find, in the wel-
come you had justly earned, full payment for four
years’ sacrifice — what docs he rind when, having fol-
lowed the battle-stained cross against overwhelming
odds, dreading death not half so much as surrender,
he reaches the home he left so prosperous and beauti-
ful? He finds his house in ruins, his farm devastated,
his slaves free, his stock killed, his barns empty, his
trade destroyed, his money worthless, his social sys-
tem (feudal in its magnificence) swept away, his people
without law or legal status, his comrades slain, and the
burdens of others heavy on his shoulders. Crushed by
defeat, his very traditions are gone. Without money,
credit, employment, material, or training; and, besides
all this, confronted with the gravest problem that ever
met human intelligence: the establishing of a status for
the vast body of his liberated slaves.

What does he do — this hero in gray with a heart of
gold? Does he sit down in sullenness and despair?
Not for a day. Surely God, who had stripped him of
his prosperity, inspired him in his adversity. As ruin
was never before so overwhelming, never was restora-
tion swifter. The soldier stepped from the trenches
into the furrow; horses that had charged Federal guns
marched before the plow, and fields that ran red with
human blood in April were green with the harvest in
June; women reared in luxury cut up their dresses and
made breeches for their husbands, and, with a patience
and heroism that fit women always as a garment, gave
their hands to work. There was little bitterness in
all this. Cheerfulness and frankness prevailed. “Bill
Arp” struck the key-note when he said: “Well. I killed
as many of them as they did of me, and now I’m going
to work.” Of the soldier returning home after defeat
and roasting some corn on the roadside, who made the
remark to his comrades: “You may leave die South if
you want to, but I am going to Sandersville, kiss my
wife, and raise a crop; and if the Yankees fool with me
any more, I’ll whip ’em again.” I want to say to Gen.
Sherman, who is considered an able man in our parts,
though some people think he is a kind of careless man
about fire, that from the ashes he left us in i S64 we
have raised a brave and beautiful city: that somehow
or other we have caught the sunshine in the bricks and
mortar of our homes, and have builded therein not one
ignoble prejudice or memory.

Bui what is the sum of our work? We have found
out that in the summing up the free negro counts more
than he did as a slave. We have planted the school-
house on the hilltop, and made it free to white and
black. We have sowed towns and cities in the place
of theories, and put business above politics. We have
challenged your spinners in Massachusetts and your
ironmasters in Pennsylvania. We have learned that
the $400,000,000 annually received from our cotton
crop will make us rich when the supplies that make it
are home-raised. We have reduced the commercial
rate of interest from twenty-four to six per cent., and
are floating four per cent bonds. Wc have learned that
one Northern immigrant is worth fiftv foreigners; and
have smoothed the path to southward, wiped out the
place where Mason and Dixon’s line used to be, and

hung out the latch-string to you and yours. We have
reached the point that marks perfect harmony in every
household, when the husband confesses that the pies
which his wife cooks are as good as those his mother
used to bake; and we admit that the sun shines as
brightly and the moon as softly as it did before the war.
We have established thrift in city and country. We
have fallen in love with work. We have restored com-
fort to homes from which culture and elegance never
departed. We have let economy take root and spread
among us as rank as the crab-grass which sprang from
Sherman’s cavalry camps, until we are ready to lay
odds on the Georgia Yankee as lie manufactures relics
of the battle-field in a one-story shanty and squeezes
pure olive-oil out of his cotton-seed, against any down-
easter that ever swapped wooden nutmegs for flannel
sausage in the valleys of Vermont, Above all. we
know that we have achieved in these “piping times of

MR. 1 I ARK Nov

1] t<» his father on the Atlanta I onstituttnn,

peace” a fuller independence foi the South than that
which our fathers sought to win in the forum by their
eloquence or compel in the field by their swords.

It is a rare privilege, sir, to have had part, how
humble, in this work’. Never was nobler duty con-
fided to human hands than the uplifting and upbuilding
of the prostrate and bleeding South — misguided, per-
haps, but beautiful in her suffering, and honest, brave,
and generous always. In tin record of her social, in-
dustrial, and political illustration we await with confi-
dence the verdict of the world.

But what of the negro? Have we solved the prob-
lem lie presents or progressed in honor and equity to-
ward solution? Let the record speak to the point.
No section shows a more prosperous laboring popula-
tion than the negroes of the South, none in fuller sym-
pathy with the employing and land owning class. He
shares our school fund, has the fullest protection of our
laws and the friendship of our people Self-interest,
as well as honor, demand that he should have this. Our
future, our very existence, depends upon our work-


Confederate Ueterap.

ing out this problem in full and exact justice. We un-
derstand that when Lincoln signed the emancipation
proclamation your victory was assured, for he then
committed you to the cause of human liberty, against
which the arms of man can not prevail; while those of
our statesmen who trusted to make slavery the corner-
stone of the Confederacy doomed us to defeat as far as
they could, committing us to a cause that reason could
not defend or the sword maintain in sight of advancing

Had Mr. Toombs said — which he did not say — that
he would call the roll of his slaves at the foot of Bunker
Hill, he would have been foolish; for he might have
known that whenever slavery became entangled in war
it must perish, and that the chattel in human flesh end-
ed forever in New England when your fathers (not to
be blamed for parting with what didn’t pay) sold their
slaves to our fathers (not to be praised for knowing a
paying thing when they saw it). The relations of the
Southern people with the negro are close and cordial.
We remember with what fidelity for four years he
guarded our defenseless women and children, whose
husbands and fathers were fighting against his free-
dom. To his eternal credit be it said that whenever
he struck a blow for his own liberty he fought in open
battle, and when at last he raised his black and humble
hands that the shaekles might be struck off, those
hands were innocent of wrong against his helpless
charges, and worthy to be taken in loving grasp by ev-
ery man who honors loyalty and devotion. Ruffians
have maltreated him, rascals have misled him, philan-
thropists established a bank for him, but the South,
with the North, protests against injustice to this simple
and sincere people. To liberty and enfranchisement is
as far as law can carry the negro; the rest must be left
to the conscience and’ common sense. It must be left
to those among whom his lot is cast, with whom he is
indissolubly connected, and whose prosperity depends
upon their possessing his intelligent sympathy and con-
fidence. Faith has been kept with him, in spite of ca-
lumnious assertions to the contrary by those who as-
sume to speak for us or by frank opponents. Faith,
will be kept with him in the future, if the South holds
her reason and integrity.

But have we kept our faith with you. In the fullest
sense, yes. When Lee surrendered — I don’t say when
Johnston surrendered, because I understand he still
alludes to the time when he met Gen. Sherman last as
the time when he determined to abandon any further
prosecution of the struggle — when Lee surrendered, I
say, and Johnston quit, the South became, and has
since been, loyal to this Union. We fought hard
enough to know that we were whipped, and in perfect
frankness accept as final the arbitrament of the sword
to which we had appealed. The South found her jewel
in the toad’s head of defeat. The shackles that had
held her in narrow limitations fell forever when the
shackles of the negro slave were broken. Under the
old regime the negroes were slaves to the South; the
South was a slave to the system. The old plantation,
with its simple police regulations and feudal habit, was
the only tvpe possible under slavery. Thus was gath-
ered in the hands of a splendid and chivalric oligarchv
the substance that should have been diffused anions’
the people, as the rich blood, under certain artificial
conditions, is gathered at the heart, filling that with af-

fluent rapture, but leaving the body chill and colorless
The old South rested everything on slavery and agri-
culture, unconscious that these could neither give nor
maintain healthy growth. The South presents a per-
fect democracy, the oligarchs leading in the popular
movement — a social system compact and closely knit-
ted, less splendid on the surface, but stronger at the
core — a hundred farms for every plantation, fifty homes
for every palace — and a diversified industry that meets
the complex needs of this complex age. The South is
enamored of her new work. Her soul is stirred with
the breath of a new life. The light of a grander day is
falling fair on her face. She is thrilling with the con-
sciousness of growing power and prosperity. As she
stands upright, full-statured, and equal among the peo-
ple of the earth, breathing the keen air and looking out
upon the expanded horizon, she understands that her
emancipation came because through the inscrutable
wisdom of God her honest purpose was crossed and her
brave armies were beaten.

This is said in no spirit of time-serving or apology.
The South has nothing for which to apologize. She
believes that the late struggle between the states was
war and not rebellion, revolution and not conspiracy,
and that her convictions were as honest as yours. I
should be unjust to the dauntless spirit of the South
and to my own convictions if I did not make this plain
in this presence. The South has nothing to take back.
In my native town of Athens is a monument that
crowns its central hill — a plain, white shaft. Deep cut
into its shining side is a name dear to me above the
names of men, that of a brave and simple man who died
in brave and simple faith. Not for all the glories of
New England, from Plymouth Rock all the way, would
I exchange the heritage he left me in his soldier’s death.
To the foot of that I shall send my children’s children
to reverence him who ennobled their name with his
heroic blood. But, sir, speaking from the shadow of
that memory, which I honor as I do nothing else on
earth, I say that the cause in which he suffered and for
which he gave his life was adjudged by higher and
fuller wisdom than his or mine, and I am glad that the
omniscient God held the balance of battle in his al-
mighty hand, that human slavery was swept forever
from American soil, and that the American Union was
saved from the wreck of war.

This message, Mr. President, comes to you from
consecrated ground. Every foot of soil about the city
in which I live is as sacred as a battle-ground of the re-
public. Every hill that invests it is hallowed to you
by the blood of your brothers who died for your vic-
tory, and doubly hallowed to us by the blow of those
who died hopeless but undaunted in defeat — sacred
soil to all of us, rich with memories that make us
purer and stronger and better, silent but stanch wit-
nesses in its red desolation of the matchless valor of
American hearts and the deathless glory of American
arms, speaking an eloquent witness in its white peace
and prosperity to the indissoluble union of American
states and the imperishable brotherhood of the Amer-
ican people.

Now what answer has New England to this mes-
sage? Will she permit the prejudice of war to remain
in the hearts of the conquerors, when it has died in the
hearts of the conquered? Will she transmit this prej-
udice to the next generation, that in their hearts.

Qopfederate l/eterar?.


which never felt the generous ardor of conflict, it may
perpetuate itself? Will she withhold, save in strained
courtesy, the hand which straight from his soldier’s
heart Grant offered to Lee at Appomattox? Will she
make the vision of a restored and happy people which
gathered above the couch of your dying captain, tilling
his heart with grace, touching his lips with praise, and
glorifying his path to the grave — will she make this
vision, on which the last sigh of his expiring soul
breathed a benediction, a cheat and a delusion? If
she does, the South, never abject in asking for corn-
radeship, must accept with dignity its refusal; bul it
she does not refuse to accept in frankness and sincerity
this message of good will and friendship, then will the
prophecy of Webster, delivered in this very society for-
ty years ago, amid tremendous applause, become true,
be verified in its Fullest sense, when he said: “Standing
hand to hand and clasping hands, we should remain
united as we have been for sixtj years, citizens of the
same country, members of the same government, uni-
ted, all united now and united forever.” There have
been difficulties, contentions, and controversies, but I
tell you that, in my judgment,

“Those Opened eve-..
Which like the meteors of a troubled heaven,
All of one nature, of one substance bred,
Hid latelv meet in th’ intestine shock,
Shall now, in mutual, well beseeming ranks,
Ma rrli all one \va\ .”


In his speech at the annual banquet of the Boston
Merchants’ Association, in December, 1889 (the last
he made), Mr. Grady said:

Mr. President: Bidden by your invitation to a dis-
cussion of the race problem, forbidden by occasion to

make a political speech. I appreciate in trying to recon-
cile orders with propriety the predicament of the little
maid who. hidden to learn to swim, was yet adjured:
” Now, go, my darling, hang your clothes on a hickory
limb, and don’t go near the water.”

The stoutest apostle of the Church, they say, is the
missionary, and the missionary, wherever he unfurls
his flag, will never find himself in deeper need of unc-
tion and address than 1. hidden to-night to plant the
standard of a Southern Democrat in Boston’s banquet-
hall and discuss the problem of the races in the home
of Phillips and of Sumner. But, Mr. President, if a
purpose to speak in perfect frankness and sincerity, if
earnest understanding of the vast interests involved,
if a consecrating sense of what further disaster max’
follow further misunderstanding and estrangement —
if these may be counted to steady undisciplined speech
and to strengthen an untried arm. then, sir, f find the
courage to proceed.

Happy am I that this mission has brought m\ feel
at last to press New England’s historic soil and my
eyes to the knowledge of her beauty and her thrift.
Here, within touch of Plymouth Rock anil P.unker
Hill — where Webster thundered and Longfellow sang.
Emerson thought and Channing preached — here in
the cradle of .American letters, and almost of American
liberty. T hasten to make the obeisance thai ever}
American owes New England when first he stands un-
covered in her mighty presence. Strange apparition!
This stern and unique figure, carved from the ocean

and the wilderness, its majestj kindling and growing
amid the storms of winters and of wars, until at last the
gloom was broken, its beauty disclosed in the sun-
shine, and the heroic workers rested at its base, while
startled kings and emperors gazed and marveled that
from the rude touch of this handful, cast on a bleak and
unknown shore, should have come the embodied gen-
ius of human government and the perfected model of
human liberty. God bless the memory of those im-
mortal workers and prosper the fortunes of their liv-
ing sons and perpetuate the inspirations of their handi-
work’ !

Two years ago, sir. I spoke some words in
York that can-lit the attention of the North. As I
stand here to reiterate, as I have done everywhere, ev-
ery word 1 then uttered, to declare that tin sentiments
I then avowed were universally approved in the South,
I realize that the confidence begotten by that sp
is largely responsible for my presence here to-night.
I should dishonor myself if 1 betrayed that confidence
by uttering one insincere word or by withholding
essential element of the truth. Apropos of this last.
let me confess, Mr. President, before the praise of New-
England has died on my lips, that 1 believed the best
product of her present life is the procession of seven-
teen thousand Vermonl Democrats that for twenty-
two years, undiminished by death, unrecruited by birth
or conversion, have marched over their rugged hills,
cast their Democratic ballots, and gone hack home to
pray for their unregenerate neighbors, and awake to
read the record of twenty-five thousand Republican
majority. Ma) the God of the helpless and the hi
help them, and may their sturdy tribe increase!

Far to the South, Mr. President, separated from this
section by a line once defined in irrepressible differ-
ence, once traced in fratricidal blood, and now, thank
< -oil! hut a vanishing shadow, lies the fairest and rich-
est domain of this earth. It is tin hi ime of a brave and
hospitable people. There is centered all that can please
or prosper humankind. \ perfect climate, above a
fertile soil, yields to the husbandman every produi 1 of
the temperate zone. There by night the cotton whi-
tens beneath the stars and by day the wheat locks the
sunshine in its bearded sheaf. Tn the same field the
clover steak the fragrance of the wind and the tobacco
catches the quick aroma of the rains. There are
mountains stored with exhaustless treasures; fori
vast and primeval, and rivers that, tumbling or 1.
ing, run wanton to the sea. < if the three essential
items of all industries — cotton, iron, ami wood — that
region has easy control. Tn cotton, a fixed monopoly;
in iron, proven supremacy; in timber, the reserve sup-
ply of the republic. From this assured and permanent
advantage, against which artificial conditions can not
much longer prevail, has grown an amazing system of
industries. Not maintained by human contrivance of
tariff or capital, afar off from the fullest and cheapest
source of supply, hut rest ins;- in divine assurance, with-
in touch of field and mine and forest: not set amid
costly farms from which competition has driven the
farmer in despair, hut amid cheap and sunny lands,
rich with agriculture, to which neither season nor soil
has set a limit — this system of industries is mounting
to a splendor that shall dazzle and illumine the world.

That. sir. is the picture and the promise of my home
— a land better and fairer than T have told vou. and vet


^opj^ederace l/ecerai?,

but fit setting, in its material excellence, for the loyal
and gentle quality of us citizenship. . . . The strange
fact remains thai in 1880 the bouth had fewer Nortn-
em-born citizens than she had in 1870; fewer in 1870
than in i860. Why is this? Why is it, sir, though the
sectional line be now but a mist that the breath may
dispel, fewer men of the North have crossed it over to
the South than when it was crimson with the best
blood of the republic, or even when the slaveholder
stood guard every inch of its way.

Mr. Grady’s able argument may be given hereafter.


Iii an address at Dallas, Tex., October 26, 1887,
Mr. Grady illustrated the persistence he would have
exercised for the industrial development of the South
by the story of a Confederate soldier who lay desper-
ately wounded on the battle-field:

The South needs her sons to-day more than when
she summoned them to the forum to maintain her po-
litical supremacy, more than when the bugle called
them to the field to defend issues put to the arbitra-
ment of the sword. Her old body is instinct with ap-
peal, calling on us to come and give her fuller inde-
pendence than she has ever sought in field or forum.
It is ours to show that»as she prospered with slaves she
shall prosper still more with freemen; ours to see that
from the lists she entered in poverty she shall emerge
in prosperity; ours to carry the transcending traditions
of the old South, from which none of us can in honor
or in reverence depart, unstained and unbroken into
the new. Shall we fail? Shall the blood of the old
South, the best strain that ever uplifted human en-
deavor, that ran like water at duty’s call, and never
stained where it touched — shall this blood, that pours
into our veins through a century luminous wir.h
achievement, for the first time falter and be driven
back from irresolute heat, when the old South, that left
us a better heritage in manliness and courage than in
broad and rich acres, calls us to settle problems?

A soldier lay wounded on a hard-fought field. The

roar of the battle had died away, and he rested in the

deadly stillness of its aftermath. Not a sound was

heard as he lay there sorely smitten but the shriek of

wounded and the sigh of the dying .soul as it escaped

from the tumult of earth into the unspeakable peace

of the stars. Off over the field flickered the lanterns of

the surgeons with the litter-bearers, searching that

they might take away those whose lives could be saved,

and leave in sorrow those who were doomed to die.

With pleading eyes through the darkness this poor

soldier watched, unable to turn or speak, as the lantern

drew near. At last the light flashed in his face and the

surgeon kindly bent over him, hesitated a moment,

shook his head, and was gone, leaving the poor fellow

alone with death. He watched in patient agony as

they went from one part of the field to another. As

they came back the surgeon bent over him again. “I

believe if this poor fellow lives till sundown to-morrow

he will get well:” and again left him — not to death, but

with hope. All night long those words fell into his

heart as the dew fell from the stars upon his lips — ”if

he but lives till sundown to-morrow, he will get well.”

He turned his weary head to the east, and watched for

the coming sun. At last the stars went out, the east

trembled with radiance, and the sun, slowly lifting
above tne horizon, tinged ins pallid face wun name.
He watched it, inch by inch, as it climbed slowly up
the heavens, .tie thought of life, its hopes and ambi-
tions, its sweetness and its raptures, and he fortified lus
soul against despair until tne sun had reached high
noon. It sloped down its slow descent, and his life
was ebbing away and his heart was faltering, and he
needed stronger stimulants to make him stand the
struggle until the end of the day had come. He
thought of his far-off home, the blessed house resting
in tranquil peace, with the roses climbing to its door
and the trees whispering to its windows, and dozing in
the sunshine the orchard, and the little brook running
like a silver thread through the forest. “If I live till
sundown, I will see it again. I will walk down the
shady lane, I will open the battered gate, and the mock-
ing-bird shall call to me from the orchard, and I will
drink again at the old mossy spring.”

And he thought of the wife who had come from the
neighboring farmhouse and put her hand shyly in his,
and brought sweetness to his life and light to his home.
” If I live till sundown, I shall look once more into her
deep and loving eyes and press her brown head once
more to my aching breast.”

And he thought of the old father, patient in prayer,
bending lower and lower every day under his load of
sorrow and old age. ” If I but live till sundown, I shall
see him again and wind my strong arm about his feeble
body, and his hands shall rest upon my head while the
unspeakable healing of his blessing falls into my heart.”
And he thought of the little children that clambered
on his knees and tangled their little hands into his
heart-strings, making to him such music as the world
shall not equal or heaven surpass. “If I live till sun-
down, they shall again find my parched lips with their
warm mouths and their little fingers shall run once
more over my face.”

And he then thought of his old mother, who gath-
ered those children about her and breathed her old
heart afresh in their brightness and attuned her old
lips anew to their prattle, that she might live till her
big boy came home. “If I live till sundown, I will see
her again, and I will rest my head at my old place on
her knees and weep awav all memorv of this desolate

And the Son of God. who had died for men. bending
from the stars, put the hand that had been nailed to the
cross on the ebbing life and held on the stanch until the
sun went down and the stars came out and shone down
in the brave man’s heart and blurred in his glistening
eyes, and the lanterns of the surgeons came, and he
was taken from death to life.

The world is a battle-field strewn with the wrecks of
governments and institutions, of theories and of faiths,
that have gone down in the ravage of years. On this
field lies the South, sown with her problems. On
this field swing the lanterns of God. Amid the car-
nage walks the Great Physician; over the South he
bends. “If ye but live until to-morrow’s sundown, ye
shall endure, my countrymen.” Let us for her sake
turn our faces to the east and watch as the soldier
watched for the coming sun. Let us stanch her
wounds and hold steadfast. … Let every man
here pledge himself in this high and ardent hour, as I
pledge myself and the boy that shall follow me— every

Qopfederate l/eterar?.


man himself and his son, hand to hand and heart to
heart — that in death and earnest loyalty, in patient
painstaking and care, he shall watch her interest, ad-
vance her fortune, defend her fame, and guard her hon-
or as long as life shall last. Every man in the sound of
my voice, under the deeper consecration he offers to
the Union, will consecrate himself to the South, having
no ambition but to be first at her feet and last at her
service; no hope but, after a long life of devotion, to
sink to sleep in her bosom as a little child sleeps at his
mother’s breast and rests untroubled in the light of
her smile.



Among the many noble women in the South whose
names are dear to the Confederate veteran none is held
in more affectionate remembrance than Airs. Susan
Preston Hepburn. It was not her privilege to be an
active participant in the actual scenes of war, as her
residence was within the Federal lines; but. having in
the Confederate service a brother and many relatives
and friends, her sympathy in the cause was ardent and
her efforts to relieve the suffering of the Confederate
soldiers in the local hospitals and Northern prisons
were active and efficient. Without ostentation she
joined quietly with other noble women of similar feel-
ing in the work of visiting the sick, burying the dead,
and marking their graves, and in sending relief under
the Federal regulations to the prisoners a; Camp
Chase, Camp Douglas, and Johnson’s Island, who
were beyond the ministrations of their friends within
the Southern lines. The relief sent by the noble w< mi
en of Kentucky was not limited to the soldiers of that
state, but embraced the unfortunate prisoners of the
whole South. Clothing, food, and delicacies for the
sicl<, books, magazines, and everything which could
contribute to their bodily, mental, or spiritual comfort
were raised by organizations covering the whole state,
and sent continuously during the war to relieve the
wants of the suffering. And thus, while the women of
the South were ministering to the wants of the soldiers
in the field, the women of Kentucky were alleviating
the necessities of their imprisoned fathers, husbands,
and sons.

When the war was over, and the necessity for such
exertions was no longer required. Mrs. Hepburn con-
rinued her good work in a field where relief was quite
as essential. Many helpless orphans were to be cared
for and the infirm, maimed, and needy veterans to be
looked after. One of her first works in this direction
was to aid in the establishment of a Masonic widows’
and orphans’ home, the first of the kind in the United
States, to the successful foundation of which she con-
tributed by her unremitting labors more, perhaps.
than any other individual. This great charity, while
not limited by any sectional line, was instrumental in
relieving many of those left dependent by the war.
Rut concurrently with this work she, in conjunction
with other good women, formed associations for the
relief of surviving Confederates and was active in pro-
moting the permanent organization of the Confederate
Association of Louisville, through which the necessi-
ties of the sick and dependent veterans have been pro-
vidi d for. In her labors she was untiring. Her influ-

ence over the Confederate veterans able to contribute
by their means or personal exertions was such that
they responded with alacrity to her every suggestion,
while the Southern women recognized in her a worthy
leader, under whom they labored with equal alacrity.
Possessed of a superior faculty for organization and the
gift of a conciliating diplomacy, she united elements
too often rendered ineffective by dissension and jeal-
ousy into a harmonious cooperation. Thus, by in-
augurating fetes, excursions, lectures, and by direct ap-
plication to those able to contribute, she provided


means to meet all the necessities and relieve all requir-
ing help who would apply or could be found by vigi-
lant search, until it can be said that no one ever saw
an ex-Confederate begging his bread in her vicinity.

The great work 1>\ which Mrs. Hepburn’s good
name will be perpetuated, and that which engaged her
ardent efforts during the last decade of her life, is the
handsome I onfederate monument which was con-
ceived by her and erected chiefly through her exer-
tions. For this purpose she organized the Woman’s
Confederate Monument Association, and was made its
President It is doubtful if a movement for this pur-
pose could have been successful it” projected by the
Confederate soldiers themselves, as from the relation
of Kentucky to the war it might have engendered
feelings which would have endangered its success.
But the devotion of this good woman was so pure.
the spirit of her conception was so noble, and her
devotion so elevated that she not only enlisted the
earnest cooperation of the Confederates, but elicited


Qopfederate Ueterai),

the fullest sympathy and hearty good will of the Fed-
eral soldiers themselves. A noble granite shaft of six-
ty feet or more in height occupies a circle on one of the
handsomest streets of Louisville, surmounted by a life-
size Confederate private in bronze and flanked on
either side by a bronze cavalryman and artilleryman —
all of the most artistic execution. It bears the simple
inscription “Confederate Dead” on one side, and on
the opposite side one to the effect that it was erected
by the Confederate women of Kentucky. It was ded-
icated with appropriate ceremonies July 30, 1895. The
successful execution of this work crowned the labors
of Mrs. Hepburn’s life. She had raised the money,
$12,000, to pay for it before it was erected, lacking a
small sum, which was raised afterward. Her last ef-
forts were directed toward securing a fund for its
proper enclosure, and in this she had succeeded a
short time before her death.

The infirmities of age and ill health were no barriers
to her efforts, but her extraordinary will seemed to
sustain her and prolong her life until her aim was
completed. Then, rejoicing in the consummation of
her labors, she calmly passed from earth. But the
monument will not be complete until it bears an ap-
propriate tablet with her name, making it, in fact, to
future generations, as it is to the present, a lasting tes-
timonial to her own memory.

Mrs. Susan P. Hepburn was born near Louisville,
Ky., July 17, 1819; and died in that city October 5,’
1897. She was the daughter and youngest child of
Maj. William Preston and Caroline Hancock, his wife,
both of Botetourt County, Va., who early settled in
Kentucky. Her only brother was Maj.-Gen. William
Preston, of the Confederate army, prominent in civil
life as a member of the state constitutional convention
of 1849, Representative and Senator, Member of Con-
gress, and Minister to Spain under President Buchan-
an’s administration. He was a lieutenant-colonel in
the Mexican war, and won distinction in the Confed-
erate war on many fields, but particularly in the battles
of Murfreesboro and Chickamauga.

The eldest of Mrs. Hepburn’s four sisters was the
first wife of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston. In 1841
she married Howard Christy, of St. Louis, who died in
1853; and in i860 she married Hiatt P. Hepburn, a dis-
tinguished lawyer of San Francisco. In 1864 she was
again widowed, and for the remainder of her life de-
voted herself to good works. As a young woman, pos-
sessed of a superior mind and cultured education, she
was conspicuous for her intellectual attainments, her
great beauty, and her lovely character. Having had
before age had encroached on her vigor her full’share
of sorrow, she seemed to find relief in taking up the
burdens of others. Not blessed with children of her
own, she became a mother to the motherless, and nev-
er turned a deaf ear to a suffering cry. When the re-
sources of a once ample fortune restricted her own
bounties she inspired others by an unselfish devotion
to charity, and. became alms-gatherer in its cause and
the faithful trustee of the contributions of others, as
well as of herself. Her life was sunshine to the afflict-
ed and an inspiration to the many able and willing to
do good and yet needing a leader and exemplar, “and
in her death her memory is embalmed in the gratitude
of many whom she succored and in the love and admi-
ration of all who knew her.



Qopfederate l/eterar?.


Comrades J. L. Lemonds, A. II. Lankford, James
S. Aden, and C. F. Potts, of Paris, Tenn.. send a trib-
ute to Felix Grundy Trousdale, whom they all knew
from boyhood. Extracts are as follow s :

On November 5, 1897, Felix G. Trousdale, an ex-
Confederate soldier and a deputy sheriff of Henry
County, Tenn., came to a sudden and unexpected
death at his home, four miles north of Paris. lie had
been from home that day on official business, and re-
turned about 7:30 p.m. IK’ ate bis supper, talked
cheerfully about some farm work, and took his usual
smoke in his room, lie afterward went to the back
porch for water, thence to the front porch, when a shot
was heard, which took his life. It was supposed that
he had shot at a dog or some other animal in the yard,
but members of the family, g< ling out, f< nind him lying
dead, a bullet having entered the hack part of his head

lie was an affectionate husband and father and a


popular neighbor. He had been deputy sheriff con-
tinuously for ten or twelve years, and was fearless in
the discharge of his duties.

Comrade Trousdale was the youngest son of Dr.
James and Susan Whitehead Trousdale; was born in
Henry County. Tenn., near Buchanan, in September,
1844. His father, a native of Sumner County, Tenn.,
was. at the age of twenty, in the war of 1812. His
mother was born in i8oi, was a native of Virginia, and
was a woman of much energy, with strong traits of
character. Comrade Trous listed 111 the Con-

federate army in the fall of 1S01 as a member of the
Forty-Sixth Tennessee tnfantry, commanded by Col.
John M. Clark. His older brothers, James \l
lieutenant) and Alexander, had gone out with the
Fifth Tennessee in the \la\ preceding. The father,
Dr. Trousdale, though old. went with them to Union
City, where he did hospital service in the treatment of
measles and other diseases of earlv camp-life.

At the surrender of Island No. to Felix G., with
others, escaped 1>\ means of a raft. and. wading, made
his way to the army at I’ort Hudson, La. He was
afterward transferred to the Fifth Tennessee, to be
with his brothers. He served through the war, being
in many battles, including the I >alton-Atlanta cam-
paign. \t “Dead Angle” he received a wound thai
was thought to hv fatal, and from the effects of which
he never recovered. He lav in the hospital at Atlanta
eight or nine months. After the surrender, when he
had gained sufficient strength to travel, he was
brought to Nashville by a Mr. Whiteman, a paper-
manufacturer, who furnished him the means to reach
home, and whose kindness In- always gratefully re-
membered. As age came on he was subject to spells
of cramping, but his hidden wound appealed only to
the sympathy of those who knew of its seriousness.

After he had regained sufficient strength he began
the struggles of life at the age of twenty-one, with the
many disadvantages entailed by war. In 1868 he was
married to Miss Eunice, a daughter of Capt. William
S. Blakemore, a most estimable woman, who survives
him. together with three industrious, self-reliant sons
and five amiable and intelligent daughters. On. oi
the sons. A. P.. Trousdale, is our Circuit Court Clerk.

The funeral service was conducted by Elder Tames
S. Aden, a Confederate comrade, and he was buried in
Old Bethel church-yard by his father and mother and
near his childhood home.

James R, Neeley, postmaster at Franklin, Tenn..
died early in January, lie entered the Confederate
army a boy, and lost a leg at Perryville. Kv. After the
war he served sixteen years as Circuit Court Clerk, and
was in that office in April. 1894, when President Cleve
land appointed him postmaster, which position hi
until his death. These responsible positions so long
maintained attest his merit as a citizen. At a meeting
of the McEwen Bivouac fitting tribute was paid to
his memory. M. P. G. Winstead, in speaking upon
the resolutions offered, said: “Our friendship began in
the time of war. I knew him under circumstances
which tried the souls of men — in camp, on the march,
in battle, and in prison. Side by side we fell in battle;
side by side we lay in the same corner of the fence,
covered with the same blanket, and were fed from the


Confederate Veterans,

same cup. Together we marched down the aisle, knelt
at the same altar, were baptized and received into the
Methodist Church. If to-day I could meet the soldier
who disabled us for life, I would take him by the hand
and tell him he was a brave man.”

Maj. Francis Miller was born in Diisseldorf, Prus-
sia, April 23, 1822, and was educated at Coblenz. He
came to America in 1839, joined the United States
army, and served three years in Florida during the
Seminole war; was mustered out of service at Charles-
ton in 1842. He went to Virginia the same year, and
the following year was married to Miss Mary A. Stone-
man. He entered the Confederate army early in 1861,
and served as a private for a while; was made commis-
sary-sergeant, and served as commissary officer of his
regiment, though not commissioned. He was elected
captain of Company E, Forty-Fifth Virginia Regiment,
in May, 1862, made a good officer, and was frequently
in command of the regiment; was promoted to the
rank of major, though after the war was called “Capt.”
Miller. He had command of the regiment during Ear-
ly’s retreat out of the valley, but was captured just after
the Fisher’s Hill affair and sent to Fort Delaware, Md.,
where he remained in prison about three months.

After the war he engaged in farming in Surry Coun-
ty, N. C. He lived an upright life, was a prominent
member of the M. E. Church, South, and was generally
a delegate to the Annual Conferences. He was for


several years chairman of the Board of County Com-
missioners, and during that time there was not a bar-
room in Surry County. Maj. Miller was fond of trav-
el. He visited his native country (Germany) in 1870,

and again in 1895; attended the reunion at Richmond
in 1896 and at Nashville in 1897. He was intensely
Southern, and was among the first to join Surry Coun-
ty Camp, U. C. V.. He was a subscriber to the Vet-
eran, and dearly loved the same. He contributed to
the Sam Davis monument. He died November 23,
1897, and was buried at Zion M. E. Church, members
of his camp acting as his pall-bearers.

Heroic Volunteers — J. P. W. Brown.
J. R. H. contributes to the Veteran a sketch to be
used in connection with an excellent engraving of
Comrade John Brown, whose untimely death in De-
cember, 1896, caused universal sorrow in the ranks of
Cheatham Bivouac and to many friends throughout
the South.

John Preston Watts Brown was born in this city,
May 16, 1845. He was, therefore, in 1861 but sixteen

years of age, and
truly one of the
very youngest of
the many youthful
defenders of the
“lost cause.” Born
to the heritage of
that lofty, untram-
meled spirit which
easy and cultivated
environment en-
genders, this brave
boy quickly caught
the enthusiasm that
pervaded the very
atmosphere, and
early requested to
be allowed to join
the ranks of the
volunteers. This re-
quest was, of
course, denied; but
the needs of our
country became
more and more ur-
gent, and before
many months had passed Comrade Brown was fated
to enter the army, but in a more exciting and romantic
way than even his impetuous and reckless spirit would
have asked. In later years Mr. Brown wrote an ac-
count of his hazardous adventures, a brief resume of
which will be of interest here.

After the fall of Fort Donelson and the occupation
of Nashville by the Federals, John Brown, with his
friend and companion, John Kirkman, resolved to es-
cape from the city and join the Confederate army.
Their plans were made, but, with the incaution of
youth, were not well guarded, and just on the eve of
their departure they found themselves arrested and im-
prisoned in the state penitentiary. Here they re-
mained for a month, but, through the intercession of
friends, were released on paroles on the plea that they
were too young to be held as prisoners of war.

At this’ point all would have gone well but for the
hot-headed recklessness of the two boys, who, upon
the news of an order Tor the exchange of all prisoners,


Confederate Veterans


according to a treaty between Presidents Davis and
Lincoln, rushed back into the hands of the provost-
marshal, thinking to join the army at last in this way.
But again they were doomed to disappointment, for the
treaty only included prisoners of war, and they were,
by the terms of their paroles, civil prisoners; and, more
than this, their paroles were forfeited. The military
governor of the state, Andrew Johnson, turned a deaf
ear to further intercession on the plea of youth, and
their only other chance, the oath of allegiance, was, of
course, out of the question.

After a few months of imprisonment, which, in spite
of prejudice, they were forced to admit was not severe,
the necessities of a fellow prisoner, John Goodrich —
who had been caught just outside of the city in Fed-
eral uniform, with a suit of gray concealed under his
saddle, and was, therefore, to be hanged as a spy in
three weeks’ time — urged these boys to an attempt to
escape. In the room in which they were confined was
a door which opened on some steps leading into the
yard inside the high prison-walls, and this door and a
large jack-knife some one had contrived to smuggle to
John Brown furnished the only chance of life and lib-
erty. With their comrade’s life at stake, they worked
diligently and cautiously at night, covering their prog-
ress from sight during the daytime by piling their
beds in that corner of the room ; and after five nights’
work they had cut a hole large enough for a man I >
squeeze through. Then they waited for a rainy night,
which, fortunately came very soon. At the last mo-
ment the other prisoners in the room learned in some
way that there was hope of escape, and. naturally,
wished to be included; and. in the end. while the guards
sought shelter from the storm, nineteen men besides
the three conspirators left that room, and at last found
themselves safe on the outside of the walls, barefooted
and in the driving rain, but undetected.

As previously agreed, they then proceeded cautious-
ly to the home of Dr. Hudson, not far from the pi
and there learned of the position of the chain pick-
ets and other dangers to be encountered, The line
of pickets was just in the rear of the Hudson place.
The tires were about fifty yards apart, and their only
chance of escape now was to crawl on their knees in
corn-field mud across the line of light made by the
fires. They managed to go through the line, and then
arose and ran for all they were worth until out of hear-
ing. When satisfied of their safety they held a council,
and the little company disbanded, going in several di-
rections. Brown joined Dibrell’s Cavalry; Kirkman
lost his life before the war was over; Goodrich’s fate is
not known.

With such pluck and determination, it is no wonder
Southern boys proved so hard to whip and passi
bravely through the long, unequal struggle and also
through the almost as fierce days of reconstruction.

Austin Peay died at his home near Bell, Ky., Feb-
ruary 16, after long suffering from Blight’s disease.
He was about fifty-four years of age, and was one of
the most valuable citizens of Western Kentucky. He
made a gallant Confederate soldier, and participated in
many of the most important’ battles of the war. He
was a man of strictest integrity, of noble sentiment,
and a firm friend to those in distress. Tn his death the
Veteran lost a stanch supporter and advocate.


A native of Caher, Count} Mayo. Ireland, Michael
Looscan was lulled to sleep in his infancy by Celtic
songs. He witnessed much of the famine of 1848, but
was spared the consequent suffering by his provident
father. The family came to America in 1855, when he
was fifteen years old. Two years later the youth was
in Mobile, a press-boy on the Mercury. He went to
Texas in 1858. forty years ago. and taught school at
Longview. Upon the suggestion of Judge M. H.
Bonner, of Longview. young Looscan entered his of-
fice and began the stud) 1 f law. From there he enlist-
ed in the Confederate army, and was soon made adju-

MAJ M ICH Ml. I <>«.-, AN

tant-general on the staff of Gen. John R. Baylor, and
was subsequently assigned as inspector-general on the
staff of Gen. S. B. Maxey. Loyal to the memories of
sacred days, Maj. Looscan was active in organizing
the Dick Dowling Lamp at Houston. Tex. The won-
derful achievement of Capt. Dick Dowling, with forty
odd Irishmen, at Sabine Pass has been recorded in the
Veteran. After the war Maj. Looscan practised law
successfully. In 1881 he married Miss Briscoe. He
enlisted in the public welfare of his state with earnest
zeal, and was quite a power with the people. He was
a member of the Board of Managers of the Texas Con-
federate Home, located at Austin. He died in Hous-
ton several months ago. and Dick Dowling Camp
passed suitable resolutions in his honor.


Confederate .

The P. C. Woods Camp No. 609, at San Marcos.
Tex., mourns the death of their Commander, for whom
the camp was named. The committee, E. P. Rey-
nolds, chairman, says:

For half a century his splendid judgment as a physi-
cian and his benign influence as a citizen impressed all
who had the good fortune of his acquaintance. Dur-
ing the long years in which he was unquestionably our
first citizen his influence was for good. As an arbiter
for his neighbors his conclusions were always just and

From resolutions by the camp the following is taken:
In the death of Col. P. C. Woods the town loses its
first citizen; the Church, a pillar; humanity, an expo-
nent; the poor, a friend; his profession, an ornament;
and the camp, its most venerated and distinguished
member. In his spotless life he has been an exemplar
of all that is noble and good in man; and, dying, has
shown that death had no terrors be feared to face. In
P. C. Woods we had an example of manhood in its
highest development — brave as the bravest, tender as
the tenderest. No words of praise can add to the es-
teem in which our dead friend is held, and the closest
scrutiny of his life-work would reveal no unmanly
deed, no act that might invoke the charity of forgetful-
ness. In this hour of their sorrow we extend to the
bereaved family and friends our tenderest sympathy,
feeling that completest condolence will come to them
in the knowledge that he has reached the Christian’s
goal. Life’s journey ended, he sleeps well. The
members of this camp will wear mourning for thirty
days, and a report of the proceedings of this memorial
meeting will be furnished the family, our local news-
papers, and the Confederate Veteran, of Nashville.

Maj. John Beverly Stannard died at Berryville, Va.,
on January 25. He was born in Fredericksburg, Va.,
in September, 1820, the only son of Caroline Chew and
Col. John B. Stannard, of the U. S. army. He grad-
uated at William and Mary College, and entered the
law-office of his uncle, Judge Robert Stannard, of the
Virginia Court of Appeals, but later entered the pro-
fession of engineering. He was major of engineers in
the Confederate army, engaged on the fortifications
around Richmond, and served throughout the war.
After the war he married Miss Susie McDonald, a
daughter of Col. Angus McDonald, of Winchester.
In 1890 he removed to Berryville.

J. C. Hillsman, of Ledbetter, Tex., reports the death
of Mike Dickson, an old comrade, at Lexington, Tex.,
and writes that he left with his nephew, J. W. Dickson,
a small red-back, gilt-edge Bible, on the fly-leaf of
which is written: “John Aber, Allegheny Count),
Pa. Captured June “30, 1862, in the enemy’s camp.”
Mr. Dickson will take pleasure in returning the Bible
to anv member of Mr. Aber’s family.

Turner Halliburton, who served in the Eleventh
Tennessee Regiment, died at his home in Clarksville,
Tenn., after a long illness, aged fifty-seven years, and
was interred in the Confederate plot at Greenwood
Cemetery. He was a member of Forbes’s Bivouac.


J. Earl Preston, Navasota, Tex.:
Comrade Woodson, of Memphis, is not altogether
correct in his account in the January Veteran of the
“battle above the clouds.” It is true that Walthall’s
Brigade was stationed around the point of the moun-
tain looking northwest and doing picket duty about
10 a.m. The Federal batteries in the valley between
the mountain and Chattanooga opened fire on the
mountain and Missionary Ridge, and kept it up until
dark. It was believed that this bombardment was a
feint to cover “Grant’s retreat” from Chattanooga, as
many troops were seen crossing the river on pontoons
and going west, but in this view the Confederates were
misled, as the movement of Federal troops west of the
Tennessee River was for the purpose of making an at-
tack on the mountain at daylight November 23. It
was Sherman’s Corps that crossed the river, moved
down it, and recrossed to the rear of Raccoon Moun-
tain, some eight miles below Lookout Mountain. They
attacked Walthall’s Brigade at daylight November 23.
That gallant brigade held back Sherman’s whole corps
until about 8 a.m., when many of them came through
our brigade (Gen. John C. Moore’s), which was about
five hundred yards in rear of Walthall’s Brigade,
around the point of the mountain on the east side, in-
stead of Brown’s Brigade, as Comrade Woodson says.
It was almost 8 a.m. when Moore’s Brigade was or-
dered forward, engaged the enemy, and held them
where Walthall’s Brigade left them until about 3 p.m.,
when, becoming much exhausted, we were relieved by
Clayton’s Brigade, who took the place of Moore’s Bri-
gade and held the enemy at bay until some time after
night. Then Clayton was relieved by Pettus’ Brigade,
and the fight continued until about midnight, when fir-
ing ceased. About 2 a.m. November 24 an order was
received from Gen. Bragg to evacuate, and thus ended
the fight on Lookout Mountain. My recollection is
that there were only four brigades of Confederates on
the mountains — to wit, Walthall’s, Moore’s, Clayton’s,
and Pettus’ — except a battery of field-pieces on the
top of the mountain. This was A. T. Stewart’s Divi-
sion, but Gen. Jackson, of Georgia, was in command.

At sunrise we reached the base of Missionary Ridge,
and were halted to partake of an elaborate breakfast of
corn bread and raw, fat bacon. The bread was three
davs old and the bacon of uncertain age.

The soldiers, rank and file, in the great war made
history for the world the like of which has never been
equaled, and the Veteran is giving it truthfully.
Grant’s, Stephens’, and Davis’ learned works are
largely devoted to accounts of their own acts and oth-
ers in the great political movements preceding the war
and their subsequent acts and the results. The Vet-
eran should be in the hands of every boy and girl in
the South, that they may learn of the heroism of their
ancestors and the cause for which they fought.

Comrade Woodson will pardon me for calling his
attention to his error. Gen. Moore is still living, so
Gen. Cabell informs me; and if he takes the Veteran,
he will no doubt see this article and sustain my report.
There was no officer in the Confederate service who
did more gallant fighting than Gen. John C. Moore.
His soldiers and officers all loved him, and when he left
us for other fields of duty strong resolutions were
passed expressing their love and confidence.

Confederate l/eteran.



At the opera-house in Jeffersonville, Ind., recently,
Maj. D. W. Sanders, of Louisville, by special invitation
of the ladies of the G. A. R. Relief Corps and Mayor
Whitesides, spoke before an enthusiastic and overflow-
ing audience for the benefit of the charity fund of the
corps, the subject being “Grant and His Campaigns.”
The great characters of that epoch, from Lincoln to
Lee, were vividly, reverently, and eloquently sketched.
Concluding his masterful address, Maj. Sanders spoke
touchingly as follows:

And 1 desire to say to-night, as a Confederal
dier, that in the history of all wars, where people or-
ganized armies, established a provisional government,
and attempted to overthrow the constituted authori-
ties,, never before in the histor) of the world were such
terms granted to the unsuccessful soldier as (.rant at
Appomattox and Sherman at Greensboro gave to the
Confederates. It was an epoch in civilization. Un-
like Ffavelock in the Indian war, the Sepoy rebellion
of 1857. who shot the unsuccessful leaders from the
mouths of Ins cannon, we were invited back upon our
paroles to assume all the duties and obligations ol citi-
zenship. And a curious fact it is that after thirty three
years of peace with our country, great and prosperous,
more magnificent in her commercial activities and in-
dustrial developments, and grander in all that makes a
people worthy of the age and civilization in winch they
live, you will find that the Confederati- soldiers,
through the magnanimity by which their paroles were
granted them by these two greal militar) men, have
presided upon the supreme bench of the United States,
they are Senators and members of < Ong ess of the
United States, they .are Ambassadors and Ministers to
•foreign countries, honored and trusted. And you have
to-day an example that nowhere else under the sun
could occur except among people such as these states
have produced: that the only political, diplomatic
point requiring courage, intellect, tact, integrity, and
exceptional patriotism that you have had in thirty
three years of peace is now filled 1>\ a major general of
the Confederate .army, who fought against Sheridan
and Grant, and who stands to-day as the representative
of the Government of the United States, with the entire-
confidence and .approbation of the American people, in
the complicated situation at Havana.

It shows that, while once we bore the emblem of sus-
picion, subsequent events have developed the charac-
teristics of as true devotion, of as absolute reliability ft ir
all trusts and authorities imposed by the Government
of the United States in the breast of the Confederate
soldier as are to be found anywhere in this great land.

