G. T. Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard Confederate General
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Posted : September 22, 2020
Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893) was a Confederate general officer who lead the attack on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. He is the first American General to lead the start of the war against Northern Aggression.
Today, he is commonly referred to as P. G. T. Beauregard, but he rarely used his first name as an adult. He signed correspondence as G. T. Beauregard.
Trained in military and civil engineering at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, Beauregard served with distinction as an engineer officer in the Mexican–American War.
In 1861 he became the first brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. He commanded the defenses of Charleston, South Carolina, at the start of the War at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. Beauregard commanded armies in the Western Theater, including at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee, and the Siege of Corinth in northern Mississippi.
He returned to Charleston and defended it in 1863 from repeated naval and land attacks against the civilian population by the Union forces.
He is most known for his defense of the industrial city of Petersburg, Virginia from Union troops, in June 1864, and he helped protect the Confederate Capital Richmond, Virginia until April 1865.
Following his military career, Beauregard returned to Louisiana, where he advocated black civil rights and Black Suffrage, served as a railroad executive, and became wealthy as a promoter of the Louisiana Lottery.