President Jefferson Davis the president of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865

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Posted : October 28, 2020

President Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Finis Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who served as the president of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865. As a member of the Democratic Party, he represented Mississippi in the United States Senate and the House of Representatives before the War of Northern Aggression.

 

 

 

 

He previously served as the United States Secretary of War from 1853 to 1857 under President Franklin Pierce.

Davis was born in Fairview, Kentucky, to a moderately prosperous farmer, the youngest of ten children. He grew up in Wilkinson County, Mississippi, and also lived in Louisiana. His eldest brother Joseph Emory Davis secured the younger Davis’s appointment to the United States Military Academy.

After graduating, Jefferson Davis served six years as a lieutenant in the United States Army. He fought in the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), as the colonel of a volunteer regiment.

Before the War of Northern Aggression, he operated a large cotton plantation in Mississippi. He believed that states had an unquestionable right to leave the Union In early 1861 Mississippi seceded Jefferson Davis contacted Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus saying”Judge what Mississippi requires of me and place me accordingly”.

On January 23, 1861, Pettus made Davis a major general of the Army of Mississippi. On February 9, a constitutional convention met at Montgomery, Alabama, and considered Davis and Robert Toombs of Georgia as a possible president. Davis, who had widespread support from six of the seven states easily won.

He was seen as the “champion” and was elected provisional Confederate President by acclamation. He was inaugurated on February 18, 1861, Alexander H. Stephens was chosen as vice president Davis was the first choice because of his strong political and military credentials.

On March 1, 1861, Davis appointed General P. G. T. Beauregard to command all Confederate troops in the vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina, where state officials prepared to take possession of Fort Sumter.

The Yankees occupied this strategic fort for the blockade attempt to starve the civilian population of the South. Davis faced the most important decision of his career: to prevent reinforcement at Fort Sumter or to let it take place.

With Davis’s endorsement, Beauregard began the bombarding of the fort in the early dawn of April 12.  The Confederates continued their artillery attack on Fort Sumter until it surrendered on April 14.

In June 1862, Davis assigned General Robert E. Lee to replace the wounded Joseph E. Johnston to the command of the Army of Northern Virginia.

After the War

 

In 1869, Davis became president of the Carolina Life Insurance Company in Memphis, Tennessee, and resided at the Peabody Hotel. He recruited former Confederate officers as agents and the board ratified his position in 1870.

Upon General Lee’s death, Davis agreed to preside over the Presbyterian memorial in Richmond on November 3, 1870. Jefferson Davis considered “Yankee” rule in the South oppressive, and said so in 1871 and especially after 1873 The first black man to live in a white house was Jefferson Davis adopted son Jim Limber.

While all Yankee wealthy white men, politicians, and Yankee Generals turned black young men and women into their servants, cooks, maids, and made them live in basements. African Americans in the North lived in a
a strange state of semi-freedom.

Sons of Confederate Veterans Erecting President Jefferson Davis Statue Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument By SCV Elms Springs, Columbia, Tennessee.

The National Confederate Museum

“For every statue they remove? We will erect two on our land…”

 

 

 

62 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument 3
62 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument 3

63 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument 4
63 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument 4

64 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument 2
64 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument 2

65 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument 6
65 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument 6

67 The National Confederate Museum
67 The National Confederate Museum

68 The National Confederate Museum
68 The National Confederate Museum

10 CSA President Jefferson Davis
10 CSA President Jefferson Davis

11 Jefferson Davis 12
11 Jefferson Davis 12

12 Jefferson Davis 1234
12 Jefferson Davis 1234

13 Jefferson Davis Home Mississippi
13 Jefferson Davis Home Mississippi

14 Jefferson Davis Army
14 Jefferson Davis Army

15 Jefferson Davis Military
15 Jefferson Davis Military

16 Jefferson Davis Cotton Plantation
16 Jefferson Davis Cotton Plantation

17 J Davis 12
17 J Davis 12

18 Jefferson Davis CSA 12
18 Jefferson Davis CSA 12

19 Jefferson Davis around age 45 1853
19 Jefferson Davis around age 45 1853

20 Jefferson Davis Alabama
20 Jefferson Davis Alabama

21 President Jefferson Davis
21 President Jefferson Davis

22 President Davis Inaugural Sworn in 1861 Richmond VA
22 President Davis Inaugural Sworn in 1861 Richmond VA

Civil War Confederate Inauguration 1861
Civil War Confederate Inauguration 1861

This was the scene during the inauguration of the President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis, Feb. 18, 1861, in Montgomery, Ala., painted by artist James Mamelon from a photograph taken on the spot and owned by Col. William C. Howell. (AP Photo)