Permit me to say. in conclusion, that, while Gen.
Lee is an ex-Confederate soldier, yet, if this country,
with its great conservatism, its absolute caution, should
determine that the pending difficulties with Spain can
find solution only in a declaration of war against that
power, then, in that event, the administration will be
enthusiastically and heroically supported by the soldier
population of the South to maintain our flag wherever
it may be carried, and to give life and bright manhood
in defense of our government. If a resort to arms he
called, the old Confederate soldiers in the South, with
their armies all vanished and their flags forever furled

and the dust of civil war laid forever, will all rally to the
support of the flag of our common country, and no bet-
ter or truer man will be found to lead under the colors
of the United States than Gen. Fitzhugh Lee.


Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, of Maryland and Virginia,
who, as a special correspondent of the New York Jour-
nal. spent some time in Cuba, is quote. 1 as follows:

I have no opinion as to the ” Maine” explosion. Mi n
always think what they want bo think. Therefore
there is a general tendency to charge the Spaniards
with the terrible catastrophe. But we don’t know.

I am prouder than I ever was in my life of the \mer-
ican people. In the midst of events that would have
thrown France into revolution, that would have light-
ed the fires of jingi asm all 1 iver < >t\ at Britain and
man)-, the great, magnanimous, self-contained Amer-
ican people are holding their breath and gritting their
teeth until they know. But, as one of them. I don’t
want to see this government go off in a pet or a fury—
a pet of temper over De Lome or a fury of excitement
over the blowing up of the “Maine.” The real motive
of action lies deeper than these incidents. The Amer-
icans owned S50.000.000 worth of property in ( uba
They had a great trade there Their propertj hats
destroyed and their trade dissipated. They went to
Cuba under tin pledge of this government that their
flag should cover them. The) have been murd’
■-tarved, binned out, and thousands are nmv reduced to
poverty. for an hour of Andrew Jackson! Then
the independence of the Republic of ( uba would be ac-
knowledged; then a treaty of alliance would be made
with it. and .m American licit and an American army
in thirty days would wipe Spain off the map of North
America. France did .all this for us in 1778; we oughl
to do it now for Cuba, and let stocks go. But don’t
make a quarrel about a foolish letter or a catastroph*
for which the Spanish Government may or may n
responsible. Let us base our action on the broad
ground of justice, of right, of humanity, and of duty to
the American flag and the American citizen.

C. C. Cole, Huntsville, Tex., was a member of Com-
pany B, Caldwell’s First Kentucky Cavalry, and, hav-
ing lost his discharge, wishes his comrades to help him
establish his identity as a member of that company.
This company was raised in Rocky Hill, Barren Coun-
ty, Ky.. and Mr. Cole served with it until disabled and
discharged by the regimental surgeon. He thinks al-
most any member of the company will remember the
“boy Cole,” or Columbus Cole, and the information
sought will be a great favor to him.

At the reorganization of A. S. Johnston Camp No.
115, Meridian, Tex., Capt. T. C. Alexander was elect-
ed Commander, and Maj. 11. M. Dillard was reelected
Adjutant. This camp has a memorial hall of its own.
where meetings are held, and to which all veterans in
the county have free access.

W. T. Butt (Company C. Forty-Fifth Alabama Reg-
iment), Augusta. Ga., wishes to learn of Mrs. A. L.
Marquess, who lived in Sparta. Tenn., during the war.
She had a son on the staff of Gen. J. E. Johnston


Confederate .

Confederate .

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor.
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn.

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All
persons who approve its principles, and realize its benefits as an organ for
Associations throughout the South, are requested to commend its patron-
age and to cooperate in extending it.


It must be attained. The need of the Veteran is so
great in so many homes and among so many comrades
who have no home that it is determined to print edi-
tions of twenty thousand copies after the April number.
The May number will be largely devoted to the “Old
North State,” and many extra copies are ordered by
comrades in its area. After that the great reunion at
Atlanta will have diligent attention; so that the twenty-
thousand mark will begin, to continue, with an increase
by July if possible. Anyhow, twenty thousand copies
are guaranteed for May, June, and July issues.

The report of the Pension Board for Confederates in
Tennessee shows that there are five hundred and forty-
three beneficiaries listed, and that one hundred and
twenty-three of the number have died. The state ap-
propriates $60,000 a year to the maimed citizens who
established good records as soldiers, who fought her
battles upon the call of her Governor in the sixties.
The report contains the names of the veterans, the
counties in which they reside, and the amount paid to
each, ranging from $100 to $300 a year.

Mrs. Hallie A. Rounsaville, of Rome, President of
the United Daughters of the Confederacy in Georgia,
has undertaken to save the Confederate Soldiers’
Home for Georgia, near Atlanta. She seeks one
thousand men who will subscribe $10 each. This is a
highly commendable action.

The May Veteran is expected to be devoted espe-
cially to the interests of North Carolina, and to be
ready for distribution at Charlotte on the 20th. Let
all comrades and others who have a word of worthy
tribute to the “Tar Heels” in the great war send it in

Maj. Charles W. Anderson, chairman of the Chick-
amauga Park Commission, is making diligent effort
to secure a large attendance at Chickamauga Park on
“Tennessee Confederate Day,” May 12, when the
monuments of the Volunteer State will be dedicated.

James M. Kelley was born in Lake County, O.,
moved to Monticello, Mo., and there joined the Con-
federate army. He has never been heard of since by
family or friends. If any comrade can give informa-
tion as to his fate, it will be gratefully appreciated.
Send to the Veteran.


The Nashville (Tenn.) American contained an article
recently concerning the late Miss Frances E. Willard
and the South, reproducing a letter written by Miss
Willard fifteen years ago. It is copied here not only to
show the appreciative disposition of Miss Willard, but
as proof that the editor of the Veteran has ever been
diligent in behalf of the cause that is dearer to the
Southern people than any other theme.

In the winter of 1883 Miss Willard delivered an ad-
dress in Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, at the conclu-
sion of which Mr. Beecher sprang to the platform from
a seat in the auditorium, and said it was the “finest
speech ever made in Plymouth Church.” He stated
that there was not. a dissenting voice to anything she
said. There was, however. Mr. S. A. Cunningham,
who now edits the Confederate Veteran, wrore for
the press an account, in which he stated that “the ex-
traordianry discourse was marred in its beauty only by
an assertion of the opinion that there were those in the
South who regretted that slaves were freed,” and, with
partizan emphasis, that “the dominant party had suc-
ceeded in the late elections in states that had voted in
favor of prohibition.” He added that these statements
were the more regretted because of the sincere devo-
tion to Miss Willard in the South.

In reply to Mr. Cunningham’s article, Miss Willard
wrote, January 19, 1883, en route in Georgia:

“Kind Friend: . . . Thanks for your cordial no-
tice of my address in Plymouth Church, only permit
this demurrer: I can not think you quite understood me
if you thought I spoke one unpleasant word of the
South, to which I don’t know how to be a more loyal
friend than I have been ever since my first trip, in 1880,
even unto this third and last one. As to saying that
‘the dominant party in Iowa took up the prohibition
question,’ is it not true? I even avoided naming the
party, for I am favorable to neither of the old, but am
committed to the new, non-sectional, antisaloon party,
whatever its name may be. And as to the further
statement that in the olden time many good men took
their text, ‘Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants
shall he be,’ and preached the providential origin and
character of African slavery, it can not be denied. I
merely used the illustration to show that, by parity of
reasoning, good men now quote the Bible as the friend
of moderate drinking, but will not, later on, when our
cause is the success it is certain to become. Sometimes
I begin a lecture thus:’Less than a century ago the Pres-
ident of Yale College sent out to Africa a hogshead of
New England rurh, upon condition that a slave should
be returned to him as its equivalent. No such thing as
that could happen now,’ etc. Surely such an allusion
can wound no friend of either North or South. Be-
lieve me, kind editor, I have done no despite to the
warm and generous welcome accorded me in your be-
loved Southern land, nor will I, be assured. Yours for
the temperance party, where the best men of both sec-
tions will ere long march, side by side.”

Monroe Coneby, Second Kentucky Cavalry, C. S.
A., now residing’ at 1121 Rufer Avenue, Louisville,
Ky.. inquires for T. J. Loyal, who belonged to a Vir-
ginia battery.

Qor^federate l/eterai).


A Confederate of Georgia, and Wiley Wills, of Ten-
nessee, had an impressive experience the night of the
battle of Franklin. The Georgian writes of the event,
stating that he was sent as a courier to Maj. Prest-
man, chief engineer, and that Wiley Wills, a cou-
rier, was on a like errand from his commander. The
two were together near Spring Hill, when the) en-
countered a group of a dozen men or so. The one in
front gave a military salute, and asked for the news of
the battle. Reply was made that it was “sadly disas-
trous,” and the cavalcade was about moving on when
states “a thing occurred which excites my won-
der even now. A paroxysm of patriotic courage took
possession of me, and I demanded that they halt and
tell me who they were before going farther. There
were twelve to fourteen of them against two. The
elderly gentleman raised his hat, commended our sol-
dierly vigilance, and said: ‘I am Gen. J. E. Johnston.’ ”

Both couriers thought they recognized ! .ien. John-
ston, and asserts that he knew one of the staf)

personally; but they are certainly mistaken as to I r( ti
Johnston. He would not have gone into that section
of country at the time.

This is no fancy picture. Many such cases occurred.
I do not allude to these things to rekindle the passions
engendered at that time, but that the people of the
South may the better appreciate the sacrifices made for
them by tire noble patriots of that section.

W. L. Morrison, Hamilton, Tex.:

I was much interested in the Arkansas letter con-
cerning Buck Brown’s battalion and the experiences
of families of Southerners in Northwest Arkansas and
Southwest Missouri during those terrible years. As
occasionally the news would come to us in the army
by “underground telegraph” of our old fathers being
murdered, our mothers, wives, sisters, and sweethearts
being robbed and insulted, our homes pillaged and
often burned — and that, too, by those who were former-
ly our friends and neighbors — you can imagine run
mental agonies and how hard it was for ‘.is to keep
from leaving the regular army and going back inside
the Federal lines to still hunt for those miserable mis-
creants who, calling themselves “home guards,” were
only a pack of cowardly murderers and thieves. I am
glad to say they were held in as much contempt by the
Brave regular Federal soldiery as they were intensely
hated by Confederates. If people generally under-
stood the true state of things in that unhappy country
at that time, there would not be so much condemnation
of the desperate warfare of Quantrell, Bill Anderson,
Todd, Holtzclaw, and others: for. if men ever had
cause to be intensely desperate and return evil for evil,
we of Western and Southwestern Missouri and North-
western Arkansas had it.

But the history of the civil (terribly imcivil) war in
that section will never be written. It never could be,
except with a pen dipped in the blood crushed from the
heart of some noble, devoted Southern woman who,
having learned of her husband’s death on some far-off
battle-field and his burial in an unmarked grave, has
been compelled to witness the butchery of her old
white-haired father, and then to see her home commit-
ted to the flames, and she and her little ones left to
Freeze or starve in a country where it was almost a
crime for some kind Union man to befriend th( m

One of the most noted Confederates entered on the
“last roll” recently is Moses P. Handy, of Maryland.
His ancestors were prominent in the history of the
state, and his family has furnished many of the most
distinguished lawyers of Maryland. His father. Rev.
Isaac Handy, was a prominent Presbyterian clergyman.
While under age he entered the Confederate service,
and served with gallantry during the closing months of
the war. He was employed by the New York Tribune
as special correspondent during the ten years’ war in
Cuba, and won distinction by his report of the “Virgin-
ius” massacre. Later he became managing editor of the
Philadelphia Times, and subsequently editor of the
Philadelphia daily News, lie was commissioned from
Virginia to the Centennial Exposition in 1876, commis-
sioner to the Vienna Exposition, and was chief of the
Bureau of Publicity and Promotion of the World’s Co-
lumbian Expi sition. In 1895 he became editor of the
Chicago Times-Herald.

W. II. Reym Ids, I ommander of (‘amp Hardee,
\\ 1 ii ‘dhw 11. Ala., n ports the death of a membei – \- ■ ■■■
B. Nave, on the 29th of December, from pneumonia.
Comrade Nave was a private in the Fourth Alabama
Regiment, and lost his right arm in one <>! the \ irginia
battles. lie was a brave, true soldier and a faithful
member of his camp. Comrade Reynolds writes that
his camp has passed a bright year, ami had a good
many additions. I luring the month of December they
distributed $66.64 m charity and relief. Once
month the members attend some church in abodv.

\. Green, Adjutant of Camp No. 268, U. C. V.,
Seale, Ala.: “During tins year our camp has lost two
of its most valuable members: B. R. Henry, first ser-
geant Company I, Thirty-Fourth Alabama Regiment,
and J. C. Williamson, firsl sergeanl R. H. Bellamy’s
Battalion, Waddell’s Artillery. Both of these were
faithful, efficient Confederate soldiers and good citi-
zens. Thus the survivors of those gallant coram
are passing ‘over the river.’ 1 note with sadness
death of Miss Lucinda B. Helm, sister of Gen. Ben
Hardin Helm, to whom I am indebted for kindness
rendered as I was returning home from Johnson’s
Island. ( ‘)., through Kentucky.”

George Adv. General Agent of the Union Pacific
System, Denver, Colo., who served in the Second Iowa
Cavalry, in the old Grierson Brigade, writes that he
takes a great deal of interest in accounts of the opera-
tions of Gen. Forrest’s command, and would like to
hear of Capt. Allen, of the Second Arkansas Cav-
alry. Mr. Ady was under obligations to Allen when a
prisoner, and has always hoped to meet him.

Alden McLellan, 727 Common Street, New Orleans
La., wishes to know where he can procure the book
entitled “Mountain Campaigns of Georgia,” and will
appreciate the desired information.


Confederate l/eterai).


Col. R. M. Martin, of the Tenth Kentucky Cavalry,
under Gen. Morgan, writes from Louisville, Ky., and
sends a reminiscence filled with valuable historic data.
Capt. Allbright, referred to, lives at Columbus, O., and
is active for our cause there:

In June, 1862, Adam R. Johnson and I entered our
native state, Kentucky, authorized to recruit a com-
mand and operate within the enemy’s lines, by which
method they would be forced to employ much larger
forces to protect their lines of communication. Uur
first halt was in Henderson County. There Adju.
Owen, who had just escaped prison, joined us. War
on the border was inaugurated that night by our attack
on the Federal post at- Henderson. They had one
company of about sixty men. There were three of
us. The fight commenced about ten at night, and
lasted till 2 a.m. By August we had done much hard
fighting, notwithstanding our forces were yet in de-
tachments. However, we had captured in the mean
time arms and ammunition sufficient to justify us in
calling our forces together for a more compact organ-
ization. We rendezvoused at Nebo, Hopkins Coun-
ty, and in a few hours an organization of the Tenth
Kentucky Cavalry was completed. Col. Adam R.
Johnson assumed command, I was lieutenant-colonel,
W. G. Owen major. Col. Starling was then in command
of about two hundred men at Hopkinsville, and, as
they were the handiest, our column was headed for
them within two hours after organization. As was a
custom with me, I was soon miles on the road, with
one picked man, to personally look the situation over
before the attack. I spent a couple of hours in the
city. We left our horses a convenient distance out-
side, pickets having been flanked. After a midnight
lunch with a friend I set out to join Johnson. At sun-
rise we had met the enemy, and “they were ours.”

This plum was so easy that we at once sought other
and larger ones. Clarksville, Tenn., was near by,
where there were very large accumulations of army
supplies, estimated in value at a half-million dollars.
The railroad could not move the stuff as fast as it came
up the river. A few minutes’ private conversation put
us in possession of such facts as we desired as to the
strength of the enemy occupying Clarksville and the
general situation. Johnson was a man of but few
words, hence our column was soon in motion by a side
road to Clarksville. With my man I was again after
facts in detail, which I could only obtain by riding into
the city next day in broad daylight. We attracted at-
tention of a few citizens, but not the soldiers. After
riding within a few feet of the piece of artillery, I made
for the Russellville pike to meet Col. Johnson, which
I did some three miles out. He was at the head of
his column, coming at half-speed. I turned to his side
and reported, as we rode at an increased gait, that Col.
Mason, in command of the post, had one piece of ar-
tillery and his Seventy-First Ohio Regiment of In-
fantry. By this time we had come near Mason’s forti-
fied position, which was very formidable. It was in
a large brick college buildine, with windows and doors
blocked with baled hay. The building occupied an
eminence and was enclosed by a cedar-pale fence
twelve feet high. Port-holes were cut and rifle-pits

thrown up on the inside, the artillery covering the
main entrance.

As the street diverged, Johnson ordered me to hold
the post in check where they were, and ‘if they came
out to charge them in column. In the twinkling of an
eye he had cut off two companies and was dashing into
the city to take charge of and destroy all the great
barge-loads and any levee-crowded stores which were
en route to the front. Without checking the column, I
did not stop till uncomfortably close to the enemy;
and, without exposing the rear end of my line, I cut
off one company under Maj. Owen, sending him to
my right flank, there to make best show of strength
he could. In the mean time not a shot had been fired
except a few scattering ones by Johnson’s men in the
city to clinch our bluff. I sent in a flag, demanding
a surrender. Col.. Mason sent for me, and I rode in-
side his position, where he stood. Formal salutes
were passed between us. He seemed to cavil and to
show fight. At this junction an immense Rebel yell
came from the north side, which up to that time had
been quiet. Mason asked what command that was,
and I told him it was Col. Woodward coming in by
the Hopkinsville pike. He turned to one of his staff
and ordered him to place his men in line and stack
arms, at the same time handing me his sword, whicli
I returned to him. We were not long in taking
charge of the arms and reversing the muzzle of the
artillery, the first we had captured. Johnson, upon re-
ceiving my message saying not to burn anything, that
the post had surrendered, was so astonished that he
came himself to verify it. (See “Military History of
Ohio,” page 158.)

With the view of organizing a brigade, Col. John-
son instructed Col. Woodward to complete his regi-
ment, and he left me in command, while he returned
to Hopkins County to assist Col. Fowler in organizing
his regiment, which, like Woodward’s, was well under
way. Shortly afterward they were both killed while
leading their men on the field.

I must not forget to mention a most delightful com-
pliment paid us by the ladies of Clarksville just as Col.
Johnson was taking leave of us. He sat on his hand-
some roan mare telling us good-by, when a great
throng of citizens approached, and a lady unfurled the
handsomest silk flag I ever saw. She gave in brief its
history. It was made for a Tennessee regiment which
was captured at Fort Donelson, and was, by corr ,v non
consent, promised to whoever rescued Clarksville from
Federal rule. Col. Johnson’s reply was equal to the
occasion, and he rode off feeling quite happy.

We remained in Clarksville a few days in full en-
joyment of all the good things that could come to a
soldier’s life. Having considerable accessions to our
forces, we perfected our organization. W. B. All-
bright, of Clarksville, was of the accessions. Though
young in years, he was old in service, having partici-
pated in the battles of Forts Henry and Donelson as
an artilleryman, serving in the water battery against
the gunboats.

Having information concerning the strength of the
post at Fort Donelson, I concluded to try my luck on
her again, having been whipped there six months be-
fore. I sent for Allbright. and ordered him to take
charge of the gun and to organize a squad of the best
men that he could find in the command for that serv-

Confederate l/eterar?.


ice. After a hard, all-night march we drew up within
a few miles of Fort Donelson. I had sent a strong
scouting party ahead, who captured the pickets, and
reported no indications that our presence was known.
Then it was I made a fatal mistake by sending for Col.
Woodward, who had had more experience than I.
When he rode up I told him I would waive rank, and
asked him to take command and make the light. We
were badly whipped, losing some valuable men. Col.
Woodward, leading the charge, had his horse killed
under him within a few feet of the fort. He had re-
versed my whole plan of attack. Our piece of artil-
lery, however, did its full share by rapid firing of blank-
cartridges (all we had) from a fine position.

After the defeat at Fort Donelson we took the river
road back to Clarksville. We went into camp about
midnight some ten miles from Fort Donelson, at the
old Cumberland ironworks. At daybreak next morn-
ing our pickets were driven in by the Fifth Iowa
Cavalry Regiment, stationed at Fort Henry. The val-
ley at that point was quite narrow, and at a glance I
saw we had a fine position. The ironworks, having
been burned, left a stone foundation just the height for
breastworks. They were quickly occupied, and our
horses were secured in the background. I dropped a
couple of companies along under the river-bank. I had
ordered Allbright to occupy a position well down the
road in the direction of the approaching enemy. They
appeared most formidable as they came at half-speed
in platoons of eight up the level, smooth cinder road,
their horses’ feet roaring like distant thunder. They
had to turn at a sharp right angle when within a few
hundred yards of us, then to cross a bridge in full
view and range of our six-pound piece of artillery,
which was rammed to the muzzle with Minie balls.
Having stopped a moment at the cannon to give final
instruction to Allbright, I passed on to the bridge to
invite them on; but there was no special need of that,
for here they came. The gun was in the middle of
the road with a sweep of five hundred or six hundred
feet to the bridge. I fell back to the cannon. Know-
ing that but one shot could be made, I told Capt. All-
bright to send his men and caisson to one side, as they
would be crushed by the horses if exposed, and to save
his fire until he could see the whites of their eyes, to
which he replied that he would do his duty. Falling
back to Capt. Fisher’s company, supporting the artil-
lery, I turned to see if the duty was well done. The
column was very close when the gun was fired. Lieut.
Summers, with drawn sword, was leading, and about
half the column had crossed the bridge. The rear of
their column, seeing the fate of their head, checked,
and in a panic stampeded badly. They were admira-
bly mounted and equipped, and it seemed a pity to
down such fine fellows. What followed is best told by
Capt. Allbright. who said:

‘As they approached, goinc north before crossing
the bridge, the scene was magnificent. It is vivid with
me still. When they crossed the bridge, entering the
fine stretch of road looking directly into the mouth of
my gun, they did not falter, but spurred their horses
to greater speed. They came as an avalanche to sweep
everything before it. The few hundred feet were soon
covered. At a glance I saw that I would get but one
shot, and ordered my squad to flee for safety. Having
no friction matches. I had to use the torch from a small

fire near by kindled for that purpose. There I stood
waving my firebrand to keep it alive, and at the same
time keeping an eye on my gun and the enemy. It
seemed an age for them to cover that short distance
leading up from the bridge. I was eager to have it
over. I confess that I felt something more than eager-
ness when they came abreast in columns of eights, their
sabers flashing in the light of the sun, which was then
just rising. I could not but f ee ‘ a hesitancy in firing on
such men. In these few seconds the head of the col-
umn had almost reached me. I gave my firebrand a
whirl in the air to make sure of its being a ‘go,’ and
lowered it to the powder. They were so close that the
smoke and dust enveloped the entire front of their col-
umn; in fact, the whole moving mass was enveloped in
a hcavv charcoal dust thai tilled the air until it became

CAPT. \V. B. ALI.HH It. II I .

as ‘dark as Egypt.’ I had no time for anything. A
jam and crash of men and horses were all around me;
the road seemed to be piled full of them. Kind provi-
dence and a big beech-tree were my salvation this time
sure. Men and horses were all about me, so close 1
could feel them move about. The charging column
was only checked, and imagine my surprise, when the
smoke cleared away, not to find the road filled with
the dead. Upon looking about for my cannon it was
many feet away, having been thrown from its trun-
nions. The carriage was lying upside down. All
this was done by the momentum of their heavy horses
and their speed when the gun was fired. At the close
of the fight Col. Martin congratulated me on the part
I had so well executed. It was all clone with a little
‘ Fourth-of-July’ gun, but promoted me to the rank
of captain.”


Qopfederate .

John L. Collins, Coffeeville, Miss.:
I relate a sad incident of the war which came under
my immediate observation, and it was one of the most
grievous that I witnessed during all the bitter trials
of that four years’ crusade.

In a skirmish right with the Federals at Decatur,
Ala., as Hood’s army was advancing into Tennessee
after the fall of Atlanta, Adj. Sykes, of the Forty-
Third Mississippi Regiment, Adams’ Brigade of Mis-
sissippians, was mortally wounded, and, strange to
say, was carried to the old homestead of his youth for
medical treatment’. The old plantation near the bat-
tle-ground had long years before the war been the
property of his father. At the place of his birth Adj.
Sykes received the last acts of kindness that human
hands could bestow, and died in the same room in
which he was born. Lieut.-Col. Columbus Sykes, of
the same regiment, was the Adjutant’s bi other, and
was permitted to carry the remains to Aberdeen, Miss.,
for interment, while the Confederates moved on to-
ward Tuscumbia, where they turned noithward for
Tennessee. The result of that expedition to the Con-
federates need not be told. No other in the war
equaled it in hardship and privation.

After the death of our lamented commander, Gen.
Adams, at Franklin, ex-Gov. Lowry (now living at
Jackson, Miss.) by seniority became commander of the
brigade. Late one afternoon, somewhere in the hills
of Itawamba County, Miss, (the writer thinks), a day’s
march from Tupelo, while slowly moving in retreat
after a hard day’s march, the head of our brigade (Col.
Lowry and staff) was met by Lieut. Sykes, returning
from the sad mission to bury his brother. Col. Lowry
invited him to go into camp with himself and staff.

Col. Lowry established brigade headquarters, and
Col. Sykes took occasion to select for himself and mess
a place close by; and when his regiment came up Capt.
Perry and his brother-in-law, a Mr. Owen, and their
servant joined Col. Sykes. Fires were soon started,
and a Confederate soldier’s repast promptly des-
patched, not long after which a deathlike silence
reigned supreme in our camp.

It will be remembered that the winter of 1864-65
was very severe, from which the ground had grown
very rotten, just such a season as old dead trees take
occasion to fall. The writer and his mess had stretched
their blankets on a dry knoll near the trunk of an old
dead white oak tree about four feet in diameter, Col.
Sykes locating about thirty feet distant and immedi-
ately between Col. Lowry ‘s mess and ours. It was a
dark, drizzly night, which apparently added to the
stillness of the hour. Under these conditions down
came this old oak. It fell squarely across the bodies
of Col. Sykes, Capt. Perry, and Sergt. Owen. The
two latter evidently never knew what struck them
Their servant lay at the feet of the three, and escaped
injury. Col. Sykes was not killed outright, and his
moanings soon aroused the whole camp. By Hercu-
lean strength of the many that monster oak was raised
so as to release the bodies of the three. Capt. Perry
and Sergt. Owen were laid out in the silent embrace
of death. Col. Sykes was entirely conscious of all the
surroundings.’ I shall never forget the piteous lamen-
tations of this noble-hearted man and brave soldier.
He said that he would not mind it if he had fallen like

his brother. We did everything we could to relieve
our unfortunate comrade of the intense agony he was
undergoing. He gave prompt testimony of gratitude
to his last breath; there was a tender look and kind
“Thank you.” Never shall I forget the scene. Sev-
eral hundred of as brave soldiers as Mississippi ever
gave to the “lost cause” stood around with bowed
heads and weeping hearts at the sad fate of Col. Sykes.
I was kneeling and holding a pillow in the palms of
my hands when my attention was drawn to the nota-
ble expression of contented calmness on the Colonel’s
face which just prior to death supplanted that which
writhing agony had produced. From it came the
farewell token of lips ready now to be closed forever
by death: “Tell my dear wife and children I loved
them to the last.” He pronounced these words in a
clear, distinct tone of voice, after which not a muscle

At early daylight we placed the bodies of our ill-
fated comrades in an ambulance, and Dr. W. G. Sykes
(then a member of Gen. Featherston’s staff), with an
escort, proceeded to Aberdeen, where they were buried
in the family grave-yard. Our command, under its
bitter trial, solemnly moved in retreat toward Tupelo.


In connection with the above, mention is made that
doubtless more members of the Sykes family served on
duty as staff officers. At request of the Veteran, Col.
E. T. Sykes, adjutant-general and chief of staff to Gen.
Stephen D. Lee, U. C. V., has given a sketch of all
these for use in a subsequent number.

Confederate l/eterai?.


J. B. Polley writes from Floresville, Tex. :

Originally it was not my intention to publish all the
letters written by me during the war to Charming
Nellie, but the reception by your readers of the hist
two or three encouraged me to publish all of them m
the order of their dates, and thus make a continuous
narrative. Unfortunately, however, the two first writ-
ten were inaccessible, and 1 was forced to begin with
that written after the retreat from Vorktown. These
are now forwarded — that is, such excerpts lrom them
as are impersonal and likely to revive pleasant memo-
ries in the minds of my Confederate comrades.

To me the scenes and incidents recalled are sad-
dened by the thought that of the members oi my mess
at Dumfries, \ a., 1 am now the only survivor. The
Veteran died at my house last June. No braver, truer
Confederate soldier ever bore a gun, no better man and
citizen ever died. Confederates lowered his coffin into
the grave and heaped the dirt over it. Haywood Bra-
han — a soldier and a gentleman sans pair et sans rc-
prochc, my friend at college, in camp, and in the years
that whitened both our heads — died last fall, and I
stood sorrowing over the grave in which his body was
laid. Floyd’s head was cut off by a cannon-ball at
pettysburg; Sneed, wounded at second Manassas,
died in Mississippi twenty years ago; and Dansby’s
body lies hid in an unknown and unmarked grave.
Peace to their ashes! res’ to their souls!

Winter Quarters of Fourth Texas, Near Dumfries,
Va., January 3, 1S62.

Charming Nellie: Your cordial and flattering ac-
knowledgment of our introduction at long range is
both gratifying and encouraging. It is not only evi-
dence of the deep interest the ladies of the South take
in our glorious cause, but it also proves that the hum-
blest Confederate soldier is not friendless, and thus
furnishes him with additional incentives to meet the
inevitable trials and dangers of war with uncomplain-
ing fortitude and courage. ‘While not vain enough to
appropriate the compliment of your letters entirely to
myself, I shall try to deserve them as well because the
correspondence will be a great pleasure to me, and for
file reason that by showing myself worthy I may, I
trust, count on having a friend “at court.” In that
capacity you may prove yourself of immense service
and earn my warmest gratitude. While it may be true
that “absence makes the heart grow fonder.” I fear
the statement applies only to the absent organ, not to
the deserted. …….

All things considered, our winter quarters are quite
comfortable. They may lack symmetrical proportions,
furniture, and now and then doors and roofs, but we
have expended so much muscular energy upon them
and have taxed our combined architectural abilities so
enormously that we are not only proud of them, but
glad to be relieved from further strain of mind. The
responsibility for the cabin which shelters my mess
was impartially and judiciously distributed among its
members. To the Veteran. Mr. William Morris,
whose service in the Mexican war entitles him to that
distinction, was entrusted the planning and general
supervision; to Flovd, Sneed, and Dansby, the cutting
and hauling of the timbers and the riving of the clap-

boards for the roof; and to Brahan and your humble
servant, the digging of a level foundation on the side
of the hill. Then, when the frame was built, the pick-
ets set in place, and the roof finished, there was a re-
apportionment. The Veteran volunteered to build the
stick chimney, and I to make and carry the mud (mor-
tar); Sneed and Floyd took charge of the interior fur-
nishing and decorating, and Brahan and Dansby
daubed up all the cracks. The product of our joint
labors is a most elegant structure; but, unfortunately
for the Veteran and Dansby, the former made such a
miscalculation of the space required for six men that,
to punish him for his carelessness, he and Dansby
have, by unanimous vote of the four for whom there
is room, been condemned to sleep in a tent. It is hard
on Dansby, I” admit, but he has no business to have a
bedfellow so poor at figures. ….

The weather has been terribly cold and rainy for the
last three weeks. I have suffered from it perhaps
more than anybody else in the compam ; for, to please
Brahan’s fastidious taste as to soldierly appearance
and to keep even with him, I weakly yielded before we
left Richmond to his suggestion that we should buy
caps, and then foolishly gave the splendid hat I
brought from Texas to a darky. The top of the cap
tilts to the front at an angle of forty-five degrees, and
thus carries water over a visor just big enough to
catch hold of with the thumb and forefinger down on
the point of my nose, and the back of it follows the
slope of the occiput, and conveys even drop of rain
or flake of snow that falls down my spinal column.
Brahan, orderly sergeant; I, a humble private. He
stays in camp; while I stand guard, do fatigue dutv,
and otherwise expose myself. And thus, you see, al-
though I have kept even with him so far as presenting
a soldierly appearance goes, he does not near keep
even with me in the way of discomfort.

Barring guard and fatigue duty and the deprivation
of female society, our time passes very pleasantly vis-
iting friends in other companies and regiments
playing checkers, chess, and cards. Whist and euchre
are the games most indulged in, but poker has many
devotees, and is the favorite with a couple of m< sses 1 f
our company which occupy cabins on opposite sides
of the company street and at the lower end of it
gives a peculiar but well-recognized notice of its read-
iness for a game. When the supper dishes are washed

and put away Dick S steps outside, and cries in

his deep bass voice, “Char-c-o-a-1! char-c-o-a-1! char-
c-o-a-1!” in exact imitation of the venders of that com-
modity in the large cities. Following him. or perhaps

preceding him. the musical tenor of Walter B is

heard singing the first stanza of an old song known
as “Old Mother Flannagan,” and ten minutes after
either call the dining-table of the mess from which it
proceeds is surrounded by as many players as can
find room to sit and the cash to venture. No great
amount of money is ever won or lost, for our amateur
gamblers have not yet acquired the nerve of profes-
sionals, and never go beyond “cent ante.”

The dailies of Richmond reach us every evening,
and from them we learn much that otherwise would
remain concealed from us. The great cry and hope is
for recognition of the Southern Confederacv by
France and England. Everv item, argument, and ex-
pression on that subject is listened to with an avidity


Confederate .

that gives the lie to the loud-mouthed declarations of
our fire-eaters that they are thirsting for Yankee gore,
and would be ashamed to go home without a smell of
the powder of battle. It may convict one of coward-
ice, but nevertheless I frankly confess that I would be
glad to get home without a single taste or memento of
conflict. I am strictly bucolic in temperament, you
see; not in the least warlike. Satisfied that

” The chance of war is equal,
And the slayer oft is slain,”

and, warned by that truth, I have no desire to experi-

” The stern joy which warriors feel,
In foemen worthy of their steel.”

Still, I propose to take my chances with my comrades,
and, if there be fighting, do my duty to my country as
conscientiously as my legs will permit.

It is really amusing to note the eagerness of some
men to hear news. One old fellow of Company F has
a habit of listening open-mouthed to what is being told,
and then placing a hand to his left ear and saying,
“Please tell that over again, will you?” and the boys
find great fun in manufacturing sensational news and
playing upon his curiosity and credulity. The profess-
or of Latin for Company F calls him a quidnunc, but
whether as a term of reproach or compliment is be-
yond my ken. …….

You were kind to wish we had a “merry, merry
Christmas.” Every mess had its egg-nog or a first-
class substitute for it the first thing in the morning
and something better than common for dinner, while
after supper, the Veteran says, the whole company be-
came “tangle-footed.” But he must be mistaken; the
fellow that is drunkest always claims to be the soberest
man in the party. Anyhow, he and I were at Capt.
Cunningham’s quarters until midnight, and when we
left them I found no difficulty in reaching my own.
The Veteran attributes the circumstance wholly to the
fact that I went down-hill, but I scorn the base impu-
tation. The next day headaches were both epidemic
and contagious, and I admit that I caught one. .

You must pardon the dulness and egotism of this
letter. Only the most trivial incidents occur in these
days of waiting and watching. Had you acquaint-
ances in the regiment, I might- entertain you by re-
lating some of their ups and downs. Deprived of that
foundation for gossip, one has to be more egotistic than
is in good taste. Sentiment would be dangerous, I
fear, in this stage of our acquaintance, even were it
not interdicted by loyalty to “our mutual friend.” If
the war continues, though — which I hope and pray it
may not — I will likely find many incidents to relate that
will be entertaining to as ardent a Rebel as yourself.

In accordance with the wish of a South Carolina
subscriber, request is made that some one contribute
something about de Gardean’s Battery, of New Or-
leans. Some member of it may be able to furnish an
interesting article as to its service.

Dr. George Hammond, formerly assistant surgeon
of the Eighth Georgia Infantry Regiment, is of the
Confederate dead. Although serving with Georgia
troops, he was a Marylander, and one of those who
early in the struggle gave their service to the South.



(Fourth and Last Part.)

Since I began to write this story I have been asked
why the six hundred were put under fire on Morris
Island off Charleston and why we were starved in such
a cruel manner. In this last part I will, perhaps, be
able to give some of the reasons assigned for this cruel
treatment. I will also in this part of my story sub-
stantiate many things that I have heretofore stated by
the testimony of others.

On the 13th of June, 1864, Maj.-Gen. Sam Jones —
commanding the Department of South Carolina, Geor-
gia, and Florida, with headquarters at Charleston —
addressed a letter to Maj.-Gen. J. G. Foster, command-
ing United States forces on the coast of South Caro-
lina, of which the following is a copy:

“General: Five generals and forty-five field officers
of the United States army, all of them prisoners of
war, have been sent to this city for safe-keeping. They
have been turned over to Brig-Gen. Ripley, command-
ing the First Military District of this department, who
will see that they are provided with commodious quar-
ters in a part of the city occupied by non-combatants,
the majority of whom are women and children. It is
proper that I should inform you that it is a part of the
city which has been for many months exposed day and
night to the fire of your guns.”

Gen. Foster wrote to Gen. Halleck, on receipt of this
letter, enclosing a copy of it, which resulted in an or-
der sending six hundred Confederate officers, who
were prisoners of war at Fort Delaware, to be placed
under fire on Morris Island. I think it was on the
20th of August, 1864, that the six hundred Confederate
officers were selected and placed aboard the ship
“Crescent” at Fort Delaware, and it was sent under
the warship “Eutah” as a convoy. About four o’clock
on the morning of the third day out we were ordered
on deck to assist in getting the ship afloat. She was
aground near Cape Romain, off the South Carolina

I have heretofore given a detailed statement of what
took place up to the time we were landed on Morris
Island, and I have also stated rather fully of how we
were treated upon Morris’ Island. Our daily meals
there were as follows: In the morning we were given
two moldy crackers and two ounces of boiled pickled
meat. About four o’clock in the afternoon we were
given two moldy crackers and a gill of bean soup.
This was our daily ration. Col. W. W. Goldsboro,
who wrote an article on this subject several years ago,
makes this statement: “. . . When he brought
around the first of our two daily meals, which consist-
ed of two moldy crackers, two ounces of salt meat,
and a gill_ of bean soup.” This statement of Col.
Goldsboro perhaps needs some explanation. I think
my account is correct. The gill of bean soup and two
moldy crackers were given at four o’clock in the after-
noon. Two moldy crackers and two ounces of pickle
meat were given in the morning about seven or eight

I have previously made a full statement of how we
were fed at Fort Pulaski, but my statement, as I now
remember, is not strictly correct. For more than
fortv davs at Fort Pulaski we received as a daily meal



one pint, or about ten ounces, of corn-meal and one
pickle. The corn-meal was near three years old. We
could not eat the pickle at all. Hence the rotten corn-
meal was the whole ration. In my previous statement,
in addition to this, I put in one-fourth pound of bread.
This is not correct. I got the one-fourth pound of
bread mixed up with the mode of feeding at a previous

Col. Fulkerson, of the Sixty-Third Regiment, gives
a very correct account of this matter in his written
statement, which I here quote:

“Fort Pulaski formed a portion of Gen. Gilmore*s
department, but was under the immediate command
of Col. Brown, of New York, and was garrisoned by
his regiment of infantry, which had seen service in the
field. Col. Brown was not only an accomplished and
humane officer, but was a kind and courteous gentle-
man. Soon after our arrival he visited the fort and
made a personal inspection of our quarters, and told
us that he intended to make that prison the best one
in the United States; that some of his regiment had
been prisoners in the South, and were treated with
kindness, and that others, including himself, might be
captured, and in that event he would hope to receive
the consideration at the hands of the Confederates that
he intended to show us. He ordered full army rations
to be issued, made requisition on the department quar-
termaster for blankets for the prisoners, and not only
permitted but urged the prisoners to write to their
friends in the North for money and clothing, the latter
especially. Col. Brown’s kindness was highly appre-
ciated, and the prisoners became cheerful and content-
ed, or as well contented as prisoners of war could well
be. But to our great disappointment and to the regret
of Col. Brown himself, we were allowed to enjoy his
hospitality and kindness but a short time. Some es-
caped prisoners from the Confederate prison at An-
dersonville came through the lines into Gen. Gilmore’s
department and reported to him that for more than a
month before they escaped the prisoners at Anderson-
ville had nothing issued to them but corn-meal and
sorghum, which had caused much suffering and sick-
ness among the prisoners. The unfortunate six hun-
dred having been selected and sent to Gen. Gilmore
for retaliatory purposes, an order was issued to place
them upon like rations, and the privilege of receiving
money, clothing, or provisions from Northern sympa-
thizers was withdrawn. After this sweeping order was
put in force we understood that the blankets ordered
by Col. Brown and quantities of clothing and other
articles for the prisoners were received at the fort, but
were never delivered; and we were compelled to pass
the winter in the damp and cold brick-floored and
brick-lined casemates, with no bedclothing except til, 1
private blankets before mentioned, and without cloth-
ing- except the scanty supplv brought with us. Col.
Brown explained the situation to us. and expressed
regret that the order was peremptory, and that he was
powerless and without authority to modify it. The
allowance of corn-meal was ten ounces to the man per
day; and. as sorghum could not be obtained within the
Federal lines, it was suggested in some quarters that
armv pickle be substituted. This suggestion was
adopted, so that our rations consisted of ten ounces of
corn-meal, with acid, blood-thinning pickle. The ef-
fect of the pickle was to thin the blood, so its use was
quickly abandoned by the prisoners. Still it was is-

sued to us day by day in kegs, which were not opened.
The corn-meal was furnished us in barrels, delivered in
the casemates. The barrel-heads showed, the place
and date of manufacture of the meal, and were marked

thus, “Corn-meal, kiln-dried, 1861, from Mills,’

etc. Thus the meal upon which we were forced to sub-
sist was four years old, kiln-dried, and full of worms.
To understand the insufficiency of ten ounces of wormy
meal to sustain life and health it is only necessary to
state that the regular army ration issued to soldiers
consists of one and a quarter pounds of meal or one
pound of flour, three-fourths of a pound of bacon or
one and a quarter pounds of fresh beef, with coffee and
vegetables. As might have been expected, and doubt-
less was intended, great suffering among the prisoners
ensued. One of the effects of insufficient and un-
healthy food was scurvy, with which large numbers
became diseased and many died; and I am satisfied
that quite a number died from actual starvation. The
prisoners cooked their own bread, and for this purpose
tin pans of the size of an ordinary pie-pan were fur-
nished and a cooking-stove to every alternate case-
mate. Each casemate furnished a detail of cooks. I
remember, on one occasion, an inspecting physician
from some other post in the department was brought
into the prison by some of the officers of the fort, and.
observing the pans of bread upon the stove, remarked
to the officers accompanying him. ‘Why, is it possible
that you feed your prisoners on pies? ‘ evidently mis-
taking our wormy corn-cakes for pies. One day a
prisoner picked from his ration a dozen or more of the
larger-sized worms, and was in the act of throwing
them through a port-hole into the moat when he was
stopped by a passing friend, who remarked: ‘My
friend, if you take the worms out of your meal you
will starve, as the meal without the worms has no nu-
triment in it.’ He immediately raked the worms back
into the meal. The fort was garrisoned from the be-
ginning of the war by different detachments of troops.
The prisoners’ quarters were separated from the case-
mates occupied by the soldiers of the garrison by a kind’
of gate made of heavy iron bars. The soldiers of the
garrison had a great number of cats; indeed, every
soldier seemed to have his pet. The cats had free ac-
cess to our quarters through the iron grating, and.
being gentle and friendly disposed, they were given a
warm reception by the prisoners. Not a great while
after we were put on retaliation rations some enter-
prising or half-starved prisoners conceived the happy
idea of testing cat flesh as an article of food. The ex-
periment proved a success, and thereafter the cats rap-
idlv disappeared. The cats were generally captured.
killed, and dressed during the night. The soldiers
were at a loss to know what had become of their pets,
but they soon discovered the skins floating in the moat,
and this led to the discovery that the prisoners were
killing them for food.”

We are sure there is not a darker page in the his-
tory of the war than the treatment of the six hundred
prisoners at Morris Tsland and at Fort Pulaski. It is
the darkest blot upon the civilization of the American
people. It will be the duty of the future historian to
ascertain all of the facts and to place the responsibility
where it properly belongs. Who was responsible for
the murder of so many of the unfortunate six hundred?

The question of prison life has not been thoroughly
investigated nor understood by the people of the Uni-


Qonfederate .

ted States. I fully believe that a full investigation of
this matter would show that the Confederate Govern-
ment did alj that could possibly be done for the well-
being of Federal soldiers in the hands of Confederates;
but I believe that the truth, when fully known, will
reveal the fact that the Federal Government was crim-
inally negligent in her treatment of Confederate sol-
diers, and in many respects were guilty of wilful, in-
tentional cruelty. Out of 270,000 Federal prison-
ers in Confederate hands, 22,000 died; while out of the
220,000 Confederate prisoners in Federal hands, over
26,000 died. The ratio is this: More than twelve per
cent of the Confederates in Federal hands died, and less
than nine per cent of the Federals in Confederate hands
died. These figures tell the whole story, or, at least,
a sufficiency of the story to prove the assertions which
I have heretofore made. It is evident that Federal
soldiers in Confederate hands were better treated than
Confederate prisoners in Federal hands; and this, too,
in the face of the fact that the Confederates had neither
clothing, provisions, nor medicines in sufficient quanti-
ties to supply even her armies in the field. Who was
responsible for the bad treatment of prisoners and for
the loss of over forty-eight thousand Americans in

On July 24, 1863, Alexander H. Stephens, armed
with full power to treat upon this subject, and with
power to make any kind of an arrangement with refer-
ence to the exchange of prisoners for the better treat-
ment of prisoners, requested to be permitted to go to
Washington City on this subject. His request was
refused. ♦ Gideon Well, Secretary of the Navy, wrote
that the request of Mr. Stephens was inadmissable.

On July 24, 1864, Robert Ould, Confederate agent
of exchange, requested that all prisoners on each side
should be attended by a proper number of their own
surgeons, and that these surgeons should receive and
distribute all contributions that might be sent to the
prisoners and make all necessary reports, not only of
their own acts, but of any matters relating to the wel-
fare of prisoners. This request was not noticed..

The Federal Government broke the cartel for the
exchange of prisoners, refused to receive and hear
Alexander H. Stephens, and refused to reply to the
note of Robert Ould.

In August, 1864, the Confederate Government made
two more propositions. This time the Federal pris-
oners also made earnest appeal to their government.
The last proposition made by the Confederate Gov-
ernment was made some time in August, 1864, which
was to the effect that the Federal Government might
send and get all of her sick and wounded prisoners
without paying anything for them in exchange. This
the Federal Government paid no attention to until
about the 12th or 13th of December, 1864, when she
sent ships to Charleston and Savannah, and did re-
ceive some of her sick and wounded, and some few
sick and wounded Confederates were about this time
exchanged. Now bear in mind that the most cruel
and inhuman treatment at Pulaski was in January and
February, 1865.

How will the historian ever be able to justify or ex-
cuse the treatment received by the six hundred? I
speak of this in sorrow, and not in anger, for we are
all American citizens, and are all proud of our civiliza-
tion: but will not the future historian be compelled to
record the fact that we were not as civilized as we

pretended to be? Will he not also be compelled to re-
cord the fact that the Southern people were guilty of
no intentional, wanton cruel acts of barbarity?

I do not wish to make invidious comparisons, but I
do believe that when all of the facts are known the
verdict will be that the South conducted the war with
more chivalry, with more humanity, and with more
Christian forbearance and zeal than was displayed by
our Northern brethren — that is, in fine, that we were
a more civilized and Christianized people than were
our Northern brethren.


Robert W. Robertson, New Orleans:

Last summer one of my sons called my attention to
a communication from Charleston in the Veteran for
May, 1897, in which information was sought concern-
ing the fate of four twelve-pound brass Napoleons
captured in the battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864.

I was away from home a good deal then, and so the
matter was lost sight of until recently, when I was re-
minded of it again by reading over some back num-
bers of the Veteran. I am convinced that the writer
of the inquiry, Gen. C. I. Walker, Commander of the
South Carolina Dnision, U. C. V., has fallen into an
error as to the name of the battery to which the guns
in question were assigned, spelling it “Garrity’s,” in-
stead of “Girardey’s” Battery. Under this supposi-
tion I can throw some light upon the history of these
guns, and possibly some of the other survivors of Gi-
rardey’s Battery may be able to carry the account far-
ther. While the fighting around Atlanta was actively
going on I left my home in Augusta, Ga., with a com-
pany of reserves composed of old men and boys under
eighteen years of age, being myself just past my six-
teenth birthday. We were sent to the forts and bat-
teries below Savannah to relieve the regular and vol-
unteer troops there, and did garrison duty up to and
during the siege of Savannah by the Federals in the
batteries at Wilmington Island, Turner’s Point, and

In the fall of 1864 I was sent home to Augusta on
sick furlough of thirty days’ duration, and at the ex-
piration of my leave, being cut off from my com-
mand, was attached to a battery of light artillery then
being organized in Augusta for the purpose of util-
izing such men as could not reach their proper com-
mands and certain captured guns taken in the fighting
around Atlanta. Failing in the attempt to procure
men and guns enough for a battalion, as was first in-
tended, four brass twelve-pound Napoleons and two
Blake steel rifled guns were thrown into a single bat-
tery, manned with one hundred and twenty-five men,
and commanded by Capt. Camile Girardey, of New Or-
leans, who was at his brother’s home in Augusta on
sick furlough. During the organization of this bat-
tery the men were placed with regard to their former
service, the commissioned and non-commissioned offi-
cers all being selected from the artillery and the drivers
from the cavalry branches of the service.

Under the name of Girardev’s Battery this command
was immediately ordered to Pocataligo, S. C. by way
of Charleston, “arriving at its destination while a hot
fight was in progress around Fort Coosawhatchie, the
next station toward Savannah on the Charleston and
Savannah railroad. Being officered by men of expe-

Qopfederate l/eterar?


rience in that line of service, the men had been well
drilled during the organization of the battery, conse-
qtrently there was a rapid unloading and limbering up
of the battery, and one hour after the arrival of the
train at Pocataligo the guns were being pushed
through the swamp corduroy road leading to the
scene of action and going into Fort Coosawhatchie in
a gallop under lire with the loss of several horses.

At this time the attack of the Federal gunboats was
directed against the Confederate line of defense be-
tween Coosawhatchie and Pocataligo, with the hope
of cutting off the retreat from Savannah, and infantry
was landed for the purpose of capturing the Confed-
erate position, which was a very strong one, under the
command of Lien. P. M. B. Young. Girardey’s Bat-
tery, as it was named from its organization, was here
divided up into three sections, each section being
placed under the command of a lieutenant at some
point where the lines needed strengthening. The
writer was attached to the section having the two
rifled guns, and was stationed at a point on the public
road between Coosawhatchie and Dawson’s Bluff,
where we fought gunboats and a battery of thirty-two
pounders erected by the Federals near the gunboats,
which were on the Coosawhatchie River, about a mile
below the railroad bridge. We were there on Christ-
mas day and later, the fact being fully impressed on
in\ boyish mind by the fact that our only Christmas
dinner was hickory-nuts, gathered in haste between the
gun-fires from under trees which had been well shaken
by the bursting shells. Two of the bras- Napoleons
were stationed in the fori at Pocataligo and two were
■eld in the long grove of live-oaks which formed the
ftvenue leading up to the front door of the mansion
of the Heyward plantation.

Girardey’s Battery remained here until after the re-
treating troops from Savannah had passed, many of the
men composing the battery being claimed by their re-
spective commands as they passed by. The writer
was .inning these, and there joined his command.
which then formed a portion of Gen. Johnston’s rear-
guard, and continued with his old company (then
Known as the Fifth Georgia Reserves, Company G)
until just before the surrender at Greensbi ro, N. C.
at which time, under a reorganization, he was allowed
to join Company A of the Fifth Georgia Volunteers,
which contained a number of his friends and relatives.
As the writer has since that time lived twice the length
of the life he had then attained, he may be pardoned
slight inaccuracies, but it is his recollection that Gi-
rardey’s Battery went back to Augusta to disband after
the surrender of Charleston, As lie was at that time,
gowever, in the “foot cavalry” and plowing through
the swamps of the two Carolina.*, his evidence is not
reliable as to the final disposition of these guns.

Tn this battery was a Lieut. McDonald, from Savan-
nah : two cavalrymen from near Savannah, named re-
spectively Blitz and Morgan (drivers in the battery’);
a sergeant named Al Connell. from Mt. Zion. Ga..
who was an old school friend of the writer’s, and after-
ward went West: and three North Carolina men of the
same name as the writer (Robertson’! — father and two
sons. Blitz and Morgan- — being old veteran cavalry-
men, full of fun and frolic, and taking especial pleasure
in guying other cavalrymen, all of whose weak points
were familiar to them, and who did not expect such

searching gags from the drivers of artillery — were an
unending source of amusement to the boys connected
with the batterx’. and so impressed their names and
personalities upon the writer, who would dearly like to
know what became of them.

[Gen. Walker’s inquiry is on page 207 of Veteran
for May, 1897. James Garrity’s Battery was from
Alabama, C. E. Girardey’s Battery was from Louisiana,
while that of Isadore P. Girardey was from Georgia- –
Ed. Veteran.]


Col. W. H. Knauss, of Columbus. Ohio, has had
much of interesting correspondence because of his no-
ble service in earing for Confederan graves at I
Chase. He sends a letter from \Y. 11. Richardson, of
Austin, 1 ex. Extracts are copied from the letter:

Now, to tell an unvarnished tale, the story as it was
written in hunger and suffering, might bring to the
surface bitter memories, and be considered unseeml)
and out of place. Therefore 1 will only deal in a g< 11
eral way. After thirty-three years, my memory is as
fresh as if it was yesterday. Arriving at Camp Chase
early in August, 1864, we found an order curtailing ra-
tions to the lowesl minimum possible to sustain life.
Therefore, a constant want of the necessary healthy
food to sustain life fast filled those graves — with the
weak first, those who contracted disease next, while
the stron- nun. inured to hardship and rations, wore
on. 1 )uring this time the sutler was not allowed to sell
anything, not even pepper. You can imagine the rest.

No wonder, then, any scheme bo escape was read-
ily entered into. Our mess, composed of officers only,
mostly border men. organized for the purpose of es-
caping. There were twenty-four of us in a room
twenty-four feet square, the barrack shanty was
built on posts two and one-half to thret feet off the
ground. In one end was a pine plank, one contract
blanket, .me suit of cothes. Cold and hungry, we dug
and worked for eight long months, only to be disap-
pointed again and again. Silent, scant tunnels, grand
charging combinations, all failed.

1 will q;ive you an account of one of the many ef-
forts which failed, through spies or “weak-kneed”
brothers. Nine of us formed a secret organization,
pledged to one another by all we held sacred, to get
away. The wall of No. 1, on the side next to Co-
lumbus, was moved farther out. making more room,
and a new sink, about 8×16 feet, eighl feet deep, was
dug. We conceived the idea of getting into it as soon
as opened for use and tunneling out. as we had only
about twenty feel to go. 1 volunteered to take up the
planks and let down a detail to dig. Mine was the
post of honor. Immediately in front was a street
lamp: on the wall, a sentinel: a trusty, five feet awav.
I worked long and hard. The planks were double
nailed and the tools were not numerous. The faintest
shadow hid the form of the Confederate soldier from
the aim of the sentinel, only too willing to fire: but the
boldness of the thing was its strong point. Xo one
suspected: not even the “spy” saw the dark line of that
desperate, hungry soldier, working for life and liberty.
The first night the planks were raised, and the work-
progressed rapidly: two or three shifts were pressed


Confederate Ueterap

rapidly, and the work stopped for another night. The
ground was pot frozen solid enough where the new
sewer led off, and when the tunnel struck it it caved in,
and daylight revealed the plot.

Then a howl went up. Under the very feet of the
sentinel, in the light of a street lamp, a bold, daring at-
tempt to escape was planned. The excitement in the
Federal camp was great. It was ration day — rations
were issued every two days. Instead of rations, an or-
der was posted, which read: “Until the men concerned
in the attempt to escape come forward or are brought
forward, no more rations will be issued.”

“Razorbacks,” or weak-kneed Confederates, were
ready to sell us for a mess of pottage. But little we
cared. We, the “picked nine,” were known only to
ourselves, and were not giving a circus. That we
would be betrayed, and probably shot, bothered us but
little. We found that hungry men soon lose human
feeling. Col. Hawkins, preacher and soldier, volun-
teered to go before the commandant, and eloquently
presented the case, saying that “old men, innocent
hundreds were being punished for the attempt of oth-
ers.” So rations were issued, and that job ended.

Colonel, thirty odd years is a long time. You and
I are through fighting, and after these long years are
past we can look back on the scenes of long ago with-
out bitterness. We can appreciate true manhood as
we find it and can commend a noble act or condemn
the reverse. We prisoners of war at Camp Chase were
captured on the battle-field, fighting as best we knew
how the battles of our section. We struck no dishon-
orable blows; we treated prisoners as true soldiers.
Then for a great government — strong in all that made
an army, blessed as Ohio was with the rich fruits of
earth — to pen such men up and starve them till the si-
lent testimonials within that tottering wall — out of all
proportion to the number confined — tell the tale is a
sad record. When the vast throng of spirits mustered
under the white banner of peace on that far-off shore
shall shout praise’s before the throne of peace, great
will be the reward of the man whom God raised up to
honor the resting-place of those who died in those

Colonel, in our Texas home is a hearty welcome; a
Virginia wife and a lot of Texas children will welcome
you. Our rations are yours, and this old cavalryman
of J. E. B. Stuart will swap yarns with you till the bu-
gle calls us home.

Excuse this scrawl; I write as I fought: at will.
May the God of battles and the white-winged Messen-
ger of Peace keep vou always!

p. S. — The chief of our mess was Col. Abner, broth-
er-in-law to Brownlow, of Tennessee. Col. Hawkins,
author of several poems, among others the “Bonnie
White Flag” — now misplaced — was from Tennessee.
The writer, a Marvlander. served under Stuart in Vir-
ginia, and came to Texas in 1866. The January Vet-
ERANhas a correct plot of Camp Chase on the cover.

Mr. Richardson, in a letter to the Veteran, says:
Your December number, with its Camp Chase arti-
cle, reminds this subscriber of the horrors of that in-
stitution from August, 1864, to March, 1865. “Retal-
iation for Andersonville” was the excuse for the refine-
ment of crueltv practised by the authorities of that

prison pen. We had one suit of clothes, one contract
army blanket, were housed in box-board shanties three
feet from the ground, with rations calculated to keep
life with hunger gnawing at all hours. Not a cent was
allowed to be spent for food from the sutler, nor was
any one on the outside allowed to send in an ounce of
any kind of food. Such was Camp Chase for eight

The resting-place of these martyrs (who, like all their
kind, sacrificed their lives that a great principle might
live) lay neglected till a noble and gallant soldier of the
Federal army, rising above the animal that battles for
blood and standing far to the front of his comrades and
their comrades, raises the “bonnie white flag” and
challenges the admiration and support of all true sol-
diers and men under whatever flag

Gallant Col. Knauss! May his home life and com-
radeship be one continued day of happiness till he tod
is mustered under the one great flag beyond the river!
Such men live that manhood may be perpetuated.

To you, comrade, is due the gratitude of every Con-
federate soldier for the work you have done and are
doing. May you get the support you desire!

Col. J. P. Douglas, Commander of Camp A. S.
Johnston No. 48, Tyler, Tex., makes the following im-
portant suggestions:

I desire to call the attention of all Confederate
camps to the importance of collecting material for the
military history of their several jurisdictions without
further delay. This camp is engaged in securing full
muster-rolls of all the military organizations formed in
Smith County, Tex., during the war period. When
these rolls are complete the history of each company
will be sketched and these rolls and records put in
proper shape to be filed in the archives of the Confed-
erate memorial building. This work should be under-
taken at once by every camp in the South. The ar-
chives will become of great value as time passes.

The men who can furnish this data are growing old.
We have allowed thirty years to slip by with but little
work of this kind. A few more years and the oppor-
tunity will be lost. What can be accomplished now
with but little effort would be an impossibility ten
years hence. The Commanders of camps can inau-
gurate this work, and very soon w^e shall have a mass cf
material the most valuable for preservation in our Bat-
tle Abbey or memorial building.

A Baltimore Daughter of the Confederacy writes
that the poem beginning

Come, leave the noisy Longstreet,
Come to the fields with me,

the authorship of which was requested in the Veteran,
was written by the late Innes Randolph, of Virginia,
but for many years prior to his death a resident of Bal-
timore. He also wrote that capital poem beginning,
“Oh, I’m a good old Rebel!” This Baltimore Daugh-
ter wrote the communication regarding the capture of
the “Caleb Cushing” in Portland (Me.) Harbor, which
has attracted much attention. In this Veteran, page
32, tribute is paid to Lieut. C. W. Read, the hero of
that daring exploit.

QoQfederate l/eterai).


Tribute to Maj. Claybrooke by Dr.W. J. McMurray:

Maj. Frederick Claybrooke was a son of Col. John
S. and Mary Perkins Claybrooke; was born September
21, 1837, in Williamson County, Tenn.; was educated
at Hardeman Academy, in that county, under Ebe-
nezer Crocker, and at the military academy at Nash-
ville, and in Virginia. In a county with eighteen hun-
dred voters twenty-two hundred volunteers went into
the Confederate army. On May 27, 1861, Fred Clay-
brooke joined a company known as the Webb Guards,
with William Rucker as captain, and he (Claybrooke-)
was chosen second lieutenant. The company was D,
of the Twentieth Tennessee Regiment, commanded bv
that noble Roman, Col. Joel A. Battle, who was
wounded at the battle of Shiloh April 7, 1862, and
captured. In the reorganization of the regiment, in
May following, the gallant Thomas Benton Smith,
only twenty-two years old, was elected colonel. The
Twentieth Regiment was assigned to Zollicoffer’s Bri-‘
gade, and was the first Confederate infantry to enter
Kentucky through Cumberland Gap. Its first en-
gagement was at Barboursville, Ky., when victory
crowned its banner.

In three engagements Fred Claybrooke was a sub-
ordinate officer in his company, but at the battle of
Fishing Creek, Ky., January 19, 1862, Lieut. Clay-
brooke commanded it, and in that famous regiment no
company was more gallantly led than was Company D
by its handsome young lieutenant. Succeeding that
battle came a long, hard retreat, in dead of winter,
through the mountains of Fastcrn Kentucky and East
Tennessee down the valley of the Cumberland, recall-
ing Napoleon’s retreat from Warsaw. For ten days
the command was without rations, except corn.

Lieut. Claybrooke’s faithfulness to every duty was
ever conspicuous, even among his Confederates com-
rades. In that memorable battle of Shiloh. on Sun
day of April, 1862, the Twentieth Tennessee suffered
heavily. Out of threejiundred and fifty men, it lost in
killed and wounded one hundred and fifty-eight. Its
commander, Col. Battle, was wounded. After that
battle the regiment camped at Corinth, Miss., until
May, when it was reorganized, and Fred Claybrooke
was deservedly elected captain of his company. Soon
after the reorganization Lieut. -Col. Jack Gooch re-
signed on account of a gunshot wound in the shoul-
der, inflicted at Fishing Creek, when Maj. Frank M.
Lavender was promoted to lieutenant-colonel, and
Claybrooke was made major of the regiment.

The writer saw Maj. Claybrooke, while on those
long marches in Mississippi, get off his horse, mount
two broken-down Confederate soldiers thereon, take
the musket of another soldier, and strike out through
the sand half-leg deep.

Maj. Claybrooke was witli his command at the first
siege 1862. and a little later participated
in the battle of Baton Rouge, La., after which we were
ordered to Knoxville, Tenn., thence to Murfreesboro.
While stationed there the Twentieth Regiment was or-
dered to an advanced post on the Nashville pike, near
La Vergne, and remained there until a few days before
that great battle of Murfreesboro, which began De-
cember 31, 1862. The Twentieth Regiment was in
Gen. John C. Breckinridge’s Division, Preston’s

Brigade, and was held in reserve on our extreme right
along the bank of Stone’s River. About 2:30 our
brigade was ordered across the river to charge a bat-
tery supported by a mass of Federal infantry just
across the railroad cut from where the Federal cem-
etery is now located. The brigade formed some six
hundred yards south of the Federals, but in full view
across an open field. The enemy held their artillery
fire until we started forward. There was a picket
fence standing right in the way of the Twentieth Reg-
iment, in which we tore a hole, going through by the
right flank, and formed on the other side under a ter-
rific fire, both of cannon and small arms. We moved
as if driven by a whirlwind, sweeping down by the

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Cowan house, and passed across the turnpike, leaving
the railroad cut to our left. Just here the Twentieth
Regiment became separated from the other four reg-
iments of the brigade — viz., Sixtieth North Carolina,
First, Third, and Fourth Florida — they having ob-
liqued to the left, and were some four hundred yards
from us in a cedar glade. We were halted in a cotton-
field within about two hundred yards of the enemy’s
line, and ordered to lie down. The Yankees turned
loose their artillery and infantry, and we were ordered
to fall back, which we did as far as the Cowan house.
In the mean time the enemy had sent some eight hun-
dred men across the east end of the cotton-field, ta-
king position by the river-bluff behind a fence. About



this time our colonel, Thomas Benton Smith, was
wounded, his brother, John Smith, our gallant color-
bearer, was killed; and here Maj. Claybrooke per-
formed as gallant an act as did Lennes at the bridge
of Lodi — viz., when his colonel had been wounded and
his color-bearer killed he took a color-guard, Isaac
Hyde, up behind him while under that fire and rode
up and down our line, rerallied the line and charged
the eight hundred Federals on the bluff of the river
with less than three hundred and fifty men, killing,
wounding, and capturing more men than he had, and
drove them back under fire of their guns. Maj. Clay-
brooke led the Twentieth Regiment in that bloody
charge of Breckinridge’s Division on Friday evening,
and the extraordinary success of this movement was
due to his sagacity and courage January 2, 1863, when
four thousand six hundred men assaulted the entire
left wing of Rosecrans’ army. In this charge the
color-bearer and five of the six color-guards went
down, and the color-staff was twice shot in two. The
survivor of this color-guard, Frank Battle, wrapped
the colors around him and was seen forty paces in
front of our line when it seemed impossible for a corn-
stalk to stand.

It is a coincidence that the regiment entered the
fight, having recruited, with the same number as at the
battle of Shiloh, three hundred and fifty strong, and
lost one hundred and forty-six as against one hundred
and fifty-eight at the former place. In a large degree
to Maj .Fred Claybrooke is due the credit of these suc-

After the battle of Murfreesboro we fell back to Tul-
lahoma and went into winter quarters, and while there
the wife of Gen. Breckinridge made a stand of colors
out of her wedding dress and requested the General
to present it to the most gallant regiment in his divi-
sion. A day was set and the review took place, and
when it was over the colors were presented to the
Twentieth Tennessee, a compliment that every mem-
ber of that regiment believed we deserved.

Some two months afterward the regiment was sent
to guard Hoover’s Gap, about eight miles from Tulla-
homa, and was located about two miles from the Gap
on the Manchester pike. June 24, 1863, came in as
lovely as we could wish, but afterward rain set in and
continued on through the day and night. About 10
a.m. the long roll began to beat and couriers were seen
dashing in every direction. The enemy had surprised
our cavalry at the Gap and had forced their way
through. The gallant Bate was on the ground — we
were now in his brigade— and he hastily formed the
Twentieth Regiment and Caswell’s battalion of sharp-
shooters, about four hundred men, and double-quicked
to the Gap. When we got within a half-mile of the
Gap we met the enemy’s skirmishers, which we drove
back quickly to their main force. By this time our
line was advancing and it was getting hot. The Fed-
eral artillery was playing on our battery in our rear, so
that our line of battle was between the two fires. Our
skirmish-line was hotly engaged. Under these condi-
tions Maj. Claybrook rode up to his old company, and
was preparing to dismount when a shell from the ene-
my’s line burst near him, and he fell mortally wounded.
On that fatal day he rode up to his old company and
told them he would ever stand by them, and two of
them were killed bv the same shell He was taken to

a farmhouse near by, where he died that night, June
24, 1863 — as noble a spirit, as true a patriot, as brave
a soldier, as warm-hearted a man as was ever clad in a
suit of Confederate gray.

In this engagement we fought about five to one, and
history will some day record that if Gen. Bate, with his
four hundred, had not held in check the great odds,
the two wings of Bragg’s army at Shelbyville and Tul-
lahoma would have been cut in two. The regiment
lost forty-five men out of three hundred, including the
almost mortally wounding of our competent and brave
adjutant, James W. Thomas, who was afterward a
State Treasurer of Tennessee.

How better can a soldier die

Than fighting fearful odds
For the ashes of his fathers

And the temple of his God?

This sketch is written not from hearsay, but of what
I saw.


A Daughter of the Confederacy sends to the Vet-
eran a copy of these beautiful lines, thinking that as
they “so perfectly express the feelings of every South-
erner visiting the new Congressional Library they will
be appreciated in the columns of the Veteran.” The
composer is Rev. W. H. Woods, pastor of Franklin
Square Presbyterian Church, Baltimore, Md.:

He trod the Hall of Captains; o’er him high
Were shining names; the Macedonian bold,
Rome’s mightiest, mightier he of Carthage old,

And later lights new risen in War’s wild sky

Dazzled upon him. Long with wistful eye
The soldier sought a name nowhere enrolled
On those bright walls; but after, in the cold

Capitol wandering, came by chance anigh
A western window — there Potomac lay
Rimmed with Virginian hills, and in the sun

Far off a pillared mansion; then the gray,

Worn warrior straight uncovered, and his one
Unwounded arm was lifted the old way

For his lost Captain — Lee of “Arlington.”

J. J. Roberts, of Coleman, Tex., is very anxious to
learn something of his father’s people. At the begin-
ning of the war his father, James Coleman, was a sur-
veyor in Northeast Arkansas and Southeast Missouri,
and he and his outfit were captured in Arkansas by the
Federals. By some means Mr. Roberts got away and
went into West Tennessee, and there joined Forrest’s
Cavalry, and was killed at Harrisburg. His son was
born in 1864, some time after his father’s death. The
mother dying when the child was quite small, he was
reared by a man named A. S. Lyles, whom he left when
fifteen years old and went to Texas. He has never
been able to learn anything of his father or people. In-
formation will be appreciated.

R. C. Gore, Gurdon, Ark., seeks the war record of
his father, T. B. Gore, who went out with the First
Mississippi Infantry. Mr. Gore writes: “I can not say
definitely what command he was with subsequently,
but in one of his letters to his sister, dated July 10, 1861,
he advises her to direct all letters to Mott’s Regiment,
care of Capt. McConie — as well as can be made out
from the faded writing.” No doubt T. B. Gore will be
remembered by some comrade.

Confederate l/eterai?


Judge C. W. Tyler, Clarksville, Tenn.:

A land that could forget its own sons who once took
up arms and sacrificed their lives in response to its call
is a land whose people must be intrinsically base; and
if the cause was lost for which these sons contended,
the failure to cherish their memories becomes doubly
dishonorable, for then their good name, having no fa-
voring government to uphold it. must rest alone in the
keeping of the men who shared their convictions and
suffered defeat with them. Upon these it devolves as
a sacred duty to defend the “lost cause” against tra-
ducers, to uphold the motives of their fallen comrades,
and to transmit to posterity, as worthy of emulation, the
story of their virtue, their courage, and their sacrifices.

In no county in Tennessee in the early days of 1861
was the war spirit Higher than in the border enmity .if
Montgomery. Married mvn and single, old men and
boys, hastened to enlist after the fall of Sumter, and of-
fered their services to the Governor. The number of
volunteers, more than two thousand, exceeded the en-
tire white population subject to military duty. It is
doubtful if this can be said of any other county in the
state or in the South.

As the county responded nobly to the call of the
South for aid, so she suffered heavily in the contest
that followed. The regiments that were made up in
whole or in part within its limits were tin Fourteenth.
the Forty-Ninth, the Fiftieth, and the Tenth Tennessee
Infantry. The Tenth Tennessee and the Second Ken
tucky Cavalry were also recruited in the county. ( if
the Fourteenth Tennessee. Col. W. A. Forbes, Lieut.
Col. George llarrel. Maj. Morris, and Adjts. Bell and
Thompson were all killed in battle. Of the Tenth In-
fantry, Col. Herman died of hardships endured in a
Northern prison; Lieut.-Col. McGavock, Maj. Grace,
Adjt. Kelsey, and the chaplain, Rev. Father Bliemel,
were all killed in battle, t if the Fiftieth, Col. C. V.
Sugg, Lieut.-Col. Beaumont, Maj. Robertson, \<1
Robertson, and Adjt. Fletcher Beaumont were all
killed in battle. Lieut.-Col. Alfred Robb, of the For-
ty-Ninth, fell early in the war at Fort Donelson, with-
in thirty miles of his home. Col. Woodward, of the
Second Kentucky Cavalry, and Col. Trezevant, of the
Tent It Cavalry, were also killed in battle.

Wit li these regimental officers and their brigade
commander, Gen. Robert Hatton, fell a hosl of subor-
dinate officers and of brave and true men. Mam of
these were husbands, gray-haired fathers, and beardless
boys. The loss among the boys was fearful. The
senior class of Stewart College, Clarksville, in the
spring of 1861, was composed oi thirty-two youths.
(if these, twenty-nine volunteered in the Confederate
army. Sixteen of the number were killed in battle,
seven died in hospital from disease or wounds, and six.
returned home in 1865.

The Fourteenth Tennessee remained in Virginia
during the entire war. Its ranks were dreadfully
thinned. Its battle-flag was riddled with bullets and
captured at Gettysburg after the color-bearer had been
shot down. It is now among the archives at Washing-
ton. The regiment went out eleven hundred strong in
1861 ; it returned a mere skeleton in 1865.

Of the other regiments the figures show appalling

Gen. W. A. Ouarles, of Clarksville. led his brigade
into action on July 2S, 1864, near Atlanta, with nine
hundred and thirteen men. The official report next
day showed four hundred and ninety-six of these killed
and wounded. The Forty- Ninth Tennessee was in
this brigade. Capt. Thomas H. Smith, of Clarksville,
went into the fight seventh in rank in this regiment.
When the fight ended all above him had been killed
or wounded, and he was in command of the regiment.

I – ‘



• ieti. Ouarles had two horses shot under him while
leading his men into action, and was himself afterward
desperately wounded. His young aide-de-camp,
G. Johnson, had his horse shot under him and wa
wounded in the engagement, and here the gallant Col.
W. F. Voting had his right arm torn off by a shot.

At Chickamauga the Fiftieth Tennessee was nearly
annihilated. A letter written b) Col. C. A. Sugg, Oc-
tober to. 1S03. sa\ s: “\\’e were in it three hours. ( hie
hundred and eighty-six men went into the fight; only
fifty-four came out. Col. Beaumont and Maj. Robert-
son were killed. Maj. Combs seriously wounded, Capt.


Confederate l/eterai).

Williams killed, Lieuts. Hays and Whitley killed,
Lieut. White will probably die, Capts. Pease and Sex-
ton were wounded, Lieut. Holmes Wilson seriously
wounded, Lieut. Wheaton wounded, and a host of
men.” At Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1863, the
next general engagement, the writer of the above (the
noble Col. Suggs) was himself borne mortally wound-
ed from the field.

The Tenth Tennessee Infantry in the same battle suf-
fered as severely. It carried into action at Chickamau-
ga three hundred and twenty-eight men ; of these, two
hundred and twentv-four were killed and wounded.


Only two of the regiment were captured, and both of
these were lying wounded on the field.

Company E, of the Tenth Cavalry, from Montgom-
ery County, went into action at Chickamauga with
twenty men. Thirteen of these were killed and wound-
ed, leaving only seven for duty at the end of the day.
The gallant young Col. Trezevant had been killed at
Thompson’s Station, Tenn., a short while before.

Woodward’s Kentucky Cavalry, which comprised a
good many Tennesseeans, went through the entire war,
and lost heavily. Col. Woodward himself was killed.
Lieut. Joe Staton, Charley Lurton, and many other
gallant Montgomery County boys lost their lives in
this command.

Cobb’s Kentucky Battery (afterward Gracey’s) was
originally Company F, of the Third Kentucky In-
fantry. Its first captain was H. B. Lyon, who was
afterward made colonel of the Eighth Kentucky and
then brigadier-general. Capt. Cobb commanded until
after the death of Maj. Graves, at Chickamauga, when
Capt. F. P. Gracey took command of the battery. This
battery was conspicuous at Shiloh, Vicksburg, Baton
Rouge, Jackson, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Mission
Ridge, Resaca, New Hope Church, Kennesaw Moun-
tain, Atlanta, and Jonesboro. The men of this com-
mand managed the Bayou heavy battery at Vicksburg
and the gunboats captured by Forrest on the Tennes-
see River. A detachment from this battery filled the
places of the dead on the gunboat “Arkansas Ram” in

her memorable engagement with the entire Federal
fleet in sight of Vicksburg.

When the war closed, bringing disaster to the cause
for which these brave men contended, the solemn duty
remained to erect a monument to their memory to
transmit to posterity the fact that they braved dangers,
hardships, and suffered and died at their country’s be-
hest; that their cause was our cause, and their heroism,
courage, and sacrifices a rich legacy to our children.

There was one duty, however, which took prece-
dence even over this obligation: it was to provide for
the destitute widows and children of those who had
fallen. Bravely our people undertook this work. The
battered survivors of the conflict were in many in-
stances maimed for life and shattered in health. No
pensions awaited them. They took up the battle of
life when they came home, and, with the aid of the no-
ble women who had learned much in the hard school
of adversity, they waged unceasing war against pov-
erty. The tax-books of the county tell a cruel tale of
the pecuniary losses which the prolonged conflict in-
flicted on our people. In i860 the assessed value of
all property in the county was $10,720,795; in 1866
this had sunk to $3,389,716.

Notwithstanding all this, however, the women of
Clarksville and the surrounding country, as soon as the
smoke of battle had lifted, set themselves to work to
establish a home for the destitute widows and children
of the men who had lost their lives in the war. A so-
ciety was formed, with the late Mrs. G. A. Henry,
President; Mrs. E. B. Haskins, Mrs. A. G. Munford,
Mrs. Galbraith, Mrs. Finley, Mrs. Hornberger, and
Mrs. A. D. Sears as officials.

Bv untiring exertion the sum of $25,000 was raised


by these noble women, and a beautiful home and farm
purchased near Clarksville. Here the little orphans
and widows of dead Confederate soldiers were shel-
tered for years. The institution was supported alto-
gether from voluntary contributions. Dr. D. F.
Wright, surgeon of the Fourteenth Tennessee, gave

Confederate .


his medical services without charge. Many of the
merchants donated supplies of various kinds. Mr.
George Hillman headed the list the first year with a
subscription of $500, to be taken in goods from his
store. Farmers brought their products, and willingly
helped to maintain the families of those who had fallen
in the war. As years passed and the children grew up
homes in private families or positions in business
houses were procured for them, and many of them are
now useful men and women in the community.


When the purpose was accomplished for which this
institution was founded, the promoters of the enter-
prise planned to sell the property and build a Confed-
erate monument at Clarksville. This was the original
purpose. Unfortunately, however, this latter idea was
not expressed in the charter of the association. The
subscribers to the fund had become scattered far and
near; many of them were dead, and it was impossible
to obtain the expression of their wish that their dona-
tions should eventually go to the erection of a Confed-
erate monument. A bill was filed in chancery, asking


that the proceeds be appropriated to the erection of
such a monument; but the courts had no power to
grant this request, and the money was turned into the
treasury of the state.

Forbes Bivouac, an association of Confederate vet-
erans, was organized. Polk G. Johnson was elected
first President of the association, and with characteris-
tic energy and zeal he devoted himself to the task of
Obtaining funds sufficient for the erection of a credita-
ble Confederate monument at Clarksville. Public in-
terest was soon aroused in the enterprise. The ladies.
foremost in every good work, organized a Ladies’
Monumental Association, of which Mrs. L. W. Clark
was chosen President. This association rendered val-
uable aid in bringing the plan to successful execution.
The little children became enthused, and, by the sale
of war-songs, swelled the contributions intended to
perpetuate the memory of the heroic dead. The
young men of Clarksville had raised a sum for the pur-
| pose of forming a hook and ladder company. This, by
j unanimous consent, they turned into the treasury of

the bivouac, preferring to see it applied to the noble
purpose in which the whole community was now deep-
ly interested.

The Monumental Association proper was organized
in 1SS9, and Capt. Frank P. Gracey was elected Presi-
dent. His interest in the work was such that he head-
ed the subscription-list with a contribution of $500 and
a further offer to raise this sum to ten per cent of the

LITTLE EMMIE, li.ui.nri l; or I! in. I IVI.ER.

total amount needed, whatever that might be. The
other members of the committee were: D. N. Kenne-
dy, M. H. Clark, Rev. A. D. Sears, Polk G. Johnson,
C. II. Smith, C. H. Bailey, J. J. Crusman, C. G. Smith,
W. M. Daniel, L. Bloch.’W. S. Poindexter, B. W. Ma-
crae, C. W. Tyler. D. N. Kennedy was chosen Vice-
President and W. S. Poindexter Treasurer of the as-
sociation. Six of the members of this committee
(Rev. A. D. Sears, Polk G. Johnson, Thomas H. Smith.
W. S. Poindexter, C. G. Smith, and Leopold Bloch)
passed from earth before their work was completed,
and one other, Capt. Frank P. Gracey, has died since
the monument was erected.

On November 30, 1891, a special committee was ap-
pointed, known as the Design Committee, with author-
ity to select a plan and conclude a contract for the
monument. The following gentlemen composed this
committee: C. W. Tvler, C. H. Bailey, B. W. Macrae,
\Y. M. Pcttus. J. J. Crusman. M. H. Clark, D. N. Ken-
nedy. Competitive bids were advertised for, and on
April 11, 1892, the committee met to inspect the vari-
ous designs submitted. Twelve different firms com-


Qopfederate l/eterai?

peted for the award, and sixteen designs were submit-
ted. After a thorough examination the committee
awarded the contract at a stipulated price of $7,500.
This, however, did not include the cost of ornamenting
the beautiful spot known as Confederate Circle, where
the monument stands.

The monument is made of granite taken from the
quarry at Barre, Vt. It is forty-eight feet three inches
in height and thirteen by nine feet at the base. The
crowning figure is that is a Confederate infantry sol-
dier. This is a bronze statue eight feet in height. One
of the figures below is that of a cavalryman; the other,
that of an artilleryman. Each of these is of granite,
six feet six inches in height. These three figures were
all modeled from photographs of Confederate soldiers
who had enlisted in Montgomery County. On the
front panel is the inscription: “In honor of the heroes
who fell while fighting for us in the army of the Con-
federate States, 1861-65.” On the reverse panel is the
inscription: “Though adverse fortune denied final vic-
tory to their undaunted courage, history preserves
their fame made glorious forever. Confederate Me-
morial. ” The engraving in this article is from a pho-
tograph of the monument taken on Memorial Day,
with little girls grouped about the base.

On Wednesday, October 25, 1893, the monument
was unveiled, and the people of Montgomery and sur-
rounding counties met to pay a fitting tribute to the
memory of the heroic men who had lived, suffered, and
died for conscience sake nearly a generation before.
Little Hope Gracey, granddaughter of Capt. Frank P.
Gracey, was selected to draw the cord that exposed the
shaft to the view of the thousands present. The work
which had enlisted the affection and energies of our
good men and women for years was at last accom-
plished. To have passed away and left no enduring
monument to the memory of our noble dead would
have been a lasting stigma upon us. As for the brave
men whose heroism we have sought to commemorate,
no act of ours could add luster to their imperishable
renown, nor can the breath of slander ever detract from
it. They fought the good fight, and theirs are among
the name? that posterity will not willingly let die.


Maj. Brown was born March 29, 1800, in Clark
County, Ga., of Virginia parentage; and died near
Nashville January 9, 1884. On January 20, 1824, he
married Miss Jane Weakley, of Nashville, Tenn., who
died in 1845. When the war with Mexico occurred
he enlisted promptly, and was appointed to an office in
the Subsistence Department. He knew personally
and was intimate with Gens. Worth, Butler, and Lane:
and, although a commissary, he participated in several
engagements on the battle-field.

When peace was restored with Mexico he returned
to Nashville, and afterward married Mrs. Mary Had-
ley, of Gallatin, Tenn.

Although over sixty years of age when the war be-
tween the states began, he was among the first to es-
pouse the Southern cause, and was assigned to the
Commissary Department, with rank of lieutenant-colo-
nel. When Tennessee seceded he was transferred to
the Confederate States army, and again assigned to the
Commissary Department, with rank of major.

Maj. Brown was with Gen. Zollicoffer until his
death at Mill Springs, and was then assigned to the
command of Gen. John C. Breckinridge, serving as
chief of subsistence until the fall of 1863, when Gen.
William B. Bate was given the command of the Breck-
inridge Division; and, being his warm and intimate
friend, he remained with the division until the close of
the war. As before, while commissary participating
in many battles, at Shiloh, at Stone’s River, and in
other battles he was a participant. At Baton Rouge,
La., he led a charge, and drove from the field a Federal
battery that had done much damage to our troops.
His valor called forth commendation from his com-
manding general. On the other hand, his action on
the field called forth from the authorities at Richmond
an order that officers of the Commissary Department
should not engage in battles. This was well; for,


while the boys were fighting, it was also necessary that
arrangements be made to appease their hunger.

Maj. Brown was a very brave and chivalrous sol-
dier and had the esteem of soldiers and officers of the
army. He was intimate with Gen. Joseph E. John-
ston, whom he considered one of the greatest generals
of the war. A man of noble heart and generous im-
pulses, a friend to all, without any ulterior designs —
how could he be otherwise than highly esteemed and
immensely popular?

On January 10, 1884. we laid him away in Mt. Olivet
to sleep and rest until the Commander of the universe
shall call the dead from all the battle-fields and the
cemeteries of earth to come forth unto life again. Til!
then farewell, noble, true, and brave old soldier!

The only survivor of the Major’s children is Miss
Sallie Brown, of Nashville.

Confederate l/eterar?.


Dr. Frank R. Ross, son of the late Gov. L. S. Ross,
of Texas, wrote to Maj. T. P. Weakley, of Nashville,
who was a schoolmate of his father:

. . . Father was very devoted to his schoolmates
from Florence, Ala., and great was his love for his sol-
diers. So often he has spoken affectionately of his as-
sociates and the happy days he spent at Florence. He
was anxious to attend the reunion at Nashville last
summer, but his duties here demanded his attention.
Bessie, his daughter, went, and met many of his
friends there, and upon her return brought innumera-
ble messages of love and affection, and 1 remember
how happy he was to receive them.

He was a good and kind father, and gratified every
desire of his children; and, indeed, throughout his
whole life he was happiest when giving happiness to
others. A movement has been started to erect a mon-
ument to his memory, and it seems to have awakened
an interest throughout the whole state; every one
seems to favor it. It is indeed a consolation to us to
know of the esteem and affection borne hi n every-

Gov. Ross left a wife ami six children, the youngest
sixteen years old. Lawrence S. Ross, married, is a
merchant in Martin, Tex.; Florine is the wife of 11. II,
Harrington, professor of chemistry in the state col-
lege; Harvey, married, lives on the farm, near Waco;
while the author of the above, single, is a physician,
and has recently practised in Houston; Bessie is a
young lady, and \”ev is a eadet in the college. The
familv will reside in Waco.

Charles T. Loehr, Richmond, \ a.. Secretary of the
Old First Virginia Association:

1 notice, in alluding to Pickett’s charge at Gettys
burg, the figures of losses are continued as published
by the “Records of the Rebellion.” This is wrong
I wrote ami enclose,! you a slip from an address of
Capt. E. P. Reeve on this subject. The First Virginia
Infantry, of which 1 was a member, is recorded as hav-
ing lost one killed and twenty-three wounded; where-
as, any history of the old First gives the names of
twent) seven killed and ninety-five wounded and miss-
ing; and so on with the rest of the regiments. The di-
vision lost over four-fifths in the charge. Of the near-
ly four thousand who entered it, only some four to five
hundred came together after the charge, and many of
these wxre wounded. Only two out of fifteen colors
were brought back. The spot where Armistead fell is
marked as the “high-water mark of the rebellion;” and
if any other men besides those of Pickett reached there,
let them give their names. It will be the “Pickett’s
charge at Gettysburg” as long as history lasts.

John Hancock, private in the Thirty-First Missis-
sippi Regiment, died at Water Valley, Miss., on De-
cember 23, 1897, in his sixty-sixth year. Tie was
dreadfully wounded in the Atlanta campaign, and ever
afterward suffered from it, the wound never healing.

Capt. T. P>. Cannefat died recently at his home in
Springfield, Mo. Ho was severely wounded at Pied-
mont, Mo., during the war. and never fully recovered.
Some ten vears since he was struck by lightning.


Annual Encampment Arkansas Division, U. C. V.

As General Order Xo. 1, Series No. 2, Col. V. Y.
Cook, Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff for Gen. R.
G. Shaver, issues the following:

The second Tuesday in April having been fixed oy
the State Encampment, Arkansas Division, U. C. V.,
as the day of the annual meeting, notice is hereby given
that said encampment will convene at the state-house
in the city of Little Rock on April 12, 1898, at 12 m.
The camps, in accrediting delegates to the encamp-
ment, will be governed by the provisions of the consti-
tution and by-laws of the association.

To the end that the membership and strength of the
association in the state may be ascertained and official-
1\ declared, and that the encampment may be informed
of the facts and data necessary to an intelligent and sat-
isfactory determination of the representation to which
each camp is entitled, H is ordered that a full and
plete roster and muster roll of each camp in full affil-
iation and connection with the state encampment be
prepared, dul) authenticated b) tin- commanding offi-
cer and \djutaut of the same, and sent to the Adju-
tant < leneral by April 1. 1898,

The failure to comply with the requirements of this
order will be recognized in the Adjutant-General’s re-
port as an indication that such derelict camp has either
disbanded or suffered its charter to lapse

Prices< ederati States Postagi Stamps.

— Theo K. Thompson, t lalveston, Tex., as a subscriber

to the \ 1 11 ran, calls the attention of his comrades
and their families to the value of many of the postage-
stamps issued in the South during the war. A well-
known, reputable stamp ami coin catalogue published
in New York quotes the following values of some of
these stamps: Stamps of Knoxville are worth, each.
$100; Baton Rouge, $65 to $100; Charleston, $12 to
$25: Columbia. $15 to $25; Macon, Ga„ $35 to $–5 1;
Nashville, $18 to $150; Spartanburg, $250 to $350
Rheaton, Tenn., $200. Comrade Thompson is not a
collector or purchaser of stamps, but writes this sold}
with the desire that any one owning Confederate
Stamps ma\ ascertain ami obtain full value for them.

II. I. Darden, orderly sergeant of Darnell’s Regi-
ment of Infantry, was taken prisoner at Arkansas Post,
and his sistvr, Mrs. T. C. Douglass, of Kind’s River,
Cal., is very anxious to hud where his remains were
buried, as she wishes to have the spot marked and
taken care of. She thought he was a prisoner at Camp
Chase, but did not find his name in the list as published
in the January Veteran. Mrs. Douglass states “in-
fantry,” but the only Col. Darnell of the U. S. Govern-
ment Record commanded the Eighteenth Texas Cav-

The recently elected officers of Lamar-Fontaine
( hapter, U. D.’ C, Alvin. Tex., are: President. Airs. E.
Grey Cobb; Vice-Presidents. Mrs. Regina B. Lacy,
Mrs. Emma Durant, Mrs. Kate C. Edwards; Secretary,
Miss Elizabeth Fontaine: Treasurer. Mrs. M. A. Ed-
wards; Historian. Mrs. L. Ford Ronau.


Confederate l/eterar?.


Both explanations and apologies are in order. The
accumulation of papers for publication in the Veteran
has increased more rapidly than ever, and many im-
portant articles for this number must wait. Obituaries
of fallen comrades are of these. Will friends be careful
to condense such notices closely? Some rule must be
adopted to make these notices very brief. Faithfulness
to duty and sacrifices made by veterans are higher con-
siderations for space in these pages than rank or the
pecuniary prosperity that may have attended com-
rades since the war. Variations from this rule will be
occasionally made, but by accident or ignorance, rather
than choice. Preference, however, should be given
those who do what they can to sustain the publication.

The gravest omissions are about Daughters of the
Confederacy, who are doing more already in helpful
wavs than the camps. Let all who have reports of their
work send them in promptly. The May number is to
be devoted largely to North Carolina. Let the “tar-
heels” note this, and be diligent to supply data for it.

An absorbing issue to all patriots, the threatened war
with Spain, is not ignored. Confederates will do their
part in a crisis. Something on this line in our next.


The competition for prizes offered by the Veteran
to those who would secure the four largest lists of sub-
scriptions from January i to March I enlisted some
spirited workers and has put the Veteran into the
hands of some who did not know it and who have. al-
ready shown their appreciation. The awards were as
follows: First prize ($50), Miss Mattie Davis, Thomas-
ville, Ga. — 131 subscriptions. Second prize ($30),
Miss Ruth Owen, Evansville, Ind. — 115 subscriptions.
Third prize ($15), J. M. Liggett, Nashville, Tenn. — 20
subscriptions; Fourth prize ($10), Miss Richard Snead,
Athens, Ala. — 17 subscriptions. •

Miss Ruth Owen, it will be remembered, secured the
$200 in January, the largest reward ever given by the
Veteran; and her patriotic father returned half the
amount to be applied to sending the Veteran to com-
rades who are not able to pay for it.


Mildred Lee Chapter, U. D. C, Fayetteville, Ark.,
$3; Miss Lizzie Regin, Moscow, S. C, 50 cents; J. R.
Youree, for U. C. V. Camp, Prairie Grove, Ark., $3.50;
Dr. R. L. Brodie, Charleston, S. C, $1 ; Mrs. Jane Gib-
son, Treasurer U. D. C, Kansas City, Mo., $5; Miss
Estelle Coleman, for children of the schools of Vicks-
burg, Miss., $44.50; Mrs. H. C. Ellis, Hartsville, Tenn.,
$2; A. Kane, for Mrs. Kane’s school, Vicksburg, Miss.,
$3; J. B. Seawell and Mr. Haffey, Atlanta, Ga., $2; W.
E. Norvell, Nashville, Tenn., $1 ; Zollicofifer-Fulton
Chapter, U. D. C, Fayetteville, Term., $10; J. C. Har-
dv. Superintendent, for children of public schools of

Jackson, Miss., $14.25; William P. Rogers Chapter, U.
D. C, Victoria, Tex., $5; F. O. Daniel, Santa Ana,
Cal., $1 ; James E. Duvall and Minnie L. Duvall, Belfast
Mills, Va., $2; Sidney Lanier Chapter, U. D. C, Ma-
con, Ga., $2; Miss Sue M. Monroe, Wellington, Va., as
contribution and collection, 76 cents; A. C. Oxford,
Birmingham, Ala., $1. Total, $101.51.