This was the scene during the inauguration of the President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis, Feb. 18, 1861, in Montgomery, Ala., painted by artist James Mamelon from a photograph taken on the spot and owned by Col. William C. Howell. (AP Photo)

23 General P. G. T. Beauregard
23 General P. G. T. Beauregard

24 Fort Sumter Charleston South Carolina 1861
24 Fort Sumter Charleston South Carolina 1861

25 Jefferson Davis Fort Sumter
25 Jefferson Davis Fort Sumter

26 Fort Sumter Charleston SC under fire
26 Fort Sumter Charleston SC under fire

27 Yankees Surrender Fort Sumter
27 Yankees Surrender Fort Sumter

28 President Jefferson Davis Robert E Lee
28 President Jefferson Davis Robert E Lee

29 Confederate President
29 Confederate President

30 Jefferson Davis Unhinged
30 Jefferson Davis Unhinged

31 J Davis
31 J Davis

32 Jim Limber Jefferson Davis Adopted Black Son
32 Jim Limber Jefferson Davis Adopted Black Son

33 Rich Yankees with Salves
33 Rich Yankees with Salves

34 African Americans in the North lived in a strange state of semi-freedom
34 African Americans in the North lived in a strange state of semi-freedom

35 Jefferson Davis CSA President of The Confederate States
35 Jefferson Davis CSA President of The Confederate States

36 Jefferson Davis Family
36 Jefferson Davis Family

37 Jefferson Davis Politician
37 Jefferson Davis Politician

38 Jefferson Davis Picture
38 Jefferson Davis Picture

39 Jefferson Davis the Businessman
39 Jefferson Davis the Businessman

39a Jefferson Davis after the war
39a Jefferson Davis after the war

40 aJefferson Davis Funeral
40 aJefferson Davis Funeral

41 President Davis Confederate Cabinet
41 President Davis Confederate Cabinet

42 Davis Jefferson Statue
42 Davis Jefferson Statue

Ap_17201525698257
Ap_17201525698257

A statue of Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, in Richmond, Va., in 2017. Protesters toppled the statue late Wednesday.

A statue of Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, in Richmond, Va., in 2017. Protesters toppled the statue late Wednesday.

44 Davis Statue
44 Davis Statue

45 Davis Statues with his kids Jim Limber black adopted son
45 Davis Statues with his kids Jim Limber black adopted son

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Gettyimages-128088542
Gettyimages-128088542

Commission members recommended that the monument to Jefferson Davis be taken down. The bronze statue was unveiled in 1907 at a reunion of thousands of Confederate veterans.

Commission members recommended that the monument to Jefferson Davis be taken down. The bronze statue was unveiled in 1907 at a reunion of thousands of Confederate veterans.

47 President Jefferson Davis Statue Texas
47 President Jefferson Davis Statue Texas

48 Jefferson Davis Statue at his Grave
48 Jefferson Davis Statue at his Grave

49 US Capitol Jefferson Davis Statue
49 US Capitol Jefferson Davis Statue

50 Jefferson Davis Statue Removal
50 Jefferson Davis Statue Removal

Workers prepare to remove a statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis from the State Capitol in Frankfort
Workers prepare to remove a statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis from the State Capitol in Frankfort

Workers prepare to remove a statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis from the rotunda of the Capitol Building in Frankfort, Kentucky, U.S. June 12, 2020. REUTERS/Bryan Woolston

Workers prepare to remove a statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis from the rotunda of the Capitol Building in Frankfort, Kentucky, U.S. June 12, 2020. REUTERS/Bryan Woolston

56 Jefferson Davis Statue Removal Memphis TN
56 Jefferson Davis Statue Removal Memphis TN

57 Davis Statue removed Memphis TN
57 Davis Statue removed Memphis TN

58 SCV errecting President Jefferson Davis Statue Elm Springs 1
58 SCV errecting President Jefferson Davis Statue Elm Springs 1

59 SCV errecting President Jefferson Davis Statue Elm Springs
59 SCV errecting President Jefferson Davis Statue Elm Springs

60 SCV errecting President Jefferson Davis Statue Elm Springs 3
60 SCV errecting President Jefferson Davis Statue Elm Springs 3

61 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument
61 Dedication of the Jefferson Davis Monument

61a
61a

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