There has been contributed through the Veteran
for D. D. Emmett $120.01, and, in addition to that,
some contributions have been sent direct. Only a few
of these have been reported to the Veteran — namely,
$25 by the Alabama State Division, U. D. C, in con-
vention at Birmingham, and $5 by the Winnie Davis
Chapter at Meridian, Miss.


Mrs. Hallie Alexander Rounsaville, Rome, Ga.,
chairman of the Badge Committee appointed at Balti-
more, furnishes the following paper:

In answer to many inquiries from those desirous of
purchasing badges as to what action has been, or prob-
ably will be, taken by the Badge Committee of the U.
D. O, it seems best to give
through our official organ such
information as we now possess
upon the subject.

During the convention of the
U. D. C. held in Baltimore, No-
vember 10-13, 1897, the ques-
tion of a change of badge for the
national organization arose.
The principal argument in favor
of such change was that a firm
in Nashville was selling badges
of our design without authority
from our officials for so doing, and, as a consequence,
these badges could be bought by any person, from any
section, whether a member of our organization or not.
After much discussion a resolution was passed au-
thorizing the President to appoint a Badge Committee,
consisting of representatives from every division, and
every charter chapter where no division existed, this
committee being empowered to consider and decide
upon the advisability of retaining our original badge,
and further protecting it, or the adoption of a new
badge; being instructed, in the latter case, to contract
only with Southern dealers, located in the South, and to
require the best protection possible, either by copy-
right or patent, for the design adopted.

The President of the U. D. C. appointed upon this
committee the Presidents of the various state organiza-
tions, in this way giving every division and charter
chapter an opportunitv to express its wishes through
its presiding officer. Immediately after the close of
the convention all members of this committee, present
in person or by proxy, met in the convention hall to de-
cide upon a plan of work. A vote was taken to ascer-
tain as nearly as possible their views and those of their
division members on the question of a change of badge.
A majority favored retaining the present badge and
taking steps to secure its protection, some were in
doubt as to the desires of their chapters, while a few
favored a change. All were requested to ascertain the
wishes of their respective divisions and communicate
the results to the chairman at the earliest date possible,

Confederate l/eterai}.


being assured that if a change was desired by a majori-
ty of the committee each division would be given an
opportunity to submit a design for consideration by the
whole committee before a choice was made. The
proxies for absent Presidents of state organizations
were instructed to communicate to them these facts,
and request them to advise the committee chairman of
their attitude on this question.

So far, the majority of those heard from favor retain-
ing the original badge. A few of these would person-
ally prefer some other design, but feel that a change
would be unjust to the many members who have al-
ready purchased badges. Others argue that a change
would suggest instability on the part of the Daughters;
also that if another design should be adopted for our
badge it would necessitate a change of die for our offi-
cial papers and the refurnishing of the two hundred and
five charters and about five thousand certificates of
membership which have already been issued with the
impress of the present badge upon them — all of which
would entail an expense equal to the per capita tax of
several years. An effort is now being made to secure
more thorough protection for our present official
badge. If this effort is successful, the badge will prob-
ably be retained by the committee.

In the mean time, however, every chapter which has
not yet done so is requested to express to their division
President their views upon this subject, that the final
decision may be, as nearly as possible, satisfactory to all
and expressive of the wishes of the great majority of in-
dividual members.

Georgia, I believe, stands ready to acquiesce in what-
ever the committee ma\ deride is best, and 1 think ev-
ery division will be actuated by the same motives and
reach the same conclusion, realizing that, while it is ex-
ceedingly important that the design of our badge
should be, as nearly as possible, satisfactory to each in-
dividual, it is infinitely more important that that badg .
when worn, shall indicate chat the wearer is a member
of a united body of women too thoroughly imbued with
a sense of the high purpose for which they were organ
ized to allow any merely personal preference, even in so
important a matter as that of the badge, to create the
smallest discord in their ranks.

As every state is represented on the committee by its
President, and, therefore, every state has a voice in the
decision to be arrived at. it is earnestly hoped that this
question may be soon settled finally and satisfactorily.

The Veteran must reply to the statement above that
the Nashville firm (the P>. H. Stief Jewelry Co.) refused
to supply badges until learning that they were in the
miscellaneous market; and even now, in selling, re-
quires proof that it is for a member of the Daughters of
the Confederacy, and, as proof, an official order is re-

Capt. T. W. Irwin, of Savannah, Term., reports that
on March 15 the Albert Sidney Johnston Camp of Con-
federate Veterans was organized at Shiloh Springs, on
the famous battle-ground, with John S. Atkins as Ma-
jor. Judge John M. Taylor, of Lexington, has been
invited to deliver an address to the camp at their next
meeting, April 6, the anniversary of the battle. There
will be a gathering of veterans of both armies there and
in that vicinity on that day.


The Confederate Relief Bazaar will be opened at the
Fifth Regiment Armory on Easter Monday, April 11,
and last until April 20. It will be under the auspices of
the Daughters of the Confederacy and the Confederate
Society of the Army and Navy in the state of Maryland,
and is for the relief of Confederate veterans, their moth-
ers, and their widows. Sick or destitute soldiers of the
Confederacy, through the state, receive a regular pen-
sion from the Society of the Army and Navy, but to the
Daughters of the Confederacy falls the more delicate
task of relieving distress in the homes. Many a South-
ern gentlewoman, delicately reared, but with whom for-
tune has dealt harshly, has been compelled to appeal 10
this society, and < tften for the necessities of life. Inabil-
it\ to provide for all of these needs has compelled the
societies to adopt .some plan Lit replenishing their treas-
uries. A bazaar held in 1885 having been very success-
ful, it was decided to repeat the effort. Donations to
any of these tables will be gladly received.

With the exception of the Jefferson I ‘avis, the R. E.
Lee, the Stonewall Jackson, the Admiral Buchanan,
and Murray Association tables, the tables will be named
after the Confederate States. Maryland is to be repre-
sented by the Maryland Line Relic Room, the Murray
Association, and the Maryland state tables, with the an-
nex of Eastern Shore and Western Maryland. Mrs.
K11] urt C. Kirn is chairman of this committee. The
design over the table will be “Maryland, My Mary-
land,” in colored lights, over the central arch, and
“Eastern Shore” and “Western Maryland” in similar
design on either side.

The Maryland Line Relic Room is being planned
under charge of Miss Blunt, Mrs. W. Bowly Wilson,
and Mrs. J. T. Mason. Relics from all parts of the
South will be shown there. An interesting feature will
be a display of colonial relics which belonged to distin-
guished ancestors of men who served the lost cause. A
journal will be published daily from the Relic Room,
with bazaar news, historical articles, original poems,
and contributions from well-known persons.

The Murray Association table will be in charge of
Mrs. Frank Markoe, Mrs. W. T. Thelin, and Mrs. W.
P. Zollinger. It is to be a country store, replete with
every article imaginable. This is one of the largest
working committees of the bazaar.

The Virginia table will occupy a large space at the
entrance of the bazaar. A colonial portico will be rep-
resented, and fair Daughters of the Confederacy will
pour tea From old colonial silver, and will serve it from
Thomas Jefferson’s table, on which the Declaration of
Independence was signed. This will be an art table,
and the committee is composed of the whole Virginia
contingent in Baltimore.

“Think of that when you smoke tobacco” will be
the motto of the North Carolina table, under charge of
Mrs. Painter, a niece of Gen. D. H. Hill, and toba<
to form its staple commodity. Donations of the finest
tobacco in the Old South state ha e been promised.

South Carolina will be represented by a tree of gen-
uine palmetto, sent on for the occasion, with Southern
nieiss and yellow jasmine. This will be a fancy table,
and a large and influential committee are at work, un-
der Mrs. Edgar M. Lazarus and Mrs. Francis T. Miles.

Mrs. W. T. Brantley is chairman of the Georgia table,
which will be decorated by a design of unique charac-


Confederate .

ter. Lemonade, cake, etc., will be sold. Mrs. Brant-
ley has a large committee consisting of about forty
Georgia women.

Florida, the land of flowers, will be transplanted to
the armory by a large bower in the middle of the room,
filled by contributions from private greenhouses and
many plants sent on from Southern states. It will be
in charge of Mrs. R. C. Barry.

An art table, under the chairmanship of Miss Can-
non, will represent the state which has the honor of
having been the home of Jefferson Davis: Mississippi.

“Louisiana” is the name given to the lunch-room.
It will be in charge of Mrs. Ernest N. Morison and a
large committee.

The Lone Star state, under Mrs. G. F. French, will
have a large ice-cream booth and many attractions in
the shape of confections of various kinds.

Mrs. Gustavus Brown, as chairman for Arkansas, is
to have a harlequin table, a delightful melange, and a
veritable “Arkansas Traveler,” on an old-time fiddle,
will give forth strains recalling the old days before we
“hung up the fiddle and the bow.”

Kentucky, Mrs. Waller Bullock, chairman, will be
near the Old Dominion table, and, with its old-fash-
ioned log cabin, forms a delightful contrast. The Dan-
iel Boone hunter’s lodge is represented, with its quaint
old shot-bags and pouches and guns of a past genera-
tion. Curiosities from the Mammoth Cave and skins
fresh from the trapper’s hands will vie with the delicious
ice-cream and cake in attracting the throngs.

The Alabama table is under charge of Mrs. M. Gil-
let Gill. Tea will be dispensed out of charming souve-
nir-cups decorated with Confederate flags by young
ladies in Japanese costume.

The Missouri table will be in charge of Mrs. O. B.
Jones, and is a fancy table.


The Jefferson Davis table will be in charge of Mrs.
Henry C. Kennard. A large committee, composed of
ladies from all the different states, will work with her.

The Robert E. Lee table will be in charge of Mrs.
Neilson Poe, who has a large committee, and urgently
solicits contributions of any kind. Fancy articles will
be sold.

Stonewall Jackson’s table will be in charge of Mrs. J.
H. Tegmeyer, and is a confectionery-booth, with an an-
nex of West Virginia attached. A gypsy tent is con-
nected with this table, where a professor of palmistry
will read the fate of youths and maidens.

Admiral Buchanan, a gallant son of Maryland, the
pride of the Confederate navy, has a table named in his
honor and under the charge of his daughter, Mrs. Felix
R. Sullivan, and possibly the largest committee in the


The officers of the Daughters of the Confederacy are:
Mrs. D. G. Wright, President: Mrs. Charles Marshall,
Mrs. John P. Poe, Vice-Presidents; Mrs. F. M. Col-
ston, Corresponding Secretary: Mrs. Hugh H. Lee,
Recording Secretary; Mrs. E. S. Beall, Treasurer; Miss
Dora Hoffman, Registrar; Mrs. F. T. Miles, Mrs. J. F.
Dammann. Mrs. William Reed, Mrs. T. B. Gresham,
Mrs. B. J. Taylor, Managers.



Frank T. Roche was born in Hampton, Va v Sep-
tember 16, 1843, an d was educated at the Hampton
Military Academy. At the commencement of the war
he enlisted in the Wythe Rifles (VV. B. Willis, captain),
which company became part of the battalion com-
manded by William L. Goggin, and afterward of the
Thirty-Second Virginia Regiment.

This command participated in the battle of Big Beth-
el, the first engagement of the war in Virginia. It
served at Gloucester Point and Yorktown, rendering
effective service in holding back AlcClellan’s hosts.
It retreated from Yorktown to Richmond, and partici-
pated in the battle of Williamsburg and those around
Richmond. It was then in the Maryland campaign, at
Second Manassas, South Mountain, Harper’s Ferry
(where eleven thousand Federals and large stores were
captured), Sharpsburg, and Fredericksburg.


At Sharpsburg the company formed pan of
Semmes’s Brigade, and was the center of McLaws’ ad-
vance to stem the tide of disaster occasioned by the
pressing back of Stonewall Jackson by the Federal
masses. The retreat was checked, and the Federals
were pushed back faster than they came. McLaws
saved Jackson from being crushed and Lee from defeat
at Sharpsburg, but his men paid a fearful penalty for
their valor.

At the rout of Pickett’s Division at Five Forks-
where it was attacked by the whole of Sheridan’s Cav-
alry and three corps of infantry, giving way only wher
overwhelmed by numbers — Corse’s Brigade, in which
were the Fifteenth and Thirty-Second Virginia, alone
stood firm and preserved its organization.

At Appomattox the Thirty-Second Virginia sur-



rendered about forty officers and privates, all that were
left of the once magnificent command. They had
fought to the verge of annihilation, and now not more
than a dozen of those old heroes remain to tell the
story of their superb valor and generous services to
their country. Comrade Roche was with his command
everywhere, never missing a march, a skirmish, or a
battle, until in September, 1864, when he was wound-
ed in the right leg by the fragment of a shell. It was
amputated a few inches below the knee. While in the
trenches, in 1864-65, he was made sergeant-major of
his regiment, and served as adjutant. He was cap-
tured in Richmond when that city fell.

At the end of the conflict young Roche, then a hum.’
boy, returned to his home on crutches, possessing
nothing but his gray uniform. He taught school sev-
eral years, and afterward accepted the position of city
editor on the Norfolk Journal. In 1877 he came to
Texas and located in Travis ( ounty, and reported leg-
islative proceedings for the Houston Telegraph and the
Galveston News. In the same year he entered the
state Land Office, where he was a clerk for twelve
years, and for four years he was clerk with the state
Land Board. Having occupied several of the princi-
pal desks, he is perhaps the besl equipped man in his
tate on all matters pertaining to the public domain
and routine work of the state Land Office. He was
recommended by Gov. Richard Coke For the position
of United States Revenue Collector, but, as he enter
tained ardent free silver views, President Cleveland se-
lected another.

Comrade Roche was fourth Commander of John B.
Hood Camp of Confederate Veterans. He was a di-
rector of the Confederate Home, under private and also
under state control, and it was largely due to his ef-
forts that the state took charge of the institution. He
lives al Georgetown, Tex.

W. T. Butt, Augusta, Ga., who was of Company C,
Forty-Fifth Alabama Regiment: “In the Veteran For
January. 1897, Capt. J. L, Power, Secretary of State for
Mississippi, gives a list of commands of the \nny of

Tennessee in 1S65. In it he makes a mistake by giv-
ing the Forty-Fifth Alabama Regiment to Shelley’s
Brigade. The Fourth Alabama and the Forty-Fifth
Mississippi Regiments were ‘twin brothers’ in Low-
rev’s Brigade. 1 fe leaves that gallant old regiment, the
Forty-Fifth Mississippi, out entirely. I know that
regiment was always on hand when any fighting was
Boing on.”

Charles P. Pickens, Dota. Ark.: “In the July Vet-
eran of 1897 T find inquiry of a soldier’s grave situated
near Pulaski, Tenn., on the old farm of D. T. Reynolds.
It is that of my father. Israel McReady Pickens, a Con-
federate soldier under Hood, who was killed on De-
cember 24, 1864. His regiment was skirmishing in
the rear when he was wounded. The grave-stone was
placed there by a distant relative, whose name. I think-,
was Williams. I think my father was a colonel. I
was a small boy then. Would like to correspond with
any of his old comrades, so as to learn all I can of his
record and position in the army.”

S. J. Boggs, member of Camp Henry Gray No. 551,
U. C. V., Timothea, La., died on the 6th of December,
1807. He served in Company B, Twenty-Eighth
Louisiana Infantry.

D. \. \\ II K IN V

James R. Binford writes from Duck Hill, Miss.:
D. A. Wilkins died at his home, in Duck Hill, Miss.,
October 5, 1897, from brain congestion. He was a
lieutenant in the Nineteenth Tennessee Regiment, Da-
vid H. Cummings, colonel. The writer served in Zol-
licoffer’s Brigade with him, ami we were together on
the memorable battle-field of Fishing Creek, where the

brave Gen. Zolli-
coffer was killed,
and in which the
Fifteenth Missis
sippi and Nine-
tf enth and Twenti-
eth Tennessee bore
the brunt of the

Comrade Wil-
kins was born near
Athens, Tenn., July
,io. [837. After the
war he. like many
“i lurs, was not per-
mitted by the Un-
ion men to live at
his old hi ime, so he
moved to Texas.
Subsequently he
went to Mississip-
pi, and located at
Muck Hill in 1868.
I le accumulated
handsome proper-
ty, married, and became the father of four children, two
<>t whom survive him.

Mississippi had no truer or better citizen than
“Dock” Wilkins. H e measured the full standard of
manhood: was progressive, and ever ready to aid in
the progress of his town or section, and his death is a
loss to the state. He was buried by Barksdale Camp,
U. C. “\ .. of which he was an active member, and a
large number of comrades and friends stood by when
his mortal remains were consigned to their last resting-
place. Well might any state be pn lud 1 >f such a son!

George C. Kinzer, of Madison Run, Va.. desires to
hear from Cook, of Hadley’s Mills. N. C; N. R. Doug-
lass, Orr’s First South Carolina: W. H. Green. Com-
pany C. Sixth Alabama Regiment: Frank Collins,
Cook, Butler, and Rogers, of Battle’s Alabama Bri-
gade; Sergt. Martin, of Tennessee; and Neuner, of
Mississippi, one of Gen. Heth’s scouts, and “what he
did with my pet kitten.”

Jim Pearce Camp, at Princeton, Ky., was reorgan-
ized some months since, and those members living in
Lyon County joined the Lyon County Camp, at Eddv-
ville. Gen. Lyon was elected Commander of this
camp, and George McElroy was so honored bv Tim
Pearce Camp. \ djt. T. J. Johnson, of the latter camp,
thinks forty or fifty will attend the Atlanta reunion.

Ace Walker inquires about J. F. Walker, a private
of Company K, Fourth Regiment of Arkansas In-
fantry. He was last heard from at the battle of Mur-
freesboro, where he was seriously wounded. He vol-
unteered to make what was called the “Cedar Brake
charge,” and there received his wound.


Confederate l/eterai).

doited Joos of Confederate l/etera^.

Organized July i, 1S96, Richmond, Va.

ROBERT A. SMVTH, Commander-in-Chief, / ,, ™. charieston g c
DANIEL KAVEXEL, Adjutant-General, ) Box d«7,L 11.11 lesion, s.c.




Box 128, Winston, N. C.

GARLAND E. WEBB, Adj it ant-General,


1. LEIGH THOMPSON, Commander, Lewisburg, Tenn.


W. C. SATTNDERS. Commander. I ■»„.. ,«, r .„ lton Tp ,-

J. H. BOWMAN, Adjutant-General, 1 1!ox wl < ” elton i lex ‘


Conducted by ROBERT A. SMYTH, Charleston, S. C.
Send all communications for this department to him.

[Comrades everywhere are urged to commend the organization of
Sons. By doing so they may be very helpful to Commander Smyth. S.
A. Cunningham.]

The work this month has been characterized by the
organization of five divisions — viz., Florida, Arkansas,
Georgia, New Mexico, and Indian Territory. Upon
the proper recommendation, a Commander has been
appointed for each division. These officers have been
commissioned and instructed to proceed with the work
of building up their respective divisions, and we hope
soon to report the successful prosecution of their work.

On February n Mr. D. U. Fletcher, of Jacksonville,
was appointed to command the Division of Florida.
He has taken hold of the work with much enthusiasm,
and already the young men of his state have been
aroused to a great deal of interest. The greatest ac-
tivity is being shown in the Division of Georgia, to the
command of which Mr. W. W. Davies, of Atlanta, was
appointed on February 16. Mr. Davies is doing a
great work, and it will very soon rival the others. All
of Georgia is enthusiastic on the subject; some fifteen
or twenty camps are now in process of formation, and
will soon apply for charters.

Mr. W. C. Saunders, commanding the Trans-Missis-
sippi Department, is determined that this large terri-
tory shall be thoroughly aroused by the time of the re-
union in July. To this end he is devoting his atten-
tion to the organization of the various divisions, and
upon his recommendation the following appointments
have been made: February 24, Mr. D. H. Cantrell, of
Little Rock, to command the Arkansas Division;
March 2, Mr. N. E. Bailey, of Deming, to command
the New Mexico Division; March 3, Mr. W. B. Ruth-
erford, of McAlester, to command the Indian Territo-
ry Division. With these divisions well organized, the
work of establishing camps in the various cities will be
rapidly pushed.

Six camps have been chartered since last report to
the Veteran, as follows: John A. Broadus No. 61,
Louisville, Ky. ; Christopher C. Pegues No. 62, Selma,
Ala.; Sul Ross No. 63, Alvin, Tex.: Fitzhusfh Lee No.
64, Waycross, Ga.; R. B. Baxter No. 65, Sparta, Ga.;
Bulldog Pelham No. 66, Louisville, Ga. Thus it will
be seen that great interest is being shown in the work
and activity in all the divisions is being increased.

The South Carolina Division will hold its third an-
nual reunion in the city of Charleston on April 27 next.
This division now leads the Federation in point of
number of camps and thorough organization. It has
held three annual reunions, at each of which all of its

camps were represented by delegates and sponsors.
The entire state is deeply interested, and there are now
some ten or more camps being formed, so as to join
the federation and take part in the division reunion in
April. We expect that by that time this division will
be twice its present size.

The R. E. Lee Camp No. 1, of Richmond, Va., has
gone systematically to work to obtain the names of all
Confederate soldiers who enlisted from Virginia. The
committee to whom the work is entrusted is doing
faithful service, as is shown by the fact that several
thousand names have already been copied for the ar-
chives of the camp. As soon as the committee finishes
copying those in hand the files of newspapers will be
consulted and brought into service. The importance
of such work can hardly be overestimated. These
rolls will be the source of reliable statistics for all years
to come. In addition to the copy to be placed with the
camp, a duplicate will be deposited in the archives of
the “Confederate Museum.” Besides this work, the
camp has fully paid for the cottage erected last fall at
the Soldiers’ Home at a cost of $2,500. A notice of
the dedication was published in this department. One
of the members is compiling a sketch of border war-
fare from original and authentic sources.

We cordially commend to the attention of all camps
the value of the work undertaken by Camp R. E. Lee
for the collection and preservation of the rolls of Con-
federate soldiers who enlisted from the different states.
Not only would the camps have a definite object in
view, toward which to direct their energies, but would,
of course, greatly increase the membership and inter-
est in the camp, and at the same time be doing a great
work for coming generations. The Sons must collect
within the next few years true accounts and histories
of the South, if they ever propose to do so. Many of
these valuable accounts and names of soldiers are pre-
served only in the memories of the comrades who are
now alive. Unless the Sons secure them soon, they
will be forever lost.

Roland Gooch, lieutenant of Company C, Forty-
Second Tennessee, Nevada, Tex.: “In the December
Veteran I notice that George I. C. McWhirter, of
Newberry, S. C, in writing of Gen. Walthall’s having
commanded the rear-guard on Hood’s retreat from
Nashville, fails to mention that Quarles’s Brigade was
of those composing it. This brigade was composed of
the Forty-Second, Forty-Eighth, Forty-Ninth, Fifty-
Third, and Fifty-Fifth Tennessee and the First Ala-
bama, and was commanded by Gen. George D. John-
son, of Alabama, on the retreat. It was the last bri-
gade of infantry that crossed the Tennessee River on
our way from Nashville. I write this in order to do
justice to as noble a set of men as there was in any bri-
gade of the Confederate army. The First Alabama
was commanded on the retreat by Lieut. C. M. Mc-
Rae, and I was detached from my regiment and placed
with him in charge of the left five companies of this
regiment, and remained most of the time until the con-
solidation at Smithfield, N. C.”

W. H. Eason, of Wall Hill, Miss., inquires for H.
Edrington, who lived at Milliken’s Bend, La., and was
at school at Florence, Ala., when the war began.


C^opfederate l/eterar?



In our old marching days the privations we endured
seemed to stimulate the imagination, and the story of
our sufferings lost nothing of pathos as the sufferer told
it. We had a deep sense of our sacrifices, and often
used them to stir the soul of pity in some good woman,
so as to add to our rough and scanty rations. Very
seldom was a prosperous farmhouse visited by a soldier
who had eaten anything in three days, and the look of
gaunt, hollow-eyed hunger he could assume would
melt the heart of a graven image, and has brought
forth many a good dinner from the unsophisticated,
who had not learned to distrust the pitiful plea.

One case comes to mind where the tale was so touch-
ing that it moved even the soldier himself to tears over
his own sad case — at least that was what some of the
boys who saw it all reported afterward in the regiment.

After a hard day’s march, we went into our camp a
little before sundown, and three days’ rations of corn
bread and bacon were issued to us and stowed away in
our haversacks. Near our camp there flowed a beau-
tiful stream, and on its banks were fine farms that
seemed to have an abundance of things good to eat.
The instinct and the appetite of the men at once told
them that it was a good place to replenish rations, and
so a number of them, with or without permission,
started out to forage, not waiting to lay aside or empty
their haversacks.

Pretty soon they came to a farmhouse in which the
family were just sitting down to supper. They sent in
one of their number to see what could be gotten. This
one was very skilful in gaining the good will of any
one that sympathized with the “poor soldier.” As he
walked into the dining-room he saw a great dish of
broiled ham, plates of hot biscuits, pitchers of milk-.
jars of honey, and he also detected the fragrance of
“sure-enough” coffee. There were dainties to make
his mi >uth water.

Tic Found the family to consist of a mother, evidently
a woman of refinement, and three or four children,
while there were plenty of servants At once he put
on his best manner, for he was a gentleman “to the
manner born,” and in a moment he was invited to sup-
per. He proceeded to make himself agreeable, for he
was a delightful converser, and he found that the fam-
ily were intensely Southern, the father being with Lee,
in Virginia, As the farm was rather out of the line of
the armies, it hail not been visited before by hungry
soldiers, and they were glad to see a Confederate.
After an extraordinary meal — for our boy was long
and “hollow to his heels” — he told the lady that this
was his first meal in three days, and asked if she would
have three dozen biscuits made for him. with a slice
of broiled ham in each. He wanted them for himself
and his two messmates, and would pay well for them
She, pood and guileless woman, told him that she
would gladly do what she could for a Southern soldier,
and would not think of taking pay — which was well,
as he had “forgotten” his purse. The cook was or-
dered to prepare the biscuits and ham.

Meanwhile he laid himself out to entertain the lady
with the storv of our privations. With touching pa-
thos he described the pangs of hunger, and emphasized
his own sufferings in contrast with the abundance he
had left at home. He painted the weary inarch and
the long and lonelv vigil of the sentinel, almost ex-

hausted by his lack of food. So moving was the story
that the lady wept and the children sobbed in sympa-
thy. At last the soldier himself was so carried by the
pity of it that he shed tears freely over the mournful

Right in the midst of the sad scene the cook came in,
bringing the great dish of ham and biscuits, and set it
down before the sorrowing soldier. He at once began
to take care of it, and, picking up his haversack from
his side, he took out pone after pone of corn bread,
and then a big “hunk” of bacon, laying them on the
table, while their place in his haversack was taken by
the more toothsome viands. All the while he went on
with the talc of his sufferings.

Directly he noticed that the sobbing had ceased and
there was a strange stillness with his weeping auditors.
Looking up, he saw the lady gazing at him with an
expression of wonder and amusement, while the tears
still glistened on her cheeks, and it flashed on him that
he had forgotten to empty his haversack before he
came in, had forgotten in his anguish of spirit how this
fat haversack would discredit his story. His imagina-
tion was so vivid that it neglected the facts entirely,
and he really believed his own story. He had simply
allowed the embellishments to hide the facts, until the
facts asserted themselves.

Of course there was no explanation possible. The
soldier was too fine an artist to offer one. The lady,
fortunately, was gifted with humor, and saw the com-
edy of the situation. As he waited for her reproaches
she broke into the merriest laugh, in which he could
only join, a self-revealed fraud. She said he was wel-
come to the rations, for she had not enjoyed so good
a cry in a long time; it was such a relief to her. But
she begged that in the future he should not give way
to his grief, but try to bear up under his sufferings, and
no doubt, when lie was again nearly starved, a kind!
Providence would come to his relief, as in this case.
Then she bundled up his bacon and corn bread for
him to take with him, for she knew such an appetite
would need all it could get.

The hero of this storv was an excellent soldier —
brave, faithful, kind. Since the war I have reason to
believe he has chastened his imagination. He is now
a member of the Church, a fine business man, and has
been a member of the Legislature. References : Rev.
J. H. McNeilly and C. H. Bailey, both of Tennessee.

At the annual convention of the United Daughters
of the Confederacy of South Carolina, in Abbeville,
December I, 1897, the following officials were chosen:
Mrs. William C. McGowan, Abbeville. S. C, Presi-
dent: Mrs. H. B. Buist. Mrs. C. R. Holmes. Mrs. James
Evans, Mrs. L. A. Vandiver, Vice-Presidents. Mrs.
Thomas Taylor was reelected Secretary, and Mrs. S.
A. Durham was reelected Treasurer.

W. H. (“Buck”) Porch reports some unintentional
omissions from the list of “Coleman” Scouts, com-
manded by Capt. H. B. Shaw, as published in the Feb-
ruary Vetekan. They are R. F. Cotton, George
Hughes, and John Schute, besides his own name. He
took an active part in nearly all the duties connected
with that organization, and he was with Sam Davis the
night before he was captured.



Confederate .



Thomas Anthony Head, author of this history, is a
native of Van Buren County, Tenn. He was born in
1838, and was educated at Burritt College. Enlisting
in Company I, Sixteenth Tennessee Regiment, in May,
1 861, he was present for duty until captured at Kenne-
saw Mountain, in June, 1864, and was kept at Camp
Douglas until tire close of the war. After the war
Comrade Head engaged in teaching in Southern Illi-
nois for ten years, returning South in 1875, where he
continued teaching until 1893.

In 1883-84 he wrote the history of his regiment. The
book contains four hundred and eighty-eight pages,


with illustrations, and is a history of the Western army.
It is supplied with the Veteran for a year at $1.50.

Comrade Head is devoted to his old major, H. H.
Dillard, of Cookeville, Tenn. Maj. Dillard entered
the army as captain in the Sixteenth Tennessee Infant-
ry, John H. Savage, colonel. As soon as his company
was organized he repaired to Camp Trousdale. They
went through the Cheat Mountain campaign, and then
on the coast of South Carolina. When the army was
reorganized he resigned the captaincy of his company,
but continued in the service in other capacities. At
the battle of Chickamauga he was assigned to duty as
major of that regiment, and served in that capacity
through this battle with a gallantry that endeared him
to the soldiers of his command and to all who knew
him. At the close of the war Maj. Dillard resumed
the practise of law at Cookeville, and is a leading at-
torney of the mountain district.

A circular letter from the Weekly
Constitution states that it “goes to
more homes than any newspaper pub-
lished on the face of the earth; ” that
” as an exponent of Southern opinion and purveyor of Southern news it has no equal on the
continent,” and ” that the Constitution’s special features are such as are not found in any other
paper in America.” An arrangement Jias been made whereby the Weekly Constitution and the

can both be had for $\S0 a year. This
combination is opportune, as the Consti-
tution will contain a great deal more about reunion matters than can be expected in theJ.VET-
eran. Let thousands send #1.$0 for both. This is considered the best combination with the
Veteran that has ever been made, and the sooner accepted the better. Address Veteran.

jjapci 111 rtiuci n-a. rtu ai 1 a11gt.111v.1iL uao uctu uiauc v

Confederate veteran

^confederate Veteran




Leaving any point in the West, Arkansas, Texas,
and the Southwest, the veterans attending the Vtlanta
reunion will find the route via Memphis (Nashville,



– tv


The exhibit in tliis building is continued; it tos been enlarged
w ith Confederate relics, .mil will be kepi open ill summer.

Chattanooga, and St. Louis railway | and Nashville the
best and most historic; in fact, is the true “war route.”

During the civil war Nashville Formed an important
base of operations for the Federal army after the fall of
Fort Donelson, which event occurred Februar) t6,
[862. The city fell into the hands of the Federal
forces March 8, [862; After the battle of Franklin,
November 30, 1N04. lien. Hood, of the Confederate
forces, moved on to the city of Nashville, and posted
his army on the beautiful range of hills south of the
city, where he was attacked by Maj.-Gen. George V
Thomas December 15. 1864. The iines and redoubts
of the old fortifications are still ver) distinct.

Continuing the journey, two miles before Mur-
freesbori > is reached the road passes through the bal
tie field of Stone’s River, called the battle of Mur-
frccsboro by the Confederates, where one of the most
desperate battles of the war was fought during three
days, between R< isecrans, commanding the F ederals,
and Bragg, commanding the C< nfederates. The
battle was begun December 31, [S62, and lasted un-
til the afternoon of January -‘. [863

\t Chickamauga, only a few miles south of Chatta
nooga, was fought. September 10. 20, 1863, one of
the bloodiest battles of the war. It also was foughl
by Gen Rosecrans, commanding the Federals, and
Gen. Bragg, commanding the Confederates. The re-
treat of the Federal forces from the battle-field of
Chickamauga was covered bv Lien. Thomas, saving

the Union army from complete disaster. Rosecrans
was removed alter this battle, and Gen. 1 .rant placed
in command. The troops under Hooker and Slier-
man were added to < .rant’s command, and the bat.
1. 00k, ml Mountain. 1 r the “battle above the cloud;.”

was foughl November -‘4. [863. The next day the

battle of Missionary Ridge was fought, after which
Bragg retreated into < .eorgia.

The United States Government has established the
Chickamauga National Park on the battle-field. It is
the most comprehensive military object-lesson in the
world, and will well repay a visit.


I \ t . & St. L. Railway. Lessee) was made famous n
tne campaign in which the aggressiveness of Sherman
was met by the skill and strategy of Joseph E. John-
ston. This road passes through battle-grounds almost
the entire distance from Chattanooga to Atlanta-—
first, Missionary Ridge; then, in succession, Chicka-
mauga, < uavsville. Ringgold, funnel Hill, Rocky Face,
Mill Creek, Dalton, Dug Gap. Resaca, Adairsville, \1-
l, Big Shanty, Brush Mountain. Kennesaw Moun-
tain. Smyrna, and Peach Tree Creek. A volume
would be required to give the details of the battles
fought on the line of the


and the Western and Atlantic railroad. The fields of

-lory winch lie on these lines will stir the blood and



“.Ft 5 p^«

■.1 u < v YIRIVD

r* Jii-W








animate the soul and awaken the patriotism of Amer-
ican citizens through many centuries to come.

On account of its historic associations, first-class
train service, low rates, and quick time, the Nashville,
Chattanooga, and St. Louis railway and Western and
Atlantic railroad have been chosen as the official route
to Atlanta by many of the bivouacs throughout the
South and West.

The following officials of the line will take p]
ure in answering questions, whether asked personal-
ly or by letter. Write, or sec them, and they will ar-
range your trip in speed, comfort, and safety.
R. C. Cowarpix, W. P. A.. Dallas. Tex.
A. T. Welch, D, P. A., Memphis, Tenn.
W. F. March, \. G. P. and T. A., Nashville. Tenn.
W. L. Danley, G. P. and T. A.. Nashville. Tenn.


Confederate l/eteran.


We offer One Hundred Dollars reward for any
case of Catarrh that can not be cured by Hall’s Ca-
.tarrh Cure. F.J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
We, the undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney
for the last 15 years and believe him perfectly hon-
orable in all business transactions and financially
able to carrv out any obligations made by their firm.
WEST & Tkiax, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O.

Walimxg, Kjnnan & Marvin, Wholesale Drug-
gists, Toledo, O.

Hall’s Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the
system. Testimonials sent free. Price 75 cents
per bottle. Sold by all Druggists.

A Memorial Volume.


This is a “Southern Book on a South-
ern Man by a Southern Author for the
Southern People.”

Dr. Jones is author of ” Reminiscences,
Anecdotes, and Letters of Lee,” “Christ
in Camp,” ” Army Northern Virginia
Memorial Volume,” etc., and formerly
Secretary Southern Historical Society.

A publisher’s notice states that it is pub-
lished by authority of Mrs. Davis. Also
that it is a most accurate and complete
narrative of the life and the work of this
remarkable man, to whose genius the
world pays homage. It contains a sketch
of Mr. Davis’ life, as written by himself.
In this work the soldiers and statesmen
of the world give their estimates of the
man and the cause he championed. It is
a powerful inspiration to the growing
generation to build characters on the
foundation of principle.

No one was more intimate with the
great leader or enjoyed his confidence to
so great an extent as Dr. Jones, and
hence no one could be so well qualified
as he to write, from the standpoint of the
man, the life of Mr. Davis. *

The author says in the preface that the
“aim of this work is to give, in a single
volume, not only a history of the life
and times of the great Confederate lead-
er, but to gather and preserve choice se-
lections from the world’s splendid tribute
to his memory, and thus be a prized
souvenir in the homes of the people who
loved him, and not unacceptable to oth-
ers who are willing to know more of the
man who played so conspicuous a part-in
American history.”

The volume contains 672 large pages
printed from new plates on fine calen-
dered paper, weighs three pounds, and is
illustrated by Mr. W. L. Sheppard, a
popular artist.

This valuable work by Dr. Jones is a
subscription book, and the price, $2.75,
has been reduced to $2.25. It will be
sent post-paid, with a year’s subscription
to the Veteran for $2.50, or free for
five yearly new subscriptions to the
Veteran until an edition recently pur
chased is exhausted.

Handsome historical lithograph, colored
bird’s-eye view of Chattanooga, Mission-
ary Ridge, Walden’s Ridge, and portions
of the Chickamauga field as seen from
the summit of Lookout Mountain. High-
est style of lithographer’s art. On fine
paper, plate, 10×24. Mailed for 10 cents
in stamps. W. C Rinearson, Gen. Pass.
Agt. Q. and C Route, Cincinnati, O.


The Bowen-Merrill Company, of In-
dianapolis, Ind., has recently issued a
work by the late Senator Daniel W. Voor-
hees entitled “Forty Vears of Oratory,”
which contains his best and most famous
speeches and public addresses, all of his
lectures, and a sketch of his life. It is in
two large volumes and contains fifty full-
page illustrations.

This book should be popular through-
out the South when it is remembered
that he was an eloquent advocate in be-
half of Southern rights after the war, and
denounced in unmeasured terms the
means used to degrade our people. The
Richmond (Va.) Times said of him: “Mr.
Voorhees was known during the war as a
war Democrat, but he had no part in it,
and when the conflict of arms was over
his heart went out to all of the South
with th’e tenderest and kindest sympa-
thy. In Congress and upon the hustings
he lifted up his voice in noble and pow-
erful protest against the mad policy of
sectional hatred that the Republicans set
on foot against us, and he never omitted
an oportunity to appeal to the country
for justice and considerate treatment to
the South. He had a warm place in the
affections of our people, and he will be
sincerely mourned all over the Southern
land. The South has lost in him a de-
voted friend, and the country has lost an
upright and pure statesman, who never
sullied his private or public life with one
single action of a doubtful character.”

Others have written: r- 1 –* ■ ‘

” His death is deplored by the Southern
people especially, for he had earned their
gratitude as no other Northern states-
man ever did. He was always their
friend in the hours of their need. He
succeeded in the Senate that radical
of radicals, Oliver P. Morton, who held
hot irons to the body of the prostrate
South, and until he left the Senate the
South had in him at all times and in all
weathers a fearless and eloquent cham-
pion and defender at court. — Macon (‘”‘.)
Telegraph. ~~

” Voorhees was the friend of the South
in the dark days when we most needed
friends. It will be a still darker day for
this section when our people cease to
hold the now fallen ‘Sycamore of the
Wabash’ in grateful remembrance.” —
Chattanooga {Tom.) News.

“Loving the whole Union, he was
necessarily a friend of the South, and on
all questions during his service in both

branches of Congress opposed harsh
measures against the South. No man
was more active in efforts to break down
the barrier of sectionalism and to restore
fraternal feelings. His death is a great
loss to the whole country, and will be
sincerely mourned in every state.” —
Montgomery (.!/</.) Advertiser*


An old physician, retired from practise, khad
placed in his hands by an East India missionary the
formula of a simple vegetable remedy for the
speedy and permanent cure of Consumption, Bron-
chitis, Catarrh, Asthma, and all Throat and Lung
Affections, also a positive and radical cure for
Nervous Debility and all Nervous Complaints.
Having tested its wonderful curative powers in
thousands of cases, and desiring to relieve human
suffering, I will send free of charge to all who wish
it, this recipe, in German, French, or English, with
full directions for preparing and using. Sent by
mail, by addressing with stamp, naming this paper.
W. A. Noyes, S20 Powers Block, Rochester, N. Y.

Operate Finest Vestibuled Pullman Ob-
servation Sleeping-Cars daily between
Kansas City and Galveston via the K.
C, P. and G. R. R. to Shreveport, H. E.
and W. T. Ry. to Houston, and G. C.
and S. F. Ry. to Galveston. Dining-
Car Service via this line between
Shreveport and Kansas City. Meals on
the cafe plan — pay for what you get, and
at reasonable prices.

Passengers to and from St. Louis and
the East make close connections via Fris-
co Line at Poteo, via Iron Mountain or
Cotton Belt Routes at Texarkana or
via Cotton Belt Route at Shreveport.
Through sleepers via Q. and C. Route
from Cincinnati and Chattanooga make
close connections in union depot at
Shreveport. No transfers via this route.

Close connections in Central Depot at
Houston with through trains for Austin,
San Antonio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Rock-
port, Corpus Christi, and all Southern
and Western Texas and Mexico points.

Be sure to ask for tickets via Shreve-
port Route. For rates, schedules, and
other information »ee nearest ticket
agent, or write R. D. Yoakum,

Gen. Pass. Agt.;
W. M. Doherty,
T. P. A., Houston, Tex.





Tin- Roses we send are on their own root-“, and will bloom freely this Summer, either in pots or planted
in yard. They an- hardy ever-bloomers. We guarantee thern to reach you in good condition.

Summer Queen, deep Rich Pink.

TI10 4(iiri-ii. pure Snow White.

l*e:irl of” (lit* Gardens, deep Golden Yellow.

i ‘liriNline <lc \«ne. Bright Scarlet.

Ruby <it>Ul. shades uf Red and Fawn.

Caih. Tier met. Everybody’s Favurite.
Meteor, rich Velvety ( rim son.

Maman Cocliet. Salmon ami Flesh in Clusters.
White 1’earl of Ilie Oar-dens. Waxy, While.
Valle <Ie C’liamouiiix, Tawny Shades of Gold.

“Wlxat you Can. Buy for 23 Cents.

8 Roses, all sorts, Hardy, Tea. Climbers, etc. 25c.
8 Fragrant Carnation Pinks, 8 kinds . . . 25c.
8 Geraniums, all colors and kinds . . . .25c.

8 Choice Prizo Chrysanthemums 25c.

1 Palm and 3 Heliotropes 25c.

10 Choicest Gladiolus 25c.

6 Sweet Scented Double Tube Roses . . .25c.

12 Large Flowered Pansy Plants 25c.

8 Colcus, will make a bright bed . . . . 25c.

8 Double and Single Fuchsias, all colors 25c.

S Basket and Vase Plants 25c.

5 Hardy Plants for Cemetery 25c.

8 Plants, assorted, for house or vard . . – 25c.
10 Pkts. elegant Sweet Peas, all different . 25c.

Special Offer.— Any 5 sets for £1.00; half of any 5 sets, fin ets. How to Grow Flowers, a great
florid Maeazine, three months free with every order. Get your neighbor tu club with you. Our Catalogue
free. ORI>t:K TO-DAY. Address,


(Confederate l/eterao.


A $5,000 CASH OFFER!

The Veteran announces, in connection with the Artanta Weekly
Constitution, a new offer in which every one may have a chance.


Contest Began March 1, will End September 1, 1898,


In Connection with the

Confederate Vetera 9

BOTH. In Connection with this Clubbing Rate You
Can Have a Chance at the Splendid Cash Prizes. X X


Here it is* Read it all very carefully.

First Award : To the subscri-
be] oi *ubsci ibei – naming

ill’ 1 exaci i i- i or m

■ i niii i f bales

in tin p of ISM 9£

we will gil ••, it’ t!n> est miate
la rei eived


IfOjjrhM ipril. 2,000

It During May or i -na

June, i89s i |t_M t\t

II 1 luring .lul\ or 1 i w \i \

Uigust, isua 1 ,uuu

Second Award : I

nam in- i be first

■ ■ ■ ■
i be • ■- i eh ed

hi. March , a; i cao
•pi ,.mHI



If During April,

If l>n i
June, i>’-

Third Award : i

-I’ll bera naming t be Becond

next nearest h i

t be < – cei Ted

‘Tr^:: 1 :: $1,000



11 During Ju



If Dunn

June, 1

Ii During Ju!) <-r .* -a

August, 1- IB — >’U

So that the First Three Prizes Amount to $5,000 in Cash.

NATF Wppfl A I IV ” ‘he kxact fieur< luring this contest, the money will

I'” ■ i- Oi Lv.lrAI_l_ I • be paid to ly will get the’- too* not revert to the I 1 1 ■ ■ submits d. – 1 i than

irreel 01 equally 1 orrei 1 ■ gtimate be filed in th ntest, the a at of tl ■

be divided equal n among the correct answers 1 he pi izes are offered in cash. There 1- no ” missing
word” in this; it is brain On l problem it might be well to



rop that haa al –
use the figure then

The estimate is to tx made upon th< total 1 nit< I i on crop f

ready b El ot tin- crop to be planted this spring, be<

not be obtainable until Septembt r I, 1899, but il is for the crop alreadi in and mark) ted, offii lal figures

Of which will be ann sed in September. [“he Is ten c puts from

lad will aid yon in the estimate. The figures given bj Latham, Alexander & Co., oi New York, are
1 as official, and their latest edition of “Cotton Movement and Fluctuations ” is as follows :



ltfclC- 111 ‘

1*-; W I? ifi1,S!»7 7,

i .. i 18,290

18* Ml, 171 KM i 11,322


I ■ 20,714,937

Sm on t Planted. In Crop

18,067,924 6,71

189 “I 19,684,0110 7,649,817

1894 <‘■ 21,454,000 9,901,261


1* 1 “. ”7 22,341,000 –

Tlu’ir 1 ng this contest, 1 1 –age for the crop of

. of next column.)


First.— if the prises offered under the first
ded upon sxai 1 estimate up-
on the number oi ball b, i ■■ prises off n d under
the second proposition will go to the nearet
timate; but if the tirst | given for the

\ i Ma • . d correctly

gures, then the second prizes would
lie -•-‘■”ml near* si estimate and the
■ ises for the third nearest esi imate.

S 1 1 oh i> 1 1 some 1 Bhould submit r •■■ >i 1 set

vision of the 1 1 m« shown »nd

1 some

Inter <li\ ision, this rank

only an ae the first

■ ■ ■ \ ionsly :m arded to si itne one a ho


Third.— Ev* 1 1

i.\ b year’s subscription to the weekly Cbnstitu*

well a- tic vktsrax or renewal [1

1 Lugust, the eal

crop « ill be f rwarded , It m

sent in the envelope with the subscription, jou

mil no) su bscribe n< m an i Bend ] our es I

ird. The estimate must come with the
subscription, 01 nol at all. Should a party send

■ . . ■ imate, he or – he a I

to a share of the prise-tuod undei which ii may

prise for 4
i iy enter i he contest as many 1 imes «s

thej send Bubscriptions, and undi 1 the rules the

1 the

■ B

■ in. -In making your answer, just
simpl] ite tlir numbet ■ ■ f bates of cot*

ton will be ‘ Make 3 out I

plain. If you want to make estimates later, >»r if
you wanl to repeal the estimates you have made,

ption f< r yourself or your friends will en

Add 1 1 ■– all clubbii ■ the

Confederate Veteran,

Nashville, Tenn